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How Evolutionary Is The New Evolution Diet? Reviewed by how do, Chris Masterjohn. Fat is poison Art De Vany. Arthur De Vany's new book, The New Evolution Diet: What Our Paleolithic Ancestors Can Teach Us About Weight Loss, Fitness, and Aging is an interesting mix. It's full of excellent nutritional and fitness advice, but introduces a strange mix of carbophobia and lipophobia and quite a number of bizarre theories with lots of just so stories presented as fact when they are little more than speculation.

While most of the ideas presented in the book will not be new to those who have been well-steeped in help statement for college the evolutionary, paleo, ancestral, and traditional foods movements, the book would make an imperfect yet useful introduction to how do you restate a thesis, these ideas for those new to them. Nevertheless, I would hesitate to give this book to a beginner, for reasons outlined in the conclusion. Dr. De Vany is an economics professor by trade, but began his journey towards better health and fitness when his son, and then wife, developed type 1 diabetes. Shoe Store? Banning carbohydrate-dense foods from their menus was so effective that one doctor refused to believe his wife was diabetic because she was injecting so little insulin. A Thesis? After speaking with an anthropology graduate student about the diet of a tribe she was studying, De Vany realized that in placing his family on a diet of fresh vegetables, fruits, nuts, seafood, and meat he had reinvented the typical hunter-gatherer diet.

In the early 1990s, De Vany put everything he'd learned about health into an essay entitled Evolutionary Fitness, and when he retired in storm 2003 he started a blog with the how do you restate a thesis same theme. Thesis Outline Research Paper? Many people owe their initial journey into the world of real food to De Vany, and he is how do you restate a thesis, known by many as the grandfather of the Paleo movement. Statement? De Vany deserves our respect for how do a thesis, treating his family with compassion and ingenuity and for sharing his results and ideas with so many people. Nevertheless, De Vany also introduces some very strange ideas about genetics, evolution, and metabolism, and these ideas, along with his personal experience of diabetes in his family, lead him to condemn both foods rich in with my personal statement carbohydrates and a thesis, foods rich in fats, and lead him to discard many nutrient-dense fatty foods such as egg yolks. He allows liver, but you wouldn't know it from a good thesis on the, his chapter A Month on how do you restate the New Evolution Diet. Here we find no organ meats, but rather the cv writing tutorial occasional indulgence in dairy in the form of a thesis, skim milk cheese or in the form of butter, which is OK now and persuasive, then. Strangely, fattier cuts of meat like pork chops and you restate, bacon make it on to the a good thesis penalty menu alongside skinless chicken breast. A small yam once in you restate a thesis a while is also allowed, though in general carbohydrate-rich tubers are banned. De Vany's opposition to fat and carbohydrate sometimes reduces the nutrient-density of his diet in dangerous ways. The clearest case is that of the egg yolk.

Most of the storm nutrition in an egg is contained in the yolk (see my article, The Incredible, Edible Egg Yolk). Perhaps the most important of these is choline, which is essential to how do, many processes, including mental health and liver function (see my article, Meeting the Choline Requirement Eggs, Organs, and the Wheat Paradox). The whites, moreover, contain avidin, which inhibits biotin absorption, and is never fully destroyed by cooking. Feeding raw egg whites or administering biotin-deficient total parenteral (intravenous) nutrition are the resume shoe store two clasically understood textbook ways to induce biotin deficiency (for example, see the biotin chapter of you restate, Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease ). Symptoms arise gradually over cv writing tutorial weeks to years of raw egg white feeding and include brittle nails, thinning and loss of you restate, hair, shedding of eye lashes and statement, eye brows, and how do you restate a thesis, red scaly skin around the eyes, nose, mouth, and genitals. Candida can usually be cultured from the skin lesions. Descriptive Essay Storm? Biotin deficiency also leads to depression, lethargy, and tingling of hands and feet. The need for biotin increases during pregnancy, and subclinical biotin deficiency may play a role in birth defects (see my article, Vitamins For Fetal Development: Conception to Birth). Cooking destroys between one third and two thirds of the avidin in egg whites. Liver and egg yolks are unique in their abundance of biotin, so consuming them along with egg whites seems like an obvious precautionary measure, especially for women with a tendency towards vaginal yeast infections or who hope to have children. How Do A Thesis? While the paper role of you restate a thesis, biotin in preventing birth defects in humans is still an open question, I recommended following the precautionary principle on this matter in my 2007 article on pregnancy nutrition, where I suggested the addition of pure egg yolks to anorexia persuasive essay, smoothies or homemade ice cream as a palatable way to obtain extra biotin. Throwing away the yolks and keeping the how do a thesis whites achieves the opposite.

Unfortunately, there is so much potentially harmful dietary advice in this book that it could prove to be a step down from the Standard American Diet depending on a good thesis on the death how it is executed. Many people may begin throwing egg yolks and chicken skin away, rather than cutting out the how do you restate a thesis white bread or starting high-intensity interval training. Some may suffer harm from resume shoe store, these changes and others may just find a low-fat, low-carb diet impossible to stay on. Carbophobia, Lipophobia, And Other Strange Metabolic Ideas. The term good oils is how do, somewhat of a misnomer, because the truth is or model essay, that no fat is partcularly good for you. Of course, De Vany doesn't like carbohydrates either. He recommends restricting carbohydrate to initiate DNA repair (p. 9, p. 136), stabilize blood sugar (p.

12-17), improve glucose transport into the brain (p. How Do? 126), lengthen lifespan (p. 55, p.137), and prevent oxidative stress (p. 85). The worst option in his view, however, is to storm, combine fats and how do you restate a thesis, carbohydrates together (p.

85): A combined carb-fat load would have been an extremely rare even in outline research paper the nutritional history of our species. In ancestral times of 100,000 years ago, fat would have accompanied protein not a simple carb. Our metabolic networks must be stressed by you restate, this combination. The carbs prompt our bodies to release insulin, which shuts down fat burning. Cv Writing Tutorial? The resulting high-fat load and how do a thesis, high blood sugar becomes a heavy sludge in the bloodstream, bruising the lining of our blood vessels. The release of insulin also opens this lining to the intrusion of fats. Death Penalty? These fats are then oxidized, driven by the inflammatory response to high blood glucose. How Do? Oxidizing fat on a stream of glucose-mediated free radicals inflames the outline research vasculature, promoting cardiovascular disease. De Vany thus claims that carbohydrates cause hyperglycemia, which causes oxidative stress. Consuming fats with them will just subject the fats to this oxidative stress.

This is a rather strange point of view, considering that fats actually prevent carbohydrates from causing hyperglycemia (see this reference). The following graph shows the effects of 50 grams of potato with or without 50 grams of butter, and compares them to two meals that were free of carbohydrate: While the potato alone raised blood sugar levels to about 7 mM (125 mg/dL), the potato with butter led to modest blood sugar fluctuations that stayed roughly between 3.5-5 mM (60-90 mg/dL), which is within the range of normal fasting blood sugar. It seems unlikely, then, that the potato would have subjected the you restate butter to oxidative stress by promoting hyperglycemia, when the help my personal statement for college potato in fact failed to produce hyperglycemia at all in the presence of butter. These results may have been very different in diabetics, and a thesis, De Vany's choice to banish carbohydrates from the statement menus of his diabetic mother and son was likely the best choice he could have made. Even his bashing of how do, french fries is warranted since french fries are usually fried in modern vegetable oils at very high temperatures, often partially hydrogenated and reused over and over again. Generalizing from the of a storm french fry to any combination of carbohydrate and fat, however, is pretty unreasonable. De Vany promotes a rather simplistic view where carbs stimulate insulin and insulin resistance, and thus lays all of the metabolic abnormalities associated with insulin resistance at the feet of carbs and insulin. I think that people who promote this point of view need to contend with the fact that many groups of natives consume high amounts of carbohydrate with impunity but develop diabetes and obesity only when they switch to you restate a thesis, modern foods. For example, De Vany points out that fasting insulin levels are more than twice as high in with my personal Americans than in Kitavans, but he fails to point out that the how do you restate Kitavan diet is almost 70 percent high-glycemic carbohydrate (see Stephan Guyenet's series).

In a lecture at the 2010 Wise Traditions conference (which can be purchased here), Stephan Guyenet discussed traditional health-promoting diets of the Pacific Islands that were over thesis outline research 90% carbohydrate and others that were mostly fat, with a whopping 50% of calories as saturated fat. None of the populations had any meaningful incidence of insulin resistance, diabetes, or cardiovascular disease, and virtually none of the islands? inhabitants were fat. In came refined foods, and you restate, they became vulnerable to all of these diseases. In a blog post soon after the conference, he pointed out that these populations also have very low fasting and postprandial blood glucose. These results emphasize variability and flexibility in anorexia or model body essay human responses to diet, topics that get very little coverage in a thesis this book a point that will be discussed in the next two sections on genetics and statement research, evolution. Of course, variability and flexibility may have limits. For example, none of these groups had diets that were mostly protein, the how do a thesis one macronutrient that does not seem to fall into Dr. De Vany's disfavor. And all of them were getting most of essay, their calories from fat and carbohydrate, the two macronutrients Dr. De Vany treats as toxic. Before we proceed to you restate a thesis, the sections on genetics and resume store, evolution, it may be worth discussing a few other strange metabolic ideas that Dr.

De Vany promotes. De Vany believes that we are genetically programmed to be lazy overeaters (p. 3). He also believes that body fat is poison because it plays a role in inflammation (p. 10). But body fat is responsible for secreting leptin, which suppresses appetite and increases energy expenditure.

One major theory of how do a thesis, obesity is the set point, where leptin is responsible for regulating a specific level of body fat by adjusting food intake and energy expenditure to a good penalty, the appropriate levels. In this view, something has altered the set point during obesity. A Thesis? This is Stephan Guyenet's primary area of research, and help my personal statement, he blogs about these emerging theories frequently over at Whole Health Source. De Vany's theory is how do you restate, essentially that the set point is set at infinite adiposity, which seems to contradict everything we know about the set point. His theory, moreover, seems to contradict the common experience of getting full after a meal. De Vany's ideas about leptin get stranger than this. He states that the gene for leptin is thesis statement on the penalty, highly conserved across species and is thought to have evolved in primates some four to seven million years ago (p. How Do You Restate? 46). Statement For College? If leptin evolved in primates four to seven million years ago, it would be difficult to a thesis, say it is highly conserved across different species, and indeed leptin studies are commonly done in rodents, who are thought to have diverged from our ancestral lineage some 80 million years ago.

De Vany lists leptin among the hormones that cause insulin resistance (p. 129), even though leptin-deficient and leptin-resistant rodents are universally insulin resistant, showing clearly that leptin helps maintain insulin sensitivity. A Good Statement Death Penalty? De Vany tells us that The New Evolution Diet turns down the expression of the obesity gene in four different ways and you restate, that this gene's job is to or model persuasive, 'express' fat that is, to ramp up metabolic pathways that lead to the production of fat cells (p. 105), but seems to have missed the memo that the obesity (ob) gene codes for leptin and a thesis, actually prevents obesity. Indeed, elsewhere (p. 113) De Vany acknowledges that leptin is the hormone that would ordinarily tell your body that it has adequate reserves of energy and need not store any more. A Good Thesis On The Death Penalty? The views promoted about leptin in this book can be said, at best, to be disorganized and incoherent. Ultimately, however, De Vany's view that we are genetically programmed to you restate, be lazy overeaters is symptomatic of deeper views of genetics and evolution that allow little room for with my personal statement, flexibility in human individuals and variability within human populations, which are the topics of the next two sections. Do We Take Orders From Our Genes? Not According to Molecular Biology.

De Vany locates so much control at the level of a thesis, genes that he even states the following: Your pancreatic cells don't take orders from your brain, your blood, or anything else except the DNA that created them. These views of genetics are rather bizarre and are completely irreconcilable to what we have learned about help for college, molecular biology over how do the past half century. DNA does not create cells. Cells create cells. Tutorial? Genes do not express themselves at all.

If you put DNA in a petri dish with a bunch of nutrients it will do nothing. Living cells direct the expression of their genes in response to their own needs and to their environment. Genes act as files within a complex database that the cell accesses and uses as needed. Since our cells must cooperate with each other to form an integrated human being, they constantly take orders from our brain and other organs. These orders are carried in the blood and are called endocrine hormones. Let us take a brief look at the very different picture of gene expression presented in chapter seven of Molecular Biology of the Cell, the definitive guide to a thesis, mainstream molecular biology. The chapter begins by discussing experiments showing that although our liver cells, brain cells, skin cells, and many other types of cells all look and function very differently, they all contain the same DNA. If the nucleus of a frog's skin cell is cv writing tutorial, taken out and put into a frog's egg, the egg will form a normal tadpole, not a skin cell. Thus, when a cell becomes a pancreatic cell, it does so not because its DNA created it that way, but because it computed information about its environment and how do you restate, accessed its DNA in the appropriate way. A gene is completely impotent to express itself. The cell must access a gene's information and use it to make a protein in order for that gene to be expressed.

The cell regulates the expression of genes for its own needs and for the needs of the organism in many different ways. First, the cell determines whether it makes an RNA transcript, and descriptive essay of a storm, if so, how much of this RNA transcript it will make. Then the cell processes the RNA transcript, often by you restate, editing it, and regulates the anorexia or model persuasive essay export from the nucelus to another part of the cell. How Do? Still no protein is made from that RNA transcript unless the cell summons its enzymes to do so. It controls both the activity of these enzymes and the degradation of the of a storm transcript itself in order to regulate the how do production of the protein.

Finally, the thesis on the death cell can modify the activity of that protein once it is made in a whole host of ways. How Do You Restate? Each one of these steps allows an opportunity for the cell to respond to its needs and to the needs of the organism. Molecular biologists estimate that cells use about anorexia, two thousand different proteins just to regulate the production of RNA transcripts from genes. These comprise an estimated eight percent of human genes. Consider the comments made by the authors of Molecular Biology of the Cell : This large number of you restate a thesis, genes reflects the store exceedingly complex network of controls governing expression of mammalian genes. Each gene is regulated by a set of gene regulatory proteins; each of those proteins is the product of a gene that is in turn regulated by a whole set of other proteins, and so on. Moreover, the regulatory protein molecules are themsleves influenced by signals from outside the cell, which can make them active or inactive in a whole variety of ways. Thus, we can view the pattern of gene expression in a cell as the how do result of a complicated molecular computation that the intracellular gene control network performs in cv writing response to information from the cell's surroundings. They go on to describe how enormously complex the computational information networks are that the cell uses to regulate the expression of its genes, and ultimately conclude that, despite having written just under 90 pages on the matter, scientists understand very little of it. They describe experiments where scientists isolate components of the control networks, combine them in new ways, and attempt to predict the resulting system's behavior:

Scientists use this approach to a thesis, test whether they truly understand the properties of the component parts; if so, they should be able to statement outline paper, combine these parts in novel ways and you restate a thesis, accurately predict the characteristics of the new device. The fact that these predictions usually fail illustrates how far we are from truly understanding the detailed workings of the cell. The New Evolution Diet presents a view of descriptive of a storm, genetics that is how do you restate a thesis, very static and inflexible. If we do not give our genes the appropriate macronutrient ratio that approximates what they received 100,000 or 40,000 years ago, they will express themselves poorly; if we do give our genes that macronutrient ratio, they will express themselves well. This ignores the a good thesis statement on the death possibility that we are genetically programmed to flexibly respond to our environment. Flexibility is not the only principle that is how do you restate a thesis, conspicuously absent from this book. The principle of variability is also quite absent, which is help with for college, surprising, given the title of the book and the central role that the principle plays in evolutionary theory. How Evolutionary is the how do you restate New Evolution Diet? The principle claim of Darwinian evolutionary theory is that all life is descended from a common ancestor and that the diversity of life can be accounted for my personal, by six basic principles (my six-fold division is somewhat arbitrary): There is variation among organisms. A portion of this variation is inherited.

Organisms produce too many offspring to you restate a thesis, all have maximal reproductive success. Or Model Persuasive Essay? In the struggle for survival and reproductive success, those organisms that are best adapted to you restate a thesis, their environments will be most reproductively successful. As a result, the characteristics of organisms change over time. It seems, then, that a diet and lifestyle plan based on evolutionary principles must consider the following topics: What can other animals with whom we share a common ancestor teach us about ourselves? How do humans vary in statement outline paper their response to diet and how do a thesis, lifestyle between and within populations? How has the human response to diet and lifestyle changed over time? Ironically, The New Evolution Diet does not seem to tackle any of these questions. Katherine Milton, by contrast, researches what the diets of other primates might teach us.

Her contention that Foods of Wild Primates Have Relevance for Modern Human Health is essay of a, very dependent on evolutionary theory because her contention depends on our common ancestry with other primates. Strangely enough, De Vany cites this article (p. 159) as evidence of our similarity to Cro-Magnon men who lived between 100,000 and 40,000 BC, but within the article Milton states the following: Regardless of what paleolithic hunter-gatherers were eating, there is little evidence to how do you restate a thesis, suggest that human nutrient needs or digestive physiology were significantly affected by such diets at any point in human evolution. How we are similar with and different from great apes would be an appropriate topic for a book claiming to be about evolution. Resume Store? Without any emphasis on how do a thesis common ancestry with other species, the term ancestral diet would be much more appropriate than evolutionary diet.

The principle of variability seems conspicuously absent from the book, even in the notes. Are Asians, Africans, and Europeans, all adapted to the same diet? Have microevolutionary principles fine-tuned the dietary requirements of different populations as they have become somewhat segregated over time? Again, there is almost no discussion of this topic in thesis statement outline research paper the book. Finally, what does this book have to say on the subject of genomic change? De Vany acknowledges in how do you restate the notes (p. 158-9) that some change has continued to occur, but in the main text dismisses these changes as minimal. Indeed, he not only tells us that nothing much has changed since the Stone Age (p. 2), but even tells us that corn and other grains did not exist when our genes stopped evolving (p.

38) and that thanks to anorexia, civilization, the world has changed a great deal since our genes stopped evolving (p. 92). If De Vany's thesis is that genomic change has not occurred over the last 100,000 years, he is essentially excluding not only macroevolutionary principles but even microevolutionary principles from consideration. Again, this approach would be much more appropriately designated ancestral than evolutionary. Of course, De Vany's conceptions about what is and isn't ancestral are occasionally contradictory to direct evidence and usually very speculative. Grains not only existed in the Paleolithic era but have been found in the teeth of Neanderthals, providing what most of us would consider pretty strong evidence that they were eating them. Perhaps grains killed off the a thesis Neanderthals (I emphasize perhaps), but they certainly existed. De Vany estimates the waist-to-hip ratios of early humans based on the waist-to-hip ratios of modern athletes (p.

27), which is a good thesis on the, pretty speculative, to put it politely and diplomatically. De Vany argues that it is not entirely our fault we are fat, because we are genetically programmed to be lazy overeaters (p. 92), but also suggests that, though the stigma currently is maladaptive, our propensity to a thesis, judge obese people too harshly probably evolved as an adaptation during evolutionary times, when obesity was rare and almost surely indicated that that person was taking more from the resume store group than they were contributing to a thesis, it (p. 179). In the or model body persuasive essay absence of how do a thesis, any attempt to identify the genes and biochemical pathways that are responsible for the obesity stigma, I'm afraid this speculation is what Stephan Jay Gould and others would have referred to as a just so story rather than science. In any case, the argument that we have ceased to evolve over the last 40,000 to 100,000 years is somewhat questionable. A Good Thesis Statement On The Penalty? Some scientists argue that evolution has accelerated 100-fold in the last 10,000 years or so (see here for an overview).

Although I think the how do you restate methods of dating mutations involve some problematic assumptions, I do think this research makes it highly questionable to assume that little change has occurred over time in the human genome. Resume? More importantly, small changes in DNA that are not even located in genes can cause large changes in function, and we have trillions of microorganisms that contribute to our digestive and metabolic phenotype who evolve with us, not only over grand scales of time, but even within our own lifetimes. I am thus left wondering why The New Evolution Diet incorporates evolution into its title when it has so little to do with evolutionary theory. How Do? Indeed, had humans been specially created with a fixed genome 100,000 years ago, I do not think it would change the anorexia body principles of this diet very much. Ultimately, this book has many good insights, but none that haven't been offered elsewhere. It opens up the potential for a beginner to try a low-fat, low-carb diet, and give up on getting healthy after always being hungry.

It opens up the how do opportunity for the dieter with pre-conceived notions you know, the kind who tries to do the Atkins diet low-fat style to institute the worst recommendations at the expense of the best. I would recommend reading this book if you have a personal connection to cv writing, Dr. De Vany and you'd like to help him out but I would think twice about recommending it to a friend or family member.

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Typical Spelling Patterns for you restate Vowel Sounds. Spelling and pronunciation are closely connected and should be studied together. Or Model Body? This is how do you restate, especially true of cv writing tutorial, English vowel sounds and their representation in you restate, writing. This material provides examples of thesis, typical spelling patterns for how do a thesis English vowel sounds, proceeding from the with my personal sound to how do a thesis, spelling. If it is essay storm, more convenient for you restate a thesis you to tutorial, proceed from the letters and letter combinations to the sounds that they represent, you can reorganize this material according to you restate a thesis, your wish. (An example how to do it is thesis, given in you restate, Method 2 in my personal for college, the section Phonetics.) Note that spelling and how do pronunciation in this material are given according to anorexia or model body persuasive essay, the American variant of the English language. There are six vowel letters in English: A, E, I, O, U, Y. The letter Y represents the vowel sounds [i], [ai] (mystery, type) and a thesis the consonant (semivowel) sound [y] (yes). Anorexia Essay? Together, vowel letters represent from 15 to how do, 22 vowel sounds. This difference comes mostly from statement outline research paper counting the how do diphthongs differently in descriptive of a, British English and in American English.

Generally, American linguists list five diphthongs: [ei], [ai], [au], [oi], [ou]. The number of how do you restate, English vowel sounds represented by vowel letters and by anorexia or model body essay, certain vowel combinations, is a thesis, larger than the body persuasive number of you restate a thesis, vowel letters and resume store their combinations, which means that one and how do you restate the same vowel letter or letter combination represents more than one sound. English also has several spelling variants for a good thesis statement on the each vowel sound, which means that the same vowel sound is how do you restate a thesis, represented by descriptive, different letters and letter combinations in writing. For example, the letter A typically represents five sounds as in Kate [keit], cat [k?t], call [ko:l], card [ka:rd], alone [?'loun]. You Restate? Its common open-syllable sound [ei] is statement outline paper, represented in writing not only by how do you restate, the letter A as in Kate but also by thesis statement outline paper, five different vowel combinations as in you restate, may, rain, weigh, they, break. The combinations EI, EY, which are usually pronounced [ei] in English words, represent the sound [ai] in some words of cv writing, foreign origin: Einstein, geyser. There is how do a thesis, also a connection between a sound, its spelling, and research the surrounding letters. For example, the combination AR, which is normally pronounced [a:r] as in how do a thesis, car, park, hard, is pronounced [o:r] after the resume store consonant W, e.g., war, ward, warm, warn. The most practical approach is to learn typical spelling patterns for you restate a thesis vowel sounds. The other spelling variants may be present only in a couple of statement outline paper, words or in words that are not used very often. Spelling examples: me, Pete, Japanese, equal, rewrite, seem, read, piece, seize, police.

The sound [i:] is represented by a thesis, the letter E in the open syllable of the descriptive essay of a storm root: me, be, he, she, we; Pete, eve, these, theme, scene, complete, intervene, precede. The sound [i:] is represented by the letter E in a thesis, the root in the initial syllable that is not easily recognizable as an with statement for college open syllable, usually under stress: equal, evening, evil, recent, region, meter, secret, media, demon, female, legal, genius, senior, convenient, frequent, veto, premium, previous. The sound [i:] is how do a thesis, represented by the (first) letter E in cv writing tutorial, the suffix ese: Japanese, Chinese, Vietnamese, Maltese, Portuguese, Lebanese, Burmese, manganese. The sound [i:] is represented by the letter E in how do, the prefixes pre, re in statement on the penalty, some words: prehistoric, prewar, prefix, preoccupy, prepay, preview, react, rewrite, remake. Note: In many words, the letter E in the prefixes pre, re represents the short sound [i] (remove, repair, repeat, reply, return, prepare, prevent, presume). The sound [i:] is represented by the combination EE: see, free, agree, knee, feel, feed, proceed, succeed, keen, seek, seem, screen, deep, greet, sleeve. The sound [i:] is represented by how do you restate, the combination EA: sea, tea, peace, teach, lead, read, peak, deal, reveal, scream, team, clean, leap, please, release, beat, beneath, breathe, creature, leave. The sound [i:] is essay of a storm, represented by how do a thesis, the combination IE in or model body persuasive, the root: piece, field, achieve, believe, relief, brief, chief, fiend, siege, shriek, priest.

The sound [i:] is represented by a thesis, the combination EI in a good thesis, the root: seize, receive, receipt, deceive, conceive, perceive, ceiling, Leigh. In some English words of how do a thesis, foreign origin, the resume sound [i:] is represented in writing by the letter I: police, caprice, gasoline, machine, magazine, marine, routine, vaccine, prestige, regime, elite, naive, pizza, ski, liter, fatigue, intrigue, antique, physique, technique, unique. Rare spelling for the sound [i:]: key, people, Aesop, Oedipus. Spelling examples: sit, ignore, public, working, enough, reply, hardness, boxes, symbol, lady, Annie, honey. The short sound [i] is you restate, represented by descriptive of a, the letter I in a thesis, the closed syllable of the my personal statement for college root: it, sit, miss, tip, pick, pin, bring, list, fill, film, trim, dinner, finger, river, consist. The short sound [i] is represented by you restate a thesis, the letter I in some prefixes: inform, illogical, immune, impudent, irregular, dislike, disturb, mistake, misunderstand. Resume Store? Note spelling: ignore, ignorant, ignite. The short sound [i] is you restate a thesis, represented by the letter I in some suffixes: public, dramatic, habit, justice, native, foolish, working. The short sound [i] is help with, represented by you restate a thesis, the letter E in resume, the initial syllable of the you restate a thesis root: English, pretty, ecology, enough, eleven, electric. The short sound [i] is anorexia or model persuasive essay, represented by a thesis, the letter E in anorexia body persuasive, some prefixes: effect, emotion, become, before, despair, depart, remove, repair, repeat, reply, return, preliminary, prepare, prevent, secure.

The short sound [i] is you restate a thesis, represented by anorexia body, the letter E in some suffixes and you restate a thesis endings: hardness, madness, actress, countless, childless, rocket, pocket, boxes, catches, added, counted. It is very difficult to thesis on the death penalty, decide where to say the how do you restate a thesis long sound [i:] and where to of a, say the how do you restate a thesis short sound [i] when they are represented by thesis penalty, the letter E in the root or prefix. For easier memorization, it is you restate, advisable to make a comparison list of such words arranged in two columns. Note: The final single letter E, which is a good thesis penalty, usually mute in a thesis, Englsh words, is or model body, pronounced as [i], or as a shorter variant of a thesis, [i:], in the words apostrophe, catastrophe, psyche. The sound [i] is on the death penalty, represented by how do, the letter Y in the root: symbol, lyrics, myriad, hymn, hypnosis, pyramid, sympathy, synchronize, crystal, system, typical, tyranny, mystery, myth, rhythm, antonym, synonym, pseudonym, acronym. The sound [i] is represented by with for college, the letter Y in you restate, the suffix: lady, family, Daddy, duty, whisky, carry, hurry, funny, happy, busy, dirty, many, very, lovely, nicely, hardly, Larry, Billy, Mary. The sound [i] is represented by shoe, the combination IE in how do a thesis, the suffix: Annie, Carrie, Katie, auntie. The sound [i] is statement on the death penalty, represented by the combination EY in the suffix: honey, hockey, journey, money, monkey, whiskey, Sydney, Casey, Rodney.

Note: According to many dictionaries, the you restate letter Y in the suffix (lady) and cv writing the combinations IE, EY in the suffix (Annie, honey) are pronounced as a shorter variant of the how do you restate a thesis long sound [i:]. Spelling examples: end, well, bread, heavy, many. The sound [e] is statement, represented by a thesis, the letter E in thesis, the closed syllable in how do, the root: bet, set, well, guest, seldom, empty, every, berry, regular, accept, connect, inspector, impress, address, architect, project, enter, entrance, entire. The sound [e] is with my personal statement for college, represented by you restate, the letter E in the prefixes em, en: embalm, embark, embody, embrace, employ, enable, enlarge, engage, enjoy, environment. Note: The prefixes em, en may also be pronounced [im], [in], especially in descriptive of a, BrE; in how do you restate, some cases, two words exist, e.g., ensure, insure; enquire, inquire. There are many words (but still a limited number) in which the sound [e] is store, represented by you restate, the combination EA. Learn them by heart: bread, dead, head, header, lead, read, spread, thread, dread, tread, instead; already, ready, steady, meadow; sweat, sweater, threat, threaten; breath, death, health, stealth, wealth; weather, leather, feather; measure, pleasure, treasure, treasury, pleasant, peasant, pheasant; dealt, meant, cleanse, jealous, realm; heaven, heavy, endeavor, deaf; breakfast, breast, treachery, weapon. Rare spelling for with my personal statement the sound [e]: any, many, friend, said, says, bury. Spelling examples: age, lake, nation, wait, play, they, eight. The sound [ei] is represented by how do you restate, the letter A in the open syllable in the root: Kate, ate, late, take, race, name, save, ache, table, cradle, change, strange, paste, taste, waste.

The sound [ei] is anorexia or model essay, represented by the letter A in the root in a thesis, the initial syllable that is not easily recognizable as an or model body essay open syllable, and how do you restate sometimes in the closed syllable, usually under stress: bacon, baby, lazy, angel, danger, stranger, chamber, April, paper, basin, basis, Asia, pastry, nation, patriot, fatal, naval, facial, racial, vacant, ancient, patient, radio. The sound [ei] is represented by research, the letter A in how do, the verbal suffix ate: decorate, educate, create, celebrate, concentrate, separate, dictate, investigate, originate. The sound [ei] is represented by the combination AI, usually before a consonant letter in with, the root: aim, aid, sail, tail, main, vain, rain, raise, faint, paint, saint, strait, straight, remain, complain, disdain, explain, restrain. The sound [ei] is represented by the combination EI, usually before a consonant letter in the root: rein, veil, vein, feign, reign, deign, sleigh, weigh, weight, eight, freight, neighbor. Note: The combination EI is you restate, pronounced [ai] in resume shoe, the words height, sleight, either. (See 7. You Restate A Thesis? SOUND [ai].) The sound [ei] is represented by help, the combination AY, usually in the final position in the root: day, gray, may, say, way, hay, gay, play, pray, stay, stray, essay, relay, delay; betrayal, player, essayist, saying. But: daily, gaily (also, gayly). The sound [ei] is represented by how do you restate, the combination EY, usually in the final position in descriptive essay, the root: they, grey, prey, hey, whey, survey, obey, convey, conveyance, surveyor. Note: In some words of a thesis, foreign origin the combinations EI, EY are pronounced as [ai]: Einstein, Fahrenheit, geyser, Meyer.

Note: Note the descriptive essay of a storm spelling of how do a thesis, these words: mayor, major. In the following words, the tutorial sound [ei] is represented by a thesis, the combination EA: break, great, steak. In some English words of French origin, the final sound [ei] is shoe, represented in writing by the letters E, EE, ET: cafe, attache, pate, resume, fiance, fiancee, divorcee, matinee, entree; ballet, beret, buffet, bouquet, fillet, gourmet. Note: There is usually a French stress mark on the final letter E (cafe) and on how do you restate a thesis, the first letter E in EE (matinee) in the above-mentioned words, but some of such words may be written without the a good statement penalty stress mark (e.g., divorcee, matinee, entree) in AmE. There are some English words with the ending EE that is pronounced [i:]: employee, trainee, refugee.

A large number of a thesis, English words have the ending ET (pronounced [it]): bullet, wallet, skillet, packet, picket, pocket, rocket. Spelling examples: bad, sat, bank, stand, family, accident, apple. In American English, the statement on the death penalty letter A under stress in you restate a thesis, the closed syllable of the tutorial root is usually pronounced [?]: ask, task, fast, last, contrast, master, disaster, castle, answer, act, pack, actor, factory, add, mad, staff, after, half, class, glass, grass, jazz, chance, dance, can't, land, handle, command, talent, example, happy, happen, travel, fashion, bath, matter, Manhattan. In British English, the how do letter A in a good thesis statement penalty, many of these words is how do you restate a thesis, pronounced [a:], for or model body persuasive essay example, in the words class, dance, answer, master, castle, fast, disaster, after, half, bath. The sound [ei] represented in writing by how do a thesis, the letter A changes to a good on the penalty, [?] in some derivatives: Nature [ei] – natural [?]; nation [ei] – national [?]; sane [ei] – sanity [?], vain – vanity. Rare spelling for a thesis [?] (AmE): aunt, laugh.

Spelling examples: army, regard, father, calm, bravo, mirage. The sound [a:] is represented by the combination AR in help for college, the root, usually under stress: arm, art, car, card, yard, part, charge, large, margin, argue, guard, regard, garden, pardon, market. The letter A represents the sound [a:] in how do, several English words in store, American English: father, Pa, Papa, Ma, Mama; calm, palm, balm, alms, psalm. How Do A Thesis? (The letter L in these words is silent.) The letter A represents the tutorial sound [a:] in some words of foreign origin: drama, Panama, saga, cantata, sonata, spa, bravo, aria, lama; mirage, garage, espionage, sabotage, massage, facade. Note: In some words of French origin the sound [a:] is represented by how do, the initial combination en: entree, ensemble.

Rare spelling for [a:]: sergeant, heart; (BrE) aunt, laugh, draught. In British English, the letter A is usually pronounced [?] as in CAT under stress in the closed syllable of the essay of a storm root, but the a thesis letter A is usually pronounced [a:] before the help with statement consonants f, ff, ph, sk, sp, ss, st, th, nce, nd, and you restate some others. In American English, the letter A under stress in help with, the closed syllable of the root is usually pronounced [?] as in CAT in you restate a thesis, all cases. Examples of a good thesis statement penalty, words with AmE [?] or BrE [a:]: staff, after, draft, half, ask, task, grasp, grass, glass, class, fast, last, castle, master, disaster, bath, path, example, chance, dance, answer, can't, demand, command. Spelling examples: nice, surprise, minus, private, type, reply, dynamic, find, light, tie. The sound [ai] is how do, represented by or model persuasive essay, the letter I in the open syllable of the how do a thesis root: ice, nice, ride, life, file, smile, line, pipe, quite, wise, hi, polite, surprise, prize, combine, arrive. The sound [ai] is tutorial, represented by the letter I, stressed or unstressed, in the root in how do you restate a thesis, the syllable that is thesis statement research, not easily recognizable as an open syllable: idea, identical, idol, isolation, item, science, society, client, crisis, climate, minus, private, library, finance, horizon, dial, vital, vitamin. The sound [ai] is you restate a thesis, represented by anorexia or model persuasive essay, the letter I in how do a thesis, the verbal suffixes ize (ise), yze (yse) and fy: organize, modernize, analyze, analyse, satisfy, modify, signify. The sound [ai] is represented by help statement for college, the letter I in a thesis, some prefixes: diagram, dialect, digest, digress, bicycle, biannual, biography.

The sound [ai] is shoe, represented by you restate a thesis, the letter Y in help my personal statement for college, some English words, usually in how do you restate a thesis, the final position in the root: by, my, cry, dry, fly, fry, ply, pry, sky, sly, try. The sound [ai] is help, represented by the letter Y in many words of how do, Greek and Latin origin: style, type, hype, rhyme; deny, rely, apply, reply; cycle, cyclone, dynamic, dynamite, hybrid, hyphen, nylon, hyperactive, hypodermic, psychopath, psychiatrist. Note: Final Y in tutorial, words like cry, fly, try in how do you restate, certain cases changes to cv writing, I before suffixes or endings: cries, flier, flyer, trying, tried, trial. How Do You Restate? (See the materials on adding suffixes and resume store endings in how do, the section Writing.) Other spelling variants for the sound [ai] The sound [ai] is represented by cv writing, some other spelling variants in a limited number of words.

The letter I before LD, ND and before some other consonant combinations: child, mild, wild, climb, find, kind, mind, blind; rifle, trifle, title, idle, Bible. The letter I before GH, GHT, GN: high, sigh, thigh; fight, light, night, right, slight; sign, align, benign, malign. Combinations IE, YE, EI, EY, UY: die, tie, lie, pie, vie; dye, lye, rye, bye; height, sleight, either, neither; eye, geyser; buy, guy. Latin plural ending I: alumni, fungi, stimuli, alkali, alibi. You Restate A Thesis? (Nouns with Latin plural endings are listed in statement, the material Irregular Plural Nouns in how do a thesis, the section Writing.) Note: The sound [ai] represented by thesis research paper, the letter I may change to [i] in you restate, some derivatives: signature, malignant, biblical. Note: The combination EI in cv writing tutorial, the words either, neither is you restate a thesis, pronounced [i:] or [ai] in a good thesis statement death penalty, AmE. Spelling examples: how, brown, out, noun. The sound [au] is you restate a thesis, represented by essay of a storm, the combination OW in any position in the word: now, how, cow, row, bow, brow, allow, plow, crowd, owl, fowl, howl, prowl, down, gown, town, clown, brown, drown, crown, browse, browser, powder, power, flower, tower, allowing, allowance. The sound [au] is represented by how do a thesis, the combination OU, usually before a consonant letter in descriptive essay of a, the root: out, about, doubt, couch, cloud, loud, proud, foul, noun, announce, bounce, ounce, pound, found, ground, hound, around, sound, surround, count, account, amount, mountain, house, mouse, louse, blouse, mouth, south, scout, shout, bough, plough, drought.

It is difficult to decide where to you restate, say [ou] and anorexia or model body essay where [au] when they are represented by how do you restate a thesis, the combination OW, e.g., own – owl, bowl – brown, mow – pow. Thesis Statement On The Death? Besides, there are a few homonyms that are spelled in the same way but are pronounced differently: row [rou] and [rau]; bow [bou] and you restate a thesis [bau]; sow [sou] and [sau]. It is essay of a, advisable to how do you restate, make a comparison list of descriptive storm, such words. It is also rather difficult to decide where to how do a thesis, write OW and of a where to write OU, for example, fowl – foul, browse – blouse. It would be useful to a thesis, have a comparison list of such words. Spelling examples: more, order, law, call, cause, caught, bought, course, war, water. Spelling patterns for the sound [o:] Combinations OR, ORE: cord, Ford, form, born, corn, torn, short, sport, torch, porch, orange, order, orient, normal, mortal, storm, story, glory, forum, forty, morning; bore, more, before, shore, sore, store, tore, explore, ignore. Combination AW: law, draw, drawer, saw, thaw, crawl, shawl, hawk, dawn, lawn, awful, awkward. Combinations ALL, AL: all, ball, call, fall, hall, wall, appall, alter, always, already, walk, talk, chalk, false, salt, halt.

Combination AU: cause, pause, applause, sauce, audio, audience, fraud, August, auto, author, Paul, fault, haunt, launch, laundry. Combination AUGHT: caught, taught, daughter, slaughter, haughty, naughty. Combination OUGHT: bought, brought, fought, ought, sought, thought; cough. Combinations OUR, OAR, OOR: course, court, four, mourn, pour, source, your; board, hoarse, hoard, roar, soar, broad; door, floor. Combinations WAR, WA: war, warm, ward, warden, warn, warning, award, reward; water, want, wand, wash, wasp, watch, swamp, swan.

Combination QUAR: quart, quarter, headquarters, quartz, quarrel, quarantine. Letter O as [o:] in AmE: long, wrong, song, boss, lost, cost, dog, gone, coffee. Note: In AmE, the thesis letter O in words like long, cost, dog may be pronounced as [o:] or as [o]. How Do You Restate? In BrE, the body essay letter O in such words usually has the how do you restate sound [o]. There are several spelling variants for the sound [o:] that are also used for some other sounds, for with for college example, door [o:] – poor [u], pour [o:] – tour [u], cost [o:] – post [ou].

Nevertheless, spelling patterns for you restate the sound [o:] are quite recognizable and help with my personal statement for college should be easy to memorize. Spelling examples: not, stop, rob, body, sorry, model, conference, want, watch, wash. Spelling patterns for you restate a thesis the sound [o] Letter O: got, hot, not, stop, rob, odd, off, clock, coffee, gone, bomb, bond, soft, often, body, hobby, dollar, doctor, document, occupy, college, compliment, conference, model, monitor, option, promise, prompt, follow, borrow, sorrow, tomorrow, sorry, orange. Combination WA: want, watch, wash, what, swamp, swallow, swan. Combination QUA: quality, qualify, quantity, quarrel, quarantine. Rare spelling for anorexia body persuasive essay [o]: cough, knowledge, yacht.

It is how do, interesting to note that in American English there is no sound like the help with statement British short sound [o]. You Restate? Instead of thesis statement death penalty, it, the sound that sounds like a hybrid of the long sounds [o:] and you restate [a:] is a good statement death, pronounced in how do, American English where British English has the shoe store short sound [o]. This hybrid American sound is a thesis, usually indicated in descriptive of a, American dictionaries as [o], but may be indicated as [a:]. For example, there may be the following variants of transcription for the word want in American dictionaries: [wont] or [wo:nt]; [wo:nt] or [wa:nt]. The same hybrid sound [o], or [o:] colored as [a:], may be pronounced in how do you restate a thesis, American English in tutorial, words like water, ought, daughter in you restate a thesis, which long [o:] is thesis paper, considered standard.

But long [o:] always remains [o:] in how do you restate, the stressed syllable before [r]: more [mo:r], lord [lo:rd], normal, port. Examples of descriptive essay of a, words with BrE [o] or AmE hybrid [o]: got, not, hot, stop, rob, odd, off, dog, log, clock, coffee, cough, gone, long, song, cost, loss, boss, bomb, bond, soft, often, body, hobby, dollar, doctor, document, occupy, college, compliment, conference, model, monitor, option, promise, prompt, follow, borrow, sorrow, tomorrow, sorry, orange, quality, quantity, want, wash, watch, what, swamp, swallow, swan. This peculiar hybrid sound [o], the how do you restate sound [r] that is pronounced in all positions, and descriptive storm the sound [?] in you restate, words like class, ask, castle, fast, demand, dance give American English its characteristic accent. Spelling examples: boil, noise, toy, loyal. The sound [oi] is thesis research paper, represented in writing by the combination OI, usually before a consonant letter in how do you restate a thesis, the root: oil, ointment, boil, foil, spoil, toil, coin, join, voice, void, avoid, point, appoint, noise, poison, hoist, moist, exploit, loiter, embroidery.

The sound [oi] is represented in writing by thesis, the combination OY in a thesis, any position in with statement, the word: boy, joy, ploy, soy, toy, annoy, destroy, employ, corduroy, oyster, loyal, royal, voyage, boyish, joyful. Spelling examples: home, post, bonus, hero, know, road. The sound [ou] is how do a thesis, represented by the letter O in the open syllable of the cv writing tutorial root: home, role, cone, stone, hope, note, close, remote, suppose, homeless, lonely, hopeful. The sound [ou] is how do you restate, represented by statement outline research, the letter O in the root in how do you restate, the syllable that is storm, not easily recognizable as an open syllable: open, obey, omit, omen, opal, ocean, potent, polar, solar, motor, rotor, modal, total, moment, rodent, soldier, bonus, focus, notice, social, donate, donut, vogue, rogue. A Thesis? Note: In the words obey, omit, the letters ob, o are Latin prefixes.

The sound [ou] is represented by the letter O in of a, the closed syllable of the root, usually before LD, LT, LL and before some other consonant combinations: old, bold, cold, hold, sold, bolt, colt, roll, poll, toll, control, folk, yolk, most, post, host, ghost, gross, both, comb, don't, won't. The sound [ou] is you restate, represented by or model body, the letter O in how do you restate, the prefix co and in some cases in the prefix pro: coeducation, coworker, coexist, coordinate, pronoun, program, prohibit, prohibition. Note: In many words, the letter O in with my personal statement, the prefix pro a thesis represents the death sound [?] (propose, pronounce, protect, provide, production, profession). The sound [ou] is represented by the letter O in the final position in how do you restate, the word: go, no, so, also, cargo, echo, hero, zero, piano, potato, tomato, mosquito, radio, studio, Mexico, Idaho, motto, logo, veto. Note: : The final letter O may represent the a good statement death sound [u:] as in how do, do, two, who, to, into statement outline research and the how do you restate sounds [u:] or [?] in the unstressed position as in a good on the, to, into. The sound [ou] is how do, represented by the letter combination OW in resume shoe store, any position in the word: know, low, show, row, tow, owe, grow, throw, blow, flow; bowl, own, blown, flown, grown, shown, thrown, growth; follow, hollow, borrow, narrow, window, yellow; owing, growing, follower, lower, yellowish. The sound [ou] is a thesis, represented by shoe store, the letter combination OA, usually before a consonant letter in you restate, the root: oat, oak, coal, goal, load, road, boat, coat, soak, toast, roast, coast, boast, coach, approach, cockroach. The sound [ou] is shoe store, represented by the combinations OE, OUGH, OU in how do, a limited number of words: toe, roe, doe, foe, woe; though, although, dough; soul, shoulder, poultry, boulder, mould / mold. Because the anorexia or model persuasive essay letter O can represent different vowel sounds, for example, [ou], [o:], [o], [?], and how do a thesis can also form a number of descriptive, combinations with the how do other vowels, it would most useful to study its pronunciation by resume store, arranging groups of how do you restate, words in columns on one page according to anorexia body essay, the sound that the letter O represents. Spelling examples: use, rude, food, do, few, blue, group. Spelling patterns for you restate a thesis the sound [u:]

The letter U and the combinations EW, EU, UE, UI represent the sound [u:] after the cv writing consonants R, L, J, CH. The vowel O and the combinations OO, OU represent the you restate sound [u:]. Letter U as [u:]: rude, crude, rule, rumor, brutal, prune; Lucy, Luke, lumen, flute; judicial, June, junior, Julia, judo; chute, parachute. Letter O as [u:]: do, two, who, whom, whose, lose, move, prove, improve, tomb, womb. Combination OO as [u:]: food, mood, room, broom, moon, cartoon, cool, pool, school, scoop, tooth, boots, poodle, ooze, choose, soothe, shoot, too, zoo, bamboo, taboo, kangaroo, shampoo, tattoo. Combination OU as [u:]: group, soup, loupe, cougar, coupon, mousse, route, routine, wound, souvenir, through, rouge. Combination OE as [u:]: shoe, canoe. Combination EW as [u:]: jewel, Jew, flew, blew, chew, crew, screw. Combination UE as [u:]: true, blue, clue, glue.

Combination UI as [u:]: juice, fruit, bruise, cruise, recruit, sluice. Spelling patterns for descriptive of a storm the sound [yu:] The letter U and you restate the combinations EW, EU, UE, UI represent the sound [yu:] after the cv writing other consonants (except R, L, J, CH). You Restate A Thesis? The letter U is resume shoe, pronounced [yu:] when it starts the word. Letter U as [yu:]: use, usual, union, unit, unite, unique, universe, universal, university, urine, utility, utensil, ubiquitous. Letter U as [yu:]: fume, funeral, fuse, refuse, fuel; cube, cute, vacuum; music, museum, amuse, community, immune, mute; pupil, human, humor, huge, Hugh. Letter U as [yu:]: duty, due, produce, tulip, tune, student; nude, nuclear, numeral, menu; super, Susan, consumer. Combination EW as [yu:]: few, nephew, view, dew, new, mew, pew. Combination EU as [yu:]: eucalyptus, euphemism, feud, neurotic, neutral. Combinations UE, UI as [yu:]: hue, cue, due, sue, pursue, suit.

After Y always [yu:]: yule, yuletide, Yukon; youth, yew. Rare spelling for how do [yu:]: beauty. Note: In American English, the a good thesis on the sound [u:], not [yu:], is a thesis, usually pronounced after the resume store consonants D, T, N, S, though both variants are considered standard. How Do A Thesis? Examples: duty ['du:ti], dew [du:], due [du:], dual; tune [tu:n], tulip ['tu:lip], student; new [nu:], nude [nu:d], nuclear; suit [su:t], sue [su:], pursue, super. Spelling examples: book, good, pull, sugar, could. Spelling patterns for the short sound [u]

Combination OO: book, cook, look, hook, shook, took, good, stood, wood, hood, childhood, foot, wool, broom, rookie. Letter U: put, push, pull, bush, bull, bullet, full, pudding, sugar, cushion, butcher. Letter O: wolf, woman. Combination OU: could, should, would. It is resume, quite difficult to how do, decide where to say the essay of a storm long sound [u:] and where to you restate, say the thesis statement research paper short sound [u] when they are represented by how do you restate, the combination OO (and, to a lesser extent, by the letter U). Anorexia Or Model Body Persuasive? It is how do a thesis, advisable to anorexia body, keep a comparison list of how do you restate, such words. Tutorial? In some cases, there are two variants of how do, pronunciation: room – [ru:m] / [rum]; roof – [ru:f] / [ruf]; hoop – [hu:p] / [hup]; soot – [sut] / [su:t]. Spelling examples: verb, turn, first, learn, work, journey, dollar. In American English, the sound [?r] is represented by help my personal statement for college, the combinations of how do you restate a thesis, vowels with the letter R in resume shoe, the root, prefix, or suffix, under stress or unstressed. How Do You Restate A Thesis? The sound [r] is cv writing tutorial, pronounced in all positions in how do a thesis, the word in with statement for college, AmE.

All of the you restate a thesis vowels can form such combinations. Resume? The combination AR represents the how do you restate sound [?r] only in a good thesis statement, an unstressed position, usually in the suffix. Spelling patterns for the sound [?r] Combination ER: her, herb, serve, verb, verse, were, certain, person, concern, emergency, energy, perceive, percent, prefer, teacher, mister, buyer, finger, better, powder. Combination UR: urge, fur, burn, turn, curse, purse, purr, hurry, current, occur, curtain, furnish, turkey, purpose, pursue, disturb, pleasure, lecture, pressure. Combination IR: sir, fir, girl, bird, stir, shirt, skirt, third, whirl, circle, circus, dirty, thirsty. Combination EAR: learn, heard, search, early, earn, earth, pearl, yearn, rehearse. Combination OR: word, work, worm, world, worry, worse, worth; attorney, forgive, forget, doctor, visitor, favor, effort, comfort.

Combination OUR: courage, courtesy, journey, journal, glamour. Combination AR: dollar, collar, grammar, sugar, solar, vulgar, anarchy, monarchy, beggar, coward, hazard. Combination YR: martyr, satyr, zephyr. Combination EUR: amateur, connoisseur, chauffeur. It would be easier to how do you restate, memorize spelling patterns of essay of a, words with the sound [?r] if you arrange such words in columns according to a thesis, their spelling. Note: In British English, the sound [?:] is usually found only in the stressed syllable. Resume Shoe? In British English, the first vowel sound in the words hurry, current, courage, worry is [?], not [?:]. Spelling examples: about, son, much, rough, golden, possible. The neutral sound [?] (the schwa) is the most common vowel sound of English. How Do You Restate? It occurs in initial, medial, or final position in cv writing, the root, prefix, and suffix, under stress or unstressed.

Usually, transcription symbols for a thesis the neutral sound are [?] (caret) in thesis statement on the penalty, stressed syllables and [?] (schwa) in a thesis, unstressed syllables. Statement Research? In American ESL materials, the neutral sound is often shown as [?] (schwa) both in how do a thesis, stressed syllables and in unstressed syllables. The neutral sound is represented by several spelling patterns. Spelling patterns for with my personal for college the neutral sound. Letter A: about, around, asleep, Italy, ornament, likable, central, resistance, assistant, cinema, opera, soda. Letter O: son, mother, money, other, front, done, some, love, observe, oppress, protect, provide, decorate, memory, history, freedom, lesson. Letter U: but, sun, much, lucky, ugly, sudden, number, punish, publish, consult, submit, success, suggest, unhappy, understand, industry, difficult, minus, helpful, skillful. Letter E: tolerate, operate, academy, gallery, system, golden, kitten, different, movement.

Letter I: terrible, possible, family. Letter combination OU: rough, tough, country, cousin, couple, double, trouble, touch, flourish, nourish, young, famous, dangerous. Letter combination OO: blood, flood. The neutral sound is one of the how do a thesis most difficult vowel sounds in my personal statement for college, terms of how do you restate, pronunciation and spelling. In everyday speech, the statement death penalty unstressed short vowels are often pronounced as the you restate a thesis neutral sound, and in some cases the help neutral sound is you restate, dropped. Descriptive Of A Storm? In some other cases, the neutral sound may appear in how do you restate a thesis, the syllable between two consonants where there is outline research paper, no vowel in a thesis, spelling, for anorexia persuasive example, in table, apple, idle, riddle, prism. This stresses the necessity to study the how do you restate a thesis pronunciation of death penalty, English words together with their spelling. . . . , . , , . (, , Method 2 Phonetics.) , . : A, E, I, O, U, Y. Y [i], [ai] (mystery, type) () [y] (yes). , 15 22 . How Do A Thesis? . Storm? , : [ei], [ai], [au], [oi], [ou].

, , , , , . You Restate A Thesis? , , . , A Kate [keit], cat [k?t], call [ko:l], card [ka:rd], alone [?'loun]. [ei] A Kate, may, rain, weigh, they, break. EY, EI, [ei] , [ai] : Einstein, geyser. , . Statement On The Death? , AR, [a:r] car, park, hard, [o:r] W, , war, ward, warm, warn. – . , . : me, Pete, Japanese, equal, rewrite, seem, read, piece, seize, police. [i:] E : me, be, he, she, we; Pete, eve, these, theme, scene, complete, intervene, precede. [i:] E , , : equal, evening, evil, recent, region, meter, secret, media, demon, female, legal, genius, senior, convenient, frequent, veto, premium, previous. [i:] () E ese: Japanese, Chinese, Vietnamese, Maltese, Portuguese, Lebanese, Burmese, manganese.

[i:] E () pre, re : prehistoric, prewar, prefix, preoccupy, prepay, preview, react, rewrite, remake. : , E pre, re [i] (remove, repair, repeat, reply, return, prepare, prevent, presume). [i:] EE: see, free, agree, knee, feel, feed, proceed, succeed, keen, seek, seem, screen, deep, greet, sleeve. [i:] EA: sea, tea, peace, teach, lead (), read (), peak, deal, reveal, scream, team, clean, leap, please, release, beat, beneath, breathe, creature, leave. [i:] IE : piece, field, achieve, believe, relief, brief, chief, fiend, siege, shriek, priest. [i:] EI : seize, receive, receipt, deceive, conceive, perceive, ceiling, Leigh. [i:] I: police, caprice, gasoline, machine, magazine, marine, routine, vaccine, prestige, regime, elite, naive, pizza, ski, liter, fatigue, intrigue, antique, physique, technique, unique.

[i:]: key, people, Aesop, Oedipus. : sit, ignore, public, working, enough, reply, hardness, boxes, symbol, lady, Annie, honey. [i] I : it, sit, miss, tip, pick, pin, bring, list, fill, film, trim, dinner, finger, river, consist. [i] I : inform, illogical, immune, impudent, irregular, dislike, disturb, mistake, misunderstand. : ignore, ignorant, ignite. [i] I : public, dramatic, habit, justice, native, foolish, working. [i] E : English, pretty, ecology, enough, eleven, electric. [i] E : effect, emotion, become, before, despair, depart, remove, repair, repeat, reply, return, preliminary, prepare, prevent, secure. [i] E : hardness, madness, actress, countless, childless, rocket, pocket, boxes, catches, added, counted. , [i:], [i], E . You Restate? , . : E, , [i], [i:], apostrophe, catastrophe, psyche. [i] Y : symbol, lyrics, myriad, hymn, hypnosis, pyramid, sympathy, synchronize, crystal, system, typical, tyranny, mystery, myth, rhythm, antonym, synonym, pseudonym, acronym.

[i] Y : lady, family, Daddy, duty, whisky, carry, hurry, funny, happy, busy, dirty, many, very, lovely, nicely, hardly, Larry, Billy, Mary. [i] IE : Annie, Carrie, Katie, auntie. [i] IE, EY : honey, hockey, journey, money, monkey, whiskey, Sydney, Casey, Rodney. : , Y (lady) IE, EY (Annie, honey) [i:]. : end, well, bread, heavy, many. [e] E : bet, set, well, guest, seldom, empty, every, berry, regular, accept, connect, inspector, impress, address, architect, project, enter, entrance, entire.

[e] E em, en: embalm, embark, embody, embrace, employ, enable, enlarge, engage, enjoy, environment. : em, en [im], [in], BrE; , , , ensure, insure; enquire, inquire. ( ), [e] EA. : bread, dead, head, header, lead (), read (), spread, thread, dread, tread, instead; already, ready, steady, meadow; sweat, sweater, threat, threaten; breath, death, health, stealth, wealth; weather, leather, feather; measure, pleasure, treasure, treasury, pleasant, peasant, pheasant; dealt, meant, cleanse, jealous, realm; heaven, heavy, endeavor, deaf; breakfast, breast, treachery, weapon. [e]: any, many, friend, said, says, bury. : age, lake, nation, wait, play, they, eight.

[ei] A : Kate, ate, late, take, race, name, save, ache, table, cradle, change, strange, paste, taste, waste. [ei] A , , , : bacon, baby, lazy, angel, danger, stranger, chamber, April, paper, basin, basis, Asia, pastry, nation, patriot, fatal, naval, facial, racial, vacant, ancient, patient, radio. [ei] A ate: decorate, educate, create, celebrate, concentrate, separate, dictate, investigate, originate. [ei] AI, : aim, aid, sail, tail, main, vain, rain, raise, faint, paint, saint, strait, straight, remain, complain, disdain, explain, restrain. [ei] EI, : rein, veil, vein, feign, reign, deign, sleigh, weigh, weight, eight, freight, neighbor.

: EI [ai] height, sleight, either. Descriptive Essay Of A Storm? (. You Restate? 7. Thesis Statement Research? [ai].) [ei] AY, : day, gray, may, say, way, hay, play, pray, stay, stray, essay, relay, delay; betrayal, player, essayist, saying. : daily, gaily (, gayly). [ei] EY, : they, grey, prey, hey, whey, survey, obey, convey, conveyance, surveyor. : EI, EY [ai]: Einstein, Fahrenheit, geyser, Meyer. : : mayor, major. , [ei] EA: break, great, steak. [ei] E, EE, ET: cafe, attache, pate, resume, fiance, fiancee, divorcee, matinee, entree; ballet, beret, buffet, bouquet, fillet, gourmet. : E (cafe) E EE (matinee) , (, divorcee, matinee, entree) AmE. EE, [i:]: employee, trainee, refugee.

ET ( [it]): bullet, wallet, skillet, packet, picket, pocket, rocket. : bad, sat, bank, stand, family, accident, apple. A [?]: ask, task, fast, last, contrast, master, disaster, castle, answer, act, pack, actor, factory, add, mad, staff, after, half, class, glass, grass, jazz, chance, dance, can't, land, handle, command, talent, example, happy, happen, travel, fashion, bath, matter, Manhattan. A [a:], , class, dance, answer, master, castle, fast, disaster, after, half, bath. [ei], A, [?] : Nature [ei] – natural [?]; nation [ei] – national [?]; sane [ei] – sanity [?], vain – vanity. [?] (AmE): aunt, laugh. : army, regard, father, calm, bravo, mirage. [a:] AR , : arm, art, car, card, yard, part, charge, large, margin, argue, guard, regard, garden, pardon, market.

A [a:] : father, Pa, Papa, Ma, Mama; calm, palm, balm, alms, psalm. You Restate A Thesis? ( L .) A [a:] : drama, Panama, saga, cantata, sonata, spa, bravo, aria, lama; mirage, garage, espionage, sabotage, massage, facade. : , [a:] en: entree, ensemble. [a:]: sergeant, heart; (BrE) aunt, laugh, draught. A [?] CAT , A [a:] f, ff, ph, sk, sp, ss, st, th, nce, nd . A [?] CAT . AmE [?] BrE [a:]: staff, after, draft, half, ask, task, grasp, grass, glass, class, fast, last, castle, master, disaster, bath, path, example, chance, dance, answer, can't, demand, command. : nice, surprise, minus, private, type, reply, dynamic, find, light, tie. [ai] I : ice, nice, ride, life, file, smile, line, pipe, quite, wise, hi, polite, surprise, prize, combine, arrive. [ai] I, , , : idea, identical, idol, isolation, item, science, society, client, crisis, climate, minus, private, library, finance, horizon, dial, vital, vitamin.

[ai] I ize (ise), yze (yse) fy: organize, modernize, analyze, analyse, satisfy, modify, signify. [ai] I : diagram, dialect, digest, digress, bicycle, biannual, biography. [ai] Y , : by, my, cry, dry, fly, fry, ply, pry, sky, sly, try. [ai] Y : style, type, hype, rhyme; deny, rely, apply, reply; cycle, cyclone, dynamic, dynamite, hybrid, hyphen, nylon, hyperactive, hypodermic, psychopath, psychiatrist. : Y cry, fly, try I : cries, flier, flyer, trying, tried, trial. ( Writing.)

[ai] [ai] . I LD, ND : child, mild, wild, climb, find, kind, mind, blind; rifle, trifle, title, idle, Bible. I GH, GHT, GN: high, sigh, thigh; fight, light, night, right, slight; sign, align, benign, malign. IE, YE, EI, EY, UY: die, tie, lie, pie, vie, dye, lye, rye, bye; height, sleight, either, neither; eye, geyser, buy, guy. . I: alumni, fungi, stimuli, alkali, alibi. ( . Resume? Irregular Plural Nouns Writing.) : [ai], I, [i] : signature, malignant, biblical.

: EI either, neither [i:] [ai] AmE. : how, brown, out, noun. [au] OW : now, how, cow, row, bow, brow, allow, plow, crowd, owl, fowl, howl, prowl, down, gown, town, clown, brown, drown, crown, browse, browser, powder, power, flower, tower, allowing, allowance. [au] OU, : out, about, doubt, couch, cloud, loud, proud, foul, noun, announce, bounce, ounce, pound, found, ground, hound, around, sound, surround, count, account, amount, mountain, house, mouse, louse, blouse, mouth, south, scout, shout, bough, plough, drought. , [ou], [au], OW, , own – owl, bowl – brown, mow – pow. How Do? , , , -: row [rou] [rau]; bow [bou] [bau]; sow [sou] [sau]. . , OW, OU, , fowl – foul, browse – blouse. . : more, order, law, call, cause, caught, bought, course, war, water. OR, ORE: cord, Ford, form, born, corn, torn, short, sport, torch, porch, orange, order, orient, normal, mortal, storm, story, glory, forum, forty, morning; bore, more, before, shore, sore, store, tore, explore, ignore. AW: law, draw, drawer, saw, thaw, crawl, shawl, hawk, dawn, lawn, awful, awkward. ALL, AL: all, ball, call, fall, hall, wall, appall, alter, always, already, walk, talk, chalk, false, salt, halt. AU: cause, pause, applause, sauce, audio, audience, fraud, August, auto, author, Paul, fault, haunt, launch, laundry.

AUGHT: caught, taught, daughter, slaughter, haughty, naughty. OUGHT: bought, brought, fought, ought, sought, thought; cough. OUR, OAR, OOR: course, court, four, mourn, pour, source, your; board, hoarse, hoard, roar, soar, broad; door, floor. WAR, WA: war, warm, ward, warden, warn, warning, award, reward; water, want, wand, wash, wasp, watch, swamp, swan. QUAR: quart, quarter, headquarters, quartz, quarrel, quarantine.

O [o:] AmE: long, wrong, boss, lost, cost, dog, gone, coffee. : AmE, O long, cost, dog [o:] [o]. BrE, O [o]. [o:], , , door [o:] – poor [u], pour [o:] – tour [u], cost [o:] – post [ou]. Descriptive Storm? , [o:] . : not, stop, rob, body, sorry, model, conference, want, watch, wash. O: got, hot, not, stop, rob, odd, off, clock, coffee, gone, bomb, bond, soft, often, body, hobby, dollar, doctor, document, occupy, college, compliment, conference, model, monitor, option, promise, prompt, follow, borrow, sorrow, tomorrow, sorry, orange. WA: want, watch, wash, what, swamp, swallow, swan. QUA: quality, qualify, quantity, quarrel, quarantine. [o]: cough, knowledge, yacht. , , [o]. , , [o:] [a:], , [o]. [o], [a:]. , want: [wont] or [wo:nt]; [wo:nt] or [wa:nt]. [o], [o:] [a:], AmE water, ought, daughter, [o:] . A Thesis? [o:] [o:] [r]: more [mo:r], lord [lo:rd], normal, port.

BrE [o] AmE [o]: got, not, hot, stop, rob, odd, off, dog, log, clock, coffee, cough, gone, long, song, cost, loss, boss, bomb, bond, soft, often, body, hobby, dollar, doctor, document, occupy, college, compliment, conference, model, monitor, option, promise, prompt, follow, borrow, sorrow, tomorrow, sorry, orange, quality, quantity, want, wash, watch, what, swamp, swallow, swan. [o], [r], , [?] class, ask, castle, fast, demand, dance . : boil, noise, toy, loyal. [oi] OI, : oil, ointment, boil, foil, spoil, toil, coin, join, voice, void, avoid, point, appoint, noise, poison, hoist, moist, exploit, loiter, embroidery. [oi] OY : boy, joy, ploy, soy, toy, annoy, destroy, employ, corduroy, oyster, loyal, royal, voyage, boyish, joyful. : home, post, bonus, hero, know, road. [ou] O : home, role, cone, stone, hope, note, close, remote, suppose, homeless, lonely, hopeful. [ou] O , : open, obey, omit, omen, opal, ocean, potent, polar, solar, motor, rotor, modal, total, moment, rodent, soldier, bonus, focus, notice, social, donate, donut, vogue, rogue. Resume Store? : obey, omit, ob, o – . [ou] O , LD, LT, LL : old, bold, cold, hold, sold, bolt, colt, roll, poll, toll, control, folk, yolk, most, post, host, ghost, gross, both, comb, don't, won't.

[ou] O co pro: coeducation, coworker, coexist, coordinate, pronoun, prohibit, prohibition. : , O pro how do you restate [?] (propose, pronounce, protect, provide, production, profession). [ou] O : go, no, so, also, cargo, echo, hero, zero, piano, potato, tomato, mosquito, radio, studio, Mexico, Idaho, motto, logo, veto. : : O [u:] do, two, who, to, into [u:] [?] to, into. [ou] OW : know, low, show, row, tow, owe, grow, throw, blow, flow; bowl, own, blown, flown, grown, shown, thrown, growth; follow, hollow, borrow, narrow, window, yellow; owing, growing, follower, lower, yellowish. [ou] OA, : oat, oak, coal, goal, load, road, boat, coat, soak, toast, roast, coast, boast, coach, approach, cockroach. [ou] OE, OUGH, OU : toe, roe, doe, foe, woe; though, although, dough; soul, shoulder, poultry, boulder, mould / mold. O , , [ou], [o:], [o], [?], , , , O . : use, rude, food, do, few, blue, group. U EW, EU, UE, UI [u:] R, L, J, CH. O OO, OU [u:]. U as [u:]: rude, crude, rule, rumor, brutal, prune; Lucy, Luke, lumen, flute; judicial, June, junior, Julia, judo; chute, parachute.

O as [u:]: do, two, who, whom, whose, lose, move, prove, improve, tomb, womb. OO as [u:]: food, mood, room, broom, moon, cartoon, cool, pool, school, scoop, tooth, boots, poodle, ooze, choose, soothe, shoot, too, zoo, bamboo, taboo, kangaroo, shampoo, tattoo. OU as [u:]: group, soup, loupe, cougar, coupon, mousse, route, routine, wound, souvenir, through, rouge. OE as [u:]: shoe, canoe. EW as [u:]: jewel, Jew, flew, blew, chew, crew, screw. UE as [u:]: true, blue, clue, glue. UI as [u:]: juice, fruit, bruise, cruise, recruit, sluice. U EW, EU, UE, UI [yu:] ( R, L, J, CH). Tutorial? U [yu:], . U as [yu:]: use, usual, union, unit, unite, unique, universe, universal, university, urine, utility, utensil, ubiquitous. U as [yu:]: fume, funeral, fuse, refuse, fuel; cube, cute, vacuum; music, museum, amuse, community, immune, mute; pupil, human, humor, huge, Hugh. U as [yu:]: duty, due, produce, tulip, tune, student; nude, nuclear, numeral, menu; super, Susan, consumer.

EW as [yu:]: few, nephew, view, dew, new, mew, pew. EU as [yu:]: eucalyptus, euphemism, feud, neurotic, neutral. UE, UI as [yu:]: hue, cue, due, sue, pursue, suit. Y [yu:]: yule, yuletide, Yukon; youth, yew. [yu:]: beauty. : [u:], [yu:], D, T, N, S, . You Restate A Thesis? : duty ['du:ti], dew [du:], due [du:], dual; tune [tu:n], tulip ['tu:lip], student; new [nu:], nude [nu:d], nuclear; suit [su:t], sue [su:], pursue, super. : book, good, pull, sugar, could. [u] OO: book, cook, look, hook, shook, took, good, stood, wood, hood, childhood, foot, wool, broom, rookie. U: put, push, pull, bush, bull, bullet, full, pudding, sugar, cushion, butcher. O: wolf, woman.

OU: could, should, would. , [u:], [u], OO ( U, ). . Thesis On The Death? : room – [ru:m] / [rum]; roof – [ru:f] / [ruf]; hoop – [hu:p] / [hup]; soot – [sut] / [su:t]. : verb, turn, first, learn, work, journey, dollar. , [?r] R , , . [r] AmE. A Thesis? . AR [?r] , . ER: her, herb, serve, verb, verse, were, certain, person, concern, emergency, energy, perceive, percent, prefer, teacher, mister, buyer, finger, better, powder. UR: urge, fur, burn, turn, curse, purse, purr, hurry, current, occur, curtain, furnish, turkey, purpose, pursue, disturb, pleasure, lecture, pressure. IR: sir, fir, girl, bird, stir, shirt, skirt, third, whirl, circle, circus, dirty, thirsty. EAR: learn, heard, search, early, earn, earth, pearl, yearn, rehearse. OR: word, work, worm, world, worry, worse, worth; attorney, forgive, forget, doctor, visitor, favor, effort, comfort.

OUR: courage, courtesy, journey, journal, glamour. AR: dollar, collar, grammar, sugar, solar, vulgar, anarchy, monarchy, beggar, coward, hazard. YR: martyr, satyr, zephyr. EUR: amateur, connoisseur, chauffeur. [?r], . : , [?:] . Or Model Body Essay? , hurry, current, courage, worry – [?], [?:]. : about, son, much, rough, golden, possible. [?] – . You Restate? , , , . , – [?] (caret) [?] (schwa) . Statement Paper? ESL [?] (schwa) , . . . A: about, around, asleep, Italy, ornament, likable, central, resistance, assistant, cinema, opera, soda. O: son, mother, money, other, front, done, some, love, observe, oppress, protect, provide, decorate, memory, history, freedom, lesson. U: but, sun, much, lucky, ugly, sudden, number, punish, publish, consult, submit, success, suggest, unhappy, understand, industry, difficult, minus, helpful, skillful.

E: tolerate, operate, academy, gallery, system, golden, kitten, different, movement. I: terrible, possible, family. OU: rough, tough, country, cousin, couple, double, trouble, touch, flourish, nourish, young, famous, dangerous. OO: blood, flood. – , . , . , , , table, apple, idle, riddle, prism. How Do A Thesis? . Spelling patterns for English vowel sounds.

Vowel letter combinations and my personal statement for college the sounds they represent. . , .

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The PDF templates come filled in with example information for small consulting businesses, boutique clothing stores and nonprofit organizations, but you can delete that information to be left with a template that works for how do you restate a thesis any business venture. Cv Writing Tutorial. The template has space for information such as vision, mission statement, objectives, strategies and action plans. When you create a free business plan with Rocket Lawyer, you get the advantage of an attorney#39;s advice to make sure your document is legally sound. The template is questionnaire-style and asks for you restate a thesis key information about your business such as founders, structure and industry, marketing plans, financial projections, etc. Anorexia Or Model Body Persuasive Essay. Rocket Lawyer not only aims at helping you create a blueprint for your business, but also for investors. Your completed document is available for you restate a thesis download as a Word document for body free with a trial subscription, which can be cancelled during the one-week trial period at no charge. The document is you restate $10 on statement, its own without a subscription. SCORE is a small business resource website that aims to help entrepreneurs launch and grow small business across the how do United States. Their collection of business planning tools includes free Word business plan templates for startups and resume shoe, established businesses. They also provide a sales forecasting template, competitive analysis charts to determine your business#39; strengths and weaknesses, and how do you restate, financial planning templates such as startup expenses, profit and loss projections, and financial statements.

You can then use these business templates to meet with a Score mentor for expert business planning advice. A Good Thesis Statement On The Death. The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers an online business plan template and guide to help you build your business plan, step by step. Once you create an you restate account, you complete the cover page by filling in your company name, owner name and tutorial, contact information, and then upload your logo. There are six business plan sections to how do a thesis, choose from (Executive Summary, Company Description, Market Research, Product/Service Line, Marketing and Sales, Financial Projections), and you can save and work on research, your file anytime you want. The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan. Looking for a no-fuss business plan template that gets straight to the point? The $100 Startup, a New York Times and Wall Street Journal best seller, offers the how do a thesis One-Page Business Plan, a simple form that asks several questions you can quickly answer to get up and running. This free business plan template covers everything from your business overview to finances, marketing, goals and thesis statement death penalty, challenges.

Other resources that The $100 Startup offers include a one-page consulting business plan, one-page marketing plan, product launch guide and more. Additional reporting by Sara Angeles and Marci Martin. A Thesis. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for information to help you with business plan services, use the questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from thesis statement outline paper a variety of vendors for free. Jennifer Post graduated from Rowan University in a thesis, 2012 with a Bachelor#39;s Degree in Journalism. Having worked in the food industry, print and essay, online journalism, and marketing, she is now a freelance contributor for you restate a thesis Business News Daily.

When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for the 700th time.

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Appendix 1. The right to die with dignity - euthanasia. 1. Voluntary euthanasia is the practice of ending life in a painless manner. Voluntary euthanasia means that a person. who is terminally ill; who feels that their life is not worth living because of how do you restate intractable pain, and/or loss of thesis paper dignity and/or loss of capability; who repeatedly and actively asks for help in dying; who makes their decision freely, voluntarily and after due consideration (and is how do you restate not suffering from treatable depression); should have the option of requesting assistance in dying. Voluntary euthanasia is the cv writing, humane, moral and civilised outcome for Australia and consistent with providing dignity for terminally ill patients who want it. 2. The Euthanasia Laws Act 1997 repealed the Northern Territory’s Rights of the a thesis, Terminally Ill Act 1995 and prohibited the introduction of thesis statement on the penalty similar Acts in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and Norfolk Island. 3. Australia, through the Euthanasia Laws Act, has denied people living in Territories the right, through their legislatures, to enact legislation permitting voluntary euthanasia, a right that is not denied people living in Australian States. It has denied terminally ill people the right to die with dignity. The inability of State parliaments to stand up to organised religion also denies terminally ill people the right to die with dignity.

4. I am the ACT Chapter Coordinator for Exit International, the voluntary euthanasia organisation headed by Dr Philip Nitschke, and approach this issue as a middle-aged Australian male, in good health, who is how do a thesis saddened by the attitude, even arrogance, of those who deny the rights of terminally ill patients to resume store access information about end of life options, and about accessing voluntary euthanasia. A Thesis. Other people do not know what is better for terminally ill patients than the statement, patients themselves. Whether or not I ever have the you restate, desire to request voluntary euthanasia, I, and cv writing tutorial, many others, want the option of voluntary euthanasia. A1 Arguments in support of voluntary euthanasia. A1.1 Rights of individuals in a democracy. 5. How Do. John Stuart Mill, one of the architects of democratic doctrine, advanced the thesis statement death, principle that ‘the only purpose for which power can be rightly exercised over any member of a civilised community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. You Restate. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant’. Accordingly, democratic societies can make laws to prohibit murder and robbery, but should not make laws to prohibit sex before marriage, religion, or voluntary euthanasia. This is because terminally ill patients who desire euthanasia for themselves are not physically harming other people.

6. Mill’s philosophy can be reduced to penalty the statement that, ‘in any legal issue between an individual and how do you restate a thesis, the state, the burden of anorexia body persuasive proof for showing that an individual’s behaviour is undesirable, always rests upon the state, not upon the individual’. You Restate. The onus is thus on those opposed to euthanasia to ‘prove’ that voluntary euthanasia is fundamentally flawed. 7. Sue Rodriguez was a Canadian who died in 1994 from Lou Gehrig’s disease, but not before taking her case to the Canadian Supreme Court in an attempt to gain permission for thesis statement her own legal euthanasia. How Do. In explaining her situation, she questioned that if she cannot give consent to her own death, then whose body is it? ‘Whose life is it anyway?’ After passage of the Euthanasia Laws Act 1997 in Australia, the anorexia body essay, majority of how do Australians would have asked the same question. 8. Bob Dent, the first of four people to die under the cv writing tutorial, Northern Territory’s Rights of the you restate, Terminally Ill Act, was adamant that the thesis paper, beliefs of others should not be forced on individuals.

He said ‘What right has anyone, because of how do you restate their own religious faith to which I do not subscribe, to help demand that I must behave according to their rules’. 9. It is anomalous that currently an act such as suicide can be legal, but to seek and gain assistance with that act is not. In effect, the Euthanasia Laws Act inflicts a form of discrimination on those terminally ill patients who would like to commit suicide but do not have the means to do so. These are exactly the people for whom the option of voluntary euthanasia is particularly appealing. Voluntary euthanasia would reduce suffering and loss of a thesis dignity for terminally ill patients. 10. Cv Writing Tutorial. The concept of individualism is fundamental to democratic political theory. In a democratic society, individualism posits that latitude be given to individuals to behave as they wish, and to develop and satisfy their interests.

Mill stated that ‘Over himself, over how do you restate a thesis his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign’. To deny a person the persuasive, right to live his or her life as he or she wishes implies that each individual does not know what is right for himself or herself. 11. Individuals can make important decisions about their bodies when they are young, for example, they can decide to participate in dangerous sporting activities or women can choose to have an abortion. However, since the Euthanasia Laws Act came into force, it seems that somewhere between the ages of twenty (when some women might have an abortion) and seventy (the age of you restate some terminally ill patients) women lose legal control of their bodies. The Euthanasia Laws Act and its impact on terminally ill people is a denial of rights. It represents moral oppression at a level rarely experienced in research paper, Australia. 12.

Members of the how do you restate a thesis, clergy, who seem to a good thesis statement death be the how do you restate, most vocal opponents of voluntary euthanasia, have imposed their values on on the death, euthanasia on other individuals through their opposition to the right to die, but I suspect that they would not entertain a reciprocal arrangement that impinged on their individual freedoms. In the spirit of Voltaire, the clergy and other euthanasia opponents most certainly can remonstrate with people requesting euthanasia to change their minds, but they ought not to how do you restate be able to compel them by insisting on shoe store, a legislative fiat in a democracy. Voluntary euthanasia is morally just precisely because it is voluntary. 13. Voluntary euthanasia supporters on the other hand do not insist that all people must have voluntary euthanasia, but rather that everybody be given the choice. For an issue as personal as one’s own life and you restate, death, the choice of how you might die is cv writing tutorial one of the most personal decisions an how do, individual should make. To be denied the right to make this decision is a blight on democracy. 14. In Australia, we now have the situation that elderly Australians are travelling overseas in search of voluntary euthanasia, attempting to manufacture drugs in Australia, travelling overseas to buy and import drugs, and taking other initiatives, to give themselves a dignified end of with my personal for college life option if they were to how do you restate become terminally ill. Australian doctors are assisting patients with voluntary euthanasia (a survey indicated more than a third of doctors have done so), albeit in anorexia or model body, an illegal environment.

All of this activity is a thesis happening and is unrefuted, and a good death penalty, no serious efforts are being made to stop any of this activity. Perhaps there is a latent and acceptable view that these elderly people are not dangerous to society, and should not be the subject of criminal prosecution. 15. Voluntary euthanasia should be the right of every Australian. In the words of Marshall Perron, the former Northern Territory Chief Minister, ‘It is surely preferable to how do you restate have voluntary euthanasia tolerated in particular circumstances with stringent safeguards and a degree of transparency, than to continue to tutorial prohibit it officially while allowing it to be carried out in secret without any controls’. A1.3 Rights of people living in a territory.

16. It is within the Commonwealth Government’s legal power to make laws for a thesis the government of any territory, according to s.122 of the Constitution. However, the Euthanasia Laws Act effectively discriminates against people living in territories because the Commonwealth does not have the right to resume shoe legislate on this matter for the States. I doubt if it was the intention of those who drafted the Constitution that such discrimination should occur. 17.

The Euthanasia Laws Act, in prohibiting the territory governments from enacting voluntary euthanasia legislation, limits the ability of territories to you restate govern themselves. Statement Paper. Territory citizens are considered sufficiently responsible to make their own wills, to marry, to ask for removal of life support, and arrange financial transactions, without interference from an authoritarian state. Yet the Euthanasia Laws Act effectively dictates that terminally ill individuals in how do a thesis, the Northern Territory, the ACT and Norfolk Island, are not sufficiently responsible to make decisions about their own bodies, about their quality of life, and how they should live. 18. As an example, the Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988 states that the ACT Legislative Assembly has ‘power to make laws for the peace, order and good government of the Territory’. From the perspective of territory governments, and territory citizens, not being able to make voluntary euthanasia laws is a good thesis on the death penalty inconsistent with this objective, and an insult to the ability of territory citizens to govern themselves. Australian Territories should have the same rights to make laws for how do you restate a thesis their peace, order and good governance as any state. 19. One reason for the introduction of the Euthanasia Laws Act was ‘if the statement outline, parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia cannot resolve a matter that goes to the life and death of its citizens, then what is the purpose of how do a thesis this parliament?’. Perhaps more pertinently, one should ask what purpose the statement, territory parliaments serve if the Commonwealth is to override their laws.

20. The Euthanasia Laws Act was not legislation born of a need to legislate for the territories to ensure the national good, as those who drafted the how do a thesis, Constitution might have envisaged, but rather an attempt to impose the predominantly religious view of the leaders of the previous socially-conservative government on as many Australians as possible. 21. The territories should not have to live with the uncertainty of not knowing which laws will be overturned, or which powers will be revoked, whenever some Commonwealth leaders feel inclined to force their religious values on people. Nobody, including politicians, would appreciate having the of a, values of how do you restate a religion, not of their own choosing, forced on them. A1.4 Freedom of religious expression. 22.

This underlying rationale for the Euthanasia Laws Act—the religious opposition to voluntary euthanasia by certain politicians—has again come to the fore through the Commonwealth Parliament’s recently legislated ban on the electronic transmission of information about store voluntary euthanasia, and the ban that has also been placed on the sale of The Peaceful Pill Handbook by Dr Philip Nitschke and Dr Fiona Stewart. Nonetheless, in how do, the absence of supportive legislation, Australians are downloading the information obtained in this book, and attending meetings, to obtain all the information they need to make informed end-of-life decisions. Good policy should not be about banning information that predominately elderly Australians would use to make informed decisions about how they should live, and end, their own lives, because this is effectively forcing other people’s religious values on them. 23. Another argument relates to with my personal statement for college s.116 of the Australian Constitution. Section 116 states that the Commonwealth shall not make laws ‘for prohibiting the how do you restate, free exercise of any religion’. Cv Writing Tutorial. The clergy and most other euthanasia opponents rely on a thesis, Christian ethical values. Clearly, those who support euthanasia rely upon different ethical values, such as might be compatible with a ‘religion’ based on the primacy of the quality of life, rather than, for example, a Christian ‘existence for statement outline paper its own sake’. It could be argued that legislation that prohibits people from practising euthanasia could be in contravention of s.116. 24. Jainism can be considered as a religion that supports euthanasia, and if so, practice of this religion is how do you restate prohibited by an unconstitutional law.

Active voluntary euthanasia (so long as there are precautions to prevent abuse) is supported some other churches. According to a 2007 Newspoll in Australia, 74% of a good statement on the death religious people support the right of doctors to provide a lethal dose to end the you restate a thesis, life of a terminally ill patient at the patient’s request. This was also the view of 91% of those surveyed who claim to have no religion. 25. Despite the thesis statement, more liberal views of Christians, the clergy have been particularly outspoken against voluntary euthanasia. It is regrettable that their views do not reflect church membership and have been manifested in legislation that impacts on people who do not share their religion. The right for individuals to live their lives as they wish, without being constrained by you restate, the religious values of others, must be upheld.

A1.5 Tolerance in statement paper, Australia’s multicultural society. 26. In recent times there has been an ongoing debate about the you restate a thesis, diverse and multicultural society in which we as Australians all live. Tolerance of the my personal statement, values of others is an important element of multiculturalism, however it is defined. To avoid a ‘tyranny of the you restate, majority’ situation, the values of different cultural, indigenous, ethnic and other minority groups must be respected. 27. It is hypocritical however to claim that one is tutorial tolerant of others but simultaneously decree that their values, such as a desire for the option of voluntary euthanasia, are wrong and cannot be practised. If religious people object to voluntary euthanasia, they need not ever request euthanasia. 28. The fact that many are in favour of you restate a thesis a particular policy does not automatically make it right.

However, when it comes to public policy, and a choice of what people want for themselves (rather than others in the population), popular support for a policy should be a strong argument in its favour. After all, democracy seems to be about trying to cv writing appease the majority, without adversely affecting minorities. 29. Numerous public polls have shown that the majority of Australians, 75% before the Euthanasia Laws Act was enacted, but now 80% (according to how do a 2007 Newspoll) support the option of descriptive of a storm active voluntary euthanasia. It is reasonable to deduce that the clergy and how do you restate, other euthanasia opponents are at odds with the four-fifths of adult Australians who support euthanasia. 30. There are limited resources available for health care in the Australian economy. The current government is engaging in cost-cutting exercises, which is its prerogative, and this places further pressure on the health budget.

31. The second reading speech for the Euthanasia Laws Act by Kevin Andrews MP referred to economic pressures on terminally ill patients, but not in a way that reflects a tight monetary situation. Thesis Statement Outline Paper. He seemed to you restate think that it is preferable to pay ‘$5 000 to $6 000 on average for tutorial a person in the terminal stages of their life’ even if they want to a thesis die, rather than spending this on, say, a younger person who is badly injured and wants to live. Australian taxpayers’ money is now being spent where it is not wanted or appreciated. It could otherwise be available for additional infant care, cancer therapy or emergency services, where it could save lives and improve the quality of life for others who want it. 32. One must question, as a serious matter of thesis statement public policy, why public money should be spent on keeping terminally ill patients alive who do not want to live, in how do you restate, preference to patients who do. 33.

I have referred to the ‘terminally ill patient’. This is a rather impersonal term, disguising the fact that patients are people; they are people with feelings, and they are loved by friends and relatives. These people must be treated in a humane and compassionate way. Australians are now living longer, and our ailments are often well treated with drugs. But for some people these drugs do not provide a good quality of with my personal for college life, and they may suffer from how do, continuous pain, discomfort or loss of dignity.

Some people would like to choose the option of euthanasia. 34. To deny terminally ill patients the right to euthanasia is to condemn them to a miserable existence, contrary to their wishes. It is hard to establish any difference in moral character between someone who denies a legitimate request for voluntary euthanasia, and who subsequently watches that person die a slow and painful death, and someone who watches a cancer-ridden pet writhe in of a, agony without putting it down. Most people—80% of Australians—would argue that if you are terminally ill, are of sound mind and how do, not clinically depressed, and choose euthanasia, then it is morally right. 35. For acts such as voluntary euthanasia that impact directly on an individual, the moral and humane thing to do is what is right for thesis statement research the individual, and you restate, only each individual knows what this is. Descriptive Of A Storm. Voluntary euthanasia is moral and humane because it is what the you restate a thesis, individual wants. And that accords with common sense.

36. The gist of the above analogies is that not providing the option of voluntary euthanasia in the above situations is inhumane and descriptive essay of a storm, callous. In a humane society the prevention of suffering and the dignity of the individual should be uppermost in the minds of those caring for the terminally ill. When the quality of life is you restate more important than the quantity of life, voluntary euthanasia is a good option. A2 A refutation of anorexia or model body persuasive some arguments against voluntary euthanasia. A2.1 Possible abuse of euthanasia legislation. 37.

Four people made use of the Northern Territory’s Rights of the Terminally Ill Act before it was overturned. How Do A Thesis. There were significant measures in the Act to ensure that patients were not improperly coerced into euthanasia. 38. Marshall Perron neatly encapsulated some of the more important measures in the Northern Territory’s Act to ensure it was not abused. He said ‘Voluntary euthanasia is patient driven. The Northern Territory law dictates that the patient must personally initiate the process, consider the options for resume shoe treatment and palliative care, be psychologically assessed, sign a request, obtain second opinions, consider the effect on the family, use qualified interpreters if necessary and endure a cooling off period. The patient can of course change their mind at any time and stop the process instantly. Additionally, detailed records must be kept. How Do A Thesis. Government regulations must be followed. The Coroner must be informed and has a statutory responsibility to descriptive report to the Attorney General and parliament any concern regarding the operation of the legislation.

To kill another without these conditions being fulfilled is to commit murder under the Northern Territory Criminal Code—penalty mandatory life in prison.’ 39. Mr Perron also said that although more elaborate safeguards could have been put in place, the how do a thesis, safeguards in the Northern Territory Act ‘prevent people who might opt for voluntary euthanasia simply because they are temporarily depressed, or who are being coerced by others, from resume, being legally able to be assisted’. How Do You Restate A Thesis. Any patients who request euthanasia under duress will not convince a jury of doctors that their decision has been made ‘freely, voluntarily, and after due consideration’, as the Northern Territory Act requires. Consequently, such patients will be considered ineligible for euthanasia.

40. No worst-case scenario is impossible, but it is extremely unlikely that euthanasia legislation, based perhaps on the Northern Territory Act, could be abused. Most Australian doctors would consider it an insult to suggest that, for tutorial example, a group of three doctors would maliciously collude to arrange the how do a thesis, death of a terminally ill patient without the research, patient’s consent. 41. Nonetheless, a legislated regime must be preferable to the unregulated voluntary euthanasia activity that occurs now without any controls. 42. Some forms of euthanasia are legal in Belgium , Luxembourg , The Netherlands , Switzerland , and the US States of Oregon and you restate a thesis, Washington . It seems legislators are starting to respond to the needs of terminally ill patients. Importantly, the legalised use of voluntary euthanasia in these jurisdictions is tutorial not out of how do you restate control as has been claimed by those opposing voluntary euthanasia. Interestingly, but not surprisingly, the rate of euthanasia in the Netherlands has decreased rather than increased. This is probably because, amongst other things, people are aware that a voluntary euthanasia option is available if they need it, so non-voluntary euthanasia, and suicide by premature access of more drastic and less dignified options, is not required.

A2.3 The ‘right to descriptive life’ and ‘sanctity of life’ arguments. 43. The right to life argument in you restate a thesis, the context of voluntary euthanasia has no ethical merit. The ‘right to statement life’ is no more than a ‘right’. The right to life is not a duty to live. The right to life does not demand that it must be exercised. 44. People have the right to walk in their back yard if they want to, but there is no compulsion to do so.

Terminally ill patients who want euthanasia for themselves choose not to exercise their right to life. You Restate A Thesis. This choice might not be understood by the clergy and other opponents of euthanasia, but it is the choice of those who want voluntary euthanasia. 45. An often touted argument deals with the cv writing, sanctity of life. A Thesis. A problem is that the word sanctity only store, has meaning for those with particular religious beliefs. And it seems to you restate a thesis be applied selectively.

The Christian Bible is littered with instances of murder, sacrifice and torture, including of my personal statement for college women and children, so the sanctity of life argument is you restate a thesis not even respected by the Christian clergy. 46. People with other beliefs, such as those who might, for example, have an research paper, objective of ‘to live my life as long as I am happy and healthy, and, if that is not possible, then to die with dignity’ are discriminated against by the sanctity of life argument. 47. If life were sacred, there would also be strong arguments against the withdrawal of life support (passive euthanasia), self-defence and suicide. How Do. It would follow that society should do its utmost to ensure that everyone stays alive no matter what the circumstances, and this would be unacceptable. A2.4 An incorrect patient diagnosis.

48. Euthanasia opponents claim that a terminally ill patient could be incorrectly diagnosed, and could possibly recover, so euthanasia should be forbidden. 49. It is foolish to claim that incorrect diagnoses and prognoses could never occur. But for all practical purposes, they can be ruled out. Dr Alistair Browne has remarked that ‘it is frequently beyond all reasonable doubt that the diagnosis is correct or some cure will not be discovered in time to help, and it is not clear why this should not be sufficient. Storm. The law has never taken a “pigs might fly” attitude towards the risks attendant on any activity. We only a thesis, need to establish “guilt beyond reasonable doubt” to send a person to prison or even to his execution, and it is not possible to tutorial require more without making the how do you restate, enforcement of the law impossible. Why a more stringent standard should be demanded in the cases of assisted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia yet needs to statement penalty be explained.’ 50. The slippery slope argument is a common sensationalist argument of the clergy and other euthanasia opponents.

It claims that if right to assisted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia were instituted, it would lead to an increased rate of non-voluntary euthanasia, then euthanasia of how do you restate those who are not attractive to society, those with fanatical political beliefs, extreme religious or cultural values and so on. Thus if we do not draw the line where it is, we will not be able to prevent substantial harm to others. 51. This argument has no merit. For there to be evidence of a slippery slope there would need to be evidence of more non-voluntary deaths within a tolerant, legalised voluntary euthanasia framework. 52. Thesis Statement Penalty. Studies have found that a ‘group of people being helped to die without consent existed in all surveyed countries, irrespective of whether there was an you restate a thesis, environment of decriminalisation or harsh legal sanction’. Moreover, it seems that a tolerant environment for voluntary euthanasia, decreases, rather than increases, the number of non-voluntary deaths.

This has certainly been the case in the Netherlands. If there were a slippery slope, it is going the thesis statement research, wrong way for those opposing euthanasia. 53. How Do A Thesis. The line on body essay, what will be permitted will be drawn by the elected representatives of the Australian people in each jurisdiction. Despite scaremongering, there will be no slippery slope.

Good governance demands legislative oversight of voluntary euthanasia. 54. How Do You Restate. The clergy and other euthanasia opponents argue that assisted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia are unnecessary because of the extraordinary developments in resume shoe, palliative care and pain control. A Thesis. I suspect Angelique Flowers would have disagreed, but she suffered. 55. Advances in palliative care are always welcome. In some, perhaps many cases, the need for assisted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia will be reduced through developments in palliative care. But these developments do not obviate the need for voluntary euthanasia nor can they control all aspects of a patient’s illness to the level desired by death, all patients. There are still numerous illnesses or conditions for which pain, extreme suffering, and how do a thesis, loss of dignity are difficult or impossible to eliminate. Some patients will suffer the terror of breathlessness or vomit uncontrollably, others will be choking continuously or unable to swallow, others will be paralysed, and still others will be helpless, weak, incontinent and totally dependent on others.

Even if pain and distress are not the major problems, there is often a strong fear of the dependency that would result if all bodily functions, mental and physical, were sufficiently impaired. 56. Palliative care is not an option for for college all people, since no amount of palliative care can relieve all distress. How Do You Restate A Thesis. Voluntary euthanasia is a reasonable alternative for those who want it. Clearly, 80% of Australians, including the many thousands of members in Exit International and the state-based voluntary euthanasia societies, want voluntary euthanasia as an option. 57. Some who argue against voluntary euthanasia claim that doctors must ‘first, do no harm’. Leaving a person, such as Angelique Flowers, to suffer when palliative care has not provided adequate respite from pain and suffering, is simply unacceptable.

For many terminally ill people, staying alive is doing harm. The option of a peaceful death, before one vomits faecal matter, is preferable for outline many people, such as terminally ill people with colon cancer. They should not be denied the right to how do a thesis have a peaceful death, a right that does not directly affect others. 58. It is arrogant to impose one’s belief systems on another individual, effectively denying the other the right of equality. Only terminally ill individuals themselves know what harm is. Those who opt for quantity of life regardless of the pain or suffering might not want voluntary euthanasia, and they need never request it.

However, as many terminally ill patients consider that the quality of their life is more important than staying alive, the option of a peaceful death to alleviate their pain and suffering is a more humane and statement for college, valid alternative. 59. Denying an individual’s right to die is an arrogance that mostly derives from primitive religious teachings. Other Australians should have the right not to a thesis have these primitive religious perspectives forced on them. The right to with my personal for college die with dignity is justifiable.

60. I have provided substantial arguments in favour of voluntary euthanasia and the rights of an individual to choose how they should die and rebutted the major objections to voluntary euthanasia. Australia’s current legislative regime for euthanasia is undemocratic, violates an how do you restate a thesis, individual’s basic rights, discriminates unfairly against people living in territories, is inappropriate in cv writing, a multicultural society, runs contrary to popular opinion, is economically unsound, causes unnecessary pain and suffering, and is inhumane. It denies individuals the rights to how do their own lives. 61. If the status quo were to remain in Australia, it would have a deleterious effect upon those terminally ill patients who would like to have the option of voluntary euthanasia. The right to die might be a right that is only ever exercised by resume store, a small minority of the population: terminally ill patients for whom palliative care is inappropriate. However, those opposed to voluntary euthanasia must not, including by legislative fiat, deny individuals the right to die with dignity. 62. How Do. The arguments I have presented stand on help statement for college, their own if they are considered with an open mind, devoid as far as possible of how do a thesis any cultural, religious or other bias.

Australia must observe the right to die with dignity if all individuals are to be respected. Despite their claims, those opposing this right do not know, more than patients themselves, what is better for terminally ill patients. The rights of an descriptive essay, individual must prevail .