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How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) For most people, writing a good resume is tough, and a person essay it takes time. And the worst part comes when you finally think that you have a great resume, but you're still not getting interviews. Wouldn't it be wonderful if you could figure out how to what assess mean essay, make a resume that would get you an interview almost EVERY time you applied for a job? It is if you follow the process that I am about to share with you step-by-step. Describing Topics. And BEST of all, this resume writing process is quick, and ielts test it's proven to describing topics, land you interviews. That's true even if you want to write your first resume and have no experience, or if you're a professional who wants to know how to write a resume that stands out. Here's what you're going to find: How to write a resume for i would about, a job with examples for every section. Quick but little-known tips to follow to get up to 10x MORE INTERVIEWS.
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Not only. We've optimized the sample resume on the right to ielts papers academic, follow the a person essay, advice that I will share with you in this article. So how do you make a resume? Let me show you step-by-step: Resume vs. CV. What's the difference? Hello, blank page. Now, what? A resume is a document that showcases your work experience, education, and skills so that you can apply for a job.
What's the difference between a resume and a CV? Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin phrase meaning course of life and what in thesis is a document that entails much more than a resume. Not only is a CV longer than a resume, but it showcases accomplishments and describing a person essay topics experience in much greater detail. It's the ideal document for ielts test, academics. So, knowing how to write an academic resume is a person essay knowing how to write a CV. Things I Would Change About Essay. If you need to know more, read our guide: CV vs.
Resume: What is the topics, Difference? When to Use Which (Examples) Once you know if you should write a CV or resume, it's time to choose the right format. How to Choose a Professional Resume Format. What does a resume look like?
There are three types of baudelaire essay, professional resume formats: Most job seekers choose the a person essay, reverse-chronological resume format. Things About. Here's what a sample resume looks like written in the reverse-chronological format: Traditional Familiar to topics, Recruiters. Experienced professionals can highlight skills. Career changers can emphasize transferrable skills. Uncommon and academic not as familiar to recruiters. Not suggested for entry-level job seekers.
Entry-level job seekers can emphasize skills instead of describing essay topics, experience. Recruiters may think you're hiding something. Still not sure which professional resume format is what does critically assess mean in an essay best for you? Need to see examples of resumes with different layouts? Read our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Contact Information Is Not as Basic as It Seems. Despite the professional resume format you choose, your contact information goes at the top. Here is how to a person essay, write a resume contact section: Adding your address is optional. It is no longer necessary to add it to a modern resume. Plus, it might be better to exclude it if you are applying for a job that isn’t local.
Your email address should be professional which means: Choosing a sophisticated email provider. Not using your current work email. Instead, create a professional, private email address. Avoiding email addresses from when you were in high school. It won’t amuse recruiters to see email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org . Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for an interview. Adding URLs to your personal website or blog directs recruiters to your portfolio or extra work that you want to show without cluttering up your perfect resume. Pro Tip: Make sure you review your social media accounts to check for unprofessional content.
When you add a link to your social media profiles, make sure they're optimized to give recruiters the essay, best impression. Describing Topics. Not sure how to optimize your LinkedIn profile to attract employers? Read our guide: How to Optimize Your LinkedIn Profile To Get More Jobs Here’s How the essay clothes, Best Candidates Start Their Resumes. Again, what does a resume look like? Well, you know that contact information comes first. But what comes next? Education? Experience? Does it matter where you put things when you're deciding how to make a resume? The short answer is yes, it does matter.
That's because your best stuff should go in the top third of your resume. And the best way to start any killer resume is with an introduction to a person essay, yourself. Think of it like this: The top of your resume is the penthouse - the most important piece of real estate on the document. Essay Clothes. But why? The average recruiter spends six seconds scanning your resume in between reading Facebook messages from essay grandma, drinking coffee, and deciding what's for lunch.
She is looking for three i would change the world essay, very specific information, and she is only going to look for essay, it in the top third of your resume. What In Thesis. If you do not grab her attention - game over. That's why a creative resume summary or objective can save the day. Here's a sample resume: What is a resume summary statement? A resume summary is a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set.
It should also demonstrate why you'll be a valuable hire. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over mud puddles, opening doors, and pulling out describing topics, chairs. Clothes. Charming, funny, and a great conversationalist seeking to leverage 10+ years of experience delivering anecdotes to describing essay, entertain you through boring social events. Has an three things change about essay, MA in hand holding and a person a license to cook romantic dinners. What is essay topics a resume objective statement? A resume objective achieves the a person, same thing as a resume summary. Change. The difference is how you write one and who should use it.
Experienced Chef interested in becoming a Zoo Keeper. Tons of experience with picky clients who need to be fed with the right food at the right time. Want to essay, apply my patience and understanding of complicated clients to taking care of angry lions at the Zoo. This candidate chose an effective resume objective over essay topics a summary because he is changing his career from chef to zookeeper. Either way, the point is to describing topics, focus on the employer's needs and ielts papers not your own.
Who should use an objective for a resume? Entry-level Applicants and Students Career Changers Professionals Targeting Specific Positions. You can also choose to topics, write something called a professional profile . When considering how to write a resume profile, think of it as a hybrid that crosses elements of the objective and the summary. A good resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education regarding the company’s needs and values. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with resume bullet points. Wouldn't it be nice to have some resume examples of summaries tailored specifically to your profession? Read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] How to essay, Write a Resume Experience Section That's More Than a List. The first section that should appear in essay the body of an excellent resume is the section that will best show off your skills and accomplishments.
For most of you, that will probably be the what in thesis writing, experience section. Let's say you're learning how to describing essay topics, make a student resume, or have little or no work experience. Clothes We Wear. In that case, lead with your education or skills section. But do you know how to write a resume employment history? When you start writing a resume experience section you will want to keep a few things in describing a person topics mind: Write your job history in reverse-chronological order - start with your current position.
Include around six bullet points describing the essay, scope of your responsibilities. A Person Topics. Tailor each of these bullets points to reflect the skills listed in the job description. What Is Abstract Writing. Follow the bullet point format (see below), and describing a person topics include facts and figures. You should try to clothes we wear, include achievements that show your professional impact. Tell a career story that reinforces your professinal persona.
Sample Resume Experience Entry: Spearhead a global brand strategy for our top performing product. Analyze market trends and describing essay recommend solutions resulting in a 10% upswing in sales annually. Prepare Portfolio Deployment Plans. Head up a team of 10+ marketing specialists. Organize marketing materials. Responsible for brand strategy.
Responsible for analyzing market trends. Responsible for a team of marketing specialists. Now, what if you have career gaps in your job history or a habit of job hopping? Let’s face it. Things Change About The World Essay. Not all of us have a pristine job history. And it's difficult to know how to create a resume that addresses career gaps without cheating. One approach is to include a brief explanation next to a person topics, each job. By briefly stating that your stay became short lived due to downsizing or relocation, you will reassure the recruiter that you're not a risky candidate. Chronic career hoppers may be tempted to tamper with dates, leaving only the years in their experience section: Excluding the months makes it look like you worked a year instead of three months.
But it's a dirty trick that employers know well, which makes it a big no, no. Pro Tip: Feel free to list “non-traditional” work in your experience section - like volunteer jobs or freelance work. Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. You should also write your education section of your resume in reverse-chronological order, with your most recent degree appearing first. Usually, you will want to include the type of degree, your major, your university, and any honors or awards you received. You can skip your GPA. But if you're a recent college graduate who's making a student resume, it's okay to add your GPA if it's 3.5 or higher. You can also include a coursework narrative. Essay. For professionals, the describing a person essay, inclusion of a coursework narrative is another way to reinforce a professional persona. Do you know how to nice essay, make a resume when you have a GED or didn't graduate?
Not sure how to write a degree on a resume? We can help with that. Check out a person, our article: How To Put Your Education On A Resume [Tips Examples] Why You Need to about, Focus on Your Skills Section. When you consider how to make a good resume that stands out a person essay, , it has everything to do with sprinkling your skills throughout your resume. But, it also makes sense to have a big section labeled “ SKILLS .” Use the key skills listed in the job description. This will also help you create a modern resume for a job that will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. Three I Would Change The World. More about that later. Recruiters should be able to see two things when they look at describing a person essay topics your skills for a resume:
You have the skill set they want and requested in the job post. You have extra skills that prove you are a valuable worker. Do you want to know how to make a great resume for a job that showcases the essay topics, best resume skills? I thought so. Read our guide: What Skills To Put On a Resume [Examples + 6 Proven Tips] How to Add Other Resume Sections While Making an Effective Resume.
Here are some additional resume sections you can consider adding if you don't feel the traditional resume sections are doing it for you. Students and describing topics fresh graduates - you may want to consider adding a separate section for awards or honors, or a section for extracurricular activities. If you've got a technical background - you might want to consider an extra section for certificates, licenses, or software. Some professionals who have opted for critically assess mean in an, making a resume for work over an academic CV might still want to add a section for essay topics, publications or conferences. Essay. Others may want to add a section that shows off their command of languages or other achievements and projects. Whatever you decide to add, just make sure that your additions don't overwhelm your resume.
You still want everything to fit onto one page if possible. No One Adds a Hobbies Section, But It Works So Well. The hobbies section of a resume is optional. But, I recommend adding one if you have space. Adding your interests shows off extra skills for essay, a resume, makes your resume stand out, and gives the hiring manager a fuller image of the world essay, you. Your interests are also a way to essay topics, make yourself more attractive and memorable to critically assess mean essay, your potential employer. You can always cut this section later if your resume is too long.
Not convinced? Well, it's true. Adding a hobbies and interests section can boost a contemporary resume. Find out how: Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) How to Write a Perfect Resume Tailored to the Job Description. Did you know that R2D2 might run a scan on your resume before a human does? On average, a corporate job offer attracts up to 250 resumes . Of those, 4 to 6 candidates will get invited for describing, an interview. And only one person will get the job. With that many resumes to sift through, recruiters are using something called Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software.
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The job description says: Able to work on several campaigns at once, sometimes under pressure and describing essay often to tight deadlines. To tailor your basic resume, you will want to add some of the phrases verbatim to your experience section. For example: Work on several campaigns at once. To make it more powerful, you can add details such as the number of clothes, campaigns you can juggle at once. Here is an example of a resume job description with all of the keywords highlighted along with a resume sample that we've tailored to match. Need more in-depth information about how to essay, make a resume that's tailored to what does critically assess mean in an essay, the job description? Need more resume samples? Read our guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description How to essay, Prepare a Resume That Will Attract ANY Recruiter.
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Here're a few right and test papers academic wrong resume examples of a person, how to write achievements: Problem : My previous employer wanted to increase revenue. Action : I created a new marketing campaign on Facebook. Result : We saw an increase in sales by 15% and an increase in revenue by 10%. Not sure how to quantify your achievements? Want more examples of accomplishments to test papers, put on a contemporary resume?
Read our guide: Examples of Professional Achievements To Put On A Resume [3 Tips] Turn Boring Words Into Action Words - Here’s How. How many times have you used the phrase responsible for in your experience section? More than once? You may want to consider mixing up your vocabulary. Overusing words and phrases like “responsible for” or “manage” is boring. Now, while you should avoid jargon and empty words, action verbs can spice up your resume and make it stand out. Also, be sure to use the present tense when describing your current role.
Here're a few before and after resume examples: Pro Tip: Don't overdo it. Describing Topics. You don't want to sound like a freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary. Essay We Wear. And avoid resume buzzwords like synergy. Trust me. The Best Candidates Know How to Show Their Career Progression.
What makes a good resume? CEO, Director, Manager - all you need is essay topics a big, impressive title, right? At this point, you probably figured out that knowing how to build a resume goes far beyond listing fancy titles. What really matters, is whether those titles are backed up by a story of career progression. For example, describing yourself as a social media manager won’t be credible if all you did was the marketing for what does critically assess mean essay, your parent’s pizza place.
You have to describing a person topics, show a steady progression into a management position. Each former role should reinforce your place in the next one. Rather than repeating duties when you describe previous roles, write about the what in thesis, new tasks you took on describing a person essay when you advanced. Responsible for the creation of a global brand strategy for a major category. Prepare Category and Portfolio Deployment Plans. Analyze market trends and does critically assess essay recommend solutions. Team Management (10 marketing specialists). Marketing Specialist / Senior Marketing Specialist: Planned and essay implemented promotional campaigns.
Cooperated with interactive agencies. Managed project budgets and timeline control. Researched information. Assisted during promotional campaigns. See how these responsibilities evolve? What if you're a student and need to know how to make a resume with no experience. Baudelaire. Read our dedicated guide on describing essay how to write a resume for nice, students: The Complete Guide To Writing A Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] How to Create a Resume That Draws Attention to Promotions. Highlighting your promotions shows potential employers that your previous supervisors valued your work performance. Even lateral moves suggest that you were able to handle diverse responsibilities. Here are a few ways to describe your promotions while writing a resume: Repeatedly recognized for top performance through fast-track promotions and selection for high-priority initiatives.
Earned promotion following a superior performance, and demonstrated ability to quickly learn and master complex concepts. What if you moved up within the same organization? You don’t have to mention the name of the describing essay, same company more than once. It will make even the best resume look messy. Here’s what to do instead: COMPANY NAME City, State, 2001 to does critically, Present.
Describe responsibilities and describing a person topics achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Here's a Quick Tip on How Make Your Resume Easy to Read. Need to does critically mean in an, know how to make a resume easy for a recruiter to describing a person essay, read? It's as simple as aligning your text to the left. To make your text even more skimmable use the same resume font and font size, and make strategic use of we wear, bold, italics, and describing essay caps. The bulk of your resume will consist of bullet points. Here's how to construct them: Spearheaded a targeted email campaign that resulted in is abstract writing a 15% upswing in newsletter registration.
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The best font for a resume is one that a recruiter can read with no effort. Stick with fonts that sound like hipster baby names - Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, and Verdana. What is the best resume font size? The Goldilocks font size is what assess in an essay 10-12 points - not too big and not too small. Keep it uniform. The bottom line is making sure you don't sacrifice resume margins, white space, or font size in an attempt to cram everything onto one page. Still not sure about what font to choose while writing a resume? Read our guide about the best resume fonts: What Is The Best Font For A Resume (+10 Examples Tips) Here Is the essay, Best Way to Save Your Resume.
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But do you know how to write an application letter? And better yet, how do you write a convincing one? Read our guide: How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] Why Sending a Personal Message Can Be a Big Win. When you send your resume to a general email address like email@example.com , your resume is entering a swamp of identical messages from describing other candidates. One thing you can do to nice essay, differentiate your message is to try to describing essay, find out the three change about the world essay, name of the person who will be reading your resume and a person topics send them a personal email. This is not the test papers academic, best solution in describing essay topics every case.
You will need to decide if a hiring manager will see the gesture as clever or creepy. Pro Tip : If you use our resume builder, ( create your resume here ) you have the option to publish your resume and send a link to what in thesis writing, employers. Sending a link will allow you to track views and downloads so that you know how well your resume is describing a person topics performing. Want to send a personal message but can't find the hiring manager's email address? Need to know how to in thesis writing, write a resume email? We've got you covered: How To Email Your Resume To Get More Replies From Employers Once you've sent your resume, it's a good idea to describing a person essay topics, track it.
You can install a free sales tool like Mixmax or YesWare to help you. Knowing if recruiters have opened and read your email will enable you to follow-up promptly or find different email addresses. Your resume is your passport to job interviews. And knowing how to make a resume for a job is the first step on any career path. So, take the ielts test papers academic, time and energy to think about how to write a resume well and how to tailor it to the job description. If you can do that, you're well on your way to describing a person topics, the next level - the interview. Bonus: Check out our ultimate checklist of 56 things you need to do before you send your resume. How many have you missed? Download: “Resume 101 Checklist.”
Are there any great resume writing tips we need to include in the article? Do you have any questions about how to make a resume for your position? Add a comment. I’ll be happy to answer. Natalie is a writer at Uptowork.
She loves writing about resumes and test eating tacos more than life itself. Describing A Person Essay. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.
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Retail Resume: Sample and Complete Guide [+20 Examples] You're about to topics, get a job in retail. One where you rub elbows with fun people. Spark off them. One with great perks like full health benefits. Or a concierge service for what does assess mean in an doing oil changes while you work. You want that retail job. But between you and it, like CeCe Drake in Pretty Little Liars , stands a wall of describing topics, retail resumes 300 high. How will you get past that wall? You'll do it with a resume for retail that makes you stand out like a jumbotron.
A retail resume example that gets attention. Ielts Test Papers. How to describing topics, write a basic retail resume. Academic. The best format for a retail clerk resume. The best way to essay topics, write skills and keywords on baudelaire, a resume for retail. Here's a sample resume for describing essay topics retail made using our resume builder. Want to save time and three i would about the world essay have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder. Describing Topics. It’s fast and what is abstract easy to describing a person topics, use. Essay Clothes. Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. Essay. wrong examples while writing your resume. See +20 resume templates and create your resume here. What's the baudelaire essay, Best Format for a Retail Resume?
Picture a retail manager. Her name's Megan, and she's hiring. She's sitting in her office, wading through a sea of topics, retail resumes. Nice potted philodendron. One thing that makes it easier?
Errors. Change About The World Essay. Typos, poor formatting, spelling mistakes, and bad grammar. She gets to toss all those resumes in the rejects pile. Make it to the next level by choosing the describing, best format for nice essay a retail resume. Pick a trusted layout like the reverse-chronological format. It puts your best accomplishments up front. That's important, because Megan spends just six seconds looking at each resume.
Use clear, legible fonts, big headings, and white space to give Megan's eyes a rest. Finally, save your retail clerk resume as a PDF. PDFs don't change from one computer to the next . Pro Tip: Check the job posting to see if PDF retail resumes are prohibited. Describing A Person Essay. Some Applicant Tracking Systems have a hard time with PDF resumes. How to Write a Resume Summary or Resume Objective. How can you get the hiring manager to essay, spend more than a few seconds looking at a person your retail resume? You can do it with a top notch resume summary or resume objective. A resume summary is for anyone with shelves full of experience. A resume objective works for applicants that need restocking. See, most resumes say the same thing:
I've got people skills. I'm experienced. Hire me. Instead, wake that manager. Shake her. Use specifics.
Add details that engage her interest fast . See the luxury retail resume examples below: Enthusiastic retail clerk with 3+ years experience. Seeking to boost REI KPIs through proven skills in sales and test papers customer loyalty. Maintained 93% positive customer reviews and essay 21% above average repeat customer scores. Run own YouTube product knowledge channel with 1,500 views a month. Retail clerk with 3 years experience, seeking retail job.
Skilled in sales, customer loyalty, and product knowledge. See the difference? The first retail resume sample shows you are a skilled surgeon behind that register. The second seats you on a throne of lies. Now. Test Papers Academic. What if you don't have that kind of experience? In that case, write an objective statement for your retail associate resume. Two Entry Level Retail Resume Objective Examples. Do you lack experience?
Does your basic retail resume look like an empty shelf? We'll fix that, starting with a resume objective statement. Objective statements work for describing a person essay entry-level retail workers, or anybody seeking a new niche. Hard-working retail associate, skilled in does critically assess essay, POS tech and inventory management. Seeking to describing topics, increase sales and what does critically mean customer loyalty at Chiller Outfitters. Built volunteer retail experience at Goodwill as cashier and restocker, receiving management commendation for excellent customer communication. Entry-level retail associate with BA from Williams College. Seeking real world experience in retail.
No experience yet but I'm very energetic. That second retail clothing resume example makes you look like a standee. The first one gets the hiring manager's attention. Why? Because it shows you can do retail duties, even though you haven't had a real-world retail job yet.
Pro Tip: A couple days of volunteer experience looks great on a resume. See the next section for tips on how to get it. How to Describe Your Retail Experience. Is experience important on a retail resume? Only if you want the topics, best retail jobs.
You know. The ones with flex scheduling, onsite medical, and deep discounts for employees. To get those jobs, write a retail clerk resume that wakes up the hiring manager like a date with Elf. Tailor your experience to the job description. If you do, you'll stop being generic cornflakes and turn into the HR manager's best friend. List your most recent job near the top of your retail resume. Add 4-6 bullet points that show accomplishments. How to nice essay topics, Describe a Retail Job on topics, a Resume.
Fulfilled all retail clerk duties in a high-end sales outlet. Handled customer-service including POS, sales, and inventory management. Maintained high-level product knowledge. Received 95% positive marks for assess essay conveying product features and benefits, as reported in describing a person essay topics, customer surveys. Essay We Wear. Built customer loyalty through fostering stronger relationships. Retained average repeat-customer scores 21% higher than other associates.
Used expert level communications skills to zero in on true customer needs. Overall 93% positive ratings from customers in post-sales surveys. Retail clerk at high-end sales outlet. Handled all day-to-day customer service retail duties. Ran POS system. Conducted daily sales. Big difference, right? With that first example, you could get a job selling magic wands at describing a person essay topics Ollivander's. But what about a retail associate resume with no experience ? How to Write a Retail Resume with no Experience. Here are two tips to ielts academic, stuff an empty resume like a Black Friday circular. First: Troll your past non-retail jobs to dig up hidden retail gems.
Second: volunteer or take a temporary retail job. But I need money now. I don't have time to volunteer. You don't have to spend months, or even a full week. Just a day or two will do. Hey, presto! Instant retail resume experience.
Two Retail Resume Samples (No Experience) July 2017 - August 2017. Served as retail associate in thriving Goodwill outlet. Describing. Managed all retail duties, including cashier work, restocking, and clothes we wear customer communication. Assisted with sorting and inventorying donations. Improved efficiency of donations processing by 55% over other current associates. Maintained zero errors with the POS system.
Commended by management for excellent customer communication. Ran cashier position. Cashed out register daily. Interacted with over a person 200 customers per clothes, day. Self-Employed College Student.
Interacted with several customers per weekend. Frequently upsold customers to hedge trimming and leaf raking. Retail Experience: None yet, but I'm a very fast learner. Other Experience: Waited tables, mowed lawns. Poof. That first retail resume sample could get you behind the register in the gift shop at Asgard. Yet it wasn't hard to build. You already had retail experience from previous jobs even if you had little to no store experience. And you did that volunteer gig in a few days' time. Pro Tip: Retail clerk and retail associate are two keywords managers search for.
Use the one that's listed in the job description in your resume. Now that you know how to essay topics, put experience on a retail salesman resume, pep it up with action words. Need some? See our guide: +80 Examples of Resume Action Words for clothes Every Profession Is Your Education Section Cashing Out? It Might Be. The best thing about a career in retail? No one cares about your education.
Right? If you have one, use it to make your already good retail resume shine. It doesn't really matter if it's high school or college. The real gold's in topics, the details. Pursued a passion for sociology coursework. Excelled in is abstract in thesis, four years of Spanish classes. Placed secon d in the W.S.C. Public Speaking Contest. As different as Sears and Sephora, right? The first sample shows actual useful retail training.
But it wasn't any harder to a person topics, make. Need an example to follow? Use the sample retail resume at the top of this article. Pro Tip: Don't have a college degree? Find accomplishments from high school that prove you have the skills shown in the job description. How to what in thesis writing, Put Skills on a Resume for a Retail Employee. Remember our hiring manager, Megan? She's looking for skills on every retail resume she reads. But not just any skills.
How can you know what skills to topics, put on a resume for what is abstract writing retail? First, search the job description. Then, find more skills in a person essay, other job offers online. Finally, use our list of retail skills below. Pro Tip: Try to find out papers, what POS system the hiring store uses. Describing Essay Topics. Some POS systems, like Shopify, post free online tutorials . In half an hour of online viewing, you can add some nice flair to your retail resume. The Real Secret to Putting Retail Skills on a Resume. Ready for the real magic? Don't just list your skills. Essay. Prove them in your experience and education sections.
Let's take a sample retail resume job description. It values management skills , building customer loyalty , and increasing sales figures . Fulfilled daily retail manager duties , including scheduling, inventory management, problem solving, and essay topics taking disciplinary action. Three Things Change The World. Increased sales figures by 75% over previous manager through better application of a person topics, corporate devised promotions. Test Papers. Built customer loyalty through better deployment of customer rewards programs through all retail clerks. A Person. Increased repeat business 23%. Bam. With a professional retail resume like that, you could get a job running The Magic Box from Buffy the papers, Vampire Slayer . Pro Tip: Once you've proven your skills in your experience section, do it in your education section too. Describing A Person Topics. Even listing a passion for papers academic public speaking classes counts. How to a person topics, Add Other Sections for an Effective Resume.
Imagine you're a retail resume. You're in a pile of baudelaire essay, 300+ others, just like you. The only way to do that is by looking different. One great way is describing essay, other sections. You know: hobbies, interests, activities, and volunteer work. Things that aren't work experience, education, or skills. But there's a special way to essay clothes we wear, do it. You don't want to add generic info. That's like using camouflage when you want neon.
Retail Resume Sample Other Sections. Basic First Aid CPR RiseUp Retail Industry Fundamentals Certification. Review products in a person essay, own YouTube Channel. Get 1,500 views/month. Avid listener, The Advanced Selling Podcast. Regular reader of books about sales. Organized a charity snowboard event for writing the local animal shelter. (2016) Help out once a month at a person essay topics the Summerville Food Pantry. Avid whitewater kayaker. Write and publish short fiction stories. Poof. You just went from mannequin to manager material.
Pro Tip: Are special retail certifications worth it? Don't agonize if you don't have one. That said, a certification proves you take retail seriously enough to put in extra effort. Here's the three things change the world, Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. Ready?
Here it comes: Nobody reads cover letters anymore. The truth is 40% of describing, hiring managers still consider cover letters mandatory. In other words, you need to write one for each and every retail resume you send. Don't be frightened. Retail cover letters are short and topics easy. The best cover letters for retail jobs call the hiring manager by name.
They say one detail you like about the describing a person, company. They say two details about you that will help the company. (Pick the best wins from your retail resume.) They close with a call to is abstract, action, like, I'd love to talk more with you about your needs. Pro Tip: After you send in your retail associate resume and a person essay topics cover letter, follow up! A well-timed thank-you email can remind the is abstract, hiring manager to take another look at your resume. How to Add Contact Info to Your Resume.
Do you really need help adding contact info to a basic retail resume? You already know to add your: Full Name Updated Phone Number Professional Email Address. Karen Welihan, firstname.lastname@example.org - 857-869-2379. Use a professional email address. No RetailGirlDawnOfTheDead47798@yahoo.com. Then, think about Megan, our hiring manager.
Let's say she likes your perfect retail resume for sales assistants. She wants to know more about you. Give her a way. Add your LinkedIn profile, Twitter handle, or other online hangouts. Pro Tip: Is your Facebook profile clean enough for a hiring manager to essay, see? Do some spring cleaning, with our guide to cleaning up your online presence . A Sample Retail Resume Job Description. Here's a sample job description for a retail resume. Why am I showing you this? Because I want you to academic, think, as you read it, What are the keywords I'll hit in my resume? How will I tailor my own skills and describing accomplishments to fit? As a Shindlee's Retail Clerk, you'll bring magic to our customers.
Shindlee's sales clerks provide outstanding customer service, exceed sales goals, and share superior product knowledge with customers. Properly use proprietary POS system technology. Determine customer needs based on effective communication. Build and communicate expert knowledge of store products. Baudelaire Essay. Meet daily sales goals. Pro Tip: To save time, build a couple bare bones retail resume templates you can tweak to fit each job description. A Person Essay. The up-front work will pay off big.
Want more tips to fit your retail management resume to nice essay, the job like a custom-crafted sales pitch? See our guide: 6 Tips on How to Tailor Your Resume to describing essay topics, a Job Description (Examples) Even with example retail resumes, making your own tailored version isn't easy. Start with the retail job description. Highlight all the skills and duties in topics, it. This is a must for retail manager resumes and retail sales associate resumes alike.
Prove you can walk the talk by salting those skills throughout your retail sales resumes. Put them in your experience and education sections. Add other sections to essay topics, your retail resume, like hobbies and ielts test papers interests. A Person Essay. Other sections make you stand out like a clerk from the Emerald City's Wash Brush Up Co. Got questions or tips about how to make a great retail resume? Give us a shout in nice essay topics, the comments section! Tom Gerencer is a founder and former owner of a person essay topics, MediaNortheast Video Production and does mean in an essay Training Without Boredom.
A full-time writer in the fields of personal finance and career advice, Tom lives in a person, West Virginia with his wife Kathy, two children and nice topics a couple of a person topics, ornery dogs.
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A for and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and do the exercises to describing a person topics improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is bad for young people?
For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is baudelaire essay, not always good. It has really bad side effects on describing a person topics, young adults. As in the essay, the nice essay topics young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people.
I think it really should have a age limit. A Person Essay Topics. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. Baudelaire Essay. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in a person topics schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to ielts academic communicate. Describing Essay Topics. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on what does critically essay, the internet (like here ont the a person essay topics british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and baudelaire I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464.
I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary.
I love it! I think the describing internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in baudelaire essay the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. Describing Essay Topics. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Nice Topics. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children.
I totaly agree. A Person Topics. It all depends from parents. If they let children to baudelaire essay spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in a person essay topics point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the does assess in an greatest people created. You have an access to billions of libraries from a person your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world. Many people work using the essay Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one.
The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the topics safety of your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the three i would the world essay big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to describing a person essay know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for essay clothes, searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is included.
Surely it was meant for connecting people from a person essay topics all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out writing how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on essay, users. Ielts Test Papers. I think the describing topics Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and bad for nice, us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to describing a person topics be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world.
Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the is abstract in thesis week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. Describing Essay Topics. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to topics live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on essay topics, a project. Things I Would Change About The World. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and describing essay hours looking for few informations? Internet is test papers academic, useful for describing a person essay topics, everyone, for young and old people. Baudelaire Essay. There#039;s a lot of describing essay sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet.
We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. Is Abstract In Thesis. We can learn a lot of describing things (English, French. ) and test a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in describing topics the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and assess mean I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me.
On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in describing topics the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the ielts papers academic elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and describing it really helps us to stay connected with one another.
Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in essay we wear the well. So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an a person essay individual to the whole wide world. Essay Topics. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for describing a person, us.
Internet is three things i would change about the world, particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on describing, it. Clothes We Wear. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for essay topics, it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object?
Play Wordshake and ielts test see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. Topics. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).
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essay on the wire Jason Mittell calls David Simon’s bluff: to what degree is The Wire really like a “televised novel”? To what degree is it more like a video game? Why not classify it as what it really is - a genre-spawning “masterpiece” in describing essay topics, the medium of television. The Wire (2002-2008) is paradigmatic of what does critically a critical darling - few people watch it (at least in the numbers typical of commercial television), but it generates adoration and evangelism by nearly all who do. Essay Topics. Television critics have taken it on themselves to lobby their readers to give the show a chance, asking reluctant viewers to essay we wear, overlook its dark and describing a person essay topics cynical worldview to see the truth and beauty offered by its searing vision into the bleak heart of the U.S. city. Thankfully for us scattered fans, HBO has allowed the show to continue for five seasons, even without a clear sense that the show’s dedicated fandom leads to overt profitability. This chapter was composed in the interim between seasons four and five, and thus only refers to the show’s first four seasons. The author would like to thank the what writing, readers of his blog, Just TV, for the thoughtful feedback posted about describing topics a draft of this chapter as well as the comments by this volume’s editors.
What is most interesting to what mean, me about the critical praise deservedly lavished on The Wire is not how it may or may not yield an increase in viewership but how the critical consensus seems to situate the show distinctly within the frame of another medium. For many critics, bloggers, fans, and even creator David Simon himself, The Wire is best understood not as a television series but as a “visual novel.” As a television scholar, this cross-media metaphor bristles - not because I don’t like novels but because I love television. And I believe that television at its best shouldn’t be understood simply as emulating another older and more culturally valued medium. The Wire is a masterpiece of television, not a novel that happens to be televised, and thus should be understood, analyzed, and celebrated on describing essay topics, its own medium’s terms. Yet thinking comparatively across media can be quite rewarding as a critical exercise, illuminating what makes a particular medium distinctive, and how its norms and assumptions might be rethought. So before considering how the show operates televisually, what does thinking of does critically assess mean The Wire as a novel teach us about the show? And might other cross-media metaphors yield other insights?
The Wire ’s novelistic qualities are most directly linked to its storytelling structure and ambitions. Essay. As Simon attests in frequent interviews and commentary tracks, he is looking to tell a large sweeping story that has traditionally been the purview of the novel, at least within the realm of culturally legitimate formats. He highlights how each season offers its own structural integrity, much like a specific book within a larger epic novel, and each episode stands as a distinct chapter in is abstract writing, that book. The model, modestly left unspoken, might be War and Peace , a vast narrative containing fifteen “books,” each subdivided into at least a dozen chapters and released serially over describing topics five years - Simon has less modestly mentioned Moby-Dick as another point of comparison, although that epic novel was neither serialized nor subdivided into books. In The Wire , each season focuses on a particular facet of Baltimore and slowly builds into a cohesive whole. An episode typically does not follow the self-contained logic of most television programming, as story lines are introduced gradually and major characters might take weeks to appear. “Novelistic” is an apt term for describing this storytelling structure, as we rarely dive into three things about, a novel expecting the first chapter to typify the essay, whole work as a television pilot is designed to do. Simon emphasizes how the show requires patience to allow stories to build and themes to accrue - a mode of engagement he suggests is more typical of reading than viewing.
Enhancing the show’s novelistic claims is the presence of well-regarded crime fiction writers like George Pelecanos, Richard Price, and essay clothes Dennis Lehane on describing, the staff, and Price’s novel Clockers is what critically assess in an essay, surely an influence with its dual focus on a criminal and describing topics a cop in the urban drug war. This parallel to the novel brings with it not just an nice topics imagined structure and scope but a host of assumed cultural values as well. While the novel’s history in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries featured numerous contestations over the form’s aesthetic and cultural merits, by the time television emerged in a person essay topics, the mid-twentieth century, the literary novel’s cultural role was firmly ensconced as one of the most elite and privileged storytelling formats. What In Thesis Writing. As the most popular and culturally influential form of storytelling, television has usurped the role that the early novel played as a lowbrow mass medium threatening to corrupt its readers and demean cultural standards. By asserting The Wire as a televised novel, Simon and critics are attempting to legitimize and validate the demeaned television medium by linking it to the highbrow cultural sphere of a person literature. The phrase “televised novel” functions as an oxymoron in its assumed cultural values, much like the three i would the world essay, term “soap opera” juxtaposes the extremities of art and commerce into a cultural contradiction. For The Wire , especially in its context of HBO’s slogan “It’s Not TV, It’s HBO,” the topics, link to the novel rescues the show from the stigmas of essay we wear its televised form, raising it above the describing, commercialized swamp of ephemera imagined by many as typical television. But I would contend that emphasizing the essay, literary facets of The Wire obscures many of its virtues and qualities, setting it up to fail when measured by some of the aesthetic aims of the novel. While any form as diverse as the novel cannot be firmly defined as dependent on describing essay topics, any singular theme or formal quality, we can point to critically assess in an, some key features common to many novels that The Wire seems not to describing essay topics, share. Novels typically probe the interior lives of their characters, both through plots that center on character growth and transformations, and through the scope of narration that accesses characters’ thoughts and beliefs. Even novels about a broad range of people and institutions often ground their vision of the world through the experiences of one or two central characters who transform through the narrative drive - for instance, a Charles Dickens novel like Bleak House examines institutions like the legal system, but does so primarily through the experiences and perspective of assess a central character.
These features of characterization and interiority are certainly not unique to novels, and probably apply to many television series as well, but if The Wire is held as exemplar of the televised novel, we would assume that it shares the novel’s core treatment of character, which I believe it does not. Simon has suggested that The Wire is a show about the a person topics, relationship between individuals and institutions - a claim that the things change about, program seems to uphold. But I would argue that the point of emphasis is much more clearly on institutions rather than individuals, as within each of the social systems that the show explores - the police, the drug trade, the docks, city government, and the educational system - the institution is brought into focus through the lens of numerous characters. Certainly Jimmy McNulty is describing a person topics, a central point of access to understand police bureaucracy and ielts test papers functions nominally as the show’s main character, but by season four he is in the margins while characters like Cedric Daniels, “Bunny” Colvin, and describing essay topics Bunk Moreland provide alternate entry points to explore the police system. Likewise, we experience the drug trade through a range of characters from nice topics, D’Angelo Barksdale to describing topics, Stringer Bell, Omar Little to Bodie Broadus.
While all of these characters have depth and complexity, we rarely see much of their existence beyond how they fit into their institutional roles. Three Things About The World. Even romantic relationships seem to describing essay, foreground interinstitutional links between police, lawyers, and politicians more than interpersonal bonds that deepen characters’ inner lives and essay clothes we wear motivations. The chronic alcoholism and infidelity of The Wire ’s police officers offers a portrait less of flawed personalities than of a flawed institution; for instance, the police admire the systematic discipline and coordination of Barksdale’s crew, which is distinctly lacking in a person, the Baltimore Police Department. This is not to suggest that characters in The Wire are flat or merely cardboard cutouts enacting a social simulation. One of the show’s most masterful features is its ability to create achingly human characters out test academic, of the tiniest moments and subtle gestures, such as Lester Freamon silently sanding doll furniture, D’Angelo Barksdale picking out his clothes, or Bubbles walking through “Hamsterdam” in a daze trying to describing a person, find himself.
But the way The Wire portrays its characters seems distinctly not novelistic: we get no internal monologues or speeches articulating characters’ deep thoughts, and few senses of deep character goals or transformations motivating the dramatic actions. Character depth is conveyed through the texture of everyday life on the job - a set of operating systems that work to dehumanize the characters at nearly every turn. As Simon notes, The Wire has … resisted the essay, idea that, in this post-modern America, individuals triumph over institutions. The institution is essay topics, always bigger. It doesn’t tolerate that degree of individuality on any level for any length of time. These moments of epic characterization are inherently false. They’re all rooted in, like, old Westerns or something. Guy rides into town, cleans up the town, rides out of town. There’s no cleaning it up anymore. There’s no riding in, there’s no riding out.
The town is what it is. (Quoted in Mills 2007) In the show’s character logic, the institution is the papers, defining element in a character’s life, externalized through practices, behaviors, and choices that deny individuality and agency - a storytelling structure that seems contrary to principles typical of a person essay most literary novels. There are clearly aspects of the novel that have inspired The Wire - the papers, sweeping storytelling scope, the attention to details of systems and describing characters, and test papers academic the social issue probing of works like The Jungle . Describing. Additionally, literary developments in recent decades have opened up the three things change, formal and stylistic possibilities of the genre, and thus there are certainly fictional trends that The Wire taps into. Ultimately, however, I contend that we should view The Wire using the lens of describing topics its actual medium of television to papers academic, best understand and a person essay appreciate its achievements and importance. But viewing a text through the expectations and assumptions of another form can help us understand its particular cultural logic. Might other media metaphors be similarly useful, within limits, to help unravel The Wire ? Surely journalism and documentary would be apt comparisons, with Simon’s roots as a newspaperman and investment in creative nonfiction. Yet I would like to suggest that it might be useful to baudelaire, view the program using the describing a person topics, lens of a seemingly off-base medium, and topics hence offer a brief detour to answer an unlikely question: How might we conceive of The Wire as a video game? Let me preemptively acknowledge one significant limitation here: watching The Wire is not interactive, at least in the explicit mode that Eric Zimmerman (2004, 158) argues typifies games.
But then again, watching a game like baseball is also noninteractive - despite my ritualized efforts to describing topics, superstitiously trigger my team’s good fortune via carefully chosen clothing, gestures, and behaviors, I have failed to alter the outcome of any Red Sox game (at least as far as I know). In thinking about a filmed series like The Wire as a game, we need to think of the ludic elements within the show’s diegesis, not the interactive play that we expect when booting up a video game. Thus The Wire might be thought of test papers as a spectatorial game, being played on-screen for the benefit of an describing audience. Games certainly play a more crucial role within The Wire ’s storyworld than literature does, as its characters hardly ever seem to read, but can regularly be seen playing craps or golf, watching basketball or dogfighting. More centrally, nearly every episode has at least one reference to “the game,” a slang term for the urban drug trade that extends to nice essay, all of the show’s institutional settings. Topics. Within the show’s portrait of nice essay topics Baltimore, the a person essay topics, game is played in all venues - the corners, City Hall, the police station, and the union hall - and by clothes we wear a range of players - street-level junkies looking to score, corrupt politicians filling campaign coffers, cops bucking for promotion, stevedores trying to maintain the docks. “The game” is the overarching metaphor for urban struggle, as everyone must play or get played - as Marla Daniels tries to warn her husband, Cedric, “The game is rigged - you can’t lose if you don’t play” (episode 1.2). Sometimes characters are playing the same game, as the chase between the a person topics, cops and Barksdale’s crew develops into a series of moves and baudelaire countermoves, but some institutions engage in a different game altogether - in season one, the cops go to the FBI for a person essay help busting Barksdale’s drug and what money-laundering system, but the feds are only playing the describing a person topics, terrorism and political corruption game. Ultimately, Bell is brought down by assess mean trying to play two games at once, and gets caught when the rules of the drug game conflict with the corporate political game.
Simon has suggested that the show’s goal is to describing a person essay, “portray systems and papers academic institutions and be honest with ourselves and viewers about how complex these problems are” (quoted in Zurawik 2006). While Simon imagines that the televised novel is the a person essay, form best suited to accomplish such goals, in today’s media environment, video games are the go-to medium for portraying complex systems. As Janet Murray writes, “The more we see life in terms of systems, the more we need a system-modeling medium to represent it - and the less we can dismiss such organized rule systems as mere games” (quoted in Moulthrop 2004, 64). If novels typically foreground characterization and interiority in ways that The Wire seems to deny, video games highlight the complexity of interrelated systems and institutions that is one of the show’s strengths. Many video games are predicated on the logic of simulating complex systems, modeling an interrelated set of essay practices and protocols to explore how one choice ripples through an immersive world. Ian Bogost (2006, 98) defines a simulation as “a representation of a source system via a less complex system that informs the essay, user’s understanding of the source system in a subjective way” - a formulation that certainly captures the essence of The Wire as a dramatic distillation of Baltimore’s institutional systems viewed through the baudelaire essay, critical perspective of describing topics Simon and his cowriters. We might imagine the show as a televisual adaptation of Will Wright’s landmark game SimCity (1989): an array of systems are dramatized, each with changing variables that ripple across the larger simulation model in things i would about, unpredictable and a person often counterintuitive ways. SimCity functions as a “God game” at a macrolevel of is abstract writing control over the microdecisions of describing a person urban existence.
But The Wire dramatizes its institutions more through the actions of characters in ielts papers academic, relation to the institution, blending the urban scope of SimCity with the personal focus typifying The Sims (2000), Wright’s most popular iteration of the simulation game genre. Bogost analyzes the cellular structure of simulations, with units operating in microcontexts coalescing to create broader emergent systems. Such is often the case in The Wire ’s Baltimore; in the first episode, for instance, a chance violent encounter between Johnny Weeks and Bodie leads Bubbles to seek revenge on Barksdale’s organization, a small-scale unit operation that leads to describing topics, major institutional transformations for both the police and drug dealers. Such small occurrences and changes at the levels of both character and institution are followed throughout the series to model how institutions operate and infiltrate the papers, lives of their employees and members - a mode of representation blending the logics of SimCity and The Sims . One of the central elements of games, especially those centered on simulations, is replayability; for a game to be embraced by its players, it typically must allow enough experiential variation to invite multiple passes through its ludic journey. Instead of viewing each of The Wire ’s seasons as a singular book within an epic novel, we could view them as one play through its simulation game. A Person. In the first season, we walk through the ielts papers, police’s attempt to a person essay topics, take down Barksdale’s drug operation, concluding seemingly in a “checkmate” scene where Avon Barksdale and Stringer Bell yield to the police’s final moves (1.12). Essay. Yet rather than game over, the move results in a stalemate that no players deem victorious - a few criminals get sentenced, but the Barksdale machine remains intact.
Season three offers a replay with some changed variables and strategies for all sides: What if drugs are decriminalized? What if the drug trade goes legit through a conglomerated co-op rather than violent competition? What if a former soldier repents and tries to give back to his community? Given the show’s cynical vision of corrupt institutions, reform typically produces various forms of describing a person essay topics failure, as the essay, parameters of the system are too locked in to describing a person, truly produce social change or allow for baudelaire an imagined solution to systemic problems; as Pryzbylewski notes in describing a person essay, a later episode, referencing football but also his own life’s work, “No one wins - one side just loses more slowly” (4.4). Yet the ludic joy of the third season is the ability to replay the first season’s narrative through the imagination of new rules and ways to play the game - a mode of topics engagement offered with less imaginative vision and describing a person topics more amoral brutality in test, season four’s replay of the drug game under the leadership of Marlo Stanfield.
The characters in The Wire , while quite human and multidimensional, are as narrowly defined in their possibilities as typical video game avatars. They each do what they do because that is the way the topics, game is we wear, played - Bubbles can’t get clean, McNulty can’t follow orders, Avon can’t stop fighting for his corners, and Frank Sobotka can’t let go of the glory days of the docks. The characters with both the will and opportunity to describing a person essay topics, change, like Bell, D’Angelo, or Colvin, find the systems too resistant, the clothes, “boss levels” too difficult, to overcome the a person essay, status quo. The show offers a game that resists agency, a system impervious to change, and yet the players keep playing because that is all they know how to do. The opening scene in the series shows McNulty interviewing a witness to what is abstract in thesis writing, a murder, killed after trying to rob a craps game; even though the victim tried to “snatch and a person essay topics run” every Friday night, the witness says that they had to let him play, because “it’s America, man” (1.1). Baudelaire Essay. The game must be played, no matter the cost. Throughout the series, the a person, moments of greatest conflict are where a player steps over the line and breaks the unwritten rules of his or her institution - shooting Omar on Sunday morning, Carver leaking information about is abstract in thesis Daniels, Nick Sobotka going beyond smuggling to enter the drug trade. In the show’s representation of essay Baltimore, the game is more than a metaphor; it is the social contract that just barely holds the world together. Season four offers a replay with an expansion pack complete with new avatars and writing settings, focusing on the kids of Tilghman Middle School. The introduction of this new system triggers emotional distress - the rules of topics The Wire ’s simulation logic all but ensure that most of the children will end up broken and damaged, as that’s the way the game is ielts, played.
As we watch the season progress, the choices that the describing essay, kids make and the actions that are enacted on them all function as unit operations, microinstances that begin to coalesce into larger systemic forces. We watch in hope that they each choose the right moves, play by rules that we know well after three seasons, but realize that nobody wins - it’s just about who loses more slowly. It is a tribute to baudelaire essay, the efficacy of the show’s logic of emergent systems that the end result of each child’s fate is both entirely unpredictable from the describing, outset and completely inevitable given the way each played - and clothes was played by - the a person essay, game. As viewers, we also play along in rooting for particular players, tracking the near misses that could have changed each of does in an essay their lives along the way, and learning the lessons of the show’s simulation rhetoric. As Bogost (2006) observes, simulations make arguments and reinforce ideologies through their underlying rules and essay assumptions; The Wire serves as a prototype of about the world essay a persuasive game, making arguments about the inefficacy of the drug war, the describing a person topics, class politics of urban America, and the failure of U.S. education under the regime of testing, all rhetorically framed within the metaphor of topics a game to be played and lost. If the video game medium offers such insight into what makes The Wire an innovative and successful program, why wouldn’t Simon or other critics highlight this cross-media parallel as well as the novel? One answer is obvious: it helps legitimize the show by describing topics comparing it to the highbrow, respectable literary form rather than the more derided and marginalized medium. And of course, I do believe that Simon and his cowriters do conceive of their practices as fitting with their conceptions of what the novel can do, with “the game” serving as mostly a metaphor for the desolate lives of their characters and institutions. But through my own little game here, reading The Wire for nice topics the anthology Third Person through the analytic lens of its previous game studies iteration of describing topics First Person , we can see both the possibilities and limitations of analyzing a text through the nice essay topics, framework of what it is not. Ultimately, the best insights about the show can be found not by looking at it as either a novel or a game but in terms of what it truly is: a masterful example of television storytelling. Placing The Wire in the context of a person television storytelling helps us understand why Simon felt compelled to frame his series as atypical of television beyond the implied cultural hierarchies.
On the show’s debut in 2002, television was in the midst of ielts test a distinctive shift in describing topics, its storytelling strategies and possibilities, exploring a mode of narrative complexity that I have analyzed elsewhere (Mittell 2006). Things I Would Change The World. Simon’s previous work in television was primarily on the NBC series Homicide: Life on a person essay, the Street , which was based on his journalistic book; Homicide ’s producers were constantly battling network requests to make plots more conclusive and uplifting, adding hopeful resolution to essay, its bleak vision of urban murder. But in describing topics, the decade between Homicide ’s 1993 premiere and The Wire ’s debut, many programs offered innovations in complex long-form television storytelling, including The X-Files , Buffy the Vampire Slayer , The West Wing , Alias , 24 , and most important for Simon’s own program, HBO’s critically acclaimed offerings of Oz , The Sopranos (1999-2007), and Six Feet Under (2001-2005) as well as his own miniseries The Corner . Thus, while Simon frames his series primarily in novelistic terms in opposition to his frustrations working on Homicide , there were many key televised precedents for long-form gradual storytelling for i would change about the world essay him to draw on. The Wire does, of course, draw on a number of describing a person televisual traditions, mostly in its position within genre categories. The police drama is an ielts academic obvious link, but an uncomfortable one; unlike nearly all cop shows, The Wire spends as much time focused on the criminals as the a person, police, and as seasons progress, other civic institutions take over clothes we wear the dramatic center. The show belongs more to essay topics, a nonexistent category of “urban drama,” documenting a city’s systemic decay; thematically, police dramas are nearly always about fighting the ielts test academic, tide of decay, rather than contributing to its demise. In spirit, if not in execution, The Wire harks back to the critically hailed yet little seen social issue dramas of the early 1960s, like East Side/West Side and The Defenders , but given the new industrial framework of premium cable television, The Wire can survive (if only barely) as a bleak social statement without reaching a mass audience - a luxury that its 1960s’ network counterparts could not afford.
What the show shares most directly with many cop show precedents is its focus on procedure. Dragnet (1951-1970) pioneered the television cop show in the 1950s, inventing both the formal and cultural vocabulary of the describing a person, police procedural. Although it reads as a mannered caricature today, in its time Dragnet represented the height of gripping authenticity, offering viewers a gritty noir view into the underbelly of Los Angeles and a celebration of the police who protect it. The show’s narrative scope focused on the functional machinery of the police world, presenting a form of “systemic realism” that sublimated character depth to institutional logic (Mittell 2004, 137). While Dragnet did distill the larger institution into the perspective of Detective Joe Friday and essay we wear his assorted partners, creator/producer/star Jack Webb designed the show for Friday to be viewed as “just one little cog in a great enforcement machine” (quoted in ibid., 126), and downplayed the character to generate a level of emotional engagement appropriate for a person essay a cog, redirecting viewer focus on to the minute details of police procedures. The legacy of Dragnet ’s procedural tone lives on in the long-running Law and Order and CSI franchises, each of which offer just enough emotional investment in their institutional workers to engage viewers, but hook them with twisty mysteries each week to baudelaire essay, be solved by effective forensic detection or prosecution. The Wire manages to a person essay topics, produce both emotional investment in its characters and a detailed eye for procedures. The opening credits of each season typify the show’s focus.
The characters are obscured and abstracted into a series of unit operations: close-ups of body parts, machinery, gestures, and icons of city life. Baudelaire Essay. What matters in the credits, and arguably the series as a whole, is describing a person topics, less who is what is abstract writing, doing the actions, but more the practices of institutional urban life themselves: the policing, drug slinging, political bribing, and bureaucratic buck-passing that comprise the a person essay topics, essence of the show’s portrait of Baltimore in decay. Does In An. The Wire offers a veritable how-to lesson on the police procedures of wiretapping, waterfront tracking, and a person essay surveillance as well as the what does critically assess in an essay, less sanctioned practices of drug distribution, smuggling, and bribery. A real New York drug ring even modeled their strategy of dumping cell phones after the practices of Barksdale’s crew - a connection that police learned about a person while listening to dealers recap the previous episode via a wiretap (Rashbaum 2005). While traditional police procedurals have documented the practices of detection and prosecution as evidence of a functional and robust criminal justice system, The Wire ’s procedural detail shows official systems that cannot match the discipline, creativity, and flexibility of criminals, thereby offering a cynical vision of a police system playing out a losing hand. The show’s formal style supports its claims to authenticity. While it avoids Dragnet’s procedural voice-over narration, The Wire shares a similar commitment to underplaying drama, and allowing the on-screen dialogue and action to tell the story. Things I Would Change About. The show refuses to use nondiegetic music except to a person essay topics, conclude each season, and baudelaire essay minimizes camera movement and flashy editing, allowing the performances and writing to tell the describing a person topics, story with a naturalistic visual style.
Unlike many of its contemporary shows employing complex narrative strategies, The Wire avoids flashbacks, voice-overs, fantasy sequences, repetition from multiple perspectives, or reflexive commentaries on the narrative form itself (see Mittell 2006). In terms of how the show stylistically tells its story, The Wire appears more akin to conventional procedurals like Law and Order than contemporary innovators like The Sopranos or 24, sharing a commitment to nice essay, authenticity and realism typified by a minimized documentary-style aesthetic that Simon (2006) summarizes: “Less is describing essay topics, more. Explaining everything to the slowest or laziest member of the audience destroys verisimilitude and reveals the movie itself, rather than the reality that the movie is trying to convey.” While its attention to procedural details, authenticity, and verisimilitude might rival any show in television history, The Wire diverges from one defining attribute of the nice topics, police procedural. Typically procedurals, whether focusing on police precincts, medical practices, or private detectives, are devoutly episodic in describing a person essay topics, structure - each week, one or more cases gets discovered, processed, and resolved, rarely to reappear or even be remembered in subsequent episodes. On The Wire , cases last an entire season or beyond, and everything that happens is remembered with continuing repercussions throughout the storyworld - lessons are learned, grudges are deepened, and the stakes are raised. What Mean In An Essay. The show demands audiences to invest in their diegetic memories by rewarding detailed consumption with narrative payoffs; for instance, a first season bust of an aide to Senator Clay Davis adds little to that season’s arc, but it sets up a major plotline of topics seasons three and four. If Dragnet represents the prototype of the episodic procedural with hundreds of interchangeable episodes, The Wire is on the other end of television’s narrational spectrum, with each episode in the series demanding to nice, be viewed in describing a person essay, sequence and strict continuity. Thus, The Wire functions as what might be television’s only example of a serialized procedural.
Also debuting in 2002, The Shield blends the procedural with the what critically, serial by mixing ongoing conflicts into topics, its focus on the workings of a corrupt branch of the Los Angeles Police Department. The Shield , however, offers far more episodic closure than The Wire , with single cases introduced and resolved in is abstract in thesis, most episodes - a plot convention that never occurs in The Wire . How does The Wire structure its balance between serial and episodic story lines? In many examples of a person television’s contemporary narrative complexity, individual episodes maintain a coherent and steady structure, even when they primarily function as part of what is abstract in thesis writing a larger storytelling arc (Mittell 2006; Newman 2006). Essay Topics. Individual episodes typically offer one self-contained plotline to be resolved while others function primarily within larger season arcs; for example, each episode of Veronica Mars typically introduces and resolves one new mystery, while longer character and nice essay topics investigative arcs proceed alongside that week’s self-contained plot. Topics. Other shows use structural devices to identify distinct episodes, such as Lost ’s designation of a specific character’s flashbacks each week or Six Feet Under ’s “death-of-the-week” structure. The Wire offers little episodic unity. Test. Although each episode is certainly structured to deliver narrative engagement and payoffs in specific beats and threads, it is hard to isolate any identifying characteristics of a single episode in the way that a show like The Sopranos has particular markers, such as “the college trip” or “the Russian in the woods.” In this way, The Wire does fit Simon’s novelistic ideals, as individual chapters are best viewed as parts of a cohesive whole and not as stand-alone entries. The Wire is therefore at once one of describing a person television’s most serialized programs, yet also uniquely focused more on we wear, institutional procedures and describing actions than character relationships and test papers academic emotional struggles that typify most serialized dramas.
What are the impacts of this unique narrative form of the serialized procedural, beyond just a formal innovation with its own pleasurable rewards? Dragnet and describing subsequent police procedurals represent law enforcement as an efficient machine - a perspective that the narrative form reinforces; by offering a weekly glimpse of how cases are solved and justice is served, the genre supports an underlying ideology of support for the status quo to reassure viewers about a functional state system able to protect and serve. Even Homicide ’s cynical and downbeat vision of law enforcement offers resolution, if not reassurance, through its closed narrative structures. The stretch of Homicide episodes most resembling The Wire was probably the what is abstract in thesis, first season’s focus on the unsolved Adena Watson murder, a story line adapted directly from essay topics, Simon’s book . On The Wire , the ongoing investigations rarely close and never resolve with any ideological certainties or reassurances, heroic victories or emotional releases. When McNulty allows his pride to swell in what is abstract, recognition that their detail is made up of elite “natural police,” Freamon knocks him down, pointing out that even if they do close a big case, there will be no “parade, a gold watch, a shining Jimmy McNulty Day moment” (3.9).
Even if a resolution to a case arrives, the show refuses heroic closure or any sense of justice being served. By refusing ideological closure or easy answers to describing a person, solving the complex systemic problems documented in The Wire , the what does essay, show reminds us that in the end, it’s all just a game with another hand waiting to be played. The Wire ’s game logic returns to essay topics, the fore here. Many of television’s complex narratives employ a puzzle structure to motivate viewer interest, inspiring fans to watch shows like Lost , Veronica Mars , and Heroes with a forensic eye for details to piece together the what does critically, mysteries and enigmas encoded within their serial structures. Despite being centered on crimes and detectives, The Wire offers almost no mysteries. We typically know who the criminals are and what they did. Even though the a person, second season begins with an unsolved murder of a shipping container full of Eastern European prostitutes, the whodunit is downplayed in the narrative drive, with the final revelation becoming almost an afterthought as the focus is shifted to three about the world essay, the larger systems of corruption, smuggling, and the disintegration of labor - the only closure offered by discovering the name of the a person, already-dead murderer is the ability to we wear, remove the “red names” from the board in the homicide squad room.
Instead of essay topics mysteries, the show’s narrative is essay, focused on the game between competing systems, with suspense and tension generated through anticipation of what procedures will pay off for each side, and how the various sides will end up before the next round is played. In season four, we watch in describing essay topics, anticipation of the three the world essay, twists and turns it will take before the police discover the bodies entombed by Chris and Snoop as potential leads and describing essay topics connections are missed until chance encounters point Freamon toward the significance of essay a nailed-up board. The payoff is not justice being served, as the a person essay topics, case remains unsolved at ielts test academic the season’s end, but the procedural journey toward the discovery. Describing A Person Essay. The cultural logic of ielts test academic traditional mysteries is based on a belief in describing a person topics, functional institutions of justice being able to solve and punish crime; in is abstract, The Wire ’s cynical vision, mysteries are only obstacles to improving clearance rates for homicide detectives or disruptions in the functioning machinery of a criminal operation. This procedural focus of The Wire can be viewed as tied not only to television traditions but also to a person essay, the mechanics of gameplay. Within the world of game studies, the term procedural conjures far different connotations than Dragnet and clothes we wear CSI . Some game scholars see procedural authorship as the essence of coding gameplay or “procedural narrative,” outlining the describing, unit operations that render the storyworld and clothes enable player agency (Mateas and Stern 2007). Essay Topics. For Murray (1997, 274), the procedural nature of games and digital narrative is unique in “its ability to baudelaire, capture experience as systems of interrelated actions” - a description seemingly capturing The Wire ’s narrative mode. Bogost (2006, 46) builds on topics, Murray’s model to extend a critical eye to “both technology-based and non-technologically based works from the single perspective of their shared procedurality.” Although The Wire ’s procedural language is not written in binary, each Baltimore institution has an underlying code, from the rules of the drug game’s parlay to the racial rotation in the world essay, electing union leaders. The series frequently highlights what happens when conflicting codes overlap, as with Bell’s attempt to bring Robert’s Rules of Order to the meetings of describing essay drug dealers, or Colvin’s detente in the drug war to create Hamsterdam; such procedural conflicts trigger the complex social simulation needed to three things i would the world, represent the describing a person, urban environment as “systems of interrelated actions.” In both The Wire and nice essay topics the realm of digital games, procedures are the essential building blocks of narrative, character, and rhetoric, the essay, actions that are undertaken within the parameters of the simulation, the topics, rules of the game. Ultimately it is through its focus on procedure, at describing a person the levels of action, play, and code, that The Wire generates its verisimilitude, creating a ludic engagement with the SimCity of twenty-first-century Baltimore. HBO brands its offerings as “not TV,” and in some ways The Wire delivers, supplying a mode of storytelling previously untried on what essay, commercial U.S. television, with a tone and outlook antithetical to describing essay, the medium’s perceived cultural role as a consensus-building vehicle for selling products and ideologies.
But in its innovation, The Wire does reframe what television can do, and in thesis writing how stories can be told. Perhaps inspired by the novel but referencing the cultural logic of games, the show presents a new model of serial procedurality that offers a probing social investigation of the urban condition. And as the players remind us, “it’s all in the game.” Bogost, Ian (2006). Unit Operations: An Approach to Videogame Criticism . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Mateas, Michael, and Andrew Stern (2007). “Writing Facade: A Case Study in Procedural Authorship.” In Second Person: Role-Playing and Story in Games and Playable Media , edited by Pat Harrigan and Noah Wardrip-Fruin, 183-207. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Mittell, Jason (2004). Genre and essay Television: From Cop Shows to Cartoons in American Culture . Nice Essay Topics. New York: Routledge. Mittell, Jason (2006). “Narrative Complexity in essay, Contemporary American Television.” Velvet Light Trap 58:29-40.
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