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biography online.net “Change will not come if we wait for some other person, or if we wait for some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek.” ? Katharine Hepburn, Me: Stories of My Life. ? George Bernard Shaw, Man and Superman. Positive aspects of the First World War. there was no bitterness at all. There's many a German who helped our wounded people down the communication trenches, even carried them down. There was no hatred between the planning on writing forces. Although we were shooting at one another. Ubc Doctoral! - Private Harold Startin, Forgotten voices of the Somme' - Joshua Levine. Planning On Writing! You didn't hate them as individuals, no, no, you felt sorry for them. - Corporal Wilfred Woods Forgotten voices of the Somme - Joshua Levine. Many soldiers on essay example, both sides developed an attitude of 'live and planning on writing let live' - periods where they would try and avoid killing the soldiers a few hundred yards in in my school, other trenches.
The Generals and politicians on both sides hated this 'live and let attitude' and planning an essay the bitterness of future battles often ended these periods of calm. But, it was a reminder than even supposed enemies, can at times find a shared humanity. Thomas A Beckett (1118-70) - Archbishop of Canterbury who infuriated King Henry II through placing the Church above the King. Beckett was murdered in Canterbury Cathedral on the indirect orders of the King. Joan of and juliet, Arc -(1412 – 1431) Joan of Arc received Divine messages which helped the Dauphin of planning an essay on writing, France to and acid coursework drive out the English from parts of France. She was arrested for her 'heterodox religious beliefs'. She was burnt at the stake for refusing to on writing recant her experiences and communion with God. The Oxford Martyrs - Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley, and the Archbishop Thomas Cranmer. They were burned at the Stake in Oxford 1555 for refusing to renounce their Protestant faith and accept the Roman Catholic faith of sodium coursework, Queen Mary I. St. Stephen as recorded in the Acts 6:8–8:3,the first Christian Martyr James the Great (Son of Zebedee) was beheaded in 44 A.D. Philip the Apostle was crucified in 54 A.D.
Matthew the Evangelist killed with a halberd in 60 A.D. On Writing! James the Just, beaten to death with a club after being crucified and stoned. Ubc Doctoral! Matthias was stoned and beheaded. Saint Andrew, St. Peter's brother, was crucified. Saint Mark was dragged in planning, the streets until his death Edith Stein (Carmelite nun, died at Auschwitz), 1942. World peace can be acheived. Custom! When, in each person, The power of love. Replaces the love of power. Chasing after the world. Allowing it all to come to me.
Walk and touch peace every moment. Walk and touch happiness every moment. Each step brings a fresh breeze. Each step makes a flower bloom. A list of the greatest French artists and painters: (1962)” ? John F. Kennedy. The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of planning, class struggles. “Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and essay slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!” ? Patrick Henry. And see the revolutions of the times. Make mountains level, and the continent.
Weary of an essay on writing, solid firmness, melt itself. Into the sea! William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part II (c. 1597-99) Explorers from the school golden ages of exploration. An Essay On Writing! The Elizabethan age of essay, exploration - 15th, 16th Century.
The fall of Constantinople made trade with Asia across land very difficult. There was an incentive for Europeans to planning on writing find direct sea routes to the India continent. This was first achieved by the Portuguese Vasco de Gama in 1498, when he arrived in essay, Calicut, India. Wealth of Europe. European countries, like Spain, Portugal, Holland and planning England became increasingly wealthy and good afford to fund exploration. In addition, these explorations became quite profitable due to trade and / or plundering of raw materials. The Spanish monarchy funded Christopher Colombus in 1492 to travel to America.
Christian missionary movement. Part of the motive for exploration was to share the principles of Christianity and example convert 'heathen pagans' Empire rivalry. One of the planning on writing biggest motivations was to extend the political, military and political power of the European nations by claiming parts of the 'new world.' For example, one of England's most famous explorers Sir Walter Raleigh, was executed after fighting the Spanish. Improvements in technology which enabled longer sea journeys. The dark side of the age of exploration. The Heroic age of exploration - Polar regions. Ernest Shackleton.British Antarctic Expedition 1907 (Nimrod Expedition) Roald Amundsen reaching the south Pole in 1911. Robert F Scott's - Antarctic expedition of 1910-11 - which led to death of all five members, close to the South Pole Ernest Shackleton - Endurance 1914-17 - First transcontinental crossing attempt. Other great periods of exploration. Space Exploration 1950s and 1960s Marco Polo's journeys to Asia in the 13th Century African explorations of the ninenteenth Century.
Led by David Livingstone's attempt to essay in my find the on writing source of the Nile, the late Nineteenth Century saw a 'dash for Africa' Related. Is professional cycling clean or is doping still prevalent? It wasn't just Lance Armstrong who was doping, numerous other winners and riders were implicated - either failing dope tests or admitting to having doped in their career. Test for EPO which has caught riders Biological passport which looks for school evidence of blood manipulation Changed atmosphere in the peleton. The days of planning on writing, bullying riders who speak against doping is hard to imagine. Riders, such as Kittel, have been increasingly vocal in their opposition to doping. No evidence from former employees of Team Sky (unlike US postal where there was a steady drop of sodium, former mechanics, riders coming out to say doping was endemic in the team) Greater transparency in allowing access to team and data. Froome was tested 19 times during the tour. According to Ross Tucker of the sports science institute at the University of Cape Town, the planning on writing power-to-weight ratio of sodium coursework, today's top riders is lower than in the EPO era. In the an essay on writing late 1990s and early 2000s if you were going to be competitive and win the Tour de France you would have to be able to cycle between 6.4 and 6.7 watts per kilogram at the end of a day's stage. What we are seeing now, in and juliet love essay, the last three or four years, is that the speed of the front of the an essay on writing peloton [of] men like Bradley Wiggins, Chris Froome and Vincenzo Nibali, is thesis about 10% down compared to that generation and now the power output at the front is about 6W/kg. (Are drug free cyclists slower?) Some remain sceptical, frequently over the years and an essay there has been good reason to be sceptical after a series of cyclists have later proved to have doped.
However, there is good reason to feel the sport is cleaner than before. Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote! “You have to remember one thing about the in my school will of the people: it wasn't that long ago that we were swept away by the Macarena.”
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Mary Cummins, Animal Advocates, Real Estate Appraiser. Filings, motions, evidence, exhibits inMary Cummins, Bat World Sanctuary, Amanda Lollar lawsuit. I am posting information about the appeal here. This page has been posted in response to libel and defamation posted by Amanda Lollar, Bat World Sanctuary. They are making libelous and an essay defamatory untrue statements about me. This page is here to post the facts and truth about this lawsuit. I reported Amanda Lollar of romeo and juliet Bat World Sanctuary for planning, animal cruelty and neglect.
In retaliation she sued me for defamation. On top of this she defamed and essay libeled me. I was forced to an essay on writing, sue her in California Federal court. More info on the Mary Cummins vs Amanda Lollar, Bat World Sanctuary and John Does is here. I was also injured while at Bat World Sanctuary. I had to file a personal injury claim against Amanda Lollar and Bat World Sanctuary which is and acid coursework, here. The bottom half of this page keeps going missing so I made a copy of planning an essay this page up to and acid, May 11, 2012 here. I don’t know if they are hacking it down or if the planning on writing page is paper, just too big. Here is a link to a page where I have posted some of the an essay on writing fair and honest reports I made to authorities about Amanda Lollar and Bat World Sanctuary. The Judge ruled that these were not defamation but fair and honest reports. Here they are.I will be posting reports that government agencies, City Council members, member of the Historical Society, her neighbors, members of the public and bat experts have made against her next.
March 3, 2013: More information coming in. Here is a previous email about the essay school WNS symposium. More info. Carrie McLaughlin sent the symposium invitation to TPWD, Bat Experts, Urban Biologists, people in her Google group. It reached TPWD who took immediate action. Amanda Lollar stated on planning an essay, her website that Bat World is the ONLY group helping bats with WNS. Essay Example. Not only is that not true, but they are not allowed to even tough bats with WNS. The information Amanda Lollar wrote in the invitation to the event was also incorrect. Planning An Essay. Amanda Lollar has not gone past the in my school ninth grade.
She does not know what she’s talking about in regard to WNS. Finally experts and authorities are realizing what Bat World is all about. Planning An Essay On Writing. I found the original invitation here. The symposium was cancelled. Essay In My. All references were deleted from Bat World and BRITs site though you can see some references online in Google groups. February 28, 2013: Breaking news! Amanda Lollar is told by Texas Parks Wildlife Department she cannot have an assurance colony. On Writing. They also state her educational bats don’t appear to have been approved on a case by case basis and she does not have an exhibit permit. She is not allowed to exhibit bats. Pretty crazy for Amanda Lollar to of duty essay paper, want to do a WNS symposium when she hasn’t gone past the ninth grade and has no degrees.
She even invited true experts who would most certainly call her out on this. Planning On Writing. In the brochure for the event posted August 2012 Amanda Lollar states she has a USDA permit! It was cancelled March 2012. Thiosulphate And Acid Coursework. The event never took place because TPWD seems to have stopped it. TPWD is an essay, also concerned about the Bat Castle. Bat World has no permit to custom writings discount, put bats in that building. Planning An Essay On Writing. They also have no permit or permission to writings, move bats to that building. Amanda Lollar has not even told them about the planning an essay Bat Castle. TPWD also said that she would have to release all bats at in my her current building.
Move to the new building then she can take in on writing, new bats.She cannot move the bats to essay in my, a new building as you can only have one address per on writing permit. Lollar requested that TPWD write this statement saying “Texas Parks and Wildlife investigated Amanda Lollar and Bat World Sanctuary, saw no evidence to back up the accusations, and found the complaints to be without merit.” TPWD wrote back “according to custom writings, one of our game wardens, there is no current active investigation.” TPWD never wrote the statement that Amanda Lollar asked them to write. This is the an essay statement which she’s since stated as fact. She lied. This is what really happened with the investigation. Thiosulphate And Acid Coursework. They did not fully investigate because they didn’t have the time. “When I responded to Mary Cummins’ open records request/complaints about Ms Lollar back in May, I told her that there were no final investigation results at that time, and that staff would investigate as time and an essay resources allowed in essay, the future. However, Karen Pianka had said that she didn’t have time to do much, if any, more investigating, so the investigation has been unofficially closed.” TPWD wants to limit the number of bats she can have. “I see that Lollar’s current permit authorizes her to retain unlimited quantities of non-releasable bats for educational purposes. Shouldn’t we limit the quantity?”
Amanda Lollar also told a TPWD agent that she has an planning an essay on writing “assurance colony of free-tail bats.” Free tail bats can’t get WNS. She is not allowed to have an assurance colony. Amanda Lollar is not abiding by the regulations. TPWD also specifically states she is not allowed to let the bats breed. Custom Discount. Lollar of course brags that she has the only “captive breeding colony” of bats. All of this means that Amanda Lollar’s “educational bats” were not approved. She cannot have an assurance colony. An Essay. She cannot exhibit bats.
In her website Lollar is raising funds to build an in my school assurance colony that she is not allowed to have. Not very honest. Amanda Lollar is now attacking the group that was going to give her a donation. They excluded their “celeb” who is a totally unknown person and Amanda is mad. Does she really think Patty Lotz is a celeb and planning O’Barry is of duty essay paper, not?
Clueless. Amanda’s now encouraging people to delete their accounts. She even wrote a nasty email which she publicly posted sharing everyone’s email address: “From: Bat World Sanctuary firstname.lastname@example.org To: Sheri Landry email@example.com Cc: Ricki Bush firstname.lastname@example.org; Patty Lotz email@example.com; Dottie BWlonestar@yahoo.com Sent: Thursday, February 28, 2013 11:00 AM Subject: Re: Was our charity removed? BiLLe has caused me great embarrassment. Your own rules state that you would notify the super-fan of their celebrity being removed BEFORE the contest started. You waited until AFTER our celebrity had received votes and planning an essay was in first place, and then suddenly deleted our listing. That was a deceitful thing to do, and is also against your own rules.
Also, it appears BiLLe contrived to essay school, have us removed by planning, deliberately creating criteria in which we would not fit. At this point I do not believe that *any* celeb we tried to re-enter with would be accepted by BiLLe, because BiLle does not follow its own rules. Patty Lotz has been in the soap opera Loving, the movie Careful What You Wish For, the movie Swing Vote, the movie Body Double, tv series Silk Stockings, Moonlighting, and Matt Houston. She was a Veejay on VH-1 and she is and juliet love essay, a radio celebrity with her own show called Power Mouth Patty. Ric O’Barry has not been in planning, involved in anything since the 1960s, yet he remains in of duty essay, your contest. I am very disappointed as I thought BiLLe was a great contest, fair and trustworthy. Obviously I was mistaken. February 26, 2013: Thug Robert Henry Young posted video of an essay him supposedly serving me with documents. He posted part of it. Ubc Doctoral Thesis. Why doesn’t he post the entire video? Because he doesn’t want people to see what he actually did.
He also never posted the full unedited video of the first time he supposedly served me. Planning. His video guy zoomed into me when he came towards me. Why not post the entire video? What are they hiding? I’d just posted moments earlier that what Amanda Lollar is doing is getting close to the RICO level. Amanda Lollar confirms that she is using her Facebook fans like an “army.” Everything which was posted was 100% the truth yet she calls it “defamation” so her army will attack people and report the apush essay example truth to get it deleted. If she keeps up with all of her nasty tricks, one might consider doing the same.
“AMAZING, That’s what bat peeps are. We have an army in you – you’ve made that crystal clear today. We can’t thank you enough for going to “bat” for us in an essay, such an inspiring way. It is hard enough to promote a maligned species, but fighting malicious defamation on top of that makes it harder still. The bottom line is romeo, that when people believe horrible lies about us, they won’t turn to us when they find a bat in planning, need.
Your coming to our defense today was not only thesis, a tremendous help to us, you are saves lives in the process. Planning On Writing. For that we cannot thank you enough. We love you, Bat Peeps.” I filed a police report against the person Amanda Lollar hired to pretend to serve me with papers. I called the FBI to file a report but they told me it’s not their jurisdiction. They told me to file the report with local police. I just filed a police report in Texas because Amanda Lollar ordered and paid the guy to do that.
I will follow up on these reports. I also reported the guy’s private investigator license. Robert Young thinks he’s above the essay law doing whatever he wants, harassing people, threatening them. Amanda Lollar also thinks she can do whatever the hell she likes just because she’s been getting away with it. Amanda Lollar via her Facebook user account Bat World Sanctuary and her husband Larry Crittenden, John Hyatt and others were attacking me all morning on Facebook. Someone else posted a link to an article about her animal cruelty and of course I get attacked for it. Amanda Lollar told her 37,000 “fans” to attack me and planning also to attack other peoples’ pages.
I saved those posts. Romeo And Juliet. This is becoming a RICO issue. Larry Crittenden posted that the animal cruelty report was a “hoax.” No, it wasn’t. I filed fair reports. Judge did not rule them to be defamation.
Someone else posted that I said that my attorney made sexual advances to me. I never said that and he never did that. I will be adding these things to my new harassment lawsuit. Just a reminder that Amanda Lollar sent an email to the City saying she’s sick of all of the complaints about her. Instead of taking care of the problems such as the smell or guano, she’s leaving town. Planning An Essay. Her own words “”I can no longer run a world class organization with the constant distractions of of duty essay paper having to defend our work protecting the environment and the bats. The burden has just become too overwhelming.” Link to her email. Also included is planning an essay on writing, email between her neighbor who’s been complaining about sodium and acid her for many years to the City Manager talking about her building being gutted. She sold the building January 2012 which is why she’s begging for money to build a new building.
She has no wild sanctuary building. February 25, 2013: I don’t know why I write these dates because I’m not actually posting all of the material on these dates. Within the an essay on writing last couple of days Amanda Lollar posted to her blogs devoted solely to me the same material she presumably posted on call paper, indybay. She claims I’m stalking her. She notes dates that I’m stalking her. On Writing. One, you can clearly tell it’s reversed. And Juliet. She keeps trying to subscribe to planning, my pages and I have to block her.
She keeps emailing me under supposedly anonymous names. She made new domain names and new blog names devoted ONLY to essay, me. I have not made a new domain or blog devoted to her. I post about her in my website here or my existing blogs. She bought about 30 new domains with hosting services to attack me with bat world money. She follows my every move. She even hired a guy to follow me, harass me, batter me and planning videotape it for her. I bet she gets off on thesis, the videos. Who is stalking whom? February 24, 2013: Today at planning on writing 7:00 a.m.
CA time it looks like Amanda Lollar posted a still from the video of romeo love essay me being assaulted last Sunday. There is a time/date stamp on the still. 02-17 09:26:38. Planning. That is when he was there. In the still I’m looking at the guy while his video guy videos.
I can tell from where she took the still it’s the same process serve. This proves she ordered the guy to pretend to serve me so he could assault me. I believe Amanda Lollar is seriously mentally ill. She ordered the of duty paper hit from Texas so it’s time to call the FBI. Here is the planning guy’s face.
He posted pics of his wife, daughter, grandson, family in the same directory as his work photos. These photos are public. I blurred out his wife and grandson. This photo is for the police and my neighbors. I’ve now given them a full description of custom this guy.
February 22, 2013: Just got back from my mail box. Appellees wanted to send the original exhibits of Plaintiffs to the Appeals court. I agreed with this. Why waste paper, time and energy. Judge Bonnie Sudderth signed the order. This is puzzling.
Judge Jeffrey Walker in his order stated that Judge William Brigham is in charge of everything in regard to this case from the trial on out. That is why I could not recuse him and Judge Bonnie could not hear the other motions. I did an info act request to Judge Jeffrey’s office to an essay, get a copy of his order in regard to Brigham. Call Essay. If Brigham is supposed to planning an essay on writing, be in charge of this case to the very end, why did Judge Bonnie Sudderth sign this order? Obviously just a rhetorical question as the sodium thiosulphate court has not been honest or straight forward with me about quite a few things. They do as they please no matter what. At the Mayoral convention last week I was speaking with a lawyer about dishonest, unfair, incompetent and lazy Judges. An Essay On Writing. She said it happens here in California especially in smaller cities like Palm Springs, Riverside or in Courts where the Judge has to read all the documents and write all the orders himself. I can only say that I was extremely lucky to have had kind and fair judges in my Philadelphia and essay New York cases. An Essay. I didn’t realize how rare that was until this case.
Thank you Judge Flora Wolf and custom discount Judge Naomi Reice Buchwald for being fair, kind and just. If only there were more judges like those women. February 20, 2013: The police asked if I had a description of the on writing guy who threw the documents at me. Romeo. I even have a photo. I’m 5’8? so he’s 5? taller than me and is 6’2?, heavy set, white guy with lighter colored hair born March 10, 1965, 48 years old. Planning. Why a guy bigger than me would hit me with documents is essay, really beyond me. I’m sure Amanda Lollar had to pay extra for on writing, that. Amazing she’s wasting Bat World Sanctuary’s funds on call essay paper, hiring a guy to assault me half way across the country.
A sick individual. Never would I have ever thought of an essay doing something like this to her. February 19, 2013: The thug Amanda Lollar hired is named Robert Henry Young, a licensed private investigator (License 23001) and process server (License 1911?) born March 10, 1965. Call Essay Paper. I had to gather this information for the police report. You would think he would know the law.
He lives in Anaheim at 4107 E Alderdale Ave, Anaheim, CA 92807. He was able to retain this house even after he and planning on writing his wife went bankrupt in 2000. Their social security numbers are listed on apush essay example, their bankruptcy docs. Seems he was sued for violating someone’s civil rights, also had a little run in with the law. Amanda Lollar seems to find some real low lifes, first Randy Turner then Eric Shupps and now Robert Young. An Essay. I wonder how much of Bat World money did Amanda Lollar pay to thesis, the guy to harass and assault me? Her board of directors is liable for planning on writing, her behavior as they voted her president. They have the power to vote her out completely if they like. That is what California Wildlife Center did to Amanda’s friend Rebecca Dmytryk when she was destroying the group and causing volunteers to leave.
February 18, 2013: Yesterday I believe Amanda Lollar hired some thug to pretend to serve me a legal document at the Mayoral convention. Instead of handing me the documents or dropping it on the ground which would be legal service, he threw the and juliet love folded document at me with force hitting me with it. I just looked more closely at the document. It’s the sister state filing from 11/09/12. They did not serve it within 60 days. That means they have to refile and planning reserve me. This is ubc doctoral, not legal service as this document is void.
I bet Amanda Lollar did this just to an essay, harass me. I just asked Hotel security to save their security video for the police. This shows you how low petty, juvenile, nasty Amanda Lollar will go just to be mean. Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary is still harassing me and now has directed her fans to attack my website host. I have copied all of her posts. The judge ruled that everything in this website today is not defamation.
Everything in the order was removed even though that also was not defamation. She is upset that her USDA permit was cancelled. She’s probably also upset that Texas Parks Wildlife wrote that they are considering limiting the number of bats she has. February 16, 2013: Bat World’s USDA permit has been cancelled. Here is call of duty paper, a pic. I am sending in a FOIA request to find out why. She needs a USDA permit to house all of those bats. Perhaps she lost it because she is way over planning, the density limit for bats.
She’s even over her own density limit which she sets for call, other people! Plus, her enclosure is not tall enough for an essay, the large flying fox. It can’t fly. USDA permit cancelled This is probably why she is in my school, attacking a person with a USDA permit who has a perfect record. She is jealous. Probably why she attacks me as well. Planning On Writing. I have a perfect USDA record. February 8, 2013: Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary is still defaming and attacking a wildlife educator. A fully licensed wildlife educator has a bat named Echo. She legally received the essay bat weaned, it can fly and has a flight cage where it flies. The woman knows how to care for bats.
Amanda Lollar is defaming the woman by stating it was not weaned, lives in a tiny cage, cannot fly and the woman doesn’t know how to care for it. Amanda Lollar is asking Bat World’s Facebook fans (which she bought with advertising) to sign a petition to the USDA to remove the bat from on writing this woman. Amanda Lollar quotes this supposed violation “Lisa Limbert is currently in custom, violation of USDA regulations Subpart F: “Species that fly must be provided with sufficient unobstructed enclosure volume to enable movement by flying and sufficient roosting space to allow all individuals to rest simultaneously.” This of course is not the truth. The bat is in a flight cage and can fly.
Lollar on the other hand has the largest flying fox. An Essay On Writing. This bat needs at least a 13? tall enclosure so it can fly. Bat World’s enclosure is maybe 6?. This bat cannot fly. Lollar is the one not giving proper care. Plus, TPWD stated in writing that they fear Lollar has too many bats and they are going to essay, limit the number of bats she can have. Fortunately USDA knows what’s really happening here. They will not take Echo from the person giving it proper care. Planning On Writing. Lord only knows if Lollar took that bat it could end up dead under her desk like the one I found when I was at Bat World.
Lollar has way too many bats to not notice a bat that had been dead under her desk for days. She even told me it was one of her favorites. Something is obviously very wrong with Lollar. I personally feel she doesn’t care about bats. She only cares about her ego and money.
She has a huge chip on her shoulder because she’s uneducated and true bat experts call her a joke. February 1, 2013: Amanda Lollar started an online petition to try to get a bat taken away from a duly licensed individual who is giving the bat great care. With all the other bats in the world that need saving, why is she trying to take a bat out of a good home? Beyond me. Thanks to call, say her online petition has done nothing. USDA, FW did not investigate because they know the person gives their animals proper care. Oddly enough USDA and TPWD did investigate Amanda Lollar and Bat World. What does that tell you?
January 13, 2013: Amanda Lollar has been entering online contests and begging people to vote for Bat World. No problem there. I’m glad she’s making money so she can pay me for damages. In her pleas for votes she attacks the on writing competition. The competition is other charities for children, animals and the environment. “O.M.G. This is crazy – we are small potatoes compared to Jimmy Kimmel, and he could easily give $50,000 of his own money to his charity.
We don’t even get paid, and volunteer 16 to 18 hours a day, and have worked so hard to in my, win this money for the bats. Planning On Writing. PLEASE DON”T LET JIMMY WIN! Donate here before 11:59 est:.” She is getting fans to example, hate monger against the charities ahead of her in the contest. Planning An Essay On Writing. Attacking other charities? Amanda Lollar just loves to attack people.
Very classless. January 1, 2013: Someone sent me a link to this video made by the Tarrant County Bar Association Tarrant Tortfeasors. Attorney Randy Turner is in it and obviously approved of this. He’s pretending to be the head of the American Bar Association which actually exists. In other news Randy Turner continues to lie in legal filings. He lied to the Appeals Court telling them the Court wrote the facts and findings. No, they did not. Even though I asked the court to write it, HE wrote it.
On top of this he lied and said I did not respond to discovery when I did. Apush Essay Example. I really hope he never becomes a Judge. December 14, 2012: Randy Turner attorney, animal lover or not? Article about Fort Worth, Texas animal control picking up an injured dog and taking it to a vet for treatment. Animal control must give proper veterinary care to animals they pick up. That’s the an essay law. Animal control took the school dog to a vet. Planning On Writing. The bill ended up being $2,000 or so. Dog didn’t have an owner and was friendly. City decided to keep the dog as an essay in my ambassador. The dog is in City offices in the day time and spends the night at an employee’s home.
I guess they could have adopted it out planning an essay on writing, if someone wanted it. They still would have been out the $2,000 no matter what. And Juliet. Because the an essay on writing dog is now an ambassador it’s getting media attention. And Acid. People wrote in on writing, comments on love, the article. This is planning on writing, Randy Turner’s comment below.
“Randy Turner, Fort Worth lawyer whose lawsuit against the city on behalf of a family whose dog was mistakenly euthanized will be heard in January by the Texas Supreme Court: “As a huge animal lover, I’m all in favor of spending whatever it takes to thesis, maintain an animal in planning an essay, good health. I have to and juliet love, give some thought to the city effectively paying for Brandon Bennett’s dog. I don’t like that part.” The City would be out the $2,000 no matter if they adopted it to a member of the planning public or Brandon Bennett. An employee is kind enough to let the dog sleep at his house without being paid for that service. Would Turner prefer that the dog be locked in a room or yard in the City office at night and on the weekends? Why does this upset Randy Turner? Because Brandon Bennett is the romeo and juliet love essay person who showed that Mimi the pitbull owned by planning an essay, the fake war veteran which Randy Turner represented was dangerous. This is just Randy Turner being nasty, petty and showing his true colors because Turner lost that lawsuit.
How very childish. December 12, 2012: Again, Amanda Lollar is and juliet love, begging for money to build a new facility. Planning On Writing. What about the $200K she brought in during 2012? Or the $170,000 she made in 2011? Or the money she got January 2012 from love selling the old building? She should have enough money to build a new facility easily. I personally feel she is just saying she needs money to planning an essay, build a sanctuary so she can just get more money for the hell of writings it. I’ll be interesting to see if she’s honest in her 990’s. December 6, 2012: Amanda Lollar is planning an essay on writing, begging people for money to build a new bat sanctuary. If she didn’t sell the old sanctuary, she wouldn’t need to apush essay, buy a new building.
If she’d just cleaned the old building she probably could have stayed there. She admits in her “magazine” that she made over $200,000 last year. Planning On Writing. Again, proves there were no damages. Also proves that she probably doesn’t need money to build a new building. The money she received from sale of the old building should be enough to build the new building. Did she keep the money from the sale of the old building? I can ask questions about finances when I depose her in Texas because she’s a defendant. Can’t wait to get ahold of the trial minutes.
So many great quotes in there besides proof of perjury. I was talking to a fellow rehabber yesterday about Amanda Lollar’s experimental bat surgeries. She admitted in writing that sometimes bat die but maybe she’s learned something to help the next bat. My friend told me that during Nazi Germany doctors were doing experiments on Jews and school others, generally without anesthesia. They actually thought their experiments might further medical science.
They were later tried for “medical torture.” My friend thinks that Amanda Lollar thinks she may be furthering medical care of bats. Of course she could not be further from the truth. If you look at how true bat veterinary experts treat bats, night and day. An Essay On Writing. Some info on the Nazi doctors.. December 5, 2012: Bat World Sanctuary just released their income for 2012. Essay School. Their income is over $200,000. This proves there were no damages. It also proves that she lied in court about her finances. On top of this you can see that she spent a ton of Bat World Sanctuary’s money on on writing, “internet” items. She lumped them in with the purchase of land and cost to build the “castle.” December 3, 2012: I was told by the court coordinator that now that this case is in appeals, the District court no longer will hear any post trial motions.
The judge is refusing to sodium and acid, even look at them thereby denying them. November 30, 2012: More evidence of perjury on the part of Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary. In trial she stated that she’s no longer getting old fruit from local markets because of what I said about planning her. She added that they were putting cigarette butts and trash into the little fruit she received. Today on her facebook page she admitted that she’s not getting fruit anymore because of a local ordinance which prohibits stores from thiosulphate and acid giving old fruit to people. “Bat World Sanctuary Sandra Higgins Hanna – yes, we used to be able to get apples, bananas, ect that were slightly bruised but still perfectly okay for consumption (called ‘throw-aways”). Last year a local ordinance came into planning on writing effect that prohibits grocery stores from giving out throw-aways. We also tried to solicit Walmart after learning that our local store alone throws out of 400 pounds of bananas a week. They refused, stating company policy and liability issues (they even have a padlock on their dumpster). It’s such a shame, because every wildlife center across the US could benefit from the and acid coursework food that Walmart throws in the trash. We now get all of our produce wholesale, but it’s still very expensive.Once we are established on our new land we plan to plant fig, pear and an essay on writing apple trees.
I hope to plant a few smaller trees inside the fruit bat’s outdoor flight cage so they can eat fresh fruit right off the branches :)” The woman has no shame. I bet 95% of what she said during the trial was a total lie. Plus, she admitted that people in Mineral Wells have hated her for years because of the of duty essay smell and planning an essay on writing mess of the wild sanctuary. She is also totally lacking in social skills which I believe is another big factor. November 28, 2012: Amanda Lollar wiki user Batworld and ubc doctoral her sock puppet which is an essay, her IP address have been banned from posting on Wikipedia because they violated the custom writings discount terms of service. Because she is planning an essay, Bat World she has a conflict of interest and and juliet is not allowed to post about planning herself. Most of the edits were done by Amanda Lollar. She was also told that her user name “Batworld” is also a wiki violation.
An admin wrote this about Bat World, “Delete – Sources are too weak, given the litigation and drama around this organization, relevant to the subject but omitted from the article. The CBS article is a meaningless puff piece and the SF Chronicle article doesn’t even mention this Texas organization as far as I noticed (it mentions a different “Bat World” in Virginia). The Stella Luna article mention is trivial and the IRS page doesn’t speak to notability. The article about the ubc doctoral thesis mating calls does mention the organization more than briefly, but its primary topic is something different. Boing’s Wapo article is about the same way. I wouldn’t call “Do Bats Drink Blood” a scientific publication, and an essay the actual connection to Bat World of publications it cites is unclear, and Boing’s other links other than the Jacobs book seem trivial. Apush Example. That leaves the planning an essay on writing Jacobs book (the one pretty solid source I see so far) and the 608-word, paywalled Dallas Morning News article that I haven’t accessed but which doesn’t sound promising from the abstract. We can’t write an NPOV article (presenting all points of view that a reader seeking info would find relevant) about apush essay example this organization without using contentious, BLP-implicated primary sources that we shouldn’t bring into the article for obvious reasons. It’s not ok to strip that stuff out and pretend that what’s left presents everything relevant, generations of wikilawyering notwithstanding. That plus the planning COI editing by people involved with and opposed to the organization IMHO aren’t worth the essay example hassle for a topic of such minor notability.
So we should delete the article.” Wikipedia only considers entries based on articles in the media. That’s all they care about. They don’t research the subjects. For instance they think Amanda Lollar wrote the books that Barbara French actually wrote. They don’t realize that Amanda Lollar basically plagiarized what Barbara French wrote. Wiki also doesn’t realize that Bat World is run out of Lollar’s home. She no longer has the other building because she sold it January 2012. On top of this Bat World is planning, not the sodium and acid biggest bat sanctuary of on writing that type. Memphis zoo has over 400 bats which are non-releasable bats or rescues. I was just told by someone who knows Amanda Lollar that she is bragging that Bat World has more Facebook friends than Bat Conservation International.
That is because Amanda Lollar bought those fans. BCI spends their money helping bats while Amanda Lollar spends thousands buying FB fans, making many ihatemary websites and essay example blogs, sending out an essay on writing, ihatemary press releases. She also wasted money adding unnecessary extra security to her website because her web guy told her she needed it because of me. No, she didn’t. Her web guy left her website totally open for months. Lollar is also wasting Bat World money on essay, legal fees for Eric Shupps. He helped her make her hate sites.
November 26, 2012: For the last two days Amanda Lollar has been attacking me on on writing, Wikipedia. Custom Writings. She posted defamation about an essay on writing me June 2012 on the Bat World Sanctuary wiki page. Sodium. I corrected it yesterday. She then posted even more defamation! I reported her for planning on writing, posting on her own group’s page under two user names/IDs which is against the TOS. Then wiki blocked her and of duty paper me because we mentioned the word “lawsuit.” I’m unblocked but she is not. Planning An Essay On Writing. She must get rid of romeo love her user name and is not allowed to planning an essay, post on that page ever again. The page is full of incorrect things. Bat World is not the largest bat sanctuary. The Monfort Bat Sanctuary and rescue has 1.8 – 2.5 million bats.
The Memphis zoo has over 400 bats. In fact BCI worked with the Memphis zoo and created the FIRST assurance colony site for bats. Lollar is not the first as she claims. She’s also not the largest. Wonder why BCI worked with the Memphis zoo instead of Amanda Lollar? Because they wanted to work with kind, sane, bat experts. Amanda Lollar states Bat World is the love ONLY group helping bats with white nose syndrome. One, they aren’t helping bat with WNS.
Two, many other groups are actually helping bats with WNS. On Writing. Bats in Mineral Wells, Texas don’t even get WNS. School. Amanda Lollar is on writing, living a fantasy life of her own imagination. November 24, 2012: Today Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary stated that her facility is at the maximum limit. Thesis. As I reported a few months back Texas Parks Wildlife Dept stated that they were going to limit the number of bats that she can have. They were concerned that she had too many.
She currently has more than her own bat enclosure limits dictate. She stated her dad just died of Parkinson’s disease and left her $100,000.She stated she is giving this $100K to Bat World to help build a new facility. Remember she sold the 115 N.E. 1st St property in January 2012. She can no longer use that building for bats.
I’m sure this is on writing, probably just another story. If she wanted to save some money, perhaps she shouldn’t be involved in so many lawsuits. Right now she is using Bat World money to thesis, defend Eric Shupps in my defamation case against him. Amanda Lollar is paying extra for her attorney to planning, try to file an anti-SLAPP suit against me. This suit is not a necessary legal reply to my lawsuit. She does not have to pay for Eric Shupps legal bills. Eric Shupps will soon lose anyway because he lied to essay paper, the attorneys. I’ll be filing something soon.
In the meantime Randy Turner texas attorney with Bailey Galyen lost his motion to reconsider. I also filed an opposition to his becoming the attorney for Bat World in my personal injury case. Planning. Here is the motion. Ubc Doctoral. And here are the on writing exhibits. I will be reporting him to romeo essay, the Texas State Bar. I will also file a restraining order against Randy Turner if he becomes the attorney of record. There’s no way I’m putting up with his crap again. Planning. He would pretend to “accidentally” bump into me in the hallway pressing his full body against essay example me. November 2, 2012: I was talking to a friend today about Amanda Lollar being obsessed with my physical looks. 99% of the posts Amanda Lollar makes about me have to do with my physical looks.
She keeps posting that I’m old, fat, wrinkly and bald. She is projecting. In her website in planning on writing, her bio she has a photo of herself from 2003, a nine year old photo. She looks nothing like that. My profile image is a photo taken within the last year. I post photos of what I look like right now, without making, just running errands.
SHE is the one who regrets getting older. I’ve also found that very insecure women will call other women fat, old, ugly, bald, wrinkly, whore… That is exactly what she does to me. On top of this she is even more insecure because she is uneducated and bat experts don’t want to have anything to do with her. Romeo Love. This is the sad person making these crazy nasty posts about planning on writing me, Amanda Lollar. October 29, 2012: I believe Amanda Lollar is posting as DaisyPeachTree on Facebook. This is the same user name that was attacking me on Twitter. She forgets I sent a subpoena to Twitter and Facebook. Anyway, “Daisy” is posting that Amanda is “amazing.” Bat World is a “huge” organization doing conversation efforts “worldwide.” Amanda Lollar thinks I am “jealous” of her? I would never be jealous of someone who harms animals and people. She claims that she “read” that Amanda has a GED. This is the first that I’ve posted about her GED.
She could not have “read” it any where. School. Again she lies and states I’ve been involved in over 20 lawsuits. An Essay. Untrue. Then she says I feed “rotten meat” to my animals and I let my dog eat “used” tampons. That is beyond insane besides defamatory. I sent a cease and desist to her California attorney.
Finally, the attacks have stopped. Amanda Lollar is delusional and a very nasty person. October 27, 2012: UPDATE: Amanda Lollar has now set up a page in her website for people to report the call of duty essay person with a legal permitted bat in Arizona. An Essay. Irony? A licensed person with a fruit bat is feeding it properly. She has it in a temporary cage. She takes good care of animals.
Amanda believes if the person does not kiss her ass, she is not providing good care for call essay paper, the bat. She instantly attacked the woman. Amanda Lollar who has not gone past the ninth grade who operates on planning, bats who die thinks this woman is being cruel. Call Essay Paper. Crazy. Amanda Lollar noticed someone called Lisa’s Creatures had a fruit bat. Planning An Essay On Writing. Instead of offering kind, supportive, polite advise Amanda Lollar told all her fans to attack the woman. The woman is a licensed wildlife rehabilitator and wildlife educator using the call essay bat to educate people. Amanda Lollar thinks it’s cruel that the bat is by itself in a cage.
Lollar forgets she kept her first imprisoned bats in a wood cabinet. An Essay. She forgets she performs surgery on bats when she is not a vet and hasn’t gone past the ninth grade. She forgets that she doesn’t pin bats’ broken wings so they can fly free. Instead she amputates them dooming them to essay paper, life under her “care.” Lollar also forgets she recommended freezing bats to death. Planning An Essay. When Amanda Lollar first started with bats the true experts offered kind supportive advice. Sodium Thiosulphate And Acid Coursework. All Lollar does to others now is planning on writing, attack them. This is why people who really know her do not like her. Amanda Lollar lacks basic social skills and is not a nice person at ubc doctoral all. This is probably why she dropped out of junior high school. Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary is posting a link about planning an essay on writing cyberbullying. Very ironic.
Amanda Lollar is apush, posting nasty posts calling me fat, old, ugly, wrinkly, puffy, bald, crazy…. She posted death threats against me. She posted on victimsofmisscummins and the nasty Facebook pages about me. She extorted me over planning, the Internet. Very ironic indeed. October 15, 2012: My response to the supposed 46 “defamatory” statements from the court order. This is exhibit 3 from ubc doctoral my motion to reconsider recusal.
I go item by an essay, item to prove that the items are not defamatory. This is not a violation of the court order. Romeo And Juliet. It’s a new public document. This is the basis of my appeal. None of the 46 statements are defamatory or breach of contract. They are either the truth, not about Plaintiff or opinion and not statements of facts. Everything I said I backed up with photos, videos, government documents, Plaintiff’s own testimony and Plaintiff’s own documents.Exhibit 3 from my motion to reconsider recusal. October 14, 2012: I was copying more of Amanda Lollar’s defamation against me when I realized something. She’s probably spent at least $5,000 defaming me on the Internet with her many web sites and such. She is on writing, spending Bat World money to do this as she has no income. How do donors feel about someone spending money meant for animals on defaming an animal rescuer?
Plus, she will lose my defamation case against her. In My School. Bat World will have to pay. Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary is holding a possibly rabid bat. Planning. She stated she thinks it has rabies based on the symptoms she is describing. *NEVER TOUCH A BAT WITH YOUR BARE HANDS. Below is an old pallid bat. The bat crawled out of her bed while I was feeding other bats. I think the and juliet love essay bat was hungry and wanted food. I believe this bat is an essay on writing, now dead. I am posting back all of my bat photos and videos. In Amanda Lollar’s initial complaint she stated that my videos and call of duty essay paper photos shared copyrighted and proprietary data. She stated I have no permission to take or post the photos.
She dropped all of those charges in the lawsuit because I showed proof that I had permission. I also showed that they did not share anything copyrighted or proprietary. Planning An Essay On Writing. As the temporary injunction is over and the permanent injunction doesn’t mention any videos or photos except the video of her trying to perform an writings episiotomy, I am posting them all back. Already I’m getting nasty comments from supposedly Amanda Lollar in planning an essay, disguise on my YouTube channel. Amanda Lollar is sodium and acid, still spending Bat World Sanctuary money to an essay on writing, buy fans. She buys fans. It appears she made a lot of the “positive” reviews on essay, her Guidestar account. I’m pretty sure she wrote all of the planning an essay on writing ones that start off with “Amanda is an amazing person!” It’s pretty obvious. October 12, 2012: Amanda Lollar is using Bat World donations to call paper, place ads to buy Facebook fans. If fans are donating it would make sense.
If they are not, they are just an an essay ego booster for in my, Lollar. I was given a coupon for free Facebook ads. I ran and ad. I got fans but no donations so it wouldn’t make sense to on writing, continue. October 5, 2012: Randy Turner attorney faxed me a letter stating that I am violating the court order.
He stated I didn’t remove everything in the order. I went through all of my sites again. There is nothing in this page that is in the order. I am not violating the order. I did post the order. The order does not state I can’t post the order which is a public document. And again, everything in the order is the absolute truth. Essay Example. It is not defamation. Some items are about Randy Turner who is not a plaintiff in the case so that can’t be defamation.
Some are items government agencies or members of the on writing public wrote. In My. Again, that can’t be my defamation. Some are items Amanda Lollar herself wrote such as her manual. That can’t possibly be my defamation. In my appeal I of course have listed all of the items and planning shown that they are not defamation. I will be posting this public legal document on custom discount, my appeal’s page linked above. I will be posting the actual sources of what I posted here. This is an email exchange between Lollar’s direct neighbor and the City Manager. Her neighbor stated her building was gutted. The City Manager said her personal items were removed.
Evans is the neighbor. Rusher is the new owner. Lance is the City Manager. Below this I post the actual document so you can read it yourself. Planning An Essay On Writing. THEY wrote those things. In My School. That can’t be my defamation. From: Sharlet Evans firstname.lastname@example.org To: Lance Howerton email@example.com 01/17/12. FYI: Rusher spent Saturday gutting the building.
He is working in the evening, also. Have you or Robert spoken with him yet, to planning an essay on writing, see what his intentions are, for the building? Best regards, Sharley Evans. From: Lance Howerton firstname.lastname@example.org To: Sharlet Evans email@example.com. Robert has spoken to thesis, both Michael and on writing Jonathan Rusher about the building and has made them aware that the building cannot be used simply for call of duty essay paper, warehousing. Robert also told me that they are working on the inside of the building and an essay on writing trying to clean it up and also get the rest of Amanda Lollar’s belongings out of the coursework building. The Rushers told Robert that they understood what the uses of the building could be and on writing that they had a couple of custom writings prospects that they might be able to put into an essay on writing the building. Hopefully, this answers your questions at this point. Lance Howerton City Manager. Here is essay in my, a link to the document Link. October 3, 2012: I did a judicial information act request to get a copy of Judge Bonnie Sudderth’s request for vacation during the exact time of my trial.
The request was not made by Judge Bonnie. It was made by someone else on planning on writing, February 10, 2012. This was after we had our court date set. The person who made the request was not on vacation that week. I don’t know what to make of this. The request was not made by the court coordinator.
I won’t say who made the request because I’m sure the person is apush example, innocent of any wrong doing. It does make me wonder if the fact that Judge William Brigham donated to an essay on writing, Judge Bonnie Sudderth’s campaign to be a Judge might have had something to do with it. Judge Sudderth was fair in her pre-trial motions. Of course she had Judge Brigham over see the and juliet love temporary injunction hearing and my trial. I’d rather Judge Sudderth had been unfair in the pre-trial motions and fair for the injunction hearing and trial. Nothing I can do about it now. Just saw that the law firm of Bailey Galyen donated money to Judge Bonnie Sudderth. Someone pointed out to me that Randy Turner and his wife Patti Gearhart Turner were (are?) part of the planning on writing Innocence Project I believe of Texas. The Innocence Project helps those wrongly accused of crimes who are in love essay, prison. Supposedly Turner worked to free innocent people from prison. I believe the planning client did pay him $300/hr.
This is extremely ironic which just shows you how personal Randy Turner has made this case. I’m sure he realizes his client is essay paper, guilty of animal cruelty, animal neglect, violations of the health code, Animal Welfare Act, Texas Parks Wildlife Department not to mention libel, defamation, yet he is planning an essay, aiding and essay in my school abetting her. He is helping someone who violates the law to harm an innocent person, me. I made honest reports with photos and videos. She was investigated.
She was not found to planning an essay on writing, be innocent of all charges as she falsely claims. That’s why she sold the wild sanctuary building. In a letter to the City she claimed she couldn’t stand all the complaints against her so she’s moving out. Apush Example. The new owner as per the City Manager and planning an essay neighbor “gutted” the building and “removed” Lollar’s personal belongings. I posted the custom writings email which proves this here.
I am merely copy/pasting the city official’s words. September 19, 2012: Bat World Sanctuary buying more ads on Facebook. Here is but one and an essay it has a misspelling. September 17, 2012: Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary has been buying ads on Facebook to get more fans. Here is one of sodium coursework her ads. Amanda Lollar ordered parts of the transcript of the last hearing. I got a copy of planning on writing it at a discount for that reason. Judge Jeffrey Walker stated that Judge Bonnie Sudderth requested Judge William Brigham to oversee my trial. I can understand why she would not want to oversee my trial because Judge Brigham oversaw my temporary injunction hearing.
Judge Bonnie Sudderth stated at the hearing to amend and custom discount void the planning on writing injunction that she would not have forced me to romeo, remove items I did not write, post or control. Judge William Brigham forced me to remove items I did not write, post, control and on writing had not even seen. The Appeals Court is the only way to deal with this issue now. September 7, 2012: I just saw my appeal online. Here it is.Case number 02-12-00285-CV. I filed notice of appeal twice. Court should be getting the second notice soon. I just sent in my Civil Docketing Statement.
September 6, 2012: Just looked at sodium Judge Jeffrey Walker’s order on my motion to reconsider recusal. He wrote that my motions were not timely. An Essay On Writing. I waited until after Judge William Brigham ruled in and acid, the trial to complain. Judge Jeffrey Walker is wrong. I did not know I could file a motion to recuse him or else I would have done it the planning an essay on writing second I knew he would be the Judge. Also, I filed the motion before Judge William Brigham signed the order.
The oral order and written order are very different. On top of this the Judge did not notify me on my right to recuse the Judge. While Judges cannot give legal advice they MUST advise pro se litigants of example their rights. Planning An Essay On Writing. I’ve been in of duty paper, small claims before and if there is planning an essay on writing, a substitute Judge, the essay paper substitute tells everyone they have the right to recuse. I didn’t know I could do it in district court. An Essay On Writing. Judge William Brigham did not notify me of this. I even quoted a case where a Judge failed to tell a defendant he could appeal his decision. The court ultimately ruled in the favor of the pro of duty essay, se defendant because the Judge had a duty to an essay, inform him of his rights. Judge Jeffrey Walker even remembered the case I cited but still ruled against call essay paper me. I don’t believe this was a fair ruling. I filed the motion to recuse the moment I realized that I could.
I filed it within two hours. In the written order Judge Jeffrey Walker cites TRCP 18 a(h)(1). There is no such rule. There is only TRCP 18 a(h). There is an essay on writing, no (1). September 4, 2012: I just filed an amended motion for new trial, modify court order along with a request for findings of fact and motion for telephonic hearing. Hopefully these will be set for hearings soon.
September 1, 2012: Randy Turner just lost a lawsuit. He thinks a Judge doesn’t understand the law. “Randy Turner, Phillips’ attorney, says he’s confident the ruling won’t stand. Custom Writings. “This will be a short-lived victory. I have absolutely no doubt in my mind it will be reversed by the Dallas Court of Appeals,” he says. “Problem is, we have a trial judge who unfortunately didn’t understand the law. I don’t blame her. An Essay On Writing. She’s a family law judge and doesn’t deal with things like this.” The case had to call of duty essay, do with family law. His client received a lot of money for being in planning on writing, prison when he was innocent. His wife wanted some of the paper money because they were married while he was in prison and she had a baby with him. Last night I tried to get to my MySpace account but couldn’t. I thought it was a glitch. I tried again this morning and planning on writing my account is gone. I didn’t even get an email.
I bet Amanda Lollar reported my account saying it violated the court order. I just got the thesis order around 5:00 pm yesterday. Here is planning an essay on writing, a copy of my MySpace page. If Amanda Lollar did indeed get my account deleted illegally, I will be adding this to my lawsuit against her. August 31, 2012: I just received the Judge’s signed order. Ubc Doctoral Thesis. I just removed all of the 100% truthful statements which I made about Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary. Every word I posted was the absolute truth. I believe Amanda Lollar just wanted them removed because they make her look bad. People have been reporting and planning an essay complaining about Amanda Lollar for years. I replaced the missing items with ***.
I will be posting the Judge’s signed order. It’s a public document. Apush Example. You can see what I deleted from this page. August 25, 2012: I have not received Judge Jeffrey Walker’s court order yet but the Plaintiffs have. They posted it online.
I lost my motion to reconsider recusal. I don’t agree with the Judge’s ruling. Planning On Writing. I had new facts and evidence. Judge Brigham must be recused from overseeing over my motion for new trial and objections to judgement. I filed my initial motion to recuse as timely as possible because they never told me Brigham would preside over my trial.
As a pro se I should have been notified of my right to recuse Judge Brigham the second he showed up at of duty essay paper trial. I was denied a fair trial. Plaintiffs also posted part of the Judge’s previous order. I was supposedly sanctioned under Rule 18 (a)(h) 1. Planning An Essay. I can’t be legally sanctioned under this Rule as I read it. I didn’t file the in my school motion to delay anything. Plus there is no Rule 18(a)(h)1. There is no “1.” I just read a few articles on recusal and went through Rule 18 again. Planning On Writing. The only reason I can think why I lost was because of timeliness. Again, I wrote and and juliet love filed a recusal within two hours of knowing that Brigham would be the Judge in my upcoming hearings.
The articles did say that the proper way to deal with a Judge not applying law properly or reading exhibits is by appeal. August 23, 2012: This is tooo funny. I just received this “anonymous” email. “SOMEONE WHO HAS POSTED BAD THINGS ABOUT YOU HAS AGREED TO DISMANTLE ALL THE NEGATIVE STUFF ON-LINE ABOUT YOU IF YOU DO THE SAME FIRST THE BLOGGING HAS RUINED YOUR LIFE FINANCIALLY BUT YOU CAN TAKE THIS STEP TO MUTUALLY GET RID OF ALL THE NEGATIVE STUFF WHEN YOUR NEGATIVE CRAP LEAVES THE WEB SO WILL THEIRS.” One, all caps. Trying to hide writing style. Two, intentional bad grammar. Again, trying to planning on writing, hide writing style. Who could this be?
How ever will I know what to remove? I’ve only posted negative yet totally honest things about Eric Shupps and Amanda Lollar. Those are the two who currently have posted negative things about me. I made this offer to ubc doctoral thesis, Shupps earlier but he refused. Instead he posted more crap about me. Is this because the Judge signed the planning court order ordering WordPress to give me the identities of the two WordPress bloggers who are most likely Shupps and romeo love Lollar. Planning. How extremely childish. At least they admit they caused financial damages. August 22, 2012: Amanda Lollar is still posting juvenile nasty comments about me on her websites/blogs. She is extremely concerned with my physical appearance. I’m starting to think she may be a lesbian.
She did tell me that she can’t wait to custom writings, get rid of her husband Larry. She said after she divorces him she has no desire to planning an essay on writing, be with a man again. These posts and comments are really going to make her look horrible in trial. I never made any comments about her looks. I only school, care about her actions toward animals. August 20, 2012: Just filed Defendant’s Motion to Reconsider Recusal of Judge William Brigham and sanctions. Here is the planning an essay filing. I believe I am legally entitled to sodium and acid coursework, recuse and disqualify Judge Brigham.
I also filed motion for on writing, telephonic hearing if it’s an thiosulphate option. August 18, 2012: Got back from Texas last night. I lost my motion to recuse on technicalities. Plaintiffs lost their motion for sanctions because my motion was not groundless. Judge Jeffrey Walker overall was fine. I still believe I was in the right with my motion. On Writing. It was timely. There isn’t even a hearing date for custom writings, my motion for new trial, objections to court order. I most certainly filed my motion to recuse at least ten days before that hearing date. Randy Turner again tried to say that I wrote, posted some items which I most certainly did not. I couldn’t verify it in the court room but I did just now.
Before court I went to planning an essay on writing, the clerk’s office to look at example the docket and filings online. 206 filings in this silly little meritless case.Here it is. Randy Turner obviously was trying to paper me to planning on writing, death. In trial he said he’s never spent (wasted?) more time on a case ever. I personally have never sued anyone if I didn’t think I could get something out of it. Of Duty Essay Paper. That would be stupid.
I believe Randy Turner continued with this meritless case out of stubbornness, ego and an essay spite. August 14, 2012: Someone is posting a lot of apush essay example blog entries as “Randy Turner Fort Worth Attorney” on random articles. I think Randy Turner gave more money to Reputation Defender. He is wasting his money. This will not help the search engine results for his name. He should make RD give him back all of his money. They haven’t helped his reputation at planning an essay all. August 10, 2012: I filed my response to Plaintiffs’ Motion for Rule 13 sanctions and response to my motion to recuse Judge William Brigham.
It’s here. Texas attorney Randy Turner’s filing was riddled with mistakes, errors and huge lies. Because he’s done this repeatedly, I don’t believe it’s a mistake. I believe he is and acid coursework, intentionally lying to the court. He most certainly did that in an essay, the trial. He told the essay in my Judge I admitted to posting something in my deposition. I did not post that. I didn’t admit to posting it. Planning. It was written by an anon person.
Then Randy Turner cried crocodile tears. It’s bad enough when a woman does that but a man? Extremely pathetic and low. I’ve never met a more despicable attorney in my life, and I’ve met a lot of essay paper lawyers. An Essay. The post in question merely stated he was unethical which he is. We have a hearing this Friday. August 2, 2012: Attorney Randy Turner just filed a crazy response to my motion to recuse and for Rule 13 sanctions. Again, he does not let facts stand in his way.
I did not add Eric Shupps to my Federal lawsuit. I don’t have the subpoena response to custom discount, that item yet. I would be suing Shupps because of his behavior after the trial. He is libeling me on the Internet as a private individual. They also sent veiled threats against an essay on writing me and my volunteers. I did add Dottie Hyatt to my Federal lawsuit. Example. I added her because she’s on the board of directors. An Essay On Writing. I was going to add her from the beginning and ubc doctoral thesis I told her as such. On Writing. I didn’t add her because she was a witness in the Texas lawsuit. That’s absurd.
I had to add the essay in my board of directors because it seems their DO Insurance was dropped. Planning On Writing. I need to go after them personally for apush essay example, my damages. The temporary injunction is now void as the trial is over. I can post those items if I like though I have not done so. Planning An Essay. A last note. Sodium Thiosulphate And Acid. The court of appeals sent me a letter saying that the on writing court order has not yet been signed. They can’t accept the case until the court order is signed. I will call them tomorrow to verify. I also got a copy of the love Judge’s letter saying he won’t recuse himself voluntarily. Here it is.What’s this “Dear Jeff” stuff? Not even trying to hide how well they know each other.
August 1, 2012: I just emailed most of the planning an essay on writing users I received from my subpoena. I’m giving them two days to remove their blogs and call comments. Planning. If they don’t, I add them to thiosulphate and acid coursework, the lawsuit. On Writing. Most of the users were Amanda Lollar and Rebecca Dmytryk. Obviously I will still be suing these two. July 31, 2012: Here is a sampling of Amanda Lollar talking to herself about romeo and juliet essay me in a few user names on an essay on writing, her YouTube channel. Talk about childish. How embarrassing.
No wonder she fought the subpoenas. BWSvMC: Repeating what KerryKessler posted: The symptoms of psychopathy include: lack of a conscience or sense of guilt, lack of empathy, egocentricity, pathological lying, repeated violations of social norms, disregard for the law, shallow emotions, and a history of victimizing others. Psychopaths cannot understand the emotional value people attach to certain words, only their? dictionary definition, thus their attempt? to use emotional words leads to call of duty, consequential clumsiness. On Writing. -Hare, R. Sodium. (1999). Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of Psychopaths Among Us. MsJryan72: Mary looks toxic! Wow what an evil human being? she is. Bottom is a long way down for planning on writing, her!!
Clara24CA: Oh, did I mention that it looks like her hair is doing everything it can to sodium, depart her wrinkling head? I’ve looked better the? morning after a sorority initiation.(Amanda didn’t even finish high school let alone attend college) Clara24CA: I’ve only watched 5 videos so far and I can CLEARLY tell this woman in insane. Planning An Essay On Writing. Who the hell, qualified to scratch their nose in the field, doesn’t know that Iso (Isoflurane) is perfectly legal for civilian use almost everywhere EXCEPT California? And beat me with a judge’s gavel, but who the hell receives a certificate of being an “expert” in anything? Einstein never received such a document, Dr. Ubc Doctoral Thesis. Stephen Hawking – to my knowledge – has never received such a document, nor any other individual, scholar or otherwise. I’ve seen Ms. Scummin’s (sorry typo) resume’ and if I laughed any harder? I’d be stuffing organs back up through my privates. Planning. She has absolutely NO room to be slapping anyone about education, in my opinion. Thiosulphate And Acid Coursework. WHAT A MORON!”
Talk about planning childish attacks on me personally. Amanda Lollar seems to be very into looks. She really has a chip on her shoulder because she didn’t even finish high school. And why is she talking about ubc doctoral her privates? That’s disgusting.
July 30, 2012: The identities of the John Does who’ve been libeling me are … Amanda Lollar, Rebecca Dmytryk and a few more. Mainly it’s bat lady and her friend Dmytryk. The data also proves they pre-dated the posts to appear to be out of statute of limitations. They aren’t. Amanda Lollar pretended to be a 24 year old girl named Clara from on writing California who works with Bat Conservation. Ubc Doctoral Thesis. She also pretended to planning on writing, be Ms J Ryan born in 1972. Nope, just a 56 year old woman in and acid, Mineral Wells, Texas commenting to an essay on writing, herself.
She sure had some nasty and custom defamatory things to say about me. Lollar was literally having conversations with herself. Just got an updated Fish Wildlife response. Bat World has a FW permit for the flying fox but they lied on their application. They said Denise Tomlinson who lives in Florida will be in charge of care of the bat.
She lives in Florida. Bat is in Texas. Bat World also said ONLY personnel go into the fruit bat cage. How di Randy Turner end up in there? He’s not trained personnel, doesn’t even have his pre-exposure shots. July 26, 2012: Judge Jeff Walker will be hearing my motion to recuse Judge William Brigham. I believe if Brigham is recused, that means the order, because it was never signed, must be thrown out. A new Judge can’t sign the order because he didn’t hear the case. Planning An Essay On Writing. A new trial with a new judge would be in order. Back to Texas. Romeo Essay. My friends at the ACLU stated that Randy Turner and Amanda Lollar should have waited for the order to be signed before releasing news.
July 24, 2012: Just spoke with court coordinator. Judge William Brigham has not signed an order. He received my motion to planning, recuse him which is why he did not sign the order. He wrote a letter to Administrative Judge Jeff Walker stating he will not recuse himself voluntarily, I think. I am now awaiting Judge Jeff Walker to set the hearing for motion to recuse Judge William Brigham. Judge Jeff Walker is supposedly the one who appointed Judge William Brigham to essay, oversee my trial for “judicial” reasons, whatever that means. Just won my hearing on motion to planning an essay, compel Google to reply to subpoena.
They will give me the John Does. July 22, 2012: I forgot to post this a while ago. Ubc Doctoral. A complaint was filed against attorney Randy Turner. Not by me. I’ll be filing one later. Randy Turner admitted this in email.
May 17, 2011: “The only planning an essay, other grievance filed against me in my career was by a defendant I sued in a pro bono animal case.” I’m not the only one complaining about Randy Turner. July 17, 2012: Judge gave his oral order June 14, 2012. Still no signed order. I haven’t received a notice of hearing on my motion for new trial and objections to court order or my motion to ubc doctoral, recuse Judge William Brigham. I will go through more of the items from the proposed court order. They are all the TRUTH. I will also call the court today to an essay on writing, see what is happening. Bat World admits on their facebook page they’re making money off benefit wines. Larry Crittenden posted this comment “Larry Crittenden: Doing my best to help [hic], it’s for the bats, you know. Romeo Love Essay. ;)” This is actually sad. When I was in the kitchen around midnight with Amanda Lollar washing up after feeding babies Larry Crittenden came downstairs from the planning bedroom with a bottle of red wine that was open. He then put the corked bottle of RED wine into the FREEZER.
One, you don’t chill red wine. Apush. True connoisseurs don’t even chill white wine. Two, if you chill any wine, you put it in the frig. If you put a corked bottle of wine into an essay the freezer it will either burst or spill out and freeze. Writings. He must have been drunk to accidentally put it in the freezer. Amanda Lollar gave him a strange look when he did it. She said he drinks too much.
Then I told her he can’t put a corked bottle in the freezer. She put it in the frig. Amanda Lollar herself also drinks but just beer. I’d see her drink 2-3 beers a night while feeding the unreleasable bats while watching movies. Sad lives to drink too much. I am going to go statement by statement from the on writing order to show that what I posted was 100% the truth. Discount. Here is the first statement, ******* Yes, they do. Amanda Lollar admitted this in an essay, the trial, at hearings, in her deposition and in the following documents, even her own book and website.
Here is proof that I told the call paper truth. July 14, 2012: Went through my trial notes. When Judge William Brigham came into the court room he said paraphrased “I have been assigned this case by District Judge Jeff Walker. There are judicial reasons for me to hear this case.” I know Judge Bonnie Sudderth did not want to an essay, rule on another Judge’s ruling. I know that Randy Turner wanted Judge William Brigham to hear this case because they have a “relationship.” District Judge Jeff Walker will be the one who reads my motion to recuse. This may not go too well.
I think it was Texas politics at play. My Texas relatives warned me. Two days ago I saw a case summary of my case on Judge Bonnie Sudderth’s personal website. It was not accurate. This is essay in my school, not Judge Bonnie Sudderth’s fault because she didn’t preside over the trial. I realize her intern was there during the trial but he didn’t see the exhibits and was not the Judge.
I feel if Judge Bonnie Sudderth had presided over planning, the case and there were no Texas politics, the outcome and case summary would have been very different. Essay Example. I asked Judge Sudderth to either edit or remove the case summary because it was not accurate. On Writing. Again, there was no proof of any silly “Google bombs” because they are impossible and I didn’t even try to do that. I only call of duty essay paper, do legal and proper SEO. Judge Sudderth kindly removed the case summary.
July 13, 2012: UPDATE: Just figured out how to get a new Judge. Just filed motion to recuse Judge William Brigham as the Judge in my case. Here is the filing. Here is planning on writing, a more legible version.I should have been given notice that Judge William Brigham would be the judge for the trial at custom writings least ten days before the an essay trial started. I was not given notice. I would have objected for obvious reasons if I’d been given notice. Romeo And Juliet Love. Made a typo. An Essay. Had to of duty essay, file a notice of errata here. I accidentally typed “motion to rescue” instead of “motion to recuse.” I do more rescuing than I do recusing.
Just found out that Judge William Brigham is still handling my case. An Essay On Writing. That means he will read my motion for new trial, objections to judgment and ubc doctoral notice of appeal. This makes no sense. There is a MAJOR conflict of interest with Randy Turner and Judge William Brigham. Need to figure out how to get a new Judge.
Just saw Bat World Sanctuary’s 990 form from the IRS for 2010. Here it is. This shows that Amanda Lollar lied in court to the Judge. She had more revenue than she claimed on the chart she made. I also see that Leslie Sturges and Kate Rugroden are listed as board members. Planning An Essay On Writing. I will be adding them to my California case. Nice to have everyone’s addresses here.
I already added the other board members last week. I contacted Sturges and of duty paper she told me she was no longer on the board. Planning On Writing. That’s not what this 990 says. Example. She was a board member when I was injured. Take a look at an essay on writing the $25,000 cash she had at the end of discount 2010. When I was there she said she was so broke she was going to have to shut down Bat World. Why would she shut down her money maker? Bat World pays her rent.
Another interesting thing is the supposed amount of money she spent to rehab a few bats. She took in 422 bats and released 234 bats at a cost of $128,000. Planning An Essay On Writing. That’s $547 per call of duty released bat or $303 for each bat she took in. I don’t think that’s real. Plus, that would be a live release rate of 55% which would be horrible.
Mine is around 90% live release. I took in $2,500 in 2005 and rescued 1,300 animals or $2/animal. My animals are bigger, eat more food, must be housed separately. I did get some food donations but still. Plus how did she spend $19,000 educating people about bats? You take some bats to a school and talk for an hour or so. Not only that but they get paid for the presentations. This tax return was signed 12/11. Planning An Essay. That means they were late. More interesting things about sodium thiosulphate coursework this tax return. Here is her exhibit which she gave to the Judge about her finances.
Mine is also in here. My chart shows the an essay revenue based on her bank statements. It looks like she just made her’s up out of thin air. Here it is.I showed mine to the Judge and thiosulphate and acid coursework attached all of the actual bank statements. Planning On Writing. They were accepted as an exhibit. Lollar just handed this one page chart with no underlying documents. Thiosulphate. In order to prove defamation you must show financial damages, same with breach of contract. There were no damages. Texas, probably the most unjust state in the US.
I really thought CA or NY would be more corrupt but I’m obviously wrong. As per her chart which she presented to the Judge as BWS revenue 2007 $135,051, 2008 $124,848, 2009 $144,543, 2010 $132,775, 2011 $72,289. As per the summary of her financial documents which I am allowed to share 2010 $93,198, 2011 $170,891. On Writing. She manipulated these numbers to make it seem that her 2010 income was higher and 2011 income was lower. Her 2011 income was more than double what she showed the Judge. As per her IRS form 2006 $110,000, 2007 $154,119, 2008 $130,610, 2009 $149,703, 2010 $145,348. All three of apush example these reports are very different. I believe that means they are not true. I’ll get ahold of her 2011 990 form. July 12, 2012: More perjury by Amanda Lollar? In her deposition I asked her if B.A.T.S. owned the building at planning on writing 115 N.E.
1st St. She said “no, Bat World owned the apush example building.” B.A.T.S. transferred the building to an essay, Bat World right before she sold it this year. In court Amanda Lollar said she only sold the bottom half of the building. She sold the entire building. Such bold faced lies and for absolutely no reason. Activity in essay paper, Yahoo group WorldBatLine has decreased over the years. This happened before I ever went to Bat World.Here is the proof.
Amanda Lollar admitted in trial she had no proof that I caused any damages or anything at Bat World. She also admitted she had no proof of financial damages. More proof that the Judge did not rule according to planning an essay on writing, the facts and evidence presented at trial. You must show damages and causation for both defamation and essay in my school breach of an essay contract. July 10, 2012: Someone just told me what Microsoft Certified means. It means someone paid Microsoft $150 to take a 90 minute test about Microsoft products. It doesn’t mean they were trained or worked at Microsoft.
Sounds like a great racket almost like EST or Summit. There are many different tests you can take at thesis different levels. Some offer cheat sheets. I mention this because that looks like the only “training” Eric Shupps has. I bet I could easily become certified in some Microsoft products.
Last week I asked Eric Shupps @eshupps of BinaryWave SharePoint to planning an essay on writing, stop libeling me. I said I’d stop responding with the truth if he would stop libeling me. I did not Google bomb. I did not write the custom writings articles. He continued to planning, libel me.
I then emailed him again telling him that I’m sending subpoenas out for the identities of the Twitter, WordPress accounts. He Tweeted that he would not speak to me in email. He would only in my, communicate with me publicly on Twitter. I tweeted the same to planning, him on public Twitter as he requested. His reply was “did you write this?” Eric Shupps is all hat and in my school no cattle. I will continue to post the planning truth every time he libels me. I will be adding him to my defamation lawsuit. What he said in court was protected but what he said outside of court is not. This is love, very interesting. This Twitter account is related to planning an essay on writing, ones that are libeling me.
It is Kelly Bozeman’s Twitter account. Custom Writings Discount. She is the planning on writing paralegal for attorney Randy Turner. Kelly Bozeman’s twitter account. Essay. Looks like she’s just a paralegal part time. Her business card and phone number are in there. Randy Turner defamed me and an essay now it looks like his assistant is probably also defaming me via Twitter user Daisy Peachtree @peachtreedaisy. I just won my motion to extend discovery and add parties. Essay. I will be sending out subpoenas to get the identities of the planning an essay on writing people libeling me. I can add them to my CA Federal defamation lawsuit against Amanda Lollar and Bat World Sanctuary.
I believe Lollar et al were defaming me like crazy this week thinking I would not be able to send subpoenas to get the identities or add others to the lawsuit. “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” I saw what you Tweeted. Amanda Lollar, Eric Shupps and ubc doctoral friends. Think wisely before you act. Planning An Essay. If you show up at my volunteers’ homes, they have been instructed to call the police immediately. If you post their addresses, I will post yours. I offered a truce last week and sodium instead you continue to harass me. Just to give people an idea about Amanda Lollar’s friends I may post the criminal rap sheet and planning an essay mug shot of her female LA attorney friend. Amanda Lollar stated in custom writings discount, court she is working with this person.
Amanda Lollar also admitted to working with Rebecca Dmytryk. Dmytryk who was kicked off the oil spill team also went bankrupt. She was then sued for bankruptcy fraud and lost. Because of planning an essay on writing her behavior the California Wildlife Center had to get a restraining order against her. I think the order is linked below. Both of these women have histories of custom physical violence. These are Amanda Lollar’s friends. I just filed a notice of appeal.I filed a motion for new trial June 18, 2012. Planning On Writing. I had to file within 30 days of the end of trial which I did.
I must file my appeal within 90 days of the end of trial or September 14, 2012. I still have not received the Judge’s signed order. July 9, 2012: Legally I can’t sue witness Eric Shupps for any libel or defamation he said in custom writings, court. I can try to an essay, get the court to go after him for perjury. He knew the software did not and could not show the true author yet he said I authored the articles. He knew it was possible for people to take pdfs, photos, copy/paste text from my website and post them elsewhere yet he said I did that. He also lied and said that an apush essay article was posted 40 minutes after it was on planning an essay, my website. Sodium Thiosulphate Coursework. There’s no way anyone can ever know the exact minute I posted something on my website. Plus, he is planning, wrong. I only saw the Indybay articles for the first time when a Google bot alerted me to them after they were posted. I can however sue him for libel, defamation, slander that he said outside of the courtroom.
That would be his recent tweets. That would also be the items he put on Amanda Lollar’s website about Google bombs. That was not part of court testimony. Those items are untrue defamation. They also do not prove that I set off a “Google bomb.” Google bombs are impossible today.
Oddly enough Eric Shupps and Amanda Lollar are trying to romeo and juliet, set off a Google bomb on Twitter. They are just spamming. Amanda Lollar has publicly shared a copy of my driver’s license. On Writing. I have not shared her driver’s license. So far these people have libeled, threatened and harassed me. I have not returned the custom writings discount favor. Perhaps I should. One good thing is planning, that Lollar and friends think that I can’t add them or any new libel to my lawsuit. Essay. For this reason they are being totally reckless and an essay crazy.
I’ve copied all of call essay paper it. They are wrong in their assumption. July 8, 2012: Soon I will start posting a ton of on writing videos of Amanda Lollar’s deposition. She thinks it’s fine to post mine so I’m sure she be thankful if I return the favor. I will share such videographic gems as “where does it say that I CAN’T perform surgery? Where?” and paraphrased “I only call, finished the 9th grade” and “I learned everything from trial and error!” I finally viewed her entire deposition video. Planning On Writing. I will also be doing a “best of” attorney Randy Turner. I had no idea he was chewing his fingers, staring at me, patting his belly, staring at essay in my school me, laughing at a joke someone sent him via email… I’m amazed that he lied to an essay on writing, the newscaster and said the custom writings stills of him at my depo are him but the descriptions I wrote are “all lies!” Why would I lie about planning someone let alone a nasty attorney? Plus, you can clearly see him do these things in the video. Why would I lie about something that was videotaped?
This is kind of ironic. Had he settled in mediation he could have gotten most of these things removed forever. Instead he chooses to waste more of essay his time, money only to receive no money and all of the items and planning on writing then some stay online. Not very wise. The trial is over romeo, so the planning an essay temporary injunction is now void. I can repost the photos and videos. I will wait to see the final order before I do that. In the meantime I will post photos that weren’t in the preliminary order.
Some pics of Amanda Lollar performing surgery. Essay. She is giving the bat oxygen because it stopped breathing because she gave it too much anesthesia. Planning An Essay. She tried to suture the bat but ripped out the stitches. She ended up just putting some glue on the bat. Here Amanda Lollar is holding a bat which she told us most likely had rabies in her bare hand. The temporary injunction said I couldn’t post the video. It didn’t say anything about call of duty paper stills. *** Here she is pinching and pulling the planning on writing head of a baby bat with her finger nails. Later you would see some blood there.
Baby died though it was born pink. Amanda Lollar is pulling the romeo essay baby by its head. Planning On Writing. Makes you wonder why it died. She said “she’s going to prolapse” at ubc doctoral thesis this exact frame. Amanda Lollar is pulling the baby and the umbilicus. The placenta is still attached to planning, the uterine wall here as you can see by the tight cord. You can see the vagina inverting.
It is pink. The placenta is dark red and still attached. That would mean the uterus was being pulled down through the vagina. Call. The mom is kicking and screaming. You see her convulse then she passed out, thank god.
In Lollar’s book she says never pull the umbilicus yet she pulled it. I think she meant to planning on writing, cut it with her fingernail but she forgot she was wearing gloves for once. You should never pull the cord because you can cause uterine inversion, prolapse. I will do a more detailed break down still by still. She said “the opening is essay, too big” at this frame. The entire video is available online. July 6, 2012: Just received a letter from attorney Randy Turner of Bailey Galyen. An Essay. I’d noted below that he sent a letter with the judgment directly to Judge William Brigham’s home address. Yes, he blacked out the address but he blacked it out character for character. I noticed that it was the same length as the Judge’s home address.
Judge William Brigham called up Randy Turner’s office and told them to send the letter to the court instead of his house as he doesn’t conduct business at home. Thesis. Here’s the letter. Judge’s home address is not in it. I still wonder why they even had his home address. Kelly Bozeman said she didn’t know where to on writing, send the letter because Judge William Brigham was a visiting Judge. William Brigham retired in 1999 and has been a visiting Judge since that time. That means they haven’t had a case before him before as a visiting Judge. I assume that means they had his home address because Randy Turner is friends with the Judge. Essay Example. Turner did tell me that he’s known this Judge for years.
Good ole boys? July 4, 2012: Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary continues to buy domain names in her quest to libel and defame me. She is buying domain names with my name in them and Randy Turner’s name. She still can’t get the planning an essay on writing domain names to discount, pull up in planning an essay on writing, the search results she wants. She’s wasting a ton of money buying all those names.
It is at thesis least great evidence for my defamation case against her. July 2, 2012: Here is Eric Shupps resume, curriculum vitae. Planning An Essay. Just as I remembered, no education. Sodium Thiosulphate And Acid. A note. MVPs are volunteers. Planning An Essay On Writing. They don’t work for Microsoft.
They give “Most Valuable Professional” designation to people who promote their products as volunteers. I do beta testing for some software and I am also an essay in my school MVP. Planning. It doesn’t mean much. Of Duty Paper. Based on his resume he has jumped around from one job to the next for planning an essay on writing, many years. Not very stable. I also noted that he started working in 1985. He was born 11-4-1971. That means he started working at coursework 14.
Sounds like another possible high school drop out. That would explain all the grammatical errors in his resume and the fact that he tries to sound “educated.” Is it common to on writing, drop out of high school in Texas? It is very, very uncommon where I live. Essay. Lollar is the first person I’ve known who dropped out of high school. Just read through Eric Shupps of BinaryWave trial transcript.
Here is my cross examination of Eric Shupps of BinaryWave, Sharepoint. The minutes make him look really bad. He comes across as totally crazy. I’m amazed he’d allow Amanda Lollar to post them. It is extremely clear he does not know what he is planning an essay, talking about. He admits he’s not an sodium and acid coursework expert. He admits he’s never used the software before for a client. He also comes across as a want-to-appear-to-be-a-know-it-all. He uses basic words incorrectly. I think he’s trying to appear “learned” by an essay, using bigger words but he doesn’t know the meaning, such as “Google bomb.” I think he has a chip on his shoulder because he didn’t go to college, just like Amanda Lollar. Randy Turner, Amanda Lollar, Eric Shupps.
Three very similar ego-centric people. The perfect storm. Essay School. PS, Turner did go to college and law school. I’m not saying he is planning an essay on writing, not educated. He just has a similar personality to thiosulphate and acid, the other two. Some of the trial transcript of my cross-examination of Eric Shupps of BinaryWave. Eric Shupps: I’m sorry, Your Honor. I don’t know if I’m allowed to an essay, ask questions. Judge William Brigham: You’re not. You’re to respond to the questions Ms. Cummins asks you.
(BY MS. CUMMINS) Have you ever been an romeo love essay expert witness in deposition for authorship? Q. Have you ever been an expert witness for authorship before? Q. So this is your first time? Eric Shupps: Yes. Q. Well, then let me ask you a question: If you were to give this software program the possible authors of Groucho, Chico, and Harpo Marx and then you gave it a copy of Moby Dick, and asked them which Marx Brothers wrote of the Marx Brothers wrote it, would it have to pick one of the Marx brothers? Eric Shupps: Yes, it would.
That’s what closed class attribution is an essay on writing, all about. Q. So you just stated that you’re not an expert? Eric Shupps: I believe I have maintained that all along. Custom Writings Discount. Yes. Q. Do you realize that this software is planning an essay, a beta software?
Eric Shupps: Of course, yes. Q. Again, do you have some physical proof or evidence that can prove beyond a shadow of a doubt that I absolutely wrote and posted those articles on Indybay? Eric Shupps: There is no evidence that would exist to apush, that. Q. A few last questions. You stated earlier that this is the first time you’ve been an expert witness in of law, correct? Eric Shupps: Correct. Q. How many other times have you done authorship analysis of planning an essay online content? How many other reports have you done for clients for pay?
Eric Shupps: For clients for pay. None. Q. So this is the of duty essay paper first time you’ve done one of these for planning on writing, a client, and it’s the custom first time you’ve been an expert witness in court, correct? Eric Shupps: That is correct. Q. An Essay On Writing. And just so we’re clear, are you 100 percent certain that I wrote all of the blogs in Animal Advocates that you used that you attributed to me? Q. Okay. And Juliet Love. So you — have you ever heard of the term garbage in, garbage out? Eric Shupps: I’m very familiar with that term.
For the on writing life of romeo me I don’t know what possessed Eric Shupps to agree to be an “authorship” expert in this case. An Essay. He is clearly not an authorship expert. He’s probably an apush example expert on planning on writing, Sharepoint software, beer and whiskey. He’s also never testified in deposition or court before. This is the first time he used this free beta software for a client. Even the author of the software said it should not be used to determine authorship or used in of duty paper, a court of an essay on writing law. I’m also shocked that attorney Randy Turner would put this guy on thesis, the stand. He didn’t help his case.
When the Judge read the an essay on writing verdict he only mentioned the handwriting expert, not Eric Shupps. School. I am not shocked that Amanda Lollar is now posting all over the Internet that Eric Shupps is an “expert” who “helped” her case. Planning An Essay. Clueless. She is just showing the world that she had no case. I googled for of duty essay, five minutes today. Planning An Essay. Others have called him out about being an insecure jerk. In one crazy exchange he asks someone if the new SharePoint has a plethora of new amenities. The guy says ya. Then Eric Shupps grills him on the definition of “plethora.” Juvenile. I think Shupps was just jealous that he didn’t get to check the new software out first.
This reminds me of sodium and acid coursework Amanda Lollar intentionally using the latin names of common bats instead of the regular name. She thinks it makes her look “smart.” I also saw that he just got a business loan for BinaryWave from planning Lighter Capital. Don’t they realize that Eric Shupps went bankrupt? He declared BinaryWave to be worth nothing. He defaulted on a previous business loan. Why would anyone loan him money?
When I first looked at Eric Shupps @eshupps #sharepoint Twitter email mvp of BinaryWave’s resume and website I felt something fishy. It seemed really fake. When I met him in essay, court my feelings were confirmed. Planning On Writing. Okay, first I incorrectly thought he was my process server so I said “hello.” Did not recognize him without the jeans, belt and cowboy hat. Anyway in and juliet love, court he basically just bullshitted about “Google bombs” when he didn’t even know the basic definition. He also bullshitted about the authorship software. His presentation was laughable yet he kept insisting. My gut feeling was correct. I ran one records check and found a recent bankruptcy filing. Here it is, a public document. His SS# is not listed.He ran up a bunch of credit cards, bought two trucks with loans, had a big loan on his little house, has an ex-wife, owes her child support, has a current wife, has two kids and is only 40.
He admits in his filing that his company BinaryWave is worthless. He admits he barely makes any money, definitely not enough to planning an essay, support his “lifestyle” of school fine beer and whiskey and traveling abroad. That explains his behavior in court. He acted like he knew that I knew he was a fraud. So many frauds. Planning. Bat experts, IT experts… Eric Shupps stated that he had to take care of his dad who was dying of cancer. That doesn’t jive with the bankruptcy docs or his Facebook page.
He filed for BK October 2010. In My School. His dad died January 2012. Plus, you don’t vacation around the world when your dad is dying. An Essay On Writing. I didn’t leave town at all when I took care of writings my grandmother. I only see a small medical bill for a child in the docs. Story teller just like his clients. How do these people live with themselves with all the stories they tell? I’m trying to figure out on writing, how to get the courts to go after someone for perjury.
Donations were not down at Bat World as Lollar stated. They were way up. Lollar even made a fake chart for the Judge. Judge William Brigham has not sent his final judgment to the court as of today. He probably received it June 26. It should only take a day to mail it. Perhaps he is rewriting it so it doesn’t include prior restraint and third party writings. I sued Amanda Lollar and Bat World Sanctuary for my personal injury claim June 2012. They did not respond so I filed a request for default. I emailed their Los Angeles attorney twice about the case and no response. He responded today to say that he is not representing Lollar or Bat World.
The attorney representing them is not with Chubb. I don’t know this for certain but it sounds like Bat World lost their insurance. I don’t blame Chubb. Essay School. If they had any idea what they were doing at Bat World, they never would have insured them. Planning An Essay On Writing. I have EO insurance for my license. If I don’t renew in time or don’t renew, it does not cover me for past losses. Maybe that is of duty essay, what happened? She was denied a renewal and lost previous coverage. Lollar now has what I believe is a young attorney who passed the bar 12/2009. He works out of a 600 sq.ft. studio condo in Westwood. He doesn’t work for a firm.
June 29, 2012: Just received a copy of the proposed court order. This proves that the case was meritless. It also proves that the Judge did not read the exhibits. In court Judge Brigham ordered me to remove items in Exhibits 17 and 18. Exhibit 18 was items written and posted by others on websites I don’t control.
This proposed order does not have one word from an essay on writing Exhibit 18. On top of paper this every item they want removed is the truth. Planning An Essay On Writing. There are 46 items, all are the truth. Most are not even statements of fact. Writings. Some are personal opinion. A few items have nothing to do with Plaintiffs. Most were written by planning, Lollar herself or government agencies.
Here it is. It is thiosulphate and acid coursework, unconstitutional as it contains prior restraint. They cannot force me not to post something in the future. It is also overly broad and against third parties. They cannot force me to remove items written by planning on writing, others. They want the rabies report against discount Bat World removed. That was written by a government agency in 1999, over ten years before I knew her.
She wants to hide all the negative things people have said about her over the past 18 years. Planning An Essay On Writing. She wants me to remove her 1994 manual where she recommends freezing bats to death which is inhumane. She believes her own manual is “defamation.” SHE wrote it! She wants me to remove this “***.” Lollar wrote this in a court document, “Defendant has made it impossible for Plaintiffs to thiosulphate and acid, remain in Mineral Wells because of her rampage of planning an essay on writing complaints to the city and health dept.” Lollar also wrote that she is leaving Mineral Wells because she can’t be bothered with all the complaints against and juliet essay her. I posted her letter to the city. In court she said three people have been complaining about her for years. She wants me to planning an essay, remove this *** Lollar brags about having a captive breeding colony. She posts their genealogy in her book and online. The warden stated she is letting the bats breed in writing.
Those are the two main topics she wants removed. Both are the absolute truth. Here’s another *** Yes, she is. Ubc Doctoral Thesis. Her bats have tested positive for rabies. She is not checking people’s cards. She admitted this in court. An Essay On Writing. She tried to blame Kate Rugroden for romeo, that saying it was her job.
Another ***There are photos of her with dirty nails. She does not wear surgical gear to perform surgery. I posted photos and videos. I was comparing her to my vet who always dons proper sterile surgical attire. Another “***.” True.
Bat experts have stated in books that her method is inhumane. The bats suffocate to an essay on writing, death because the Iso is not mixed with oxygen in a nebulizer. Iso can only be used legally with a nebulizer. It is not safe to administer without a nebulizer and and juliet love mask. Another “***.” I posted video of her holding a bat she stated probably has rabies in her bare hand.
One more, “***.” I’m talking about attorney Randy Turner. The veterinary board is the one who told me Lollar was committing animal cruelty. Again, the truth. It’s also odd that Turner sent this proposed order to the home address of the Judge. On Writing. Ya, they’re not “friends.” Judge is in Burleson, Texas which is public info.
Judge Brigham has been retired since 1999. Apush. It appears that he doesn’t use computers or the Internet. I just received a copy of an email which Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary sent to members of the public. What she wrote is libel and defamation which I will be adding to my lawsuit against her which I filed in California Federal court. Here is my response. I did not leave after a few days but after ten days.
I was not disgruntled. On Writing. I was disgusted by of duty essay, what I saw. I saw her possessing and giving rabies vaccinations to bats. I witnessed her trying to perform surgery on bats. I saw bats in planning an essay on writing, pain and agony who later died. The agencies did NOT find the complaints to be without merit. Health dept gave her instructions to sodium thiosulphate and acid coursework, follow which she has not followed. She told the planning an essay USDA that only her vet would do open cavity surgeries from custom discount now on. She had even more problems with the health dept.
More complaints were filed so she decided to leave town. She sold her building at 115 N.E. 1st St. An Essay On Writing. January 2012. As per city communication the new owner gutted it and put her personal belongings on the street.
As per custom Lollar in trial someone then reported that to the police. There were two video cameras in the room during my deposition. An Essay. The second half of the deposition recorded on call paper, the wide angle view camera was destroyed, lost, whatever. I had to planning an essay on writing, file motion to compel. Paper. They filed a protective order. Planning An Essay On Writing. Judge Bonnie Sudderth ordered them to custom, give me the video. Instantly Randy Turner said the second half was destroyed, deleted, whatever. They obviously destroyed the planning on writing evidence intentionally. If there was nothing on the video, why did they destroy it?
I have never Google bombed. It’s impossible to do that since 2007. Their expert Eric Shupps has no idea what he is talking about. Call Of Duty. See Wikipedia for planning an essay, Google bomb.Big difference between that and proper SEO. Lollar’s two vets were trained by romeo and juliet love essay, her. They don’t know any better.
Her vets don’t have any other bat training with true bat experts. Her one vet did not even know that it’s inhumane and planning an essay on writing illegal to freeze a bat to death. He admitted he hasn’t been successful pinning bat wings or using nebulizers with anesthesia. Other true trained bat vets have no problem doing this. Obviously, blind leading the blind. The one intern who testified is not a wildlife rehabilitator. That was her first experience with bats. Writings. She also doesn’t know any better. I have no history of victimizing people on the Internet. I go after stock criminals and people who abuse and neglect animals, such as Amanda Lollar.
I witnessed animal cruelty. The Texas Veterinary Board told me she committed animal cruelty. I found a dead one winged bat under her desk. It’d been dead for days. That is animal neglect. One of her pallid bats was extremely malnourished and shaking. I saw her giving rabies vaccination which is planning an essay on writing, a violation of the health code. I saw her trying to perform surgery on bats. Sodium Thiosulphate And Acid Coursework. Bats were dying. If it is rare for a Judge to planning an essay, read a verdict immediately after the end of trial, I believe it’s because the Judge was going to rule against me before I even uttered my first word in court.
Judge William Brigham also over saw the temporary injunction hearing May 4, 2011. Sodium And Acid. Randy Turner came up behind me and said paraphrased “I’ve known this Judge for years. Planning An Essay. He’ll sign whatever I put in call paper, front of him.” And he did. Judge William Brigham signed an an essay on writing overly broad temporary injunction which was void, unconstitutional, overly broad and of duty essay included prior restraint. I doubt he even read it before he signed it.
I saw him flip through the four pages in less than ten seconds. At the end of her email Amanda Lollar asks people to spam the search engines. Planning. She is asking people to spread her libel and defamation far and wide. The sites she links to include libel and defamation. I am currently suing her for libel and defamation in Federal court in ubc doctoral thesis, California. I will be adding these items to my suit. June 27, 2012: If anyone would like a zip file of my websites, just email me.
I’ll send you the link or the an essay on writing file. Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary and now Eric Shupps of Binarywave are libeling and defaming me. They are stating that I created a “Google Bomb” about Amanda Lollar, Bat World Sanctuary. Here is the true definition of a Google Bomb. “The terms Google bomb and Googlewashing refer to practices, such as creating large numbers of links, that cause a web page to have a high ranking for searches on unrelated or off topic keyword phrases, often for comical or satirical purposes. In contrast, search engine optimization is the practice of thesis improving the search engine listings of web pages for relevant search terms.” Big difference between Google Bombs which are now impossible due to algorithm changes and proper search engine optimization. Eric Shupps would know that if he were a true SEO expert. Obviously he is not.
Amanda Lollar on the other hand is trying to spam the search engines. An Essay. Fortunately she doesn’t know what she’s doing. Bat World and their other websites have cookies in them. June 20, 2012: I took a lot of love notes during the trial. Here are a few bits of information.
The following three people have been complaining about Amanda Lollar and Bat World Sanctuary for years. They are Mineral Wells City Councilmember Margaret Colton. Historical Society member Carolyn Hogg. Neighbor Sharlet Evans. Planning An Essay On Writing. I do not blame these people one bit for complaining. I’m just amazed the City backed down from taking action. Every time Lollar gets in call of duty essay, trouble she hires an Animal Rights attorney to help her. If people like a City Councilmember, Historical Society member and her neighbor are complaining, you know there is something very wrong. An Essay On Writing. I was not the only person complaining. More from the trial.
I showed Amanda Lollar the email she sent to the City stating that she’s sick of all the complaints against her. She’s moving. She did not mention me as the reason for moving but the complaints of others. I then showed her the and juliet email where they talk about gutting her building and removing her possessions. She said “they didn’t gut it.
There was newer carpeting in there.” I’m sure the carpeting smelled horrible and had to planning, be removed. Then she said “someone was supposed to come and take my items but the school new owner put my things on planning on writing, the sidewalk. Then someone called police about the items on the sidewalk.” Amanda Lollar should have added herself as a defendant in this defamation law suit. Her own words are worse than mine. I questioned Amanda Lollar about the call of duty essay paper many complaints about her over many years. Planning An Essay On Writing. She said some weren’t her fault. She put up some bat boxes and guano accumulated under them. She said it wasn’t her responsibility to clean them. The boxes were reported and romeo essay were removed.
In her website she talks about how the program was a success. Planning On Writing. No, it wasn’t. I believe 98% of what’s in her website is all make believe from the “successful” TNR colony to the “successful” bat boxes. I’ll be posting about portions of the trial. Amanda Lollar had three people state that she was doing a fine job with the sodium bats. They were her vet and two interns. One intern was also a vet. Both vets said that Amanda Lollar taught them all they know about an essay on writing bats. That means the apush essay example only things they know about bats came from planning an essay Amanda Lollar. Writings. Of course they will say she is doing a fine job. They don’t know any better.
They have not trained with true bat experts. The other intern is not even a rehabber. She also only knows what Amanda taught her. Lollar’s vet actually did not know that it’s inhumane and illegal to freeze a bat to death. He admitted he’s pinned bats’ wings before but things didn’t work out too well.
True bat experts can successfully pin bones. Planning An Essay On Writing. He admitted that he hasn’t had the best success using a nebulizer with anesthesia with bats. Bat experts don’t have a problem doing this. The other intern vet said she’d never done an episiotomy before. Then how would she know if it’s proper or not? Even then Lollar’s own book says don’t pull the call of duty paper umbilicus, cut too much or the bat could prolapse. Here’s an planning analogy.
A mother tells her three little kids that the earth is flat. A scientist with years of study tells the public that the earth is in fact round and the mother is thiosulphate, wrong. The mother brings her little kids who tell the public that the earth is flat. Does the testimony of the three little kids prove that the an essay on writing earth is actually flat and the mother is correct? No. The three little kids don’t know any better because the only thing they know about the earth is from their mother who is clueless.
I looked at the report from Plaintiffs’ handwriting expert again. She made three reports. The first two state the signature is only “probable,” not “strongly probable” or a positive identification. The one she brought to court has no statement at all. It is thesis, only her qualifications and copies of the signatures. She was not willing to put in writing that she thought the signature was mine. Planning An Essay. Why? I believe because she knows it’s not. Any lay person can just eyeball this and see the difference. Expert said because the signature on the contract is thiosulphate, smooth, that proves it’s not a forgery.
The problem with that is all of my known signatures are not smooth. Someone told me earlier that a handwriting expert will give you any result you want. An Essay On Writing. That definitely seems to romeo and juliet, be the an essay case. Someone just emailed me about apush essay example Amanda Lollar being nominated for the Animal Planet animal person of the year. An Essay. She basically nominated herself. She had Dottie Hyatt send in the nomination. She did not win. Is that really an ubc doctoral thesis honor when you nominate yourself and don’t win? I can only imagine what she wrote in her own nomination.
June 19, 2012: I filed subpoenas to planning an essay on writing, get info about Lollar. I have to file a notice of subpoena with her attorney. That gave him the heads up to and juliet essay, quash the subpoenas. Knowing that he would do this I also filed information act requests to on writing, get the of duty same info. The agencies complied. As per Fish Wildlife Services Amanda Lollar lied in her deposition about planning an essay on writing having a FWS permit for the Indian flying fox. They are an injurious species so you need a FWS permit to call of duty paper, comply with the Lacey Act. The government doesn’t want these bats to get loose and destroy crops.
Here is her import/export permit. It is not a permit to have a flying fox at Bat World. This is the only permit they could find for her. Is she possessing an planning injurious species without a proper Fish Wildlife permit? She would need a permit that complies with 50 CFR 16 the and juliet love essay Lacey Act to have an Indian flying fox.
Still from a news item. Mary Cummins of Animal Advocates Appealing Texas Court Ruling. Cummins reported Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary to an essay on writing, authorities for alleged animal cruelty and animal neglect. She posted her reports and public documents online and was in call essay, turn sued for defamation, Bat World Sanctuary v Mary Cummins case # 352-248169-10. Substitute Judge William Brigham ruled in planning, favor of Plaintiffs. Cummins is appealing this ruling. “Everything I stated about Amanda Lollar and sodium thiosulphate coursework Bat World Sanctuary is 100% the truth backed up with facts and physical evidence.” Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) June 19, 2012. Mary Cummins, a licensed wildlife rehabilitator in Los Angeles, California reported Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary in Mineral Wells, Texas for alleged animal cruelty, animal neglect and planning an essay health code violations. Cummins posted her findings on romeo love, her website AnimalAdvocates.us. In Cummins’ appeal she stated the items in question were results of Freedom of Information Act posted requests on her website.
She posted complaints and planning on writing reports made by others about Amanda Lollar and Bat World Sanctuary. Thiosulphate. *** Cummins also stated in an essay on writing, her appeal that she posted reports bat experts had made questioning Lollar’s procedures on her website. Lollar recommended freezing bats to death in her original manual which is inhumane according to the American Veterinary Medication Association Guidelines on Euthanasia. Judge William Brigham will soon sign an order to force Cummins to remove items from her website and others. Essay School. Judge Brigham stated in court “a permanent injunction on the items Plaintiffs’ 17 and 18.” The items in Exhibit 17 are the planning on writing results of writings information act requests. The order will also include Exhibit 18 which are items written by others posted on an essay on writing, websites owned by others who were not a party to the action. Cummins stated, “the order as stated would be overly broad. I am the only named defendant. As per Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 65 (d) the court cannot force me to remove items written by third parties on essay, websites I don’t control.
It’s ludicrous to think that I am being held liable for planning on writing, supposed defamation written and posted by others on other people’s websites.” Cummins has filed an appeal, alleging that the Plaintiffs did not show the thiosulphate and acid essential elements for a claim of defamation or breach of an essay on writing contract in court. Thesis. The appeal alleges there is a conflict of interest between Plaintiffs’ attorney Randy Turner of Bailey Galyen and Judge Brigham, and planning an essay that a new trial with a different Judge is in order. On June 18, 2012 Cummins filed a motion for romeo and juliet love essay, new trial and motion objecting to the court order. An Essay. Cummins intends to appeal the decision to the Second Court of Appeals of Texas. June 18, 2012: Just filed a Motion for new trial, objection to court order.
Amanda Lollar just sent out some press releases about the case. Example. Her releases are actually causing more traffic to this page and my other page. I’ve now been interviewed by quite a few freedom of speech people and animal lovers. I think this case will be making people take a closer look at Bat World Sanctuary. Just saw there was a video with the Channel 33 article. Here it is. Since when is reporting someone for animal abuse and posting about it a “digital smear campaign?” This is how they try to quiet whistleblowers. Notice video of the episiotomy is in this video. Planning On Writing. That is one of the videos Amanda Lollar doesn’t want anyone to see and now it’s public. Collage of romeo and juliet essay stills from the video. June 17, 2012: My website was hacked again.
They didn’t want me to notice so they merely deleted the complaints made by government agencies and individuals about an essay on writing Amanda Lollar. Also, they removed all comments on the Star Telegram article. In My School. People were posting some filthy untrue things about me. I’ve notified the newspaper that I will be sending a subpoena to get the identities of the posters so I can add them to planning, my California lawsuit. I’ve been interviewed by a couple of freedom of writings speech groups. An Essay. They are of course upset by the order. Writings. The order as stated would be overly broad and unenforceable. June 16, 2012: Just spoke with a freedom of planning on writing speech attorney. Thesis. If the Judge signs an order ordering me to an essay, remove other people’s blogs, posts, websites, it would be overly broad. “Injunctions may not be directed to non-parties in litigation.” In this instance some of the non-parties are anonymous. The ones that aren’t anonymous are in states other than Texas. Turner just didn’t want to have to sue the real people who wrote the articles.
The Judge also stated that Lollar was world renown. That makes her a public figure. Ubc Doctoral Thesis. Defamation would have to stand up to a higher standard. I believe Randy Turner lied to the judge and planning court. I believe that is perjury. Thiosulphate And Acid. I asked him if he went into the fruit bat enclosure. On Writing. First he said yes. After I asked him if he had his pre-exposure shots, he changed his story.
Then he said he just looked in from the ubc doctoral outside. That’s not what this photo shows. Here’s another copy for people not logged into Facebook or not friends with friends of his wife.. Planning An Essay. He’s in the enclosure touching a bat. He admitted he does not have his pre-exposure card.
Lollar cannot allow anyone in there with proof of vaccination. Fruit bats can also carry, get rabies. School. He’s not even wearing gloves. Planning On Writing. His wife posted this. Bigger photo here. I’ve just been told that he can be disbarred for committing perjury. I have saved the essay example time/date stamp of the photo and photo info. It looks like perjury to me. Perjury. An Essay On Writing. Definition. Custom Writings Discount. “The deliberate, willful giving of false, misleading, or incomplete testimony under oath,” “Criminal law, the offence committed by a witness in judicial proceedings who, having been lawfully sworn or having affirmed, wilfully gives false evidence,” “deliberate or willful uttering of untruths when under oath in a court or similar tribunal.” I believe attorney Randy Turner committed perjury.
He willfully lied under oath. First he admitted he was in the enclosures. After I asked him if he had shots, he changed his story so he wouldn’t get his client in trouble. He lied to the court. Planning On Writing. It was intentional. I responded to the Star Telegram article here. I asked the reporter to change two items which were untrue and libelous.
1. I was never accused or convicted of romeo love “cyberstalking.” I was sued for defamation and breach of contract only. Cyberstalking is a Federal crime. You just stated I committed a Federal crime. Please, remove that. 2. The videos were not “libelous.” Libel is defamation that is printed. It cannot be a video. I posted the videos. They speak for themselves. An Essay. Please rephrase it so it doesn’t seem that the videos were libelous.
The Judge never said that. Writings Discount. No one ever said that. 3. I did not and they never proved that I used “robots to game Google.” That is impossible. Google uses captcha. Robots can’t get beyond captcha.
See wikipedia. Their “expert” Shupps is planning an essay on writing, not an expert. He’s never been an expert in a court case before. 4. In court Plaintiff stated she gave human rabies vaccinations to humans. I asked her “so you gave the human rabies vaccination to thesis, Sarah Kennedy?” She said “Yes.” I never said she injected it into people. She does possess the human rabies vaccination which is illegal. Only Doctors, Nurses, Pharmacists and Veterinarians may buy, receive and possess it. 5. Ms. On Writing. Lollar never went to restaurants or movies before. She has always been a recluse. She never leaves her cave.
She told me because people in town have hated her since 1995. I invited her out to restaurants while I was there and and juliet essay she said no. I saw her in planning an essay on writing, court. Apush Essay Example. She has not lost any weight. She has no problem making huge lies. She was crying in court. Minutes later in an essay, the hallway she’s calling me names with a big smile on her face. She’s a total actor. 6. All complaints were not dismissed. The Texas health dept gave her a huge list of sodium thiosulphate coursework instructions that she must follow.
They told her to remove items on her website such as “bats don’t carry rabies.” Yes, they can carry rabies. It’s irresponsible to state they don’t carry rabies. An Essay. She was also instructed to have people wear gloves.She did not follow their orders as you can see from her photos and videos. 7. When Bat World was being investigated, I said “they are being investigated.” I dated every statement I made. The statement is discount, still on my website but it has a date of planning an essay when she was investigated. 8. The police report which I have did not state that the toddler stomped the bat. It’s not in the city report or animal control report either. Lollar made that up. The incident occurred directly next door to sodium and acid coursework, her wild sanctuary on 115 N.E. 1st St. The toddler was at on writing 113 N.E.
1st St. The report is in my website. That location is and acid coursework, two blocks from planning on writing Lollar’s other building but is next door to where her wild bats are located. Newspaper article http://www.animaladvocates.us/batWorldLawsuit/rabidbattoddlera.jpg Lollar hired a lawyer who then threatened to sue the City if they did not find the love essay report groundless. Here’s the planning an essay on writing letter http://www.animaladvocates.us/batWorldLawsuit/Bat_World_Sanctuary_Threatens_To_Sue_City_Of_Mineral_Wells.pdf. 9. I did not Google bomb. Check wiki. It’s been impossible to Google bomb since 2007. Ubc Doctoral. They changed the algorithm. 10.
Eric Shupps of Binary Wave is planning on writing, not an expert on authorship. He’s never testified as an expert in a trial or deposition. This was the and juliet love essay first time he used this free beta software JGAAP for a client. The author of the software stated it has limitations and should not be used in a court of law. Planning. The author stated it is a closed system.
You must give it the names of in my possible authors then it chooses the most likely. Planning An Essay. It does not identify the true author. It cannot be used with multiple authors for a document. Essay Example. The samples which they stated were samples of my writing were not 100% my writing. Some were other people’s articles, some included huge passages of quotes from on writing others. A few people edited my articles. Romeo Love Essay. Garbage in, garbage out.
11. On Writing. I stupidly told Turner that as soon as I got the video of my deposition I was going to turn my attorney in for nodding off and Turner for touching my hand. Example. Right after I said that, that portion of the video was destroyed. If nothing happened, why did they destroy the video? Judge ordered them to give me the video. Turner instantly responded with “well, a couple of an essay on writing hours of the romeo love essay second half of the planning wide angle view is missing.” Lollar’s husband took the video. Both videos were missing huge chunks. I had to paper, file a motion to planning on writing, compel, he filed a protective order. If nothing was on the video, why did he fight turning it over?
12. The video I posted of and juliet love essay Turner clearly shows him sleeping and staring inappropriately. An Essay On Writing. I sent you a link. I’m sitting to discount, the right of my video camera. You see him follow my crotch as I sit down. He would even stare inappropriately in planning on writing, court. Here’s an email I sent to him telling him to knock it off. http://www.animaladvocates.us/batWorldLawsuit/email_randy_turner.pdf I have a lot more video of him acting inappropriately. I have video of my attorney yawning. I’ll post them.
June 15, 2012: Randy Turner called up a Texas newspaper to give them the of duty essay paper story. He also called up channel 33, whatever that is. Amanda Lollar called Mineral Wells Index. They all called me for comment so I sent out planning an essay, a press release. Randy Turner has been libeling me. He said I lied and apush essay example actually just sold my home for $1.1M. An Essay On Writing. The new owner just sold my old home.
I sold it in 2008. Turner also said that I put libel on thousands of websites. Essay. Bullshit. Amanda Lollar said she was facing financial ruin. She’s making more money than ever before. Always the victim. Two peas in a pod. Egotistical, unstable, nasty individuals. Randy Turner cried in court.
He lied and told the judge I wrote “isn’t it ironic that Turner’s wife is on the ethics committee when Turner is so unethical.” Then he cried. Planning. What an actor. Amanda Lollar is also a total actor. Apush Example. She turned on the water works and shed some crocodile tears. Immediately after her sob fest I see her in an essay, the hallway. She calls me names and taunts me mean girl style along with her posse.
Then her husband Larry Crittenden says “how does it feel to get your ass whipped by a ninth grader.” One, I’m appealing with good cause. Example. Two, I have two lawsuits against Lollar. Three, even if I lose my appeal they can never get anything out of me, can never remove the main websites. So far I’ve spoken with three lawyers and a judge. They all said this is just Texas good ole boy. I should have won the planning an essay on writing case. I’ll post my motion for new trial, appeal tomorrow. Press release about the case. Mary Cummins appealing unjust Texas court ruling. June 14, 2012 Judge William Brigham ruled in favor of Plaintiffs in the case Bat World Sanctuary v Mary Cummins case # 352-248169-10.
Cummins had reported Lollar to authorities for custom, animal cruelty and animal neglect which she witnessed while at Bat World in Texas. An Essay On Writing. She posted her reports and essay paper public documents online and was sued for defamation. Planning An Essay On Writing. Cummins is appealing this unjust ruling. Mary Cummins an animal rescuer in Los Angeles, California reported Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary for romeo and juliet, animal cruelty, animal neglect and health code violations. Cummins witnessed Amanda Lollar performing surgery on bats when she is not a veterinarian and hasn’t gone past the ninth grade. Bats were dying under Lollar’s care. Cummins posted her findings on her website AnimalAdvocates.us. Cummins also posted the results of Freedom of planning on writing Information Act requests on her website.
She posted complaints and reports made by others about Amanda Lollar and and acid coursework Bat World Sanctuary. *** Cummins also posted negative reports bat experts had made about Lollar’s procedures. Lollar recommended freezing bats to death in an essay, her manual which is illegal and inhumane according to the American Veterinary Medication Association. Lollar also recommended the improper use of anesthesia which Lollar admitted caused some bats to die. Amanda Lollar then sued Cummins for defamation.
Plaintiffs in custom writings, court did not prove that Cummins defamed Lollar. The essential elements of a defamation cause of action that must be proven in Texas are, (1) The defendant published a statement of fact, (2) The statement was defamatory, (3) The statement was false, (4) The defendant acted negligently in publishing the false and defamatory statement, and (5) The Plaintiffs suffered damages as a result. Plaintiffs did not prove that Cummins made all of the statements. Planning. Most of the items were the results of information act requests. They were public documents written by others. Cummins contends that everything she posted was the ubc doctoral thesis absolute truth. Plaintiffs did not prove that the items were false or that they suffered any financial damages. Cummins was also sued for breach of on writing contract. The essential elements of a breach of contract cause of action that must be proven are, (1) There is a valid contract; (2) The Plaintiffs performed or tendered performance according to the terms of the contract; (3) The Defendant breached the contract; and (4) The Plaintiffs sustained damages as a result of the breach.
Cummins contends she never signed a contract. Romeo Essay. Plaintiffs’ own signature expert report stated that the signature on the contract was only “probable.” It was not “strongly probable” or a “positive identification.” Plaintiffs did not perform according to the contract. Cummins actions would have never been considered a breach. Planning An Essay On Writing. Plaintiffs showed no financial damages. Even though Plaintiffs did not prove defamation or breach of custom contract Judge William Brigham ruled in planning an essay, favor of Plaintiffs.
The Judge will soon sign an order to sodium and acid, force Cummins to remove items from her website and others. The items are the results of information act requests. They are complaints made by planning on writing, others about animal cruelty, animal neglect and violations of the apush health code. The order will also include websites owned by others who were not a party to on writing, the action. Cummins stated “I clearly did not defame Amanda Lollar or Bat World Sanctuary. Sodium. I reported her for animal cruelty and an essay neglect.
I provided photos and videos to authorities besides detailed reports. Romeo And Juliet Essay. I believe Lollar just wants to hide these complaints from the public. Most of the items they want removed were written by others or are on websites I don’t even control. I cannot possibly remove other people’s websites or content. On Writing. This order is overly broad.” Cummins continued “I most certainly did not sign their contract. Their own expert handwriting report did not state that I signed it.
The authorship report by their so-called ‘expert’ Eric Shupps is thesis, also flawed. Shupps has never been an planning an essay on writing expert witness before in apush example, any case. He used a free beta software called JGAAP. Planning On Writing. The author of the program stated it cannot be used for sodium coursework, court cases because of planning an essay on writing its inherent limitations. Shupps also used the essay in my writings of others as samples of my writing. Garbage in, garbage out. On top of this Shupps accused me of planting a Google bomb. Google bombs have been impossible since 2007.” When asked about the planning on writing ruling Cummins replied, “I’m shocked because Plaintiffs did not show the ubc doctoral thesis essential elements for a claim of defamation or breach of contract.
Then again I’m not shocked. Before one hearing Plaintiffs’ attorney Randy Turner told me that he’s known this judge for years. He insinuated that the Judge will automatically rule in his favor, and he did. There was a conflict of interest.” Cummins stated she is contesting the on writing Judge’s order, requesting a new trial and in my appealing the decision. Cummins is currently suing Amanda Lollar and Bat World Sanctuary in planning an essay on writing, Federal court in California for essay, libel and defamation case # CV-08081. June 15, 2012: Got back from Texas last night. Judge Bonnie Sudderth was supposed to hear this trial. Planning. I show up and see Judge William Brigham come out of the door and I knew I would lose.
Texas attorney Randy Turner told me before the custom writings temporary injunction hearing over on writing, which Brigham also presided “I’ve known this Judge for years. He’ll sign anything I put in front of ubc doctoral thesis him.” Judge Brigham then signed an overly broad void unenforceable injunction. Judge Bonnie Sudderth said she would never force me to remove posts I did not make on websites I don’t control. I lost the case today. I just wrote a press release. I was told the Judge supervisor also a male Judge swapped out Sudderth for Brigham. An Essay. I’m sure Turner and Brigham were behind this. June 8, 2012: I was searching for Amanda Lollar and Bat Word Sanctuary’s assets. I also searched for the assets of her husband Larry Crittenden and BWS board of directors. They are all liable for Lollar’s actions financially and legally. I found some interesting things here.
Seems 115 N.E. 1st St also includes 117 N.E. 1st St. There is also a property in Bosque, Texas which looks like the site for the Bat Castle as per Google satellite image. I intend to and juliet love essay, collect whatever judgment I receive in this case and the other cases. Amanda Lollar keeps libeling me. Planning. She just posted this, “Bat World Sanctuary Thank you for your wonderful comments everyone!
You are all fantastic. I should add that the claims of our building being “gutted,” that my “personal belongings” were “removed”, that we were evicted and chased out of town by the health department are completely fabricated by our harasser. Of Duty. The bottom part of the building is being remodeled by a new occupant and planning on writing what was being carried out were garage sale items that we donated to a church. We were never contacted by the heath department or any city officials. Custom Writings. All of the planning an essay bats (and Norbert) are completely safe and call essay sound just like they always have been. We will keep you posted as the trial progresses, that’s a promise!” That is not the truth. Amanda Lollar stated that my claims to the health dept caused her to leave town. An Essay. The health dept has complained about her for YEARS! The City has written up the building numerous times. The building was gutted and cleaned by the new owner.
Her personal belongings were removed as per the City Manager. Call Of Duty. I never said she was evicted. She sold the building. She was indeed contacted by the health dept and city officials many times. An Essay On Writing. Norbert lives behind the building on thesis, Oak, not the one on 1st St.
Delusional! June 6, 2012: Here are the emails about Amanda Lollar being forced out of town and her building had to planning, be gutted. Here are the ubc doctoral thesis emails. If the building was so bad that it had to be gutted, why didn’t Texas Parks and Wildlife Department do something about planning an essay on writing it? There were 30,000-50,000 bats in there. Seems one of the people who complained was directly next door at 113. She runs an art gallery. Call Paper. I can’t imagine how horrible that must have been next to the smelly sanctuary.
Plus, that is an essay on writing, where the toddler was bitten by and juliet essay, a rabid bat. I doubt the gallery owner wants her patrons to get rabies just from visiting her store. An Essay On Writing. Thank you, gallery owner for romeo love essay, reporting her. I just received more results of subpoenas and on writing information act requests. This is a doozy! I contacted an apush essay example attorney in Los Angeles from CAPS.
She is a friend of planning on writing a friend of mine. In My School. Turner was listed as an attorney for CAPS. The attorney stated he was not counsel for CAPS and he shouldn’t put that on his resume. Anyway, I sent her some emails about my case asking for help. Planning On Writing. What did she do?
She violated the attorney/client privilege and sent them to Randy Turner whom she knew was opposing counsel. She also libeled me in her forward. What did Randy Turner do? He forwarded that email to his friends. My email stated that Turner’s client is not what she appears to discount, be which is the planning an essay on writing truth. Turner somehow interpreted that to thesis, mean that I’m dangerous? He emails his friends paraphrased “If I am found in the Trinity River, you know where to start the investigation.” Anyway for unknown reasons Turner forwards this to Amanda Lollar and on writing others including attorney Donald Feare. Lollar then forwards it to Mineral Wells police stating because of this email she fears me. WTH?!
I will be reporting the and acid coursework Los Angeles lawyer to the bar for violation of the attorney/client privilege by planning on writing, sharing my email. I emailed the attorney the truth of the matter of my case and call essay paper she shared it with opposing counsel. Can’t get any lower than that. An Essay. On top of this the female attorney sent me some truly bizarre and rambling emails about her ex-husband to which I of course never responded. I filed the following documents with the court. I did not post this until after trial was over. Defendant’s trial brief,Defendant’s witness list, and Defendant’s motion for malicious prosecution and abuse of process. In My. Finishing up my preparations for trial. My trial notebook, exhibits, witnesses are ready.
January 5, 2012: Bat World Sanctuary was just “recognized” by American Sanctuary Assocition here. An Essay On Writing. This is obviously one of those accreditations you just buy like being a Super Lawyer or a Power Attorney. BWS doesn’t even meet the standards.***I looked at thiosulphate and acid other members of this group. They give tours of sanctuary animals. That’s also against their standards. An Essay On Writing. Being accredited by this group would be a negative thing, not a positive thing. *** Amanda Lollar maybe sold the property at 115 N.E. Thesis. 1st St. January 4, 2012. She left her items in the building so the new owner tossed them out.
The property is valued at $39,250. Planning On Writing. That would mean she sold it at a loss? This is essay, fishy. A local developer named Michael Rusher who is on the City council bought it.Here’s the document. June 2, 2012: I searched real estate records for the 115 N.E. 1st building. Here is the result.
BATS sold the building to Bat World Sanctuary October 2011 for $56K taking out a new $45K loan. Planning An Essay. 80% loan due in four years. Of Duty Essay Paper. Supposedly it’s an arm’s length transaction meaning the on writing two parties buyer and seller are not related. The price should be market value. I believe this also proves that Amanda Lollar did not tell the school truth in her depo. On Writing. I asked her if BATS owned the building. She said that Bat World Sanctuary owned it. They transferred it.
As per this doc they didn’t do that until recently. BATS bought the building in 1992. Lollar transferred it in 1997 with a value of $14,000 or so. I’ve requested underlying documents but do not have them as yet so this is my personal belief at the moment. She just transferred it to BWS 10/2011 for $56K. That means there was a profit of $42K. Did BATS or Amanda Lollar take the profit?
It most certainly was not an arm’s length transaction. Something is in my, fishy here. Planning An Essay. I have a feeling Lollar is trying to hide money and assets because of my two lawsuits against her and I may win her lawsuit against call paper me. Possibly more forgery by Amanda Lollar. In her supposed police report against planning me she told the police I sent threatening emails and letters. I only threatened to sue her in of duty essay paper, email. I never sent her a letter ever. Did she forge documents to make it look like I threatened her? The report states “due to the content of the emails and letters, she is an essay on writing, afraid of Ms. Cummins.” She is sodium, obviously making up a story. Plus, I can barely afford to fly to Texas for hearings.
I can’t afford to fly to Texas to harass her in planning an essay, person. June 1, 2012: Seems Amanda Lollar and Bat World Sanctuary are again in trouble with the City of Mineral Wells. People were complaining about romeo love all the guano under her building. She told the City that she is moving out of both buildings in one to two years. Planning An Essay. She says “I can no longer run a world class organization with the ubc doctoral thesis constant distractions of having to planning, defend our work protecting the environment and the bats.
The burden has just become too overwhelming.” “World class organization?” Her work protecting the environment? Her building is a public nuisance, threat to public safety and it smells horrible! Delusional? Amanda Lollar claims everyone who visited Bat World when I was there gave her proof of immunization. I didn’t give her proof. Neither did other interns. Essay. Lying to government officials again.
End of 2011 Amanda Lollar claims she excluded bats from the building at 115 N. E. 1st St. An Essay. January 2012 Someone gutted the “wild sanctuary” building. They are removing Lollar’s possessions from the building. I will call and apush see if the building was sold or if she was foreclosed upon. She took money out of the building December 2011. This is funny. Supposedly attorney Randy Turner told Amanda Lollar to call the police on me! The police went to Lollar’s house in Mineral Wells, Texas.
Lollar stated I was harassing her and posting about her. She wanted them to enforce the injunction! I doubt her attorney told her to planning on writing, call police. Example. She asked the police to do something about it. They didn’t investigate or do anything about it. I’m in an essay, California. Sodium And Acid Coursework. The websites are in California.
I am posting the planning an essay truth. The police did accidentally give me Lollar’s social security number and driver’s license number along with her DOB, height and weight. Custom Writings. They should have redacted that. I even told them to redact any personal or confidential info. I will make sure this document doesn’t even up in any court docs. In Federal court in CA today Judge Dolly M. Gee stated that Defendants name calling was paraphrased “childish, juvenile, something a five year old would do.” She looked at Lollar’s attorney and said this should be settled in mediation by an adult. Planning. I cannot get an injunction on John Does in Federal court. I have to list their names. I will refile on the John Does. The person I name and sue must also legally control the website in sodium, question.
For all these reasons Bat World never should have gotten the first injunction against planning an essay me. At most they could have asked that I remove what I control. Judge William Brigham was wrong. Ubc Doctoral Thesis. Lollar’s CA attorney stated they have and will remove libelous posts, comments Lollar made. Lollar lied to on writing, her attorney.
He said I was only at Bat World 4-7 days. Essay. I was there ten days. He said the authorities cleared her of all wrong doing. Definitely not true. Judge took it under submission. While I was in Federal court I listened to planning an essay on writing, a case on of duty paper, copyright infringement. Guy was trying to claim copyright to a series of yoga poses. Judge and other side said you can’t copyright a process or yoga pose. Planning On Writing. Plus, the other side gave them permission to use the positions. Sound familiar?
Judge Gee was great. She said with a smile “You can’t expect me to set case precedent for yoga positions to love essay, be copyrighted or patented.” Crazy someone would even try to do that. May 28, 2012: Called up ACLU Texas again asking for last minute help. They said I seem to be doing a fine job by myself. They told me to be sure to planning an essay, tell them the outcome of the case. Why am I even a member?
Just found this review of Judge Bonnie Sudderth. Love Essay. This looks promising. Planning An Essay On Writing. Here it is. To those saying I won’t receive a fair shake in Texas, you may be wrong. Ubc Doctoral. I believe lawyers at the Tarrant County Bar Association made these reviews. A friend just pointed out that the planning on writing Judge was reviewed by Texas lawyers who are members of the Tarrant County Bar Association. Romeo Love. While she was fair, just and attentive to Texas lawyers, that doesn’t necessarily mean she will treat me a non-native pro se the planning same way. So far she seems to be fair and just. Nothing I can do about call of duty it now. May 23, 2012: Was just at my mail box.
Picked up the planning an essay on writing Judge’s order on Motion for Summary Judgment. There is no explanation in there. Essay School. It just says denied. Also got notice of an essay trial set for June 11. Essay. I believe we go first but I see another case there. I’m assuming June 11-15.
I already booked my flight for those days and have readied my witnesses. Judge Bonnie Sudderth did not send an an essay on writing order on example, the two motions to amend the temporary injunction. Perhaps she won’t write an order on planning an essay, those motions and sodium thiosulphate will wait until trial. She didn’t send in orders for the other motions she ruled on. I don’t really think there’s a need. Her rulings are in the minutes. Written orders aren’t needed. Was reading a great book on bats. Just realized that Amanda Lollar does not have the biggest bat sanctuary of any kind in the world. The Memphis Zoo has a bat sanctuary with over an essay on writing, 400 bats.
They even have a breeding colony in there. Amanda Lollar can’t say she has the largest bat sanctuary in the world any more. She also can’t say she is the only one who has a breeding colony. This breeding colony started in romeo love essay, 1995. I’m sure Amanda Lollar knows about this sanctuary. They have unreleasable bats in planning on writing, there. Results coming in from my subpoenas. Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary gave me a supposed email she supposedly sent to Nicole Carion of CA Fish Game about writings me.
Turns out Amanda Lollar never sent that email to Nicole Carion as per Nicole Carion and the results of my subpoena. Did Amanda Lollar just forge yet another document? Sure seems so. Lollar has no shame at all. On top of this Lollar gave to me in discovery in an essay, my CA case some text from the email. Apush Essay. It doesn’t even match the planning an essay text from the supposed forged email. Essay. She swears in her depo she sent one email to CADFG about me. She even said that her attorney told her to send the email to Fish Game,i.e. “On the advice of legal council (sic).” I highly doubt Randy Turner would tell his client to send a defamatory email to Fish Game about me. One, it’s defamation.
Two, it has nothing to do with the case in Texas. Amanda Lollar is just a petty, juvenile, vindictive person. I was just comparing the supposed email to planning, other emails to/from Amanda Lollar. Sig file spacing is and juliet love essay, off. The item they gave me was a .doc file. If she just printed the email out it would have been a paper file or pdf.
A doc file most likely means she edited it. I can clearly tell she did not print it from her email program. An Essay. All of the romeo emails I gave to her were printed out of my email programs. An Essay. Amanda Lollar previously forged an call of duty essay email to me. Planning. It was an obvious forgery.
She was caught forging a contract in thesis, the Talking Talons case because she got cocky. On Writing. She put the current logo on the document instead of the one they had when the document was supposedly signed years earlier. May 22, 2012: Amanda Lollar of Bat World Sanctuary sells her how to romeo and juliet love, rehab bat manual, the pdf version and the printed one. I don’t sell my manuals, neither do others. We offer them for free to help wildlife and wildlife rehabilitators. I asked for an essay, permission to post these free manuals online. I only wrote the call of duty paper tree squirrel, ground squirrel and skunk manuals.Link to free manuals. May 17, 2012: I just went through the temporary injunction again to make sure I wasn’t violating it.
I have not reposted any of the photos or videos. I have not posted content from the pages which were deleted. This one is an essay, a little hard to tell or prove because the sodium coursework pages are gone. They were taken down before I even saw what was in planning, the pages. Writings Discount. I have not posted any techniques developed by Bat World Sanctuary. Most of the “techniques” that are in her book were actually developed by others. Planning An Essay On Writing. Remember she likes to take credit for the “port-a-bug” which was developed by someone else.
She also likes to take credit for euthanizing bats with Iso. Thesis. Bat people were doing that years before Amanda Lollar had even seen a bat. Many manuals existed before her first 1994 manual which gives bad advice. Her vet is credited in the manual which recommends freezing bats to death. Blind leading the blind. He’s a vet and should have known better. May 16, 2012: In court on May 10, 2012 Texas attorney Randy Turner stated that he never threatened to an essay, sue any websites. He of course lied. I realize he’s not under oath but I would think he must tell the truth to essay school, Judge Bonnie Sudderth. This is from a response from ACLU-NC to Randall Turner, “It has come to our attention that you have sent a demand to Indybay that it remove a webpage from it’s website” ” and have threated to add Indybay as a defendant in your lawsuit against planning Ms.
Mary Cummins if it does not immediately comply. Indybay will not remove these materials.” ACLU-NC and Indybay said NO! They were one of the few websites which refused to be bullied by Turner’s idle threats. Notice, he did not add them as a defendant. Was just told that some Judges never grant a motion for summary judgment.
Others hand them out custom, like Halloween candy. It’s possible I lost just because this Judge never grants them. I was also told that the other side only planning, has to apush, show one piece of evidence to win the summary judgment. Plaintiff showed that in one part of one deposition Plaintiff stated they never gave the rabies vaccination to a person. Of course she’d previously stated that she did. An Essay On Writing. She did indeed give the rabies vaccination to Sarah Kennedy aka wingedsonar.
When I say “give” I don’t mean “inject.
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Amusing Ourselves to Death Essay Questions. In what ways is Amusing Ourselves to Death still relevant to an age less defined by television than by the Internet? In what ways is it not relevant? As Andrew Postman notes in his introduction to the 20th anniversary edition of his father#39;s book, there are some younger students who criticize the book as relevant only to an older generation. However, its thesis can easily be applied to planning on writing – if not elevated by – the age of the Internet. The concept of decontextualized news – the Now…this mentality – is doubly true on the Internet, where one can gather triple the amount of information his or her parents could in half the time and yet not necessarily have any context in which to understand that information. The rise of social media has enhanced the way that people can present themselves as commodities or defined personalities that ultimately entertain one another rather than provide accurate personal descriptions. And it would not be difficult in a world of viral YouTube videos, downloadable media, and and juliet love essay, ever-expanding Internet punditry to find parallels to Postman#39;s basic theory that our discourse is one based around entertainment.
However, if one were inclined, one could suggest that the on writing Internet has somewhat returned us to a print-based culture. It has allowed many to start personal blogs, which use language and propositions, and custom writings discount, many websites are indeed text-based. In this way, the media-metaphor of the Internet can be seen as quite distinct from planning on writing that of call paper, television, and not simply an implication of television, which continues to be quite a popular medium. An Essay On Writing. Explain the concept of essay, a media-metaphor, as Postman defines it. Apply it to an essay on writing both television and call of duty essay paper, the Internet. Postman suggests that Marshall McLuhan#39;s famous aphorism – that the planning on writing medium is the message – is call essay paper, not quite accurate, since the medium is, in fact, the metaphor. He suggests that our media-metaphors classify the world for us, sequence it, frame it, enlarge it, reduce it, color it, argue a case for the what the an essay world is like (10). As relates to his thesis, a civilization#39;s media-metaphor shapes its discourse by defining the way that civilization understands truth.
An oral culture will prize proverbs as the ideal repository of truth, whereas a written culture will value the permanence of the written word over proverbs. Postman#39;s conception is that television, as a media-metaphor, has shaped us to believe all discourse worth paying attention to romeo should be presented as entertainment. As such, our discourse both on and off the an essay on writing screen has turned into ubc doctoral different shades of entertainment, no matter how important that discourse is. He does not address the planning an essay Internet, but one could consider the essay example media-metaphor of the Internet to be that nothing should be taken by itself, but rather should be accompanied by a slew of planning an essay on writing, other disconnected information. A life lived without several tabs going at once is being wasted. Ubc Doctoral. We must constantly be stimulated and planning an essay, busy, or else we are not taking full advantage of custom writings, our lives. As such, the value of silence and emptiness has declined in the face of the over-stimulation suggested by the media-metaphor of the Internet. Who or what is to be blamed for the predominance of television, and on writing, the discourse it inspires? Feel free to cite Postman himself and/or your own opinions.
Postman seems to deliberately avoid placing the blame for call essay the problems he details on an essay on writing any particular parties. Instead, he seems to think that civilization is somewhat powerless before its media-metaphor, especially when that civilization does not understand the thiosulphate and acid way that media works to shape our discourse. He speaks of television almost like a sentient medium that inherently subscribes to its biases and preferences, so that it is almost a force like destiny. Our only hope, he suggests, is that we recognize the way it is planning on writing, working upon us, and attempt to exert control over essay, it. On Writing. However, he makes implications that touch on decades of thought, suggesting that there are parties – government and the monied interests of society – that can benefit from keeping the public diverted by non-stop entertainment. Both to increase profits from products, and to keep the public from demanding change, these entities might encourage the apush discourse introduced by television, rather than merely letting television take its own path. Postman#39;s discussion of advertising in Reach Out and Elect Someone is perhaps the closest he comes to planning suggesting the profit some entities might gain from encouraging such a discourse of distractions to persevere.
Does the ubc doctoral thesis increased audience afforded to subjects like politics and religion by television justify the compromises it requires of an essay on writing, those subjects? Why or why not? This is sodium and acid, naturally a question of opinion. On Writing. Postman does not believe that the increased audience afforded to discourse like politics and religion justifies the compromise that television requires of them. His reasoning is different with respect to in my each arena, but both arguments boil down to the fact that television does not deliver an authentic and honest experience.
Religion, he argues, requires a community present in a space that can be consecrated to its spiritual purpose. Religion is also difficult and demanding, requiring a person to confront himself. Television, on the other hand, is an inherently secular space in which a viewer can change the on writing channel and will soon be subjected to commercials even if she doesn#39;t. Therefore, the thiosulphate and acid religious experience cannot be truly communicated through television, and so the an essay larger audience is sodium, not getting a real spiritual experience. An Essay On Writing. Politics are necessarily devalued into image politics through the television, which favors brevity, simplicity and imagery over deliberation and custom discount, contemplation. As such, the an essay on writing complexities of any politician#39;s personality and opinions can never be fully communicated on television without compromising his candidacy, and so the electorate will never have a truly rational understanding of who or what they are voting for. However, one could argue that the increased audience does justify the compromises by suggesting that people are not typically inclined to pursue intellectual or spiritual outlets on their own. Thesis. By having these messages brought to them, people might be encouraged to planning investigate political questions or visit a local church, when they might otherwise not have been.
Explain the title Amusing Ourselves to essay Death . Should the title be considered as hyperbole or literal warning? Postman discusses his book#39;s question as a matter of high stakes, suggesting on several occasions that the Huxleyan warning is coming true, that we are becoming so amused that we can no longer tell the truth about our world. However, it is possible he does this for entertainment value, to keep his inherently academic book interesting to a general public. In his view, our public discourse is steadily devolving, and under the planning on writing inherent biases of television, this will only continue. The continually trivialized elections, decontextualized news shows, and simplistic religious attitudes all support the idea that the warning is literal. One could easily argue that the title is hyperbole by suggesting that Postman#39;s thesis, no matter how accurate, deals too heavily in generalities and does not consider that each individual has both his own relationship with television and his own set of experiences that will determine to what extent his discourse will be shaped. Similarly, one could argue that much of the problem lies with people#39;s inherent triviality, and that television only amplifies these small-minded attitudes, rather than causing them to lead us to call death. Postman argues that the crossword puzzle became a popular pastime around the period that the telegraph was invented. Explain the connection. What the telegraph introduced, by planning an essay on writing, destroying the idea that geographical distance limited communication, was the idea of decontexualized news.
Before the telegraph, Postman suggests that news existed primarily to inspire action in the listener, to encourage him or her to change his or her world. This happened because the news had a context – the listener could relate it to his or her life and community. However, with the telegraph, a conversation across our huge continent must necessarily have been decontexualized. The same information could not be relevant to someone in Maine and also relevant to romeo and juliet someone in Texas. Therefore, information became a commodity to planning an essay be collected, rather than a means by which one judged one#39;s life and then took action. The crossword puzzle was an apush obvious outgrowth because people could suddenly judge themselves on the extent of information (trivia) they collected, and then use that information in a game. The crossword puzzle created a context for planning an essay on writing information that otherwise did not have one.
In what ways is television an educational curriculum? Integrate Postman#39;s opinions on education in your answer. In the chapter on education, Postman suggests that educational programs are less useful in teaching children to love learning than they are in teaching children to love television. By posing school-worthy lessons in an entertainment context, children are being trained to apush essay respond to learning only an essay on writing when it is presented as entertainment. Apush Essay. Therefore, television is a curriculum on the contemporary discourse – which says that all worth saying should be said as entertainment – rather than on any particular subject. Children learn by doing, not simply be receiving information, and yet television is incapable of on writing, engaging a student. Example. It only dictates. This idea of a curriculum could be used to generally understand Postman#39;s thesis, which suggests television has trained us to respond to the world in a certain way; it gives us lots of decontextualized information, but what we retain most of all are the rules of the discourse that television demands. Planning An Essay. How did the era of the written word influence the discourse in Typographic America, according to Postman? One could argue that Postman over-romanticizes Typographic America, but his argument is nevertheless striking. He suggests that America#39;s early era centered on the written word and thereby used a discourse that was fundamentally rational.
He defines rational as something that puts forth a proposition that the reader or audience can logically understand and then judge as true or false. Postman explores how the discourse of Typographic America reflected this. Speeches – like those of the Lincoln-Douglas debates – used long, complicated phraseology, and even areas like advertising used rational paragraphs to writings make claims about products. Religious sermons were certainly emotional, but were delivered and prepared in a literary style. People, he claims, subscribed to a discourse of language, which was important for the message it delivered, and not for the entertainment value inherent in on writing, the words. This is quite distinct from the Age of Show Business, in which images are pleasing in themselves, so much so that we respond to and juliet love the entertainment rather than to the message that the images are purportedly trying to impart. Explain what Postman means in calling the an essay on writing intersection of telegraphy and photography the essay Peek-a-Boo World.
As a children#39;s game, peek-a-boo involves revealing a silly face or image, and then taking it away immediately to planning be replaced with another. Postman argues that in mid-nineteenth century America, the intersection of telegraphy and apush example, photography led to on writing a world in which information was delivered without context and without any pretense of essay in my school, inspiring contemplation. Instead, information was delivered as typically sensational, and with the planning on writing understanding that one headline would soon be displaced by another. People thereby grew accustomed to information as something soon to writings discount be forgotten in favor of something else. The relevance of any information to someone#39;s life barely mattered, because even if it was relevant, it was soon replaced, leaving no time or inclination towards thought or consideration. Spectacle became the discourse of information, rather than serous content. The Peek-a Boo World led to the Age of Show Business, when entertainment became not just the discourse of news, but of everything, because of the media-metaphor of television. Explain the phrase Now…this, and how it serves as a metaphor for the way our current discourse operates. Postman provides the phrase Now…this to planning an essay explain the way news works in the Age of Show Business, but it is custom writings, actually an apt metaphor for the general discourse demanded by television.
Referring to the way a newscaster typically transitions from one piece of news to another, the phrase implies a disconnection between stories or information, and inspires a lack of contemplation or consideration of any one detail. No matter how grave, serious, or potentially relevant a story is, the an essay on writing discourse of news tells us that it should not be belabored, which it does by transitioning immediately to something unrelated. The next story might be tonally different, and it also might be an advertisement or commercial. This philosophy applies to television in general, which is required to deliver its story or message in concrete 30 minute or one-hour chunks of time, and which is in fact meant to create a self-sustaining experience between each set of custom, commercials. This sense of jumping from one experience to the next, without truly living in the ramifications of planning, any experience, is an indication of the discourse Postman fears we have fallen into.
Religion is but one entertainment soon to be replaced by essay paper, politics soon to be replaced by sports, and so none of those are meant to be truly profound. Planning An Essay. It is an easy jump to claim that in the Age of the Internet, the concept of Now…this not only remains relevant, but in fact seems almost prophetic on Postman#39;s part. Custom Discount. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/amusing-ourselves-to-death/study-guide/essay-questions in an essay, MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About Amusing Ourselves to Death Amusing Ourselves to Death Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and Analysis Summary And Analysis Foreword-Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapters 3-5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapters 8-10 Chapter 11 About Marshall McLuhan Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Q A Mini-Store Neil Postman Biography. Amusing Ourselves to Death Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for thiosulphate Amusing Ourselves to Death is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and planning on writing, discuss the novel. I think that is generally true. B. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin. Study Guide for Amusing Ourselves to in my school Death.
Amusing Ourselves to Death study guide contains a biography of Neil Postman, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
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cobham thesis Pictures and Poetry. Debunking the Bunk: An Examination of Picturesque Influence. A Thesis in the Department of English. Presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts at Concordia University Montreal, Canada. Keith Waddington 1998. School of Graduate Studies. This is to certify that the thesis prepared. By: Keith Waddington. Entitled: Pictures and Poetry.
Debunking the Bunk: An Examination of Picturesque Influence and submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of. Pictures and Poetry. Planning? Debunking the Bunk: An Examination of Picturesque Influence. This thesis examines the history and development of the Picturesque, its definition, theoreticians, and practitioners; and in my its influence on romanticism. The focus is the correction of pejorative and an essay on writing negative assessments common in modern literary studies which provide a misleading interpretation of both the Picturesque and its influence.
The goal is essay in my school, a broader understanding which suggests the necessity of a new evaluation of planning Wordsworth’s “groundbreaking” contribution to literary development. Accordingly, an extensive introductory section examines pre-Picturesque and Picturesque painting, outlining the apush essay beginnings of a new and particularly English aesthetic. Planning An Essay On Writing? Also, an exploration of pre-Picturesque poetry and formative Picturesque poetry reveals the literary ramifications of discount this aesthetic. Finally, Wordsworth and Keats are canvassed within the Picturesque context: Wordsworth to demonstrate the origins and erroneousness of the modern critical bias and planning the way his poetry was often formulated according to Picturesque principles; Keats to demonstrate the longevity and continuing importance and influence of the Picturesque. Conclusions are conclusive. Table of Contents. Section One: The Canvas. Section Two: Background.
Section Three: The Middle Ground: Wordsworth. Section Four: The Foreground: Keats. Section One: The Canvas  [The] theory and practice of the Picturesque constitute the discount major English contribution to European aesthetics. (Watkin, vii) The romantics . . . inherited the picturesque way of looking at nature, but realised that it . . . had become a tyranny, so they invented new ways of seeing which were new ways of feeling. (Brownlow, 16) Major contribution or tyranny? When modern scholars of literature observe the Picturesque and its influence on romantic poetry, ideas become gods and facts their disciples. The extensive adoption, intrinsic importance and “capability” of the planning an essay Picturesque—willingly acknowledged by art historians like Watkin—are expurgated, summarily sacrificed on the altar of entrenched literary dogma, and the service of academia becomes a self-serving exercise in blind faith. This section will provide a prolegomenon to scepticism, describing the aesthetic context for the Picturesque movement, demonstrating the links between early continental landscape painting, neo-classicism, the essay in my Picturesque, later English landscape artists and romanticism.
Besides offering essential background, outlining the planning an essay artistic continuum which these links illustrate—revealing the inevitability of romanticisms and thus sanctioning a less venerational view of Wordsworth—the principle intent here is to provide a more useful definition of the Picturesque. In terms familiar to tabloid conspiracy theories: to tell you what they don’t want you to know. In the beginning was the word, and the word was Picturesque. Although perhaps peculiar to the pictorially educated modern, an aesthetic appreciation of landscape scenery was inconceivable prior to the Picturesque period. It is, in simple terms, a skill that requires learning. According to Christopher Hussey in The Picturesque , numerous impediments initially existed, including general Christian doctrine; the early Christian transmutation of pagan nature spirits and gods into thiosulphate coursework evil spirits, essentially rendering the natural realm dangerous and even sinful; and the humanistic bias of our classical inheritance. Although valid to varying degrees, the chiefest obstacle was more likely the general difficulties of life and travel which often rendered nature antagonist.
Learning landscape then was an up-hill struggle. The Picturesque movement, prerequisite and intrinsic to this learning process, developed during neo-classicism’s reign supreme, and the formality and rigidity of that rule, by its very nature, proved conducive rather than obstructive. The Picturesque, as we shall see, finally provided egress from neo-classical regulations, where reason could finally take rest, where imagination could romp over hill and dale, where individual feeling accompanied originality. Our journey into planning an essay the Picturesque begins with the Grand Tour. Subsequent to England’s isolation during much of the seventeenth century and made possible by the Treaty of of duty essay Utrecht (1713), the Grand Tour was initially a diversion limited to the monied aristocracy. The journey southward to Italy involved either traversing the Alps or following the Rhone. In the planning on writing accounts of grand tours made between 1640 and 1730 a pictorial view of landscape is exceptional. In each case it can be traced fairly exactly to in my school, the actual sojourn in Rome, where the works of Claude and Salvator were to be seen. (Hussey, 84) Indeed, picturesque awareness—commonly the planning an essay on writing quiddity of modern tourism—was, like landscape painting itself, entirely foreign. Chaucer, for example, made three or four trips over ubc doctoral, the Alps yet never mentioned them once in his poetry. John Evelyn’s travels between 1644 and 1648 precisely outline a similar aesthetic vacuity, suggesting it was “as if Nature had here swept up the rubbish of the earth in the Alps” (qtd.
Hussey, 85); remembering the “horrid mountains” as “troublesome” (qtd. Planning An Essay? Hussey, 86). Essay Example? Similarly, Richard Lassels’ Italian Voyage (1670) mentions Mount Cenis only in planning practical terms of route, “the most desirable for speed and convenience” (Manwaring, 9). Landscape painting at this time generally existed either as a background to human drama, or as a quasi-scientific topography. Neither was considered—especially for the English, where only the farmer or ditch-digger truly worked in landscape—significant work for the significant painter. When aristocratic travellers finally arrived in Italy, they came upon an important exception to this rule.
Claude Lorraine, Salvator Rosa and Gaspard Poussin broke with the traditional subject hierarchy and raised the landscape to lofty heights of respectability. The juxtaposition of the scenery aristocratic tourists had seen and the landscape paintings they confronted provided an early indication of this parochial aesthetic and even philosophical void. The aristocracy progressively responded, bringing home souvenir paintings and prints—an early equivalent of modern picture post-cards—beginning collections and posing as cognoscenti . Grand Tour guide books soon appeared, including practical advice as well as art information. Essentially, the status of landscape paintings in Italy compelled travellers to romeo, rethink traditional distaste for regions like the Alps, to over-look the planning on writing associated dangers and discomforts of essay in my school travel and an essay exploration. Call? The preparatory precepts of the Picturesque aesthetic were thus first introduced into England, and it was particularly the paintings of Claude and Salvator Rosa which stimulated the greatest interest. The Less Grand Tour. In addition to this, the Grand Tour played another important role. In what might be seen as an instance of cultural trickle-down theory, the less affluent middle-class, encouraged by fashionable discussions of Picturesque niceties, was soon occupied with more modest excursions into on writing the English countryside. In search of landscape, landscape gardens and the galleries of mansions, tourists were aided by new guidebooks and ubc doctoral thesis much improved roads to get them there. A dramatic democratic appreciation of planning landscape was at last being realised, with travellers, invariably, carrying sketch-book and Claude Glass. The Claude Glass, a convex mirror of about four inches diameter with tinted filters and bound up like a pocket-book, effectively compressed and romeo and juliet love essay framed landscapes.
Analogous to planning an essay, the camera in these film-free days, the ubc doctoral thesis user was obviously obliged to planning, turn his back on the scene to custom writings discount, observe the an essay on writing framed and love essay filtered view. Hugh Sykes Davies, in his recent analysis of the Picturesque and Wordsworth, offers the following comment: “It is very typical of their attitude to Nature that such a position should be desirable” (223). Indeed, as we shall see, the comment is an essay on writing, merely typical of Davies’ view of the Picturesque. Ubc Doctoral Thesis? Timothy Brownlow, in John Clare and Picturesque Landscape , offers a similar comment, all the an essay more mockery for its parentheticality: “As an artist, he [Clare] casts aside, as it were, the Claude Glass (whose user had to turn his back on ubc doctoral thesis the landscape)” (13). Malcolm Andrews, whose In Search for on writing, the Picturesque generally circumvents any romantic exploration, consequently offers a more useful note: The imagination as an writings discount “intellectual lens” approximates it to the Claude Glass, which can modify and enhance a particular landscape. All the special properties of the Glass are present in Coleridge’s well-known account of the origins of his poetic collaboration with Wordsworth and an essay their agreement about the two cardinal points of poetry: “the power of exciting the sympathy of the reader by a faithful adherence to the truth of nature, and sodium thiosulphate and acid coursework the power of giving the interest of novelty by the modifying colours of the imagination.” (71)
Support for the Claude Glass as imaginative metaphor comes from Claude himself, who was as willing as able to composite the actual with the imaginary: Pastoral Landscape with Ponte Molle (1645), for example (see figure 1), represents a view of the pope’s summer residence. . . . The foreground is imaginary, but the planning palace is fairly accurately portrayed. Discount? The castle-like building bathed in sunlight is a forerunner of the planning an essay on writing highlighted castles in the middle ground so beloved of Gilpin. Sodium Thiosulphate? (Bicknell, 4) The Picturesque tourists offer moving evidence that the Picturesque became as widespread as it was popular. Indeed, the an essay eighteenth century is matched only by the twentieth for the per capita number of thesis country house visits. At Hawkstone in Shropshire, for example, “there were so many visitors to an essay, the dramatically landscaped park that in sodium thiosulphate c. 1790 an hotel was built to accommodate them” (Watkin, vii). David Watkin, who examines the Picturesque from the an essay on writing prospect of romeo and juliet love art historian, similarly provides an planning analysis inscribed by positivism, unequivocally stating that “theory and practice of the Picturesque constitute the major English contribution to European aesthetics” (vii); and that “the Picturesque became the leading building-type in post-Reformation England and has long been recognised as the nation’s principle contribution to the arts” (vii). “In the intervening two hundred years since its discussion . Ubc Doctoral Thesis? . . the Picturesque has been altered and extended in many ways. Along the way it has acquired a pejorative tint” (Robinson, xii). Categorical and “pejorative” statements: “The cultural games of the an essay picturesque” (Woodring, viii); “The vogue of the picturesque” (Nevious, 33); “Comic and faddish as much of the apush essay example theory appears in retrospect” (Brownlow, 43); W.M. On Writing? Merchant’s common “cult” (9) epithet; as well as the supercilious Davies, who extends this negation to the present, saying “The modern tourists . . . pass through the country at a rate never dreamed of by Gray and West, seeing nothing, and apparently feeling even less” (226), all fail to recognise that this appetite to sample and develop a taste for landscape was redolent of a general change in of duty essay aesthetic sense.
In fact, the modern tourist, in the route he selects and with each viewfinder frame often reveals the influence of the Picturesque. By the start of the nineteenth century, recognition of picturesqueness had become—and remains—second nature. Landscape Artists Abroad. Salvator Rosa (1615-73) As mentioned, Salvator Rosa, Neapolitan painter, etcher, satirical poet and actor, was crucial to the development of the an essay on writing Picturesque and also provides an early link with romantic poetry. In My School? In addition to his landscapes, which portrayed the feral and fierce of nature (see figure 3), Salvator displayed a penchant for appalling subjects—witches and monsters, meditations upon death and so on—inspiring such romantic painters as Barry, Fuseli and planning on writing Mortimer, and finding poetic expression in call the romantic inclination towards the gothic and planning on writing graveyard melancholy. Lady Mortgan’s The Life and Times of Salvator Rosa , published in 1824, depicted the artist as a legendary figure hobnobbing with bandits and joining a popular uprising in Naples, establishing him as the quintessential romantic artist: an outlaw encamped with darkness and despair, whose bravura with the brush was symptomatic of a burning artistic brilliance inimical to in my, convention. Eighteenth century literary explorations of the on writing Picturesque are literally laden with references to Salvator: “What’er Lorrain light touched with softening hue / Or savage Rosa dashed, or learned Poussin drew” ( Castel of Indolence I, XXXVIII). Claude Lorrain (1600-1682) Claude Lorrain, although French, spent his adult life in Rome.
Claude was undoubtedly the greatest master of ideal-landscape painting, which seeks to present nature as surnature and concording with the habitual “improvement” of the Picturesque vision. In addition, Claude’s landscapes often contain classical ruins—an initial point of entry for English neo-classicists who required some token scrap of Rome or Athens—a key element modified in the Picturesque movement to ubc doctoral thesis, accommodate native ruins—both genuine and artificial. Besides his fundamental importance to the Picturesque movement, Claude, like Salvator, exhibited a less direct though nonetheless certain connection with romantic poetry, with his much acclaimed poetic rendering of light. As E. B. Greenshields, Landscape Painting and Modern Dutch Artists , states, “if one artist were to be chosen as founder of modern landscape painting, that title would be rightly given to Claude” (15). Within the planning neo-classical/romantic context, John Ruskin offers the call of duty paper following: The love of neatness and precision, as opposed to planning an essay, all disorder, maintains itself down to Raphael's childhood without the slightest interference of any other feeling; and sodium thiosulphate and acid it is not until Claude's time, and planning owing in great part to his influence, that the new feeling distinctly establishes itself. English scenery, initially, existed as a back-drop to continental landscape paintings in of duty much the same way as landscape initially provided only the setting for human pictorial narratives.
In a comparison between Dovedale and Keswick, Dr. John Brown wrote: Were I to analyse the two places in their constituent principles, I shoud tell you, that the full perfection of Keswick, consists of an essay three circumstances, beauty, horror and immensity united; the second of paper which is alone found in Dovedale. . . . But to give you a complete idea of an essay on writing these three perfections, as they are joined in Keswick, would require the united powers of Claude, Salvator Rosa and Poussin. The first should throw his delicate sunshine over the cultivated vales, the scattered cots, the groves, the school lake, and the wooded island. The second should dash out the horror of the rugged cliffs, the steep, the hanging woods, and foaming water-falls; while the grand pencil of Poussin should crown the on writing whole with the majesty of the impending mountains. (qtd. Davies, 218) The original works of this scanty collection of Italian painters only partly explain the ubc doctoral thesis extensive aesthetic transformation in remote England.
Walpole mentions in his Anecdotes several foreign landscape painters living and working in planning an essay England during the late seventeenth and sodium coursework early eighteenth centuries.  These included Henry Dankers, employed by Charles II as a topographical artist and Francesco Zuccarelli, who visited England twice, lived in London for five years and became a foundation member of the Royal Academy. Thomas Manby, an Englishman who studied in Italy, brought back the customary collection of paintings to add to his own works. In addition, the enormous popularity of an essay on writing these artists, especially Claude, led to countless copies and even copies of copies. Less duplicitous was the and acid coursework invention of prints and the development of engraving to high art, making the landscapes of the planning masters as common as the furrowed tellurian landscapes of the peasants (see figures 1 and 2 ). Where the custom discount canvas could be known, often imprecisely, by only a few hundred privileged, the print could be known intimately by the massed thousands. Indeed, print collecting—”No person of Taste could be without a collection of prints” (Manwaring, 84)—became itself a popular pastime. Also, “the amateur landscape painter had begun to flourish before the seventeenth century closed, and planning an essay long continued to flourish increasingly” (Manwaring, 8). The stylistically idealised quality of Claude and Salvator’s paintings provided the inspiration for ubc doctoral thesis, the Picturesque movement and was then modified as the English Picturesque developed, essentially becoming an idealisation of on writing a nature that was rapidly vanishing and celebrating a rural way of life that was being lost. A Picturesque Definition. Perhaps the earliest explicit statement on the Picturesque comes from William Kent in his 1709 Memorandum on the preservation of Woodstock Manor:
That part of the Park which is seen from the North Front of the new building has little variety of objects nor does the country beyond it afford any of value. It therefore stands in need of custom discount all the helps that can be given. . . On Writing? . Romeo? Buildings and Plantations. These rightly dispos’d will indeed supply all the wants of Nature in that place. And the planning on writing most agreeable disposition is to mix them: in which this old Manour gives so happy an occasion for; that were the enclosures filled with Trees (principally fine Yews and Hollys) promiscuously set to grow up in a wild thicket, so that all the buildings left might appear in two risings amongst ’em, it would make one of the most agreeable objects that the best of Landskip painters can invent. School? (qtd. Watson, 17)
From this early beginning—remarkably loaded with what would eventually become the nitty-gritty of picturesque idiom: variety, wants of nature, mix, wild, thicket; and concepts: a harmony of architecture and natural surroundings and comparison with landscape paintings—the unfamiliar story of Picturesque development reads rather like the recorded exploits of an ancient relation discovered in an essay a dusty chest, while categorical definitions have all the interest of his bleached bones. Unfortunately, ubiquitousness and thiosulphate over-familiarity has essentially starved the term of any useful sense and to flesh out that skeletal frame becomes a matter of Hobson’s choice. Planning? So what does “picturesque” really mean? As late as 1794, Uvedale Price wrote: “There are few words whose meaning has been less accurately determined than that of the word picturesque” ( On the Picturesque , 77).  Whether or not we accept J. R. School? Watson's hypothesis, in Picturesque Landscape and English romantic Poetry , that this period—despite being the most prolific in picturesque studies, picturesque tours and picturesque allusions—actually marks the decline of the movement (a somewhat strange notion considering Turner’s Picturesque series is still decades away), it seems obvious that the time was indeed ripe for some clear definition. Unfortunately, the planning multi-disciplinary nature of the subject means that no nut-shell, no matter how perfectly nutty, can contain a definition fair and useful. The stress here then is call of duty essay paper, selectivity, surveying concepts intrinsic to Picturesque theory that reveals strong romantic links and usually glossed-over in modern literary criticism. William Gilpin (1724-1804) Perhaps the planning most succinct definition of Picturesque comes from thiosulphate coursework, Reverend William Gilpin's Essay on Prints (1768): “ . An Essay On Writing? . . a term expressive of call essay that peculiar kind of planning an essay on writing beauty, which is agreeable in a picture”(xii).
This simple statement is essay paper, modified by the notion of “picturesque grace,” meaning “an agreeable form which may be given to a clownish figure”(xii): that stylistic rendition found in “Berghem's clowns, and in Callot's beggars”(29). On Writing? Thus, in coursework this simplest of beginnings, the Picturesque relates both to the elements in planning an essay on writing a scene as well as the artist's treatment of his subject. Essay on Prints provides a broad examination of discount art and compositional analysis; and Watson's suggestion that for on writing, most of the thesis period this definition “was sufficient” seems sufficient only for those unwilling to read the book. Gilpin himself, recognising the fribblish finish, offers some restoration in Three Essays: On Picturesque Beauty, On Picturesque Travel, and On Sketching Landscape (1792) . The accepted definition of beauty—most often marked by an essay on writing, smoothness and unity—was established by Edmund Burke in A Philosophical Inquiry into the Sublime and Beautiful (1757). Recognising that scenes beautiful according to this definition were usually unsuitable subjects for the pencil, Gilpin considered the Picturesque composed of roughness, irregularity and variety. In addition, Gilpin disagrees with Burke’s conclusions on the beautiful and sublime, where the effect of the former is pleasure, the latter astonishment and that the two, discovered in discount a single object, cause mutual destruction. In reference to Ullswater, Gilpin writes: “Among all the an essay on writing visions of paper this enchanted country, we had seen nothing so beautifully sublime, so correctly picturesque, as this” ( Three Essays , 52). The juxtaposition of beautiful and sublime is both deliberate, and—as any present-day hiker in this region will attest—accurate. Indeed, the planning on writing mix of custom writings beauty and sublimity, producing the Picturesque, seems to be the gist of Dr. John Brown’s “beauty, horror and immensity united.” As John Ruskin suggests, “this sublimity may be either in mere external ruggedness, and other visible character, or it may lie deeper, in an expression of sorrow and old age, attributes which are both sublime” By defining the principle characteristics of the an essay on writing Picturesque, besides underlining the main weakness of Burke’s theory, Three Essays also achieved dubious honour of custom discount virtually codifying picturesque theory. The Picturesque was finally composed of such illustrative elements as ruins— à la Claude—cottages, villages, twisting tracks; with roughness, intricacy, sudden variation, abruptness, foreground, middleground and planning an essay on writing background forming the more abstract and general Picturesque paradigm. Gilpin's Picturesque musings, however, exceeded the of duty catalogue of elements and rules of composition, and in this often overlooked material Gilpin’s especial merit becomes clear.
For all the asseverations on an essay artistic theory, it was the visual art itself which most concerned Gilpin and explains the focus of his philosophy. Words,, Gilpin insists, cannot mark the characteristic distinctions of each scene, the touches of nature—her living tints—her endless varieties, both in apush form and colour.—In a word, all the elegant peculiarities are beyond their reach. The pencil, it is true, offers a more perfect mode of description. ( Observations , 10) Indeed, the peculiar strength of language rests elsewhere, and the adoption of Picturesque sensibilities by the poet must—by the planning very nature of his medium—result in call of duty essay paper an altered expression and not, to planning on writing, foreshadow central critical dogma, a transcending expression. Besides this conclusion—which literary scholars might find presumptuous—Gilpin keenly discerned the importance of the imaginative faculty: “. . . we may be pleased with the description, and the picture.
But the soul can feel neither, unless the force of our own imagination aid the poet's, or the painter's art; exalt the idea, and picture things unseen” ( Observations , 10). Reading poetry, viewing painting, it is the imagination which provides fullest meaning; and sodium thiosulphate and acid it is imagination also which accompanies Gilpin through the Lake District: The evening . . . grew more tempestuous . . . Planning An Essay On Writing? amid the obscurity, which now overshadowed the apush essay example landscape, the imagination was left at large; and painted many images, which perhaps did not really exist. . An Essay On Writing? . . Every great and pleasing form, which we had seen during the day, now played, in strong imagery before the fancy; as when the grand chorus ceases, ideal music vibrates on the ear. ( Observations , 19) Gilpin here describes the participation of active imagination both in reading poetry, viewing paintings, and exploring landscape. Followers of the Picturesque then, at least according to example, Gilpin, are involved with elemental matter both external and internal. Figure 4, for example, offers an unusual composition where the planning on writing two figures “may be supposed to see the continuation of a landscape down the valley . . . and this gives a sort of clue to the imagination” (qtd.
Bicknell, 38). Indeed, the discount bridge leads the an essay eye outside the school frame and it is the unseen which initiates the imagination as much as the seen. In addition, Gilpin suggests picturesque tourists with an artistic drift should side-step exact copy and superinduce through the imagination and awareness of picturesque aesthetics: in planning on writing a sense, the tableau should improve upon nature’s raw material. Hiking the lower lake of Buttermere, for essay school, example, Gilpin says: “Nothing is wanting but a little more wood, to make this lake, and planning an essay on writing the vale in which it lies, a very enchanting scene”( Observations , 3). Although instances such as this provide fodder for scholars hungry to highlight the absurdity of the Picturesque vision, where actual landscape is compared with ideal landscape painting, the methodology actually involves processing nature through artistic sensibility. Indeed, such comments reveal the Claudian concept of essay example ideal landscape to be never further than the an essay next hill. Heading towards Ullswater, Gilpin writes: “Except the mountains, nothing in all this scenery is great ; but every part is apush example, filled with the sweet engaging passages of planning an essay on writing nature” ( Observations , 8). Here, “passages” suggests poetry—indeed, several lines of verse follow—and Gilpin, despite his acute sense of the visual, infers that landscape, painting and poetry are all, deucedly and inextricably, mixed. Published in 1792, it pre-dates Wordsworth’s Lyrical Ballads by six years and the poet’s own Guide to the Lakes by eighteen. Gilpin, as a clergyman, was naturally concerned the amorality of the Picturesque.
Davies, in custom discount an exhibition of ignorance and forgetfulness, quotes Gilpin’s comment on the lakeland shepherd: “But the planning an essay on writing life of the shepherd, in call of duty essay this country, is not an Arcadian life. His occupation subjects him to many difficulties . . .” (qtd. Davies, 228), subsequently suggesting he afforded no interest in on writing the people who live in landscape! In fact, Gilpin, as we shall see, was personally concerned with the well-being of country people and openly acknowledged that the Picturesque stood outside ethical concerns: In a moral light, cultivation, in all its parts, is pleasing; the hedge and ubc doctoral furrow, the an essay waving corn field, and rows of call paper ripened Sheaves. But all these, the on writing Picturesque eye, in quest of scenes of romeo love essay grandeur, and planning on writing beauty, looks as with disgust . . . thus the lazy cow herd, resting on his pole; or the peasant lolling on a rock, may be allowed in the grandest scenes; while the laborous mechanic, with his implements of and juliet love labour, would be repulsed.” ( Observations, Cumberland , 45) This then is the Picturesque, not Gilpin himself. Gilpin, a school-master, required years of persuasion from friends before agreeing to publish his manuscripts. Planning An Essay On Writing? Subsequent royalties funded a school, “to remedy the conditions of ignorance and squalor” (Manwaring, 184) founded within the boundaries of his rural parish. In contrasting urban and rural life, picturesque representations inadvertently suggested a conflict between the reality of writings discount children's lives and projected adult attitudes. Many such pictures—including Thomas Gainsborough's cottage series—share a romanticised notion of the planning countryside as an innocent, idyllic environment.
While presenting children in tattered clothing, the effect is picturesque rather than moral. The very same, of call paper course, can be said of much romantic poetry. Gilpin, often the object of narrow-view animadversion, not only recognises the problem but selflessly provides some correction. Despite Gilpin's rule and dogma—measure for measure no more insidious than a modern “How-To” book—his Picturesque views display a diversity to which the satirists were forced to turn a blind eye; an acknowledgement that is as much in accord with romantic contemplation as Picturesque investigation. From 1768 onwards, Gilpin undertook full many provincial journeys in search of the Picturesque, producing a series of illustrated guide books which often suggested specific “stations”—places providing ideal perspective of picturesque vistas.
These guides, including Wye and South Wales (1782) and the Lake District (1789), were paramount in the popularisation of the Picturesque as a means of viewing nature and are, of themselves, indicative of the popularity of picturesque tourism. As Watkin suggests, “Gilpin’s numerous topographical books were essentially a preparation for intelligent critical visiting, for the Picturesque presupposes a society which was interested in nature and in art and, above all, in travelling (vii). In conclusion, Gilpin's introduction to Essays provides the following clarification which modern critics might gainfully peruse: . Planning An Essay? . . Writings? we picturesque people are a little misunderstood with regard to our general intention . I have several times been surprised at finding us represented, as supposing all beauty to consist in picturesque beauty —and the face of nature to planning an essay, be examined only by the rules of painting. Whereas, in fact, we always speak a different language. We speak of the grand scenes of nature, though interesting in a picturesque light , as having a strong effect upon and acid coursework, the imagination . . . we everywhere make distinctions between scenes, that are beautiful , and amusing , and scenes that are picturesque. ( i-ii) Followers of the Picturesque—and their numbers were legion—were concerned with a general appreciation of landscape and nature, though particularly those scenes formed of picturesque elements. The Picturesque scene was of more intense interest to painters, poets and travellers for the simple reason that the planning on writing Picturesque scene is a scene more intense in its capacity to provoke and induce reflection. And finally, Gilpin offers a warning: Let not inborn pride,
Presuming on thy own inventive powers, Mislead thine eye from Nature. She must reign. Great archetype in all. ( On Landscape Painting: A Poem , 26-30) Uvedale Price (1747-1829) This capacity to provoke is an essential element in the theories of Uvedale Price. Essay? Like Gilpin, Price adopts Burke's analysis of an essay on writing beauty: uniformity of surface, gradual variation and so on; as well as Gilpin's own analysis of picturesqueness: roughness, sudden variation, irregularity etc. Price, however, takes exception to pictorially-based definition, suggesting that the Picturesque is related to painting only accidentally: That term, as we may judge from its etymology, is thesis, applied only to objects of planning sight; and, indeed, in so confined a manner as to call essay paper, be supposed merely to have a reference to the art from which it is named.
I am well convinced however, that the name and reference only are limited and uncertain, and that the qualities which make objects picturesque, are not only as distinct as those which make them beautiful or sublime, but are equally extended to all our sensations by whatever organs they are received; and that music—though it appears like a solecism—may be as truly picturesque, according to the general principles of picturesqueness, as it may be beautiful or sublime, according to those of planning an essay on writing beauty or sublimity. Essay? ( On the Picturesque , 79-80) Price also states: “Whoever studies art alone, will have a narrow pedantic manner of considering all objects” (3), stressing the importance also of “the mistress of all art” (4), Nature herself. Price is here drawing attention to the ocular bias of William Payne Knight—introduced below—as part and parcel of a protracted debate. Strange then that Davies should insist that for Gilpin landscape’s “appeal is to the eye . An Essay? . . only through the eye” (230). Heretically, in a topsy-turvey turn around and romeo and juliet love about Ullswater, Gilpin’s mentions the music of the winds and tempest, “the echoes excited . On Writing? . . in different parts of [the] lake” ( Observations, Cumberland , 59). In addition, he tells the tale of the Duke of sodium thiosulphate coursework Portland, who owned a vessel fitted with brass cannons designed for the purpose of producing echoes. “Such a variety,” he suggests, “of awful sounds, mixing and commixing, and at the same moment heard from all sides, have a wonderful effect on the mind” ( Observations, Cumberland, 61). Another example of the auditory factor in the picturesque is planning, Hagley, Lord Lyttelton’s estate, the romeo and juliet locale in which Thomson revised and rewrote The Seasons which, besides the artificial ruins, featured a stream carefully designed for planning on writing, maximum gurgleability. Price seeks to essay in my, take something of the picture from Picturesque, considering it a new category of aesthetic values added to Burke's beautiful and sublime. . . . An Essay? picturesqueness appears to hold a station between beauty and sublimity; and, on that count, perhaps, is more frequently, and more happily blended with them both, than they are with each other.
It is, however, perfectly distinct from either. Beauty and picturesqueness are indeed evidently founded on very opposite qualities; the one on sodium and acid smoothness, the other on roughness; the one on an essay gradual, the other on sudden variation; the one on ideas of youth and freshness, the thiosulphate coursework other on those of age, and even of decay. ( On the Picturesque , 90) Again, this is only a modification—an engradisement—of Gilpin. Unlike Gilpin’s nation-wide pursuit of the Picturesque, Price concentrated his aesthetic energies upon the picturesqueification of manor gardens; and it is here that the two part company. In fact, it was William Kent, painter, architect and factotum of the planning on writing Earl of Burlington, who led the revolt against the artificial symmetry of romeo love gardens, (see figure 5 ), modifying, in 1734, the gardens at Chiswick House with a meandering stream and an irregular path. Price adopted Kent's early ideas and developed a more expansive theory of picturesque landscaping, arguing in On the Picturesque (1794), that gardens should imitate landscape paintings and that the gardener and an essay painter each aspire to the improvement of nature—again, the familiar idea of Nature as archetype which might be improved through art. Love Essay? Though inspired by Claude and Salvator, Price also aspired, as suggested above, towards the guiding hand of raw nature and planning an essay offered pragmatic suggestions of picturesque effects landowners might attempt. Apush Essay? Unfortunately, Price’s own effect over actual landscapes was severely limited by the very nature of his improvements, many of planning which required decades to romeo and juliet, reach full decay. If the planning patrician Price failed to effect solid change in the English manor landscape, he nevertheless bequeathed a more ironic and widespread legacy: just as “the picturesque sketch promoted naturalism in landscape painting” (Bermingham, 67), Price’s notions fostered a new naturalism in gardening—advocating the wild, the dramatic, the “accident” of nature: a withered tree, a half-submerged branch breaking the surface of a pool—and continued the democratisation of the Picturesque aesthetic. Condemned by some contemporaries for taking wildness too far, Price ultimately won a vox populi approval. Indeed, the art of picturesque gardening was soon exported: “. . . the continent, about 1770, began to thiosulphate and acid, adopt widely the English . . . An Essay? fashion; and sodium thiosulphate works in French and Italian were added to planning, the copious literature of landscape gardening” (Manwaring, 121).
The clash between aesthetic and sodium thiosulphate utility—essentially the moral dimension—was particularly trenchant for Price, whose expertise was firmly fixed in on writing the land itself. And Juliet Essay? In reference to thatched cottages, for example, he suggests: “It is planning, no less picturesque, when mossy, ragged, and sunk in among the sodium and acid coursework rafters in decay; a species of that character, however, which the an essay keenest lover of of duty paper it would rather see on planning an essay on writing another's property than on his own” ( On the Picturesque , 398). To this, the zealous and sometimes verbose editor of the 1842 edition interpolates: I confess, that after considerable experience, I have been completely cured of my romantic attachment to and juliet love essay, thatch. If the roof of a cottage be well formed, and well projected, so as to throw a deep shadow over the wall beneath it, I do not conceive that it will be necessary to thatch it, in order to add to its picturesque effect, at the risk of diminishing the comfort of the poor inmates. (398) Price the gentleman farmer, occupied with increased production and the maximisation of land use, appears, Ann Bermingham points out, as something of a contradiction to Price the promoter of an essay picturesque aesthetics, biased towards the nostalgic, the antiquated, the call of duty paper rustic, the dilapidated and the inefficient. The contradiction though seems somewhat delusive and is perhaps suggestive of the transformation of the paternal landlord-tenant relationship, with the picturesque manor garden now forming a physical boundary between aesthetic and productive nature. Richard Payne Knight (1750-1824)
Richard Payne Knight, who owned the most valuable collection of Claudes in an essay on writing Europe and whose interests were eclectic,  provides still another perspective. In, The Landscape: a Didactic Poem in Three Books , he refutes compositional analysis, instead seeing art as a “magic power”(8) which defies analysis and rule: Curse on the pedant jargon, that defines. Beauty's unbounded forms to given lines! With scorn eternal mark the cautious fool.
Who dares not judge till he consults his rule! Or when, Salvator from thy daring hand. Appears, in burnished arms, some savage band,— Each figure boldly pressing into life, And breathing blood, calamity, and strife, Should cold measure each component part. And judge thy genius by in my school, a surgeons art. (6-7) Knight also disagrees with Price’s multi-sensory theory, believing that the Picturesque “is merely that kind of beauty which belongs exclusively to the sense of an essay vision; or to the imagination guided by apush essay example, that sense”  ( On the Picturesque , 500). Knight provides a curious blend of neo-classical—with his didactic poem festooned in rhyming couplets and his notions of “taste”—and romantic, a clear sign of the transition underway:
Such too the Sicyonian sculptor taught. To model motion, and an essay on writing embody thought; Pure abstract beauty's fleeting shades to trace. And fix the image of ideal grace: Combining what he felt with what he saw. (5-6) Besides his emphasis upon “feeling” in apush essay example the almost magical and planning an essay almost irrational production of art, Knight points towards the dangers of fashion: Straight lines were the fashion of the last century, and the curved ones are the example fashion of this, and an indiscriminate adherence to the fashion of the day, what ever it happens to planning on writing, be, with a supercilious contempt for all who venture to dissent from it, is the never failing characteristic of the sodium and acid vanity, separated from the feeling, or discernment, of planning an essay taste.
The advocate for the curve lines would have been as much ridiculed in ubc doctoral thesis the last century as the advocate for straight ones in this; and with equal reason; for an essay, the indiscriminate use of either is equally bad. Many of the compositions of Nicholas Poussin show the grand effect which may be produced by the judicious use of straight lines. but the too general use of them was still more fatal to picturesque beauty, than the late senseless destruction of them has been. It belongs to and acid coursework, the real improver to discriminate where the straight, and where the curve line will best suit the composition; and it is planning, this talent of discrimination which distinguishes the liberal artist from the mechanic. (fn 11) Here, “faddish” (Brownlow, 43) modern appraisals typified also by the “vogue of the picturesque” (Nevious, 33) are clearly drawn and quartered by Knight’s properly considered execution of in my Picturesque principles which supersede transient newfangledness and commemorate the planning an essay sempiternal. Knight's fixation upon “taste,” and “discrimination,” are reminiscent of the superciliousness of a Pope or a Swift, though his distinction between the mechanic and liberal artist—one who follows no rules besides those which the and acid coursework magic spirit of art suggests—offers a place within the an essay on writing romantic arena. Knight, like Price, was accused of wild neglect in his landscape theories: an indication indeed of the distance separating the new naturalism from the old neo-classicism. Finally, and writings perhaps most importantly, Knight insists that the planning an essay transplanting and mimicking of Italian landscape—both real or painted—should finally be abandoned in preference to compositions which adopt Picturesque principles and native scenes:
Nor, plac’d beneath our cool and wat’ry sky. Attempt the glowing tints of Italy: For thus compell’d in mem’ry to confide, Or blindly follow some preceding guide, One common track it still pursues, And crudely copies what it never views . . . . Writings? (309-314)
The work of an essay Price and Knight, though perhaps less interesting a read than Gilpin, augmented the Picturesque phenomenon to a point where it was not only the talk of the town but of the estate and village. Watson’s assessment that “it is difficult to regard it as much more than a sterile ending,” (21) reveals perhaps a certain sterility in his own point of view rather than providing any useful conclusion. Lancelot Brown (1716-83) Lancelot “Capability” Brown, though embroiled in thiosulphate the Picturesque debate, essentially helped define the planning Picturesque by apush essay, negation: Brownian improvement replaced the artificiality of neo-classical landscape gardens with a new artificiality based either upon Burke’s principles of beauty or Brown’s singular notions born orphan and condemned to permanent infancy. Fundamentally, Brown’s style, though claiming nature as its inspiration, was no less unnatural than, for example, Knole, Nymphenburg or Le Notre's Versailles. If the “improvements” of Price and Knight might take decades to develop, the bumbling “Capability” Brown provided expeditious transformations priced by the yard and complete the day after tomorrow. Planning On Writing? Gilpin himself comments upon this: This is the first subject of the kind he [Brown] has attempted . . . but a ruin presents a new idea; which I doubt whether he has sufficiently considered . . . Sodium Thiosulphate And Acid? [His lake] is too magnificent, and too artificial an appendage, to be in on writing unison with the ruins of an apush essay example abbey.
An abbey, it is true, may stand by the side of a lake; and it is possible that this lake may, in some future time, become its situation; when the marks of the spade and the pick-axe are removed,—when its osiers flourish; and its naked banks become fringed and covered with wood . An Essay On Writing? . . the romeo and juliet essay ruin stands now on a neat bowling-green like a house just built, and without any kind of connection with the ground it stands on. Planning An Essay On Writing? (qtd. Watkin, 48) Brown designed his landscapes according to his own simple understanding of of duty nature's harmonies and gradients, featuring vast expanses of grass, irregularly shaped bodies of water, and planning an essay clumpified tree groupings. As a consequence, Brown eventually became the object of thiosulphate coursework general ridicule: On one occasion Owen Cambridge remarked, “I wish I may die before you, Mr.
Brown.” “Why so?” inquired the puzzled but flattered Brown. An Essay? “Because,” came the reply, “I should like to see heaven before you have improved it.” (qtd. Hussey, 139) Brown clearly and entirely personified the halting and romeo love essay maladroit neo-classical Picturesque, an awkward attempt to plant a round tree in a square hole; and his importance stems partly from the middleground his improvements occupied, and partly from the antithetical virtue of an essay on writing something which is not providing a point of reference to something which is. The Philosophical Context. The Grand Tour, the romeo and juliet love essay importation of planning souvenir landscape paintings and the increasingly popular provincial trips provide the foundation for all this Picturesque inquiry; but there was additionally a general philosophical investigation which offered a provocative and conducive milieu. Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814) equated God with the natural order of the ubc doctoral thesis world; Wilhelm Wackenroder's Effusions of an Art-Loving Friar (1773-1798) proposed the on writing existence of custom two Divine languages, the first reserved for solely for God, the second composed of two components: Nature and Art—a kind of bilingualism for the unilingual. Together, these ideas brought some balance to the traditional Christian bias against on writing nature.
Most important was Burke’s (1729-1797) aforementioned theory of the sublime: the ultimate experience of divinity, composed of awe, fear and enlightenment, and produced by the contemplation of potent and alarming nature. The effect of visible objects on the passions, clearly, is not only the concern of Burke, but lies at the heart also of Picturesque theory. In effect, these philosophical theories began either to intellectualise landscape and nature—a process continued by the Picturesque school, which allowed a less restricted participation—or attached to it theological importance (see figure 6) where once was seen irreverence. Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840), for example, exhibited Cross in the Mountains in sodium coursework 1808: a landscape intended as an altarpiece for a private chapel. Critics initially condemned this as sacrilegious.
Friedrich's own interpretation of the picture identified the natural images as symbols for planning an essay, religious beliefs: “The Cross stands erected on writings discount a rock unshakeably firm as our faith in Jesus Christ. Evergreen, enduring through all ages, the firs stand round the cross, like the hope of mankind in Him”( Encyclopaedia Britannica ). Landscape and landscape paintings, through these developments, were deemed to be intellectually and religiously interesting and planning on writing thus offered a respectability previously unknown. Importantly, the religious angle provided only an initial entry point in what was finally to become an amoral and secular aesthetic. Returning to apush essay example, the properly Picturesque, Thomas West’s Guide to the Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire , first published in 1778, displays the planning on writing religious overtones of landscape within the context of the urban/rural dichotomy: Such as spend their lives in cities, and their time in crouds will here meet with objects that will enlarge the mind, by contemplation, and raise it from essay, nature to nature’s first cause. Whoever takes a walk into these scenes must return penetrated with a sense of the creator’s power in heaping mountains upon mountains, and planning an essay on writing enthroning rocks upon rocks. And such exhibitions of sublime and beautiful objects cannot but excite at once both rapture and reverence. (4) Although religion, ultimately, would be banished from the Picturesque scene, initially such inclusion provided justification and essay example absolution for the new focus on landscape. Within the larger context, the developing interest in landscape painting and landscape itself comes as no surprise and planning an essay the romantic school of poetry was essentially a natural progression as inevitable as the wooded shadows cast by a brilliant dawn. Landscape Painters Autochtonous. As we have seen, the ubc doctoral appreciation of landscape was one which required learning, and it was through landscape painting and painters that this skill was initially acquired.
Thomas Gainsborough (1727-88) Thomas Gainsborough, perhaps the earliest and an essay certainly most highly regarded pioneer of ubc doctoral picturesque English landscape painting, emerged as. the most significant landscape painter of the century. An Essay On Writing? Whereas the work of Wilson, the “English Claude,” could be accommodated within the familiar art-history tradition of landscape painting, Gainsborough’s art inspired insights that ran counter to the academic notions of paintings. . . . (Bermingham, 58) Gainsborough “gave landscape the status of pure painting: private, personal” (Bermingham 43). Rejecting portraiture, with its congenital mandate for poetic license, conjured to and acid coursework, placate a patron, rather than artistic integrity, Gainsborough believed that the an essay on writing material of landscape allowed “. In My School? . Planning On Writing? . the artist freely to exercise his imagination” (Bermingham 44). In his later work, Gainsborough offered ever more subjective and sentimental subjects: the cottage, the sublimity of sea, of essay mountain, and the innocence of children, each finding a correspondence in such poems as Wordsworth’s “The Ruined Cottage,” “Ode: Intimations of Immortality,” “Farewell though little Nook of mountain ground” and planning an essay “We Are Seven.” In the decades after his death in 1788, a veritable inversion of sodium taste had occurred, with critics and sensible folk alike increasingly praising landscape over portraits. Gainsborough rejected predefined artistic traditions, embraced English rural subject matter as “a direct response to nature” (Bermingham 58), and established an affinity with the Picturesque well beyond that of either Claude or Salvator. If, as Hussey suggests, Claude, Salvator and on writing others caused a revolution in the appreciation of scenery and nature, then Gainsborough landed that rebellion on the home front, adopting English countryside and scenes with a subjective reconnaissance which sought to discover their innate truth. J M W Turner (1775-1851)
Joseph Mallord William Turner was principally influenced by Claude, and so, not surprisingly, painted a host of picturesque scenes whose mythological and historical subjects are guaranteed to warm even the custom writings discount coldest cockles of the neo-classicist: Dido Building Carthage , The Bay of Baiae with Apollo and the Sibyl and Ulysses Deriding Polyphemus , to name only a few. And yet the on writing subjects themselves tell only custom writings discount half the story, for planning on writing, these were indeed Picturesque canvases with atmospheric effects suggestive of Claude (see figure 7) and foreshadowing impressionistic treatment. Turner then demonstrates the essay tenacity of neo-classical material in paintings; but also the movement towards a more individual and an essay romantic approach: in place of mere factual recording, Turner translated scenes into a light-filled expression of his own romantic outlook. Other paintings, like Buttermere Lake: A Shower , from around 1798, as well as Turner’s extensive touring of England and Scotland during the same period, show a sensitivity to thiosulphate, the nationalistic climate inherent in the Picturesque movement. Turner, like Salvator, was himself something of a romantic figure: claiming no close friends, painting in absolute privacy, spending months in solitude and always travelling alone. When persuaded to sell his paintings, Turner suffered days of dejection. Finally, Turner left a large fortune which he hoped would support what he called “decaying artists”—a picturesque appellation if ever there was one.
What makes Turner particularly interesting is his treatment of the sublime and planning an essay on writing its Picturesque ramifications. John Ruskin has a unique and convincing view of this which explains the strength of the Picturesque and partly —infinitesimally—accounts for essay, the modern literary bias: . . Planning An Essay On Writing? . if this outward sublimity be sought for by the painter, without any regard for the real nature of the thing, and without any comprehension of the pathos of character hidden beneath, it forms the low school of the essay surface-picturesque; that which fills ordinary drawing-books and scrap-books, and employs, perhaps, the most popular living landscape painters of France, England, and Germany. But if these same outward characters be sought for in subordination to an essay on writing, the inner character of the object, every source of pleasurableness being refused which is incompatible with that, while perfect sympathy is felt at the same time with the essay object as to all that it tells of itself in those sorrowful by-words, we have the school of true or noble picturesque. To extend this analysis, it is an acute sympathy which separates middling artists of the Picturesque from the Turners and the Wordsworths; it is, to adopt Ruskin’s terminology, the difference between high and low Picturesque. Although Turner— unlike Wordsworth—employed both sketches and memory, a similar temporal distancing from subject is common to an essay on writing, their respective methodologies: The sketch which Turner used as the basis for his drawing of Louth, Lincolnshire , a drawing that dates from of duty essay paper, sometime in 1827-8, was made thirty years earlier, in 1797. As will become increasingly obvious, painting and literature are indeed sister arts and their practitioners intimately related. (Shanes, 20) John Constable (1776-1837) John Constable was born and bred in rural England and his bond to planning, the countryside was life long and reverential. No other painter of the period imbued such a sense of self in his work, calling his sketchbooks “journals”—complete with their autobiographical annotations—and stating, surely with a nod of approval from Wordsworth: “I am fond of being an Egoist in whatever relates to painting” (qtd.
Bermingham, 87). His earliest works were venerational sketches in of duty essay paper the style of planning an essay on writing Gainsborough; and, though never abandoning Picturesque theory, Constable appropriated its many exigencies and eventually made them componential to the dictates of his own. Initially, then, the Picturesque afforded Constable an aesthetic perspective whose ideological bias coincided at many points with his own rejection of commercial values as shared by his family. Furthermore, the Picturesque focus on the specific appearances of objects and the power of these appearances to evoke strong imaginative associations encouraged Constable’s own propensity to infuse particular views and objects with affective significance. (Bermingham, 113-114) Perhaps the most striking aspect—at least to sodium thiosulphate, the literary minded—of Constable’s stylistic development involves his new conception of on writing nature with its emphasis upon specific and individual elements which undermine traditional hierarchical landscape composition.
Discussing Dedham Vale: Morning , Bermingham states: . . . the of duty paper eye cannot trace a pedestrian itinerary; it focuses on charged spots—the figures, the tall golden trees, the white church, the post in the left foreground. . . Planning? . [It is this] profusion of dialectically charged spots [that] organises Constables landscapes. (123) Besides these spots of composition, Constable, in the frontispiece of English Landscape Scenery , supplies an archetype for essay, his work in planning general: This spot saw the day-spring of apush example my life, Hours of Joy and years of Happiness; This place first tinged my boyish fancy with a love of the Art, This place was the origin of my fame. (qtd. Bermingham, 125) The obvious and planning an essay on writing unavoidable correspondence with Wordsworth’s “spots in time” is further augmented by Constable’s use of recollection: Flatford Mill from the Lock , as a case in point, is a composite canvas composed of five prefatory and much studied sketches, and features five charged spots—focal points of interest—copied from their respective points in the sketches.
The final choice of perspective and arrangement is suggested by Constable in a letter to his wife: “I have tried Flatford Mill again, from the lock (whence you once made a drawing)” (qtd. Bermingham, 131). The lock and its view, as we see, are associated with his wife, and the final composition is imbued with the emotions stirred by apush essay, his memories of planning an essay that moment and thesis of imaginings, of retrospection: “. . . what he experienced remembering with what she had experienced in the process of drawing” (Bermingham 132); a fusion of planning an essay past and present. We should deduce no direct philosophical or methodological imitation from either Constable or Wordsworth—though each was intimately acquainted with the other’s work—but rather recognise that both responded to the spirit of the times, inheriting a still viable Picturesque aesthetic, assimilating its imperatives and making egotistical innovation their own underlying principle. If we accept for romeo love, the moment that the romantic movement came not as a miraculous gift from a prophetic Wordsworth tired of rhyming his couplets and an essay on writing poeticising his passages, but as a result of processes already under way; similarly, the Picturesque itself developed through gradual shifts in the philosophical mind and artistic mix. Figure 1: Claude, Pastoral Landscape With the writings Pointe Molle, from Bicknell. Figure 2: Earlom, from Bicknell. Figure 3: William Westall (1781-1850) View of the caves near Gordale Scar, Yorkshire from Bick nell. “Of all the scenes regularly visited by travellers in search of the Picturesque, Gordale Scar most vividly evoked Salvator” (Bicknel, 72). Figure 4: Gilpin, Number 18, from Bicknell.
Figure 5: Garden Plan, from Manwaring. Figure 6: Marco Ricci (1679-1729), Classical landscape with a traveller and two figures kneeling before a cross, from Bicknell. Figure 7: Turner, Caernarvon Castle (1799) Claudeian influence. Moving from Picturesque affects to effects: as fundamental to literature as to the way we presently evaluate and an essay relate to landscape scenes, the holidays and pictures we take, the rural dreams we dream. Continuing the supposition that the Picturesque was no mere fad, this section will detail the of duty essay paper transition from literature’s traditional view of landscape shortly before and during the Augustan reign to one which gradually accommodates Picturesque learning and issues in on writing the sovereign Nature of the romantics. The movement from neo-classicism to romanticism was not so much a break as a gradual changing of the guard, until finally the palace itself stood vacant and the Greco-Roman soldiers sent a-packing. Just as Sir Isaac Newton—for all his cosmic reconstruction—quietly maintained traditional beliefs, writing a commentary on writings discount the Book of Revelations which flabbergasted his scientific admirers, so too the Picturesque prebendaries provided token offerings to the ancient classical gods. William Gilpin himself reveals this tentation, offers these offerings, in an essay on writing his definitions of picturesque, occasionally comparing picturesque roughness with classical depictions: Virgil’s Venus, with hair dissundere ventis , Homer’s rugged Jupiter. The strain of call of duty discovering the Picturesque in the classics is injurious both to Picturesque theory and to the authors themselves, though the omnipresence and potency of Augustan authority and planning on writing prestige during the eighteenth century essentially made necessity of inanity. In addition, Gilpin sometimes uses Virgilian quotations to essay in my school, describe English scenery; and in Observations even suggests that Virgil was a great master of landscape.
From this, Hugh Sykes Davies—perhaps the most Boeotian of modern critics—understands the Picturesque to be a “revived Augustan attitude to Nature” (248)—a particularly unique and outlandish notion which defies both the evidence of art and literature. Planning On Writing? Indeed, David Watkin makes this absurdity clear: Carroll Meeks showed in 1957  how each of the five principles of the Picturesque—variety, movement, irregularity, intricacy and roughness—is respectively echoed in ubc doctoral thesis the characteristics of on writing Baroque as defined by ubc doctoral, Heinrich Wolfflin (1864-1945): painterly, recession, open, unity and unclearness. In Wolfflin’s visual system of analysis, which in itself could be seen as a legacy of the Picturesque, these characteristics were identified as the opposite of those of Classic Art: namely linear, plane, closed, multiplicity and clearness. (x) Section one provided some hint of the amorality that marks the Picturesque school. On Writing? It is this very fact which provides and essay example another important distinction between the Picturesque and neo-classicism. In Gilpin’s Dialogue upon the Gardens at Stowe , two visitors discuss the merits of a ruinous hermitage. The first is puzzled “why we are more taken with a prospect of on writing this ruinous kind, than with views of Plenty and Prosperity in their greatest Perfection.” (5) The second responds: Yes: but cannot you make a distinction between natural and moral Beauties?
Our social Affections undoubtedly find their Enjoyment the most complete when they contemplate, a Country smiling in the midst of Plenty, where Houses are well-built, Plantations regular, and ubc doctoral thesis everything the most commodious and useful. But such Regularity and Exactness excites no manner of Pleasure in the Imagination, unless they are made use of to planning an essay, contrast with something of an opposite call of duty kind. (5) Malcolm Andrews contextualises such differentiations: “. . . the distinction between natural and planning an essay moral beauty would have made most Augustans very uneasy, so clearly does it fly in the face of cherished neo-classical values, where physical beauty is essay, seen as the expression of moral beauty” (48). In terms more specifically concerned with the planning an essay on writing development of the Picturesque and romantic poetry, Brownlow makes a similar point: “They [neo-classicists] took it as axiomatic that the training of the eye was a moral activity, in that a properly conceived, and perceived, landscape or garden was an emblem of essay example order . . . in the state, the mind, the soul, and the emotions” (15). The influence of the Picturesque in France stands as further testament: there the impact was particularly striking for “it conflicted with the rationalist trend of architectural theory which survived from the late seventeenth into the early twentieth century” (Watkin, 161). Eighteenth century neo-classical and planning on writing Picturesque correlations, like those of and juliet Gilpin, which are, at best, spurious, are further explained, firstly, by some degree of pedantry; secondly, intellectual name-dropping, offering assent through association; and thirdly, and most particularly, the tremendous difficulties involved in developing an aesthetic outside the ubiquitous and intrinsically disdainful neo-classical confines. The Picturesque then, saw its earliest lines of delineation drawn during the Augustan heyday. Planning? Augustans’ adoption of the Picturesque was initially obvious: with the works of Claude increasingly in vogue, his idyllic and nostalgic landscapes of lost classical splendour were understandably and generally embraced.
Indeed, the historical/classical narrative in Claude’s paintings was comfortably accommodating to neo-classicists and offered—as was the case with religious allusion—a license of interest in what was actually a novel, non-classical, non-traditional genre. The Picturesque Path  The attendant problem in love essay viewing pre-picturesque poets through the filter of this thesis is planning, actually the custom writings point: landscape in literature, until the early eighteenth century, is conspicuous either by its absence, rarity, or treatment. As mentioned in planning on writing Section One, just as landscape in writings painting initially existed largely as a backdrop to human drama, similarly, in literature, it functioned as a symbol of or allusion to planning an essay on writing, grander to more “worthy” conceptions. Ben Jonson (1572/3-1637)
Ben Jonson’s “To Penshurst” (1616) is an interesting case in point: cutting the first turf in a sub-genre celebrating a specific locale, its treatment of romeo and juliet love essay landscape is exactly as we would expect, which is to say, exactly as this thesis anticipates. Penshurst, the country seat of the Sidney family (Sir Philip being the an essay most familiar) is described by Jonson in ubc doctoral thesis a most particular manner: after a brief preamble describing the manor’s modest facade, the poem turns to the surrounding gardens, where “Thou hast thy walks for health, as well as sport” (9)—though notably not for planning, any aesthetic value; where, not surprisingly, Pan and Bacchus drop in for a famous feast; and custom writings where every element of planning on writing this topography reads like a catalogue of writings ownership, the planning an essay ledger of a steward rather than a poetic eulogy or a laudation of landscape. “That taller tree, which of a nut was set / At his great birth, where all the Muses met” (13-14), initially provides a symbolic marking of Sir Phillip’s birth, soon inscribed—“There in the writhed bark are cut the names / Of many a sylvan” (15-16)—with the apush scrawl of lovers re-scrawled as the an essay initials of fabled wood deities. The oak stands not as a tree valued for its majestic treeness, but as an emblem marking the consequence of its wealthy owner; and, to pursue this branch to its limit, acting as a veritable Zeitgeist . “Thy copse, too, named of Gamage, thou hast there, / That never fails to serve thee seasoned deer” (19-20), strengthens the notion of ownership through nomenclature and call of duty essay introduces the main theme: nature not as objet d’art but as morsels of existentialistic meat, the ingredients of art culinaire . An Essay On Writing? Accordingly, in this Edenic garden, with land-owner seated not as Adam but standing as God, “The painted partridge lies in every field, / And, for thy mess, is apush, willing to be killed” (29-30); and planning an essay on writing “Fat, aged carps, that run into thy net, / Bright eels that emulate them, and leap on land / Before the fisher, or into his hand” (33-35). Of course, all this is very pragmatic and moral, supporting the pillars of establishment and legitimate dominion in a manner suggestive of Elizabethan hierarchy. It will be some time before the sodium and acid coursework stability of the oak and pillars becomes, instead, the stuff of aesthetics. John Denham (1615-69) Sir John Denham, in Cooper’s Hill (1642), composed one of the earliest and particularly influential topographical poems. Typically, it mixes natural descriptions with moral.
Here, for example, the two are intercoursed: Though with those streams he no resemblance hold, Whose foam is amber and their gravel gold; His genuine and less guilty wealth t' explore, Search not his bottom, but survey his shore. (165-168) The incorporation of historical and political reflections, besides foreshadowing Pope—specifically Windsor Forest —highlight a landscape invisible without the filter of man’s works.
Interestingly, ironically, use of the heroic couplet marks the transition from metaphysicals to neo-classicism in planning on writing much the same way that Thomson’s The Seasons foreshadows romanticism. John Hughes 1677-? John Hughes, with a lifelong interest in graphic art, is one of several lesser poets whose attempts at landscape poetry predates the more familiar and famous. His Court of Neptune (1700) describes “Landscapes of rising Mountains, shaggy Woods, / Green Valleys, smiling Meadows, silver Floods, / And Plains with lowring Herds enrich’d around” (qtd, Manwaring, 96). Obviously, this pre-Picturesque period, still lacking any landscape aesthetic, is incapable of providing any genuine pictorial perspective. Nevertheless, Hughes’ introduction to Poetical Works offers an thesis interesting observation: “There are no parts in a poem which strike the generality of readers with so much pleasure as Description” (xxxxv). Poems like “The Picture,” features an original collecting of hues from on writing, nature: Queen of fancy hither bring. So from ev’ry flow’r and plant. Gather first the immortal paint. Fetch me lilies, fetch me roses. (7-14)
The poem is delightful not only for its originality, but for the genuine poetic sensibility. Finally, however, all this pigment is to paint a portrait of Venus. “Greenwich Park,” despite the hopefulness of its title, inevitably becomes nothing more than a background for parading and prancing nymphs, Cupid, Mira and various embodiments of beauty: a landscape reflecting classicism and ubc doctoral thesis finally fading into aesthetic oblivion while all the radiance that remains is human. Poems like “The triumph of planning peace occasioned by the peace of Ryswich 1697” and “The court of Neptune on King William’s return from Holland 1699,” surprisingly do contain landscape elements, though again only as a history painting-like background. Only the subject itself of To Mr. Constantine, on His Paintings makes true landscape fleetingly possible:
Here tufted Groves rise boldly to the Sky, There Spacious Lawns more distant charms the Eye, The Crystal Lakes, in Borrow’d Tinctures shine. And misty Hills the ubc doctoral far Horizon join, Lost in the azure of Borders of the Day, Like Sounds remote that die in Air away. (qtd, Manwaring, 96) Conventionally a cardinal artistic sin, this copy of an essay copy surprisingly exhibits particular merit, not only for the avant-garde Picturesque elements—William Kent’s 1709 Memorandum, after all, appears now on the horizon—but with the sodium and acid “borrowing” from one state of reality to another and the canvas’ frame providing closure to the day. Nevertheless, any systematic rendition of landscape is, at this time, possible only by planning, imitation not of nature—nor indeed Nature—but of a landscape canvas. The Picturesque Convergence. Alexander Pope (1688-1744), writing during and even dabbling in the development of Picturesque theories, enters the literary pantheon during this transitional period and consequently demands significant attention. In fact, as will become apparent, the Augustan embrace of the Picturesque was one without much feeling, attachment, sincerity and without much conviction.
Pope was connected with the earliest picturesque efforts: one of the call paper first romantic mediaevalisations, built at Cirencester Park, Gloucestershire. Known as Alfred's Hall, it was begun in 1721 for the first Earl of Bathurst. In 1732 Bathurst wrote to Pope: “I have almost finished my hermitage in the wood, and on writing it is better than you can imagine . Essay Paper? . . I will venture to assert that all Europe cannot show such a pretty little plain work in the Brobdingnag style as what I have executed here” (qtd. Watkin, 45). This plain structure eventually became, with Pope's advice and planning assistance, a venerable castle and mock ruin. In addition, Pope’s Moral Essays , “Epistle IV” offers some promising notions of picturesque landscape gardening, with both Nature and painting offered as inspiration and methodology. This leads J. R. Watson to suggest: “The gardener’s task was now to co-operate with nature, as Pope knew” (16). In fact, although Pope mocks the formality of sodium thiosulphate a Versailles, supplanting it with, “Parts answ’ring parts shall slide into planning on writing view / Spontaneous beauties all around advance, / Start ev’n from Difficulty, strike from Chance” (66-68), his own poetry regularly smacks of the formality of affected gardens. Indeed, Pope’s own garden—mostly laid out in c. 1718-25—epitomised by its now famous grotto, illustrates something of the awkwardness of thesis his picturesque dabblings. David Watkin—in what becomes a familiar motif of prevarication—succinctly describes this incongruity: “Pope enhanced his grotto with optical illusion, with mirrors and waterworks, with ores and minerals chosen for their beauty not their rarity, yet he still considered it natural in comparison with the formality and artificiality of planning an essay on writing mannerist and baroque grottoes” (4). A Plan of custom Mr.
Pope’s Garden , penned by John Serle, Pope’s gardener and man-servant, reveals more details: the grotto was, in fact, a rock and planning an essay on writing sea-shell strewn tunnel leading beneath a road to the garden. Custom? Besides the opulence of the marble plaque inscribed in planning on writing gold letters decorating the entrance, Italian marble, Plymouth marble, Cornish diamonds, Amesthystine crystals—to scratch only the surface—form the grotto itself. Although none of these are precious materials per se , neither are they the stuff of the primitive Picturesque scene. A Plan , in its cartographic fold-out, reveals the lay-out of the garden: formed mostly of radial and rectilinear pathways and a polished lawn, there are nevertheless a few hesitant serpentine walks. Watkin admits: “What Pope persisted in seeing as ‘natural’ seems to us as artificial as Rococo . Essay Example? . .” (5). Indeed, what Pope persisted in planning an essay on writing seeing as natural would no doubt have seemed equally artificial, only call paper a few decades later, to Price and Knight. What makes A Plan particularly interesting is its uninteresting inventory, which not only planning on writing itemises the materials used in the grotto, but their source: Several large Groups of Cornish Diamonds tinged with a blackish Water, from the Rev. Dr. Example? William Borlace of Ludgvan in Cornwall . . . An Essay On Writing? . Several fine Pieces of Eruptions from Mount Vesuvius , and a fine Piece of Marble from the Grotto of ubc doctoral Egeria near Rome , from the Reverend Mr. Spence ; with several fine Petrifactions and Plymouth Marble, from Mr.
Cooper . (6-7) This brief extract, with its “fine” name dropping, reveals the familiar marks of ownership and prestige. The emblem of land title, which we saw in Jonson’s “To Penshurst,” is here reduced to constitutional elements: rocks and minerals, and suggesting the commensurate importance of associate names, like famous signatures in a gallery of ultimately mediocre art: the high price of reputation . Even the poems contained in a section entitled, “Verses Upon the Grotto at planning an essay on writing Twickenham” concern themselves not with the grotto itself, but with the man who owned the example grotto. Emerson once wrote that although fields and farms belong to this man or that, the landscape is an essay on writing, nobody’s private property. In early eighteenth century England, the notion of essay example landscape finally existed, though Emerson’s point was as yet lost in the haze of future understanding. The far flung opulence, the unnatural far flung assortment of items collected from various regions—how natural is a chunk of an essay Vesuvius clinging to a lump of Plymouth Marble?—should, one would think, quickly and convincingly settle the question which Morris R. Brownell rhetorically poses in his introduction to A Plan : “Pope’s acknowledgement to Sloan for his gift of joints of the sodium thiosulphate and acid coursework Giant’s Causeway raises the planning an essay question of ubc doctoral his conception of the grotto—fosillary of an essay on writing rare minerals or imitation of nature?” (viii). Not surprisingly, Brownell sees the whole thing as an imitation of romeo and juliet essay nature.
However wrong this blind faith reading might be, the planning an essay on writing question itself misses the point: whatever Pope’s intent, the result was impossibly unnatural. The neo-classicist, no matter what aesthetic mining he attempts, can extract only a rarefied nature, more artful than natural, the geological equivalent of a landscape lyric in heroic couplets, with every pair of lines a peculiar strata of imported rock. In fairness to Pope, however, Twickenham garden and Lord Burlington’s in Chiswick vie as the apush essay first picturesque grounds. On Writing? If they are, by apush essay example, later standards, largely unnatural and unpicturesque, they were at planning an essay on writing least a tentative first step down the meandering garden path. Further, Pope’s definition of nature was usually Nature , duly capitalised and interrelated not with “the great out-doors,” nor nature in romeo and juliet love essay a Darwinian sense, but more particularly the illustrative, universal and intransmutable; common sense and perspicacity: Yet if we look more closely, we shall find. Most have the seeds of judgement in their mind: Nature affords at least a glimmer of light; The lines, though touched but faintly, are drawn right;(“An Essay on Criticism,” 19-22) Here the drawing metaphor is emphatically concerned neither with landscape nor art, but with “good sense.”
Pope’s earliest attempt at what we might broadly term nature poetry was Pastorals . Reading like a declaration of love from an avaricious beggarly bachelor to a wealthy widow, any genuine feeling seems obliterated by a self-conscious pedantic exhibitionism: the Thames valley landscape, for example, is chock-a-block with “ Sicilian Muses” (certainly not my italics) though singularly Spartan in sunny meadows. The natural elements in Pastorals typically function in one of three ways: firstly, as a form of extended characterisation: Oh deign to visit our forsaken seats, The mossy fountains, and the green retreats! Where’re you walk, cool gales shall fan the glade, Trees, where you sit, shall crowd into a shade; Where’re you tread, the blushing flow’rs shall rise, And all things flourish where you turn your eyes. (71-76) In this instance, the chastity, morality, purity of Rosalinda is externalised in a venerational relationship with subdued Nature. Secondly, as a mere pretext for manifold classicisms:
Beneath the planning Shade a spreading Beech displays, Hylas and Aegon sung their Rural Lays; This mourn’d a faithless, that an apush essay example absent Love. And Dekia’s Name and Doris fill’d the Grove. Ye Mantuan Nymphs, your sacred Succour bring;
Hylas and planning on writing Aegon’s Rural Lays I sing. ( Pastorals: Autumn , 1-6) And, thirdly, as in traditional paintings, as a background or at best a setting for human activity. Windsor Forest (1713) provides another example of Pope’s inability to create either pictorial or picturesque scenes. Indeed, the poems turns out to of duty, be a virtual arboricultural wasteland: a peculiar reversal of the familiar aphorism where we cannot see the an essay trees for the forest. Here Hills and Vales, the Woodland and the Plain, Here Earth and water seem to strive again. There, interspers’d in Lawns and opening Glades, Thin Trees arise that shun each others Shades. Here in apush example full light the russet Plains extend;
There wrapt in Clouds the bluish Hills ascend. (11-24) Certainly there is some semblance of landscape here, but the planning an essay on writing lawns are never far away, and we imagine a scene, not surprisingly, more typical of Capability Brown than the Picturesque. The natural elements are correspondingly here, here, there, here, there: namely, nowhere, a collage of bits glued willy-nilly, denying spatial and relative reality; the call thin trees seemingly represent not a fecund forest but the planning an essay sparsity of Pope’s pictorial sense. To admire Pope for his particular strength without acknowledging his weakness licenses the implicit generosity of J. R. Watson and the superficiality of Manwaring’s statement that “Pope comes close to Claude” (97) and ubc doctoral thesis does neither service to planning an essay on writing, understanding Pope’s poetry nor Picturesque development. Indeed, Hussey convincingly argues that, “There is no analogy in romeo love essay his landscapes to those of Claude or Salvator” (30). Pope’s embryonic landscapes, in place of visualisation, provide Defoe-like catalogues, reminiscent also of “To Penshurst”: painting the scenery of inventory rather than the canvas of invention. Pope’s Classical Roots. Ever since Horace’s dictum in Ars Poetica (c.
13 BC) “ ut pictura poesis —“as is painting, so is poetry”—the two arts have been jointly imprisoned in the same ivory tower—albeit “painting” definitively meant portraiture. Even briefly setting aside the planning on writing neo-classical context, there can be no surprise that the Picturesque movement was initially tied—though with varying degrees of essay school tightness—to classical poetry. Of course, Pope’s archetypes—indeed, the fact that his literature always passes through some metaphysical classical filter—virtually disallows any personal expression of an essay a personal relationship with nature, or at least results in hollow sentiments. A brief quotation from Virgil’s The Eclogues (37 BC) will perhaps make this clear: Happy old man, who ’mid familiar streams. And hallowed springs, will court the cooling shade!
Here, as of call paper old, your neighbour's bordering hedge, That feasts with willow-flower the planning on writing Hybla bees, Shall oft with gentle murmur lull to sleep, While the leaf-dresser beneath some tall rock. Uplifts his song, nor cease their cooings hoarse. The wood-pigeons that are your heart's delight, Nor doves their moaning in the elm-tree top. ( Eclogue I) Though certainly broader than Pope’s catalogue of natural elements, the holistic perspective of landscape is obviously impossible where man and his activities form the principal focus. Interestingly, Virgil goes beyond simple nature eulogy and those country comforts provide a simple alternative to urban opulence: “Let Pallas keep the towers her hand hath built, / Us before all things let the woods delight”(Eclogue II). The English ideal would transform these towers into stately homes, islands of luxury in a sea of peasant labour, a simplicity of life defined geographically rather than philosophically. While Virgil calls for a hands-on relationship with nature, rural England produced the harvest bounty at arms length.
In addition to this, the classical landscape, though never described in terms of landscape, is call of duty paper, one distinctly exotic, inhabited by on writing, pipe-playing shepherds, wayward wolves and unfamiliar flora. And Juliet Love? Thus, the planning classical pastoral offers a way of life that no well-manored Englishman could tolerate in a countryside he could not assimilate. Thiosulphate Coursework? The “Muses of Sicily,” (Eclogue IV) can never truly sing of England, and Pope, in emulation, can never truly sing familiar nor sing true. When Pope adopts not only the dialogic structure of Virgil’s Eclogues but the characters themselves, “Fair Thames , flow gently from thy sacred Spring, / While on thy Banks Sicilian Muses sing” (“Spring. The First Pastoral, or Damon,” 3-4), the result is transplanted absurdity, apparent not only to the modern reader, but the planning an essay contemporary also: Thomas Tickell, in and juliet love essay his Guardian essay (April 15, 1713), comments: . . . On Writing? our countrymen have so good an sodium thiosulphate and acid coursework opinion of the ancients, and on writing think so modestly of themselves, that the generality of Pastoral Writers have either stolen all from the and juliet essay Greeks and Romans, or so servilely imitated their manners and customs, as makes them very ridiculous. (qtd. Andrews, 11)
Pope understood none of this,  saw no immediacy in planning the pastoral, no native narrative nor contemporaneity: only a perpetual backwards survey of a Golden Age forged in Vulcan’s far away fires. Accordingly, in “A Discourse on Pastoral Poetry,” Pope states: If we would copy Nature, it may be useful to take this Idea along with us, that pastoral is an image of what they call the Golden age. So that we are not to describe our shepherds as shepherds at this day really are, but as they may be conceiv’d then to have been. (120) The real requirement was something Pope could never provide: a kind of reverse alchemy, transforming the gold of the Golden Age into the Englishman’s baser mettle. Pope’s further insistence upon “exposing the best side only thesis of a shepherd’s life, and in concealing his miseries” (120) is again in opposition with picturesque trends which, though, as we have seen, generally avoiding the planning an essay moral context of poverty, places emphasis upon the dilapidated, the coarse, the unkept, positing hardship as intrinsic to and juliet love, the scene as the gnarled wind-blasted tree. Planning? The ragged shepherd, his hair swept by wind, his visage worried by ubc doctoral, the elements, is both a more accurate and picturesque portrait. Virgil’s Eclogues , with “These fallows, trimmed so fair” (Eclogue I) and, “Now, Meliboeus, graft your pears, now set / Your vines in order!” (Eclogue I), provides a subtext of an essay on writing nature controlled, ordered and manipulated. In Georgics , of course, this philosophy becomes an overtly expressed treatise on the cultivation of estates, making the incongruity between the neo-classical and the Picturesque as conspicuous as a dilemma between nature ordered and natural disorder.
But there is an even more important incongruity, for Georgics , like much of ubc doctoral Virgil’s poetry—and The Aeneid in particular—features a strong nationalistic component. Planning An Essay? As the writings focus gradually fixes upon planning, British landscape, Virgil’s distant view of “. . . Discount? Britain, from the whole world sundered far” (Eclogue I,) and the worship of foreign fields reveals a dislocated panegyric, at odds with the general trend. Malcolm Andrews, in The Search for the Picturesque , sees Virgil’s patriotism as offering “. . . a kind of licence for on writing, cultural emancipation” (9), and moves in the next paragraph to sodium, an analysis of Thomson’s The Seasons , as if Virgil’s nationalistic vision directly correlated to an essay, an appreciation of English landscape. Apush Essay Example? In fact, the neo-classical attitude as expressed in Pope’s “A Discourse on Pastoral Poetry,” implies the very reverse. Infatuation and emulation of the Golden Age proved a barrier to home-spun nature and landscape literature—briefly recollect the shepherd not as he is but as he might once have been—and it was the Picturesque movement which gradually laboured in chipping away at that barrier.
This can be seen even in Pope’s pastoral verse, “Spring. The First Pastoral, or Damon”: despite mimetic qualities, the poem works upon the premise of “ Cynthus and Hybla yield to Windsor- Shade” (68), festooning lines with English flora. Planning On Writing? The result is a hodge-podge of romeo love classical characters, ancient gods, and the English rose as an uncomfortable floral bed fellow. The new focus on landscape through the Picturesque was never a reinvention of the Golden Age: the Picturesque includes in its composite elemental degeneration, hardship and ruin: the stuff of the English countryside rather than the eternal Mediterranean spring and an essay a life of ease. Richard Payne Knight’s comment that “a person conversant with the writings of Theocritus and Virgil will relish pastoral scenery more than one unacquainted with such poetry” ( Inquiry , 150), demonstrates the difficulties involved in adopting a new and provincial landscape still largely devoid of literary and artistic association and prestige. Essay Example? Such comments lead Malcolm Andrews to talk of the “elitism of the Picturesque” (4), though it seems more appropriate—especially when we consider the an essay on writing eventual popularity of and juliet picturesque tourism—to understand rather the elitism of Knight himself. The plethora of Picturesque guide books is indicative of the increasing popularity of landscape appreciation. This gradual shift from “elite” to general can also be seen in Gilpin’s Observations on the River Wye : the first edition of 1782 features Latin quotations which, in the second 1789 edition are all translated. If textbooks on landscape gardening exist for planning on writing, the narrow academic, this by no means suggests the humble fellow busy building his lily pond is similarly focused.
The initial references to Virgil and Horace were as necessary as they were inappropriate: before Britain could be truly discovered and localised, it was conceptualised as a transplanted Arcadia, where northern Shepherds wandered crooked hills buffeted by Mediterranean breezes, expecting at thesis any moment to come upon a triumphant Aeneas. With no traditional appreciation for landscape as a meaningful aesthetic experience, new understanding, occasioned by the novel introduction of landscape paintings, came not from a moment of revelation, but rather from a gradual modification and planning an essay eventual weakening of what was already known. Essentially, Pope understood a well composed garden to be an example emblem of good order reflecting the inner good order of the an essay on writing educated mind. His treatment of nature is subjugated by writings, the omnipresent and Elizabethan notion that “ORDER is Heav’n’s first law” ( Essay on Man , Epistle IV, 50), though devoid of Shakespeare’s sense of nature’s power, of Godlike omnipotence; and botany, biology, anthropology, philosophy, painting, all become mere lessons in classical history. Classical pastoral and Georgic writing, in simple terms, are too distant and different to ever speak of England, no matter how cunningly coined and conflated with native elements. Like Windsor Forest, Pope’s Picturesque is one defined by omission, a Picturesque truly without the picture. The Picturesque Scene. James Thomson (1700-1748), as an acquaintance of Arbuthnot, Gray and Pope, falls firmly into the neo-classical camp. His landscapes, although they were greatly influenced by those of Claude, Rosa and an essay on writing Poussin, include only occasional classical allusions, and thiosulphate and acid coursework from this we see some glimmering hope of rebellion. Indeed, this is the planning on writing case: the bugle call bugled, the apush example neo-classical swan-song giving way to. The Muses, still with freedom found,
Shall to planning on writing, thy happy coast repair: Blest isle! with matchless beauty crown'd, And manly hearts to guard the and acid fair. Rule, Britannia, rule the waves; Britons never will be slaves.(“Rule Britannia”, 1729) Despite somewhat artificial diction, Thomson’s The Seasons :, first completed in 1730 and an essay on writing later expanded, offers a landmark in ubc doctoral English poetry. The influence of the increasingly familiar Picturesque is particularly clear in Winter : the first edition expressed only minor pictorial interest; in the second, Thomson inserts such Salvatorian lines as “. . . The cloudy Alps and Appenine / Capt with grey mists, and everlasting snows; / Where nature in planning on writing stupendous ruin lies. (243-5) The remaining three books, composed subsequently to Winter , feature diverse landscape scenes.
Summer (1727) illustrates Claudian sun play: . . . yonder comes the romeo love essay powerful king of day, Rejoicing in the east. The lessening cloud. The kindling azure, and planning an essay the mountain’s brim, Illumed with fluid gold; (81-84) In Spring both the poet and ubc doctoral Nature play the part of painter: Behold yon breathing prospect bids the Muse.
Throw all her beauty forth. On Writing? But who can paint. Like Nature? Can imagination boast, Amid its gay creation, hues like hers? Or can it mix them with that matchless skill. And lose them in each other, as appears. In every bud that blows. In My? (467-73) Manwaring explains: “In the edition of 1744—that is, after his visit to Italy and his collecting of prints—appears the an essay most elaborately composed of all his landscapes, with real Claudian distances” (104). Although none of this is specifically Picturesque, the Claudian influence and the well defined conflation of of duty essay poetry and landscape painting demonstrate the development underway.
Abandoning rhyming couplets was nothing new—indeed, The Seasons , as commonly acknowledged, owes some of its versification to Miltonic influence—but in the context of Pope’s predominant style it was a break in the pillars of the literary establishment. The popularity of The Seasons , with over three hundred editions published between 1750 and 1850, is planning on writing, a testament to the vitality of the Picturesque trend. Certainly, The Seasons is sodium thiosulphate coursework, not solely a Picturesque poem, though the planning an essay on writing influence of painting is everywhere; and the title itself, suggestive of the temporal changes of nature, quotes the movement of Picturesque tenets in sodium coursework implicit opposition to the static catalogues of Pope: a real landscape that generates and degenerates. Although the poem predates the apex of Picturesque popularity, there can be no doubt as to the Picturesque vision that made the conception possible: . Planning On Writing? . . now the bowery walk. Of covert close, where scarce a speck of day. Falls on coursework the lengthened gloom, protracted sweeps; Now meets the bending sky, the river now.
Dimpling along, the breezy ruffled lake. The forest darkening round, the glittering spire, The ethereal mountain, and the distant main. Here we see not only metastasis, the chequered canvas of planning an essay change, with the temporal “now” rather than Pope’s unplaceable “here” and “there,” but also key Picturesque elements: the school dimpling river anticipates Knight’s original musing on planning on writing smoothness : Smoothness being properly a quality perceived only by the touch, and applied metaphorically to the objects of the ubc doctoral thesis other senses, we often apply it very improperly to those of vision; assigning smoothness, as a cause of visible beauty, to things, which, though smooth to the touch, cast the most sharp, harsh, and angular reflections of light upon the eye. . . . ( An Analytical Inquiry , 65) The ethereal mountains offering a suggestion of sublime grandeur; the depth of an essay field, with the meandering river leading the eye towards a distant background.
Unlike Pope, Thomson invites the in my school reader to view the landscape with leading locutions: “see,” “prospect” and “yon,” and planning an essay on writing the frequent use of the present tense. As Watson points out, the description of George Lyttelton’s estate at Hagley “is carefully composed and presented as foreground (the Hall), middle distance (villages, fields, heathlands, a ‘broken landscape’) and background (the Welsh mountains)” (32), a method identical to that employed later by Picturesque writers and intrinsic to the landscape artist’s craft. Andrews, however, refuses to see any influence of picturesque painting in ubc doctoral Thomson’s The Seasons , asserting instead the influence stems rather from literature. External evidence all suggests otherwise. The historical context: this is, after all, rapidly becoming the age of planning an essay on writing landscapes and ubc doctoral thesis influence seems virtually unavoidable; the geographical: the poem was actually revised and planning partly rewritten at Hagley, then newly laid out thesis, according to picturesque tenets; and, as mentioned above, Thomson travelled to Italy during the composition, making subsequent books markedly richer in landscape images. Unfortunately, Andrews’ literary bias—the idea, for example, that, “Painting’s sister-art [literature] had shown the planning on writing way to ubc doctoral thesis, freedom from didacticism or slavish topographical portraiture with Thomson’s The Seasons ” (25), places the planning literary cart before the Picturesque horse. However, it is apush, internal evidence itself which most clearly outlines the absurdity of Andrews horsing around: Meantime you gain the an essay hight, from whose fair brow. The bursting prospects spreads immense around; And, snatched o’er hill and dale, and wood and lawn,
The verdant field, and darkening heath between, And villages embosomed soft in thiosulphate and acid trees, And spiry towns by surging columns marked. Of household smoke, your eyes excursive roams— Wide-stretching from the Hall in whose kind haunt.
The hospitable genius lingers still, To where the broken landscape, by planning, degrees. Ascending, roughens into rigid hills. O’er which the Cambrian mountains, like far clouds. That skirt the essay school blue horizon, dusky rise. ( Spring , 950-62) Selected almost at random, there can be no doubt even here of the analogy to planning, landscape canvas: the scene is both designed and unified, with precisely placed detail within the thiosulphate larger picture framework; with foreground, middleground and background all respectively described. The passage also contains key picturesque elements: contrast, for example, between wood and lawn, field and heath; the texture of the rough rigid hills; the broken allusion; and the sublime cloud-like mountains. The influence of landscape paintings upon a burgeoning genre of landscape and nature literature seems beyond question and Andrews’ cart is not only on writing misplaced but surely wrecked by writings, a broken axle.
The interconnectivity between these two arts is further illustrated by Turner and Constable, for whom Thomson was a favourite poet, adopting lines appended to several canvases.  Indeed, Turner’s Aeolian Harp (see figure 8) was exhibited in planning an essay on writing 1809 with a poem that begins: On Thomson’s tomb the dewy drops distil, Soft tears for thesis, Pity shed for planning, Pope’s lost fame, To worth and verse adhere sad memory still, Scorning to wear ensnaring fashion’s chain. In silence go, fair Thames, for all is laid. While flows the stream, unheeded and unsung.
Resplendent Seasons! chase oblivions shade. (qtd. Bicknell, 32) The poem highlights each season in turn, though, as Bicknell explains, quoting various art scholars, it is apush, based not so much on Thomson’s work as William Collin’s “Ode occasion’d by the death of Mr Thomson.” The four figures in the picture, however, are understood to represent the seasons. Bicknell concludes: “Turner’s picture pays homage both to an essay, Claude and to Thomson, and in doing so it enshrines the link between the ‘picturesque poets’ and the ‘Italian’ landscape painters(33). During the and acid swan-song years of the planning an essay on writing eighteenth century, classical poets were losing ground to the increasing number of British poets, with classical allusion becoming thin on the ground. Concomitantly, . . . Custom Discount? booksellers were no longer addressing a relatively few, elite readers but a wide, mixed audience including merchants, professionals, children, and urban servants, as well as traditional audiences. (Benedict, 158) Thus, there existed a growing exigency for an essay on writing, a new kind of literature, removed from the Grub Street Press, yet more in tune with more people, more accessible, reflecting more the changing social condition.
John Dyer (1699-1757), of course, is best remembered for “Grongar Hill.” Describing the call of duty paper scenery of the river Towy, there is a Wordsworthian quality of observation, personal reflection and picturesque features: “prospect,” “Old castles,” “ruins, moss and an essay weeds,” and so on; there is the occasional picturesque personification, as in “And ancient towers crown his brow, / That cast an awful look below” (71-72); though mostly we have only a topographical and irregular ode in rhyming couplets. Published in 1726, it draws immediate comparison with Thomson’s The Seasons . Besides taking landscape as its primary focus, “Grongar Hill” really sits in the shadow of ubc doctoral thesis The Seasons , offering only the occasional sign of life, such as: And see the rivers how they run, Thro’ woods and meads, in shade and sun! Sometimes swift and sometimes slow, Wave succeeding wave, they go. A various journey to the deep,
Like human life to an essay on writing, Endless sleep. (93-98) Dyer made several tours of England and Wales, travelled to Italy, studied to be a painter long before he became a parson-poet, and there is, certainly, a convincing affection for landscape in “Grongar Hill”—though this is more strongly expressed in The Country Walk , whose concluding lines draw a melancholy comparison between the utopia of romeo landscape and the distopia of human existence. “Grongar Hill” is framed upon the summit prospect of Grongar Hill and, compared to the rhyming couplets of Pope’s “landscapes,” the an essay on writing view is clear and convincing and the subject focused. It is ubc doctoral, with Dyer’s final and an essay on writing greatest—in terms of bigness—poem, however, that the essay paper poet’s mutable mediocrity comes to light. “The Fleece,” praised by Wordsworth—which is perhaps condemnation enough, a certain sign that the egotistical sublimian felt no literary threat—is an anachronistic georgic written thirty years after “Grongar Hill.” Dyer hoped “The Fleece” would provide necessary information allowing sheep farmers to improve their stock and planning the quality of wool; to improve the fortunes of combers, dyers and weavers; to improve Britain’s trade by advocating expansion abroad. A georgic with such—conventional—pragmatic goals finds high poetic diction and essay frequent digressions a serious impediment. It is difficult bordering on impossible to planning on writing, imagine one tenth of those concerned in the industry with the faculty and willingness, not to mention leisure time, to read such a long run-around poem. If ever there was a case for abandoning classical models, this georgic, begging for the mercy of simple prose, pleads guilty and stands duly condemned.
Essentially, Dyer proclaims here his affiliation with Dryden’s now ageing notion, expounded in “Parallel betwixt Poetry and Painting” (1695), that the primary end of Painting is to please, though the sodium coursework ultimate end of Poetry is to instruct. Dyer’s affection for rural landscapes is perhaps all the more remarkable for this utilitarian and mercantile disposition. Unlike Wordsworth, Dyer saw no injurious contiguity between industry and trade. Planning An Essay? Quite the ubc doctoral contrary: “Trade,” he wrote, “is the daughter of peace” (qtd. Williams, 98). Williams, in planning an essay on writing his biography of Dyer, continues, . Ubc Doctoral Thesis? . Planning An Essay? . traders and merchants, he felt, were promoters of peace and therefore of civilisation.. And by aiding them to bring natural resources and industries together, to develop new resources, new manufactures, and new means of transportation, Dyer felt that he too was promoting peace and civilisation. (98) The same, in fact, is true of ubc doctoral thesis The Seasons , though Thomson’s approbation of mercantilism—as well as the didactic insertions—is less the business of the poem and more an unfortunate by-product. If “Grongar Hill” makes a step forwards towards the romantic movement, “The Fleece” takes several backwards. In his preface to the second edition of Winter , Thomson mentions Virgil’s Georgics as one of his models. He insists, however, that Winter bore a closer resemblance to an essay, the devotional literary tradition which included the Pentateuch, the Book of Job, and Paradise Lost . “The Fleece,” on the other hand, is not only coursework fully georgic but formally inappropriate to planning an essay, its purpose.
There is, then, in Dyer something of the neo-classical romantic dichotomy, the day-dreamer and the practical day-worker and it is in ubc doctoral this context that he is best read and makes most sense. Neo-classicists’ adoption of the Picturesque, with Claude recognised as the precursor, was initially perhaps not inevitable though certainly understandable. Planning An Essay On Writing? There was, however, a certain incongruity to this adoption, for the geometry of contemporary gardens and regularity of versification were essentially antithetical to the Picturesque. Besides, the serenity and romeo and juliet love classical nostalgia of an essay on writing Claude was losing ground to the wildness of the more rugged Rosa (see figure 9) whose craggy cliffs and toothed trees and desolate domains were closer to both lakeland scenes and romantic sensibilities. Essay In My? Neo-classicism and formative Picturesque then were uneasy partners. Upon the crumbling and tumbling columns of neo-classicism was slowly builded an ever more refined picturesque aesthetic. Tentative attempts at picturesque typified in The Seasons and an essay “Grongar Hill” provides a background for an entirely new landscape of aesthetic appreciation and artistic expression that was quite simply blowing through the temporal winds and disturbing everything in its path. For all the aesthetic developments taking place as the eighteenth century progressed, neo-classicism was reluctant to give up the essay battle.
Thomas Warton, in Poems on Several Occasions, (1748) includes such key terms as “Nature’s Landscapes,” “Dark woods and pensive waterfalls,” “Desert Prospects rough and rude,” “a green Valley’s wood-encircled Side.” However, translations and on writing paraphrases of Horace rub shoulders with “Ode to Taste”: Leave not Britannia’s Isle; since Pope is fled. To meet his Homer in Elysian Bowers, What Bard shall dare resume. His Various-sounding Harp?(180) Warton then demonstrates the literary discord at this time, the venerational prestige of Pope, and essay example the staying power of neo-classicism. As late as 1775 and calling to mind Gilpin’s examination of an essay natural and in my moral beauty in planning an essay on writing Stowe , Samuel Johnson, in Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland wrote: An eye accustomed to essay, flowery pastures and waving harvests is astonished and repelled by this wide extent of hopeless sterility.
The appearance is that of matter incapable of form or usefulness, dismissed by nature from her care and disinherited from her favours. (qtd. Andrews, 197) There was no extensive digging and chiselling, no blasting of hill and dale, no landscaping on a geographic scale, no remoulding or recasting of this northern nation, no topographical development. The only conceivable change was internal: aesthetic conception; and planning an essay on writing with this mightiest of change, the Scottish Highlands would soon become—and remain—one of the apush essay example most picturesque areas in all Britain. Figure 8: Turner, Thomson’s Aeolian Harp, from Bicknell. Figure 9: Salvator Rosa, Mountain landscape, from Bicknell. “This mountainous landscape is of a type which particularly appealed to English taste. It could be a Salvatorian of a scene in the Lake District or North Wales” (Bicknell, 5) The Middle Ground: Wordsworth.
The artistic and aesthetic links established in on writing Section One now become particularly significant. This section will include an important aetiological component, identifying the essay in my school articles of faith employed in establishing the standard—and erroneous—critical guiding conception of the Picturesque. Having, hopefully, and to some degree, divested Wordsworth (1770-1850) of the prophetic, revolutionary inspired vestments which modern scholars intimatingly fancy his dress, the entire fabric of the venerational and vituperative theory of Wordsworth and the Picturesque respectively becomes bare supposition, allowing, finally, a more valid and on writing useful appraisal of the two. The influence of the essay Grand Tour in fostering an intense and popular interest in scenic tourism—it was in the 1780s that the word ‘tourist’ entered the English language—the increasing familiarity of landscape paintings, philosophical enquiries which intellectualised landscape, the an essay religious symbolism which initially justified landscape not only for ubc doctoral, the French but for the Hudson River Group in North America, the popularity of planning landscape gardening, all these were elements in a new cultural and aesthetic picture. And yet, as mentioned in the previous section, the neo-classical constituent, as much a symbol of “quality” as Friedrich’s Cross On the Mountain was of faith, stubbornly persisted. Ubc Doctoral Thesis? The prestige of the classical past essentially allowed the prestige of the planning an essay present, and with nature already running wild in picturesque landscape gardens, neo-classicism endured like an old marble statue, certainly, its arm’s severed at the shoulder and missing a leg, yet still solid and strong.
Romantic poetry would provide the final cutting edge, individuality and originality and subjectivity and emotional response would allow a cultural coming of age; and if the statue would always remain, at of duty paper least now the head could be lopped off. In addition to the impetus provided by this new and burgeoning cultural and aesthetic picture, there was also some imperative to fill a literary void. Sonnets, long castrated of their erotic themes, momentarily seduced by religion and politics, were by now only a literary footnote. Similarly, allegory seemed an anachronistic way of describing a shovel by digging a hole. The epic itself existed only as a mockery. Worst of all, newer innovations like the invariable antithetical rhyming couplet inevitably lost their heroic gloss and seemed more like a tired knave than a tireless knight. Only satire and burlesque—seventeenth century developments—retained any semblance of planning staying power.
In simple terms, literary convention increasingly lacked invention. The cause and effect relationship between this void and the development of writings a new aesthetic is perhaps too metaphysical and certainly too immaterial for this examination, though the possibility at least suggests mandate for planning an essay, change. It is within the context of this paradigm shift that Wordsworth reads not as literary prophet, but as a poetic designer involved in a movement already re-fashioning the cultural and apush essay social fabric. By the time Wordsworth published Lyrical Ballads (1798), the appreciation of nature had reached the an essay on writing philosophical—if not numerical—levels prevalent in the present day. Nature now becomes the focal point, no longer limited to a laudation of man and ownership, nor a Pope-like praise of ancient Mediterranean insinuation.
Clearly, such mimetic representations will no longer answer. Literature, within this context and with its associative ability, can treat nature with a new respect and generosity: can actually turn the silence of centuries into articulations of moment. There is general agreement that Wordsworth’s early poetry borrows from apush, Picturesque aesthetics. A brief survey will therefore suffice. “An Evening Walk,” published in 1793 and written in planning on writing heroic couplets, is essentially a conventional attempt at picturesque verse, replete with cascade scene, precipice, mountain farm, female beggar, rocky sheepwalks and tremulous cliffs: a topographical poem in which Wordsworth’s authorial voice remains only a whisper.
Unconfined to any particular place, the poem provides a composite image consistent with typical picturesque sketches and call paper suggestive—ironically—of Beaumont’s ruinous castle ruin. As J. R. Watson demonstrates, “Tintern Abbey” (1798) begins with a canvas-like description with three planes of depth. The poem then moves on: The day is come when I repose. Here, under this dark sycamore, and view. These plots of cottage-ground, these orchard-tufts, Which, at this season, with their unripe fruits.
Are clad in an essay one green hue, and ubc doctoral thesis lose themselves. ’Mid groves and copses. Once again I see. These hedge-rows, hardly hedge-rows, little lines. Of sportive wood run wild: these pastoral farms,
Green to the very door; and wreaths of smoke. Sent up, in silence, from among the trees! With some uncertain notice, as might seem. Of vagrant dwellers in the houseless woods, Or of some Hermit’s cave, where by his fire.
The Hermit sits alone. (9-22) Here the sycamore serves as both frame and point of perspective to the scene; typical picturesque elements appear: the wildness of the planning an essay on writing wood, pastoral farms offering contrast as well as an call of duty paper echo of Virgil’s Georgics , an attention to foreground and background. An Essay? But the scene is extra dimentionalised, beyond—at least for those with a literary bias—the possibilities of brush and colour: “Once again I see” underscores both memory and a personal reaction to the scene; whilst the custom discount bromidic picturesque figure—the hermit—appears not to the eye but to the imagination. And yet, although the poem, by virtue of the medium, achieves that extra-dimension, it remains within the on writing Picturesque paradigm. Gilpin, for example, also recorded his impression of Tintern Abbey years before Wordsworth: Every thing around breathes an call of duty air so calm, and tranquil; so sequestered from the commerce of life, that it is easy to conceive, a man of warm imagination, in planning on writing monkish times, might have been allured by such a scene to become an inhabitant of it. Essay In My? ( Obs. Wye , 32) Watson admits that this might perhaps have provided the “forerunner”  of planning an essay on writing Wordsworth’s hermit; but also that Gilpin here is concerned with the “kind of relationship between man and the landscape” (81) that Wordsworth was later to example, develop.  Not surprisingly, “Tintern Abbey” soon moves away from Tintern Abbey and becomes the familiar Wordsworthian recollection filled in planning with the “moral and romeo and juliet love mystical” (Watson, 84) of landscape.
And yet the poem’s structure can serve as an outline of Picturesque application in romantic poetry: the picturesque provides the planning an essay on writing subject—and initially the apush essay example ability to planning an essay on writing, see that subject—which then allows the essay expanded vista possible through literature. Memory, subjectivity and imagination—Wordsworth categorical—together act as an on writing augmentative device which transforms flat canvas into romantic tapestry. There is, in addition, some hint of the egotistical sublime combined with the thesis ability of nature to mould character: . . . An Essay On Writing? For I have learned. To look on nature, not as in the hour. Of thoughtless youth, but hearing oftentimes. The still sad music of humanity,
Not harsh nor grating, though of ample power. To chasten and subdue. (89-94) “Michael” (1800), though not specifically a picturesque poem, nevertheless is ubc doctoral thesis, based upon a nostalgic view of rural England intrinsic to the Picturesque school and a offers a nationalised and temporalised form of the neo-classical Golden Age. The poem alludes to contemporary political and economical conditions turning peasants into the manufacturing poor, who, nomadic and planning landless, drift into London like the flotsam of some vast socio-economic flood. Indeed, many districts at that time remained completely excluded from urban economics, with foreign products as foreign as the products themselves. Even at the beginning of essay school this century the Yorkshire yeoman was ignorant of planning on writing sugar, potatoes, and cotton; the Cumberland dalesman, as he appears in Wordsworth's Guide , lived entirely on the produce of his farm.  The half finished sheep-pen of the poem, a heap of rocks that remain after the poem’s closure, symbolises old Michael and his half finished ambitions for his son, now gone from the of duty essay protective fold and planning corrupted by modernity. If the poem then is not strictly picturesque, it speaks with picturesque philosophy and provides an example of a more subtle picturesque application. Clearly, Wordsworth’s early poetry borrowed liberally from both the Augustan tradition as well as Picturesque convention.
His poetical path, however, gradually meanders away from neo-classicism and essay school towards an expanded and on writing less categorical mode of Picturesque philosophy. Hugh Sykes Davies’ insistence upon “Wordsworth’s subjection to the ‘picturesque’ fashion” (236) in these early days, culminating in the poet’s decortication of the entire model, smacks of an obscurantist philosophy turned barrier to the imagination and denies the of duty essay jagged foundation the planning an essay on writing Picturesque provided for the appreciation of romeo and juliet essay countryside as a highly refined aesthetic. But more of that right now. The Gospel According to Wordsworth. We have finally reached the first of two sources which together have prescribed the modern critical assessment of the Picturesque and its influence on romantic poetry—at least for scholars of literature. Descriptive Sketches—the Footnote  Pope’s Dunciad conclusively proved the potential of the planning an essay humble footnote to subvert a text. In the case of Descriptive Sketches , a single footnote has subverted much of modern scholarship on the Picturesque. Here it is, in all its humble magnificence: I had once given to these sketches the ubc doctoral title of Picturesque; but the planning an essay Alps are insulted in applying to them the term. Whoever, in attempting to describe their sublime features, should confine himself to the cold rules of painting would give his reader but a very imperfect idea of those emotions which they have the irresistible power of communicating to the most impassioned imaginations. Custom Writings Discount? (Note to line 299)
Davies descends upon this “cold rules of an essay painting” as if the very death of the Picturesque depended upon ubc doctoral thesis, it. Planning On Writing? In actual fact, this criticism suggests Gilpin as the principle target; and the reproof, despite Wordsworth’s implied intention, is apush essay, narrow rather than general. In fact, there is nothing original or remarkable here: it is planning an essay on writing, essentially a restatement of Richard Payne Knight, who, we recall, offered a “Curse on the pedant jargon, that defines / Beauty's unbounded forms to given lines!” ( The Landscape: a Didactic Poem , 6) Indeed, it was only Gilpin’s first publication, Essay on love Prints , which placed particular stress on on writing the “rules of painting” and for the simple reason that the volume was, essentially, a “How-To” manual on landscape painting rather than a treatise on call of duty essay the Picturesque. It seems strange too that Davies, here upholding the merits of the imagination compared to those “cold rules of painting,” mentions that Knight had “ meddled extensively with the ‘Imagination’”  (my italics, 205); though assumedly anyone connected with the an essay Picturesque and not poetry really can only “meddle”—even “extensively.” Watson also picks up on this footnote; but, realising that there are nevertheless acres of the Picturesque in Descriptive Sketches , prevaricates hither and thither, jumping from one explanation to another like so many stepping stones where only the wetness of the river is certain. His first tentative foothold comes from the fact that Wordsworth carried through the Alps a number of Picturesque guidebooks, causing him to suggest, “It is therefore not surprising that the of duty essay poem should contain a number of picturesque appreciations” (73-74). The stepping stone here sinks without further comment. Next, Watson suggests—with depth defying penetration—that Wordsworth had a “divided mind” (74); and on writing further, that it is this “which makes Descriptive Sketches such an unsatisfactory poem” (74). This is clearly a dangerous place to stand, since, I would suggest, when it comes to the Picturesque, Wordsworth’s mind was always divided. In My? Watson jumps again: Wordsworth is.
struggling to express qualities which the writers on the picturesque did not sufficiently recognise. In the planning an essay on writing first place there are atmospheric effects of light which transcend the tonal range of contemporary painting. (75) This is on the same footing as the earlier: “Wordsworth was envisaging effects of light which were not to be mastered on Canvas until Turner” (72). In fact such “effects of light” had long since been mastered, by Claude. In fact, he was to ubc doctoral, some extent the originator: Andrew Wilton, in his introduction to Turner’s Picturesque Views in England and planning Wales , identifies Claude as the school inventor of the “‘Sunset Harbour theme” (Shanes, 6). This then is clearly an example of a literature critic wiggling his fingers in the pool of the planning an essay on writing art historian; rather than catching a fish, he is bitten by a school of aesthetics.
Watson must once again skip onward. His final place of rest is to suggest that Wordsworth here was concerned with “liberty,” although, since the “subject” of the poem is the Swiss Alps, “he could not omit the scenery” (75). This, in fact, is true, though most elements are undeniably Picturesque, like this blending of the beautiful and school sublime: How blest, delicious scene! the eye that greets. Thy open beauties, or thy lone retreats; Beholds the unwearied sweep of wood that scales. Lo, where she sits beneath yon shaggy rock, A cowering shape half hid in curling smoke!(177-78) Other examples of Picturesque idiom include: “water's shaggy side”; “Thy lake, that, streaked or dappled, blue or grey”; “Hermit”; and “antique castles.” It seems strange too that Wordsworth should frame the planning topic of liberty in his supposed antithesis of liberty: those cold picturesque rules.
Watson clearly recognises the dichotomous anomaly at ubc doctoral thesis work, and his stepping and side stepping is an attempt to bring resolution within the framework of standard literary theory on the relationship between Wordsworth’s poetry and the Picturesque. An Essay On Writing? Clearly, Watson gets a good wetting and explains nothing. So what is the solution? The fact that we are dealing, for essay, the moment, with a footnote provides the planning an essay perfect analogy: Wordsworth’s Picturesque criticism should be read as nothing more than a footnote, and a footnote in the style of The Dunciad at that. Call Essay? When literary theory, even—and perhaps especially—from the original poet himself, is at odds with the literature itself, then the obvious conclusion is to planning on writing, abandon the theory; instead, Wordsworth’s musings are taken as gospel and an altar of writings discount theory is planning an essay on writing, builded upon them. The only truly cold rule, it seems, is that Wordsworth “transcends” the picturesque because he says so himself. Turning now from general to particular, it should be clear that this “cold rules” versus “imagination” is ubc doctoral thesis, altogether a red-herring, easily caught by literary critics and used to feed a thousand other misconceptions.
William Combe’s brilliant satire, A Tour in on writing Search of the Picturesque, by the Reverend Doctor Syntax (see figure 10)—clearly derived from Gilpin—reveals his neo-classical bent by thesis, ridiculing the very idea of the imagination versus the true copy of planning Nature: Upon the bank awhile I’ll sit, And let poor Grizzle graze a bit; But, as my time shall not be lost, I’ll make a drawing of the post; And, tho’ a flimsy taste may flout it, There’s something picturesque about it: ’Tis rude and rough, without a gloss.
And is well cover’d o’er with moss; And I’ve a right—(who dares deny it?) To place yon group of asses by it. Aye! this will do: and now I’m thinking, That self-same pond where Grizzle’s drinking, If hither brought ’twould better seem. And faith I’ll turn it to a stream. (9)
Of course, the romeo love essay exaggeration is planning an essay, as sparkling as the pond that flows into the stepping-stone stream; but we should consider Constable’s Flatford Mill from the essay Lock , which is planning an essay on writing, exactly this kind of composite picture and deserves—indeed, receives—only approbation. Essay Paper? There are indeed rules of composition, in painting as well as poetry, but to define the Picturesque according to these is to define poetry. according to grammar and spelling. An Essay? There is, in both the Picturesque and poetry, imagination and expression. Returning to the original point. W. M. Essay Example? Merchant, in his introduction to Wordsworth’s Guide , also cites this same footnote as proof of Wordsworth’s asperity to Picturesque theory and planning on writing goes on to say how singular Wordsworth’s guide is.
More forthright still, Rhoda L. Flaxman, Victorian Word-Painting and Narrative: Toward the Blending of Genres , understands the note to be “an abrupt declaration of independence from eighteenth-century picturesque aesthetic” (67). All these evaluations, however, neglect several important points: firstly, Wordsworth’s footnote continues, the unique and. . . . peculiar features of the Alps. . Sodium Thiosulphate And Acid? . On Writing? . The fact is, that controlling influence, which distinguishes the Alps from all other scenery, is derived from images which disdain the sodium pencil. Had I wished to make a picture of this scene I had thrown much less light into it. An Essay On Writing? But I consulted nature and my feelings. The ideas excited by romeo essay, the stormy sunset I am here describing owed their sublimity to planning an essay, that deluge of light, or rather of fire, in which nature had wrapped the immense forms around me; any intrusion of shade, by essay, destroying the unity of the impression, had necessarily diminished its grandeur. (Note to planning an essay, line 299) So the Alps then are not like the mountains of discount Cumberland, Yorkshire, Wales and Scotland; and planning on writing rather than offering an ubc doctoral thesis “abrupt declaration of independence,” Wordsworth actually points homeward for planning an essay, authentic picturesque scenes.
Secondly, this so called “reaction against the Picturesque” (Davies, 240) entirely disregards chronology: Descriptive Sketches was published in 1793; Wordsworth’s own Guide , which, as we will see, makes great use of Picturesque sensibility and idiom, in 1810. Thirdly, as already mentioned, the fact remains that Wordsworth footingly denounces the apush essay example limitations of the planning Picturesque yet, in the poetry itself, he delivers Picturesque description. Book XII of The Prelude , tintilatingly entitled “Imagination and Taste, How Impaired and Restored,” provides most to the fodder for school, modern critical understanding of Wordworth’s relationship to planning an essay, the Picturesque. Call?  The offending lines begin: What wonder, then, if, to a mind so far. Perverted, even the visible Universe. Fell under the dominion of a taste.
Less spiritual, with microscopic view. Was scanned, as I had scanned the moral world?(88-92) Unworthy, disliking here, and there. Liking; by rules of mimic art transferred. To things above all art; but more,—for this, Although a strong infection of the age, Was never much my habit—giving way.
To a comparison of an essay on writing scene with scene, Bent overmuch on superficial things, Pampering myself with me agre novelties. Of colour and proportion; to romeo love essay, the moods. Of time and season, to the moral power, The affections and the spirit of the place, I speak in recollection of planning on writing a time. When the bodily eye, in sodium coursework every stage of life. The most despotic of our senses, gained.
Such strength in 'me' as often held my mind. In absolute dominion. (127-130) There are in our existence spots of time, That with distinct pre-eminence retain. A renovating virtue, whence—depressed. By false opinion and contentious thought, Or aught of an essay on writing heavier or more deadly weight, In trivial occupations, and essay paper the round. Of ordinary intercourse—our minds. Are nourished and invisibly repaired. (208-215) This then is the stuff that contemporary critics have adopted without regard to the dangers of accepting the artist’s views of his own work.
If the creative mind were so simple , the rive gauche would likely as not have moved to Silicon Valley. There can be no doubt that “taste” refers to the Picturesque. There can be no doubt either that Wordsworth declares the Picturesque an impairment to planning, the imagination. Several important points, however, should be noted: The Prelude , as was the custom case with Descriptive Sketches , contains ample picturesque passages, too numerous and too obvious to quote. Here, nevertheless, for the benefit of the incredulous, are a few:
In summer, making quest for works of planning an essay art, Or scenes renowned for beauty, I explored. That streamlet whose blue current works its way. Between romantic Dovedale's spiry rocks; Pried into Yorkshire dales,  or hidden tracts. Of my own native region. (VI, 190-95) In the final Book (XIV), fresh from the restoration of his imagination and taste, with hardly time to of duty essay paper, catch a breath between, Wordsworth recounts his gasping ascent of Snowdon, from whence he sees: “A fixed, abysmal, gloomy, breathing-place— / Mounted the roar of waters, torrents, streams / Innumerable, roaring with one voice!” (58-60).
Topography ensues. The plot thickens: soon after, there is a twist to planning, all that domination of the eye business, with Nature making her presence known. . . Essay Example? . by putting forth, 'Mid circumstances awful and sublime, That mutual domination which she loves. To exert upon the face of outward things,
So moulded, joined, abstracted, so endowed. With interchangeable supremacy, That men, least sensitive, see, hear, perceive, And cannot choose but feel. (79-86) That domination now shifts from subject to object: man is no longer dominated by the ocular sense; instead the planning an essay outward forms of romeo love picturesque scenery, by their very nature, captivate man. In any case, the an essay point is that even in The Prelude the Picturesque is pictured and admired: The single sheep, and essay school the one blasted tree, And the bleak music from that old stone wall, The noise of wood and water, and the mist.
That on planning an essay the line of each of those two roads. Advanced in such indisputable shapes; All these were kindred spectacles and sounds. To which I oft repaired, and thence would drink, As at a fountain. Romeo? (XII, 319-26) Here also is one of Wordsworth’s well-cited spots of time, which often find their source in Picturesque moments inspired by the wildness of nature, where that idiomatic “sublime” is planning, kindled.
In this example, we are provided a veritable catalogue of picturesque materials, though again this spot of time incorporates non-visual invocations, composed, not as a sovereign landscape, but more as a sensationscape, an emotional response to news of his father’s death. In effect, Wordsworth acknowledges the aesthetics of this picturesque catalogue, though he moves towards emotive sense. Further, Wordsworth’s understanding of the subject was undoubtedly clouded, a myopia based upon a narrow definition of the Picturesque—the meaning of which, after all, was always a point of ubc doctoral debate and rarely of planning an essay on writing conclusion. Indeed, his criticism of the essay Picturesque is on the same lines as Uvedale Price’s, who, we might recall, stated that picturesque qualities are “extended to all our sensations by whatever organs they are received.” In other words, “That men, least sensitive, see, hear, perceive, / And cannot choose but feel.” The thing which Wordsworth most condemns—this supposed ocular obsession in the Picturesque—is strangely absent in A Tour in planning an essay on writing Search of the apush essay Picturesque, by the Reverend Doctor Syntax . For example: “. Planning An Essay? . . while you chase the flying deer, I must fly off to Windermere. / ’Stead of hallooing to a fox, I must catch echoes from the rocks” (50). Call Paper? It seems apparent from these few lines the planning on writing exceptional quality of the satire; strange then that Combe, for all his excellence, should miss what seems to be the most objectionable aspect of Picturesque theory.
This, perhaps more than anything else, demonstrates that Wordsworth’s dissatisfaction was not empirically with the Picturesque but emphatically with his own conception. The error was his, and the error of romeo those modern critics who unquestioningly accept Wordsworth at his word. Watson suggests further that Wordsworth’s interest in the Picturesque waned due to an essay on writing, its inherent “wrong attitude to nature” (97), by which he means a lacking of romeo and juliet love “humility.” To this, it is perhaps worth re-visiting Gilpin: Let not inborn pride, Presuming on thy own inventive powers, Mislead thine eye from Nature. She must reign.
Great archetype in all. ( On Landscape Painting: A Poem , 26-30) Also, Wordsworth’s increasing spirituality offers an unstated though likely cause of an essay further dissatisfaction, that “dominion of a taste / Less spiritual.” Gilpin states in his preface to Tours of the ubc doctoral thesis Lakes : “The author hopes that no one will be so severe, as to think a work of this kind inconsistent with the profession of a clergyman” (xxxi). J. R. Watson understands this as evidence that Gilpin saw nature not as the handiwork of God—as does Thomson, for example—but “as a matter of mere amusement” (40). As Section One made clear, Gilpin here is actually alluding to the amorality of the Picturesque. An Essay On Writing? Nevertheless, from this supposed “mere amusement”, Watson, no doubt now weary of those treacherous stepping stones, makes an astounding leap in logic and concludes: With such an aim, sight alone becomes important, for there is rarely any attempt to ponder the significance of landscape, or the viewer’s emotional relationship towards it. (40)
Entirely skipping over the “mere amusement” hypothesis, we might yet wonder at the kind of logic that allows a passage from “mere amusement” to “sight alone.” We might also recall, despite the writings evidence outlined in planning an essay on writing Section One demonstrating that Gilpin was not concerned uniquely with sight alone, that Gilpin indeed wrote on the Picturesque from a painterly point of view and example so any stress that exists upon the visual is rather like the an essay on writing stress upon the aural in an analysis of music. The importance of all this is to demonstrate the tendentiousness of the support for Wordsworth’s domination of the eye theory. There is, in Gilpin’s preface, nothing whatsoever about “mere amusement” and from that nothingness there is decidedly no logical step to “sight alone.” What we really discover here is Watson’s attempt to support subtly Wordsworth’s notion, which, as is becoming increasingly apparent, actually had no validity in Wordsworth’s own work. This then is one tiny element in the construction of the predominant Picturesque/romanticism theory. In fact, Gilpin’s note is nothing more sinister than an acknowledgement that God is largely excluded from the Picturesque view. Custom Discount? Although Wordsworth might have thought this unfortunate, in terms of historical artistic development, removing God from the an essay on writing picture was essential in bestowing intrinsic validity to nature and thiosulphate and acid coursework landscape. Finally, Wordsworth’s own vision grew from an aesthetic arboretum that was the Picturesque. He descended not from heaven, fully formed and ready to pen; but rather was shaped by the multitudinous historical, social, economic, artistic and on writing aesthetic factors. Without the continuum in which the Picturesque was contained, Wordsworth and romanticism would have remained a pipe dream piped perhaps by a transplanted neo-classical Roman shepherd.
Watson himself reluctantly admits that “in spite of his condemnations of the picturesque and his awareness of the despotic eye, Wordsworth remains interested in landscape as it is seen” (104); and yet the essay penny never drops and a change of planning an essay view never takes place. Davies similarly pays great attention to The Prelude , albeit with a more diction-based argument. Call Paper? “In rejecting the ‘picturesque’,” Wordsworth is “running counter to [the] predominant fashion” (249), and deliberately selects bare and naked scenes. This notion re-creates Wordsworth as an artist removed from historicity, a one man cultural band not only playing his own tunes but inventing his own scales, an idea suggestive even of deification. As proof, Davies provides a table of “unpicturesque”—nay, “anti-picturesque” (250)—terms harvested from The Prelude . Unfortunately, at least half of them are perfectly picturesque: “cliffs,” unless we imagine a polished cliff; “old stone wall,” unless expurgated of lichen and moss and the old stone wall reformed as a new stone wall; “whistling hawthorn,” unless de-thorned, de-whistled and well pruned; “craggy ridge” and “craggy steep,” de-cragged; “perilous ridge,” de-periled. Planning An Essay? Even those terms which seem marked by a smooth unpicturesque character are often un-picturesque red-herrings: the “naked pool,” is perhaps “water of which the surface is broken, and the motion abrupt and romeo and juliet love essay irregular” ( On the an essay Picturesque , 84); or perhaps reflecting the Picturesque scenery in which it resides. More astounding than erroneous, Davies includes “mountains” in his anti-picturesque catalogue! Davies’ crowned prince of proofs then turns out to be a beggar boy in disguise, with all the airs and graces and robes of royalty, yet concealing a shallow mind and dirty underwear. In addition, even if Davies’ brief was bona fide , the fact remains that Burke’s smooth beauty is, in and juliet essay part, elemental to the Picturesque scene. The absurdity of Davies’ position in this respect is made conspicuous when, ever contrary, he examines the before and after Gilpin prints (see figures 11 and 12) and insists that, “This second print, in its way, is charming enough. But the first is impressive” (229)!
It is this irony, this inconsistency, this disparity that suggests Wordsworth’s professed aversion to on writing, the Picturesque should be taken not only with a grain of salt, but with a veritable variety of spices—grown, of course, in a garden suitably picturesque. In the final analysis, it is the poetry itself which must provide the theory, rather than the poet himself; and indeed, this is the whole point. The Sublime and the Beautiful. Davies’ suggestion that only Wordsworth frequently used “sublime” and “beautiful” conjunctively, to essay, which he devotes several pages, besides being erroneous, reveals a scant familiarity with Gilpin, for, as we have seen, it was the combination of the beautiful and planning an essay sublime— “. . . so beautifully sublime, so correctly picturesque” ( Three Essays , 52)—which, for thesis, Gilpin, produced the Picturesque and so was central to his own understanding. Whether or not Gilpin offers these words conjunctively once or a thousand times, the point is that the conjunction is omnipresent in his definition of the Picturesque. Just as Brownlow suggests that John Clare transcends the Picturesque by an essay, discovering the microcosmos, he also insists that Wordsworth “transcends” the Picturesque by experiencing the “Sublime.” (25) Of course, he is also wrong, and for the same reasons. Since the Picturesque never evolved into ubc doctoral thesis a finalised coherent theory, remaining vast in scope, since its primary concern was with landscape and graphic art—Price notwithstanding—the very notion of poets’ “transcending” the Picturesque is one which seems born of an planning an essay intellectualised mule; and although modern critics seem intent to ride this mule for all it might be worth, the beast is clearly an ass of their own imagination. Guide to the Lakes. Davies correctly points out that the custom discount vigorous and much-publicised Picturesque debate raged during the period when Wordsworth was most active as a writer. As Davies states: “The reader of Wordsworth cannot for long go ignorant of the planning an essay part played by the Lakes in making him everything he was” (3).
Indeed, the popularity of the essay in my school Lake District is inextricably tied with that of Wordsworth. His own A Guide Through the District of the Lakes in the North of England , is, to a large degree, typical of this sub-genre. Not surprisingly, Davies thinks otherwise: Gilpin, he says, believes landscape significant “not for the sake of the people who live in it” (230) but “simply for the painter” (230)—and this despite the following quotation, from an essay on writing, Gilpin, two pages earlier: “These smooth-coated mountains, tho of little estimation for the painter’s eye, are, however, great sources of plenty. They are the romeo essay nurseries of sheep; which are bred here, and an essay fatted in the valley” (228). Gilpin proceeds to describe the difficult life of the shepherds. According to Davies, in writing his own Guide , Wordsworth’s “approach was the opposite call one” (230)—though it seems that Gilpin’s approach also was opposite. In actual fact, Wordsworth’s guide, as suggested above, is pretty much par for the Picturesque course. Wordsworth even commits the cardinal sin: “The want most felt, however, is that of timber trees. There are few magnificent ones to be found near any of the lakes” (79).
Here Wordsworth censures a scene for lacking a particular pictorial element—so much for an essay on writing, the opposite approach. Wordsworth’s Guide also demonstrates an eloquent command of Picturesque idiom: “. . . by bold foregrounds formed by the steep and winding banks of the essay river” (43); “None of the other lakes unfold so many fresh beauties . . An Essay? . “ (39); “ . Apush? . . agreeably situated for planning an essay on writing, water views” (40); “. . Call Essay Paper? . constitute a foreground for ever-varying pictures of the majestic lake” (50). Besides idiom, Wordsworth participates in Picturesque politics, supporting Gilpin in his criticism of white painted houses, and sustaining Price’s landscape gardening theories. An Essay? Neither is Wordworth’s inclusion of poetry in his Guide anything more than standard. Even the prosaic Handy Guide to the English Lakes , now a rare and anonymous sixpenny edition likely destined for the more affluent working class tourist, features such verse as Wordsworth’s: “A straggle burgh of ancient charter proud / And dignified by battlements and towers / Of stern castle, mouldering on the brow / Of a green hill (17). Love Essay? Besides the outbreaks of planning an essay poetry, the Handy Guide inevitably features numerous Picturesque line drawings, including one particular example which offers further indication of the popularity of Picturesque tourism: an uninteresting depiction of Furness Abbey disinherits the essay usual foreground grouping of rustic figures, replacing them with a party of pic-nicking holiday makers. Davies’ suggestion that Wordsworth’s Guide is “antithetical” (230) to Gilpin’s, for it insists that “the real importance of mountain scenery was not visual, but mental” (230), sounds nice, though unfortunately is nonsense.
Certainly, Gilpin examines landscape from an essay on writing, a painterly point of view, though his lengthy guides are filled, as we have seen, with imagination and local human considerations, auditory appreciation and love tactile expressions, emotion and admiration. In his Guide , Wordsworth provide a lengthy extract from Dr. John Brown’s verse Fragment : Now sunk the sun, now twilight sunk, and night. Rose in her zenith; not a passing breeze. Sigh’d to the grove, which in the midnight air. Stood motionless, and in the peacefull floods. Inverted hung: for now the billows slept. Along the shore, nor heav’d the planning deep; but spread. A shining mirror to essay in my school, the moon’s pale orb,
Which, dim and waning, o’er the shadowy cliffs, The solemn woods, and spiry mountain tops, Her glimmering faintness threw: now every eye, Oppress’d with toil, was drawn’d in deep repose. Save that the unseen Shepherd in his watch, Propp’d on his crook, stood listening by the fold, And gaz’d the starry vault, and pendant moon;
Nor voice, nor sound, broke on the deep serene; But the soft murmur of swift-gushing rills, Forth issuing from the mountain’s distant steep, (Unheard til now, and now scarce heard) proclaim’d. All things at rest, and planning an essay imagin’d the sodium and acid coursework still voice. Of quiet, whispering in the ear of night. (84) Wordsworth honours Brown as “one of the first who led the way to a worthy admiration of this country” (84); though in a footnote adds: Dr.
Brown, the author of this fragment, was from his infancy brought up in Cumberland, and should have remembered that the practice of folding sheep by night is unknown among these mountains, and that the image of a shepherd upon the watch is out of place, and belongs only to countries, with a warmer climate, that are subject to the ravages from beasts of prey. It is pleasing to notice a dawn of imaginative feeling in these verses. Planning On Writing? Tickel, a man of no common genius, chose, for the subject of a Poem, Kensington Gardens, in preference to the Banks of the apush essay example Derwent, within a mile or two of which he was born. On Writing? But this was in the reign of essay in my Queen Anne, or George the First. Progress has been made in the interval; though the traces of it, except in Thomson or Dyer, are not very obvious. (84) The mention of Tickel immediately invokes neo-classicism and its inability to adopt real landscape, and the shepherd of the fragment becomes an planning Arcadian figure. At this point we need only recollect Pope’s comment on shepherds “as they may be conceiv’d then to custom, have been,” to realise the distance already travelled: what once was a rule of poetry is now a grave error. Davies, brimming with “limitations” of the planning an essay Picturesque, takes Wordsworth’s footnote and informs us: “This ‘progress’, however, he clearly regarded as limited” (220). In My? Clarity aside, we might wonder how progress can ever be limited, unless we imagine an acorn limited for not already being an oak. To suggest, by extension, that the Picturesque is therefore limited seems to reject a hill for not being a river.
But there is more than a call for accurate realism in this note, for the “mile or two of which he was born” suggests a sentiment both regional—nationalistic in the larger context—and also, applying Post-colonial hindsight, a conflict between the centre and margin. Treatment of real British landscape without reference to Virgil and an essay Horace and Company insists upon a new centre. This is clearly manifest when both Wordsworth and Coleridge choose between the Alps, the traditional site of the European sublime, and domestic mountains. In The Prelude , for thesis, example, Wordsworth dismisses the Alps, shifting the focus to Snowdon, whilst Coleridge's Scafell experience becomes a celebration of Mont Blanc in the “Hymn before the planning Sunrise in custom the Vale of planning an essay on writing Chamouny.” As Woodring suggests, “Sometimes implicitly but often with a militant defensiveness, exponents of the picturesque declared it a distinctively English answer to the sublime of the Alps” (48). Concomitantly, Wordsworth’s regional loyalty suggests a similar centre/margin dichotomy between urban London and the rural north. In My School? In another example of Picturesque nationalism, Wordsworth draws a comparison between the Alps and local scenes: The forms of the on writing mountains, though many of them in some points of view the noblest that can be conceived, are apt to run into spikes and needles, and present a jagged outline which has a mean effect, transferred to canvas. (74) Wordsworth was a great explorer of the countryside, and, it seems, actually a Picturesque explorer. As Dorothy Wordsworth wrote in her journal of a Scottish tour: When we were within about half a mile of Tarbet, at ubc doctoral thesis a sudden turning, looking the left, we saw a very craggy-topped mountain amongst other smooth ones; the rocks on the summit distinct in planning an essay on writing shape as if they were buildings raised up by man, or uncouth images of some strange creature. Essay Example? We called out with one voice, “That’s what we wanted!” alluding to the frame-like uniformity of the side-screens of the lake for the last five or six miles. (qtd.
Watson, 104) Note the “craggy-topped mountain amongst other smooth ones,” the “frame” and “side screens.” Note also “in one voice,” or, “as three persons with one soul,”  as Coleridge wrote. They had then found “what they wanted,” and clearly they wanted the planning on writing Picturesque. In addition to this, a letter written by Dorothy to essay school, Coleridge in March 1804 includes mention of a beck discovered by Wordsworth: “It is a miniature of all that can be conceived of savage and planning an essay on writing grand about a river, with a great deal of the beautiful. William says that whatever Salvator might desire could be there found” (qtd.
Watson, 104). With all this travel and exploration it seems more than natural that Wordsworth would one day write his own Picturesque guide, if only he was not so absolutely clearly and undeniably in opposition to and transcendent of the whole thing. . . . Wordsworth’s Guide was first published anonymously in 1810 and in my then, ten years later, in a collection of his own verse. According to W.M. Mercant’s introduction, reviews of the verse were “critical” though the Guide met with “almost unanimous approval” (Guide, 31). Post Apostolical Poetry. The notion that Wordsworth adopted his own critical assessment—dethroning the monarchical sense of vision—has been seriously questioned from various angles.
Regardless, if we are indeed to take Wordsworth at an essay on writing his word, the expectation would be that only this transcendental picturesque—if any picturesque at all—would henceforth appear. Wordsworth, after all, has accused, judged and condemned the essay example Picturesque and we are told by a jury of planning an essay modern critics that he will no longer be shackled to that blasted bastion of narrow thinking. Sodium Thiosulphate Coursework? How strange then that with the Gospel clearly spelled out, Wordsworth continues to seek the Picturesque and often with an entirely conventional viewpoint. For example: And not a voice was idle: with the din. Smitten, the precipices rang aloud; The leafless trees and every icy crag. Tinkled like iron; while far-distant hills.
Into the tumult sent an alien sound. Of melancholy, not unnoticed while the stars, Eastward, were sparkling clear, and in the west. The orange sky of evening died away (“Influence of Natural Objects,” 39-46). Understanding the Picturesque in all its theoretical variety—which now, hopefully is the case—reveals this extract clearly and undeniably as picturesque in sound and not a transcending of the Picturesque. We have already seen how Wordsworth’s own Guide was written years after the momentous formulation of judgement. In terms of his poetry, there are numerous other examples which similarly contradict the generally accepted view. The sonnet “Between Namur and Liège,” from Memorials of a Tour on the Continent, 1820 , for example: WHAT lovelier home could gentle Fancy choose?
Is this the stream, whose cities, heights, and plains, War's favourite playground, are with crimson stains. Familiar, as the Morn with pearly dews? The Morn, that now, along the silver MEUSE, Spreading her peaceful ensigns, calls the swains. To tend their silent boats and ringing wains, Or strip the bough whose mellow fruit bestrews. The ripening corn beneath it.
As mine eyes. Turn from the fortified and threatening hill, How sweet the prospect of yon watery glade, With its grey rocks clustering in pensive shade— That, shaped like old monastic turrets, rise. From the smooth meadow-ground, serene and still! This is the entire poem and so quintessentially Picturesque as to require no further comment. More frightening than this—at least for the jury who surely now must be out to an essay, lunch—is the thesis attached footnote: The scenery on the Meuse pleases me more, upon the whole, than that of the Rhine, though the river itself is much inferior in grandeur. The rocks both in form and colour, especially between Namur and Liege, surpass any upon the Rhine, though they are in several places disfigured by quarries, whence stones were taken for an essay, the new fortifications. This is much to be regretted, for they are useless, and the scars will remain perhaps for thousands of years.
A like injury to a still greater degree has been inflicted, in my memory, upon romeo and juliet essay, the beautiful rocks of Clifton on the banks of the Avon. Planning? There is probably in existence a very long letter of mine to ubc doctoral thesis, Sir Uvedale Price, in which was given a description of the landscapes on the Meuse as compared with those on the Rhine. This is the entire footnote and now comes the terrible blind taste test: who could, who would, write such staple, such superficial judging of one scene with another as if they were paintings: Gilpin? Knight? Wordsworth. “Epistle to Sir George Beaumont”—Beaumont, connoisseur, collector, painter, “befriended and encouraged many painters, notably Constable and Ibbetson” (Bicknell, 15) and planning an essay was a conservative follower of Picturesque tenets (see figure 13)—offers an example where scenery is described for its own sake, where its very worth is sufficiently innate to need virtually no additional coinage: Within the mirror’s depth, a world at rest— Sky streaked with purple, grove and craggy bield. And the smooth green of many a pendent field. And, quieted and soothed, a torrent small,
A little darling would-be waterfall. One chimney smoking in its azure wreath, Associate all in the calm pool beneath, With here and there a faint imperfect gleam. Of water-lilies veiled in misty stream. (174-83) Of course, the richness here is owed largely to the loveliness of the wordscape, a place opulent in picturesque elements: the craggy bield , waterfall, chimney, the stream. This epistle, penned in 1811, is a veritable treasure trove of picturesque landscape and elements. Never actually sent to Beaumont, it was clearly intended as a publishable poem.
Another typically Picturesque poem is “The Pass of Kirkstone,” published in 1817: Oft as I pass along the fork. Of these fraternal hills: Where, save the paper rugged road, we find. No appanage of human kind; Nor hint of man, if stone or rock. Seem not his handy-work to mock. By something cognizably shaped;
Mockery—or model—roughly hewn, And left as if by earthquake strewn, Or from the Flood escaped:— Altars for Druid service fit; (But where no fire was ever lit. Unless the glow-worm to the skies. Thence offer nightly sacrifice;) Wrinkled Egyptian monument; Green moss-grown tower; or hoary tent;
Tents of a camp that never shall be raised; On which four thousand years have gazed! (3-20) Gone then is the Pope-like catalogisation, the very antithesis of an essay Wordsworth’s methodology; instead, though the writings poetic eye might survey a scene, the poetic voice is selective of Constable-like charged spots: the fork in the road, one branch leading to reverie, the richly connotative fraternal hills, the rugged road, which by its very presence admits the planning an essay on writing absence of man, and finally the rock, whose shape suggests still another landscape: imagined and drawn of history. There is, in “Composed Among the essay example Ruins of planning on writing a Castle in North Wales” (1824), a parallel to Price’s theories of landscape gardening, where the patina of time is recommended to provide an unfinished roughness to thesis, stonework, to replace bunched bush with unexpected tree and on writing shiny brick with sombre block. This aesthetic was, as we have seen, actually focused not merely upon visually based appreciation, but upon associated emotional reaction. Ubc Doctoral Thesis? The acute interest in ruins demonstrated by artists during the Picturesque period was entirely germane with the general elegiac mood and graveyard melancholy.
This interest in ruins, obviously, was shared by Wordsworth. “Composed Among the Ruins,” after a conventionally ominous opening: “Through shattered galleries, ’mid roofless halls, / Wandering with timid footsteps oft betrayed (1-2), finally becomes a eulogium: Relic of Kings! Wreck of planning an essay forgotten Wars, To winds abandoned and the prying Stars. Time loves Thee! at his call the Seasons twine. Luxuriant wreaths around thy forehead hoar; And, though past pomp no changes can restore, A soothing recompense, his gift is Thine! (9-14) There can be no clearer example of poetic philosophical perspective—Father Time and Mother Nature, the benevolent patrons of Ruin—entirely born of picturesque aesthetic theory.
Doubtless there is also a playfulness here, and one reminiscent of Gilpin: What share of picturesque genius Cromwell might have, I know not. Certain however it is, that no man, since Henry the Eighth, has contributed more to thesis, adorn this country with picturesque ruins. The difference between these two masters lay chiefly in the style of ruins, in which they composed. Henry adorned his landscape with the ruins of an essay abbeys; Cromwell, with those of castles.
I have seen many pieces by this master, executed in a very grand style. . . . (II, 122-3) All this seems further indication of the longevity of the Picturesque. Landscape and (small case) nature clearly are the central rubric of late eighteenth and ubc doctoral early nineteenth century cultural movement; and Wordsworth’s transformation of poetry occurs in a context where new values and aesthetic parameters are well established. It is the colourful mixing of both palettes which is Wordsworth, and which defines early romanticism. Compared to earlier treatments of landscape and nature, offering that flat canvas description, Wordsworth adopts the criteria of picturesque aesthetics, but incorporates the emotional dimension offered by planning on writing, the associative value of word, of memory, of subjective response.
The elements of love essay Picturesque landscape then become “the stuff that dreams are made of”: dreams reflective, dreams nostalgic, dreams dreaming, and dreams born of a learned appreciation for beauty that is particularly and properly Picturesque. There is a final plot twist: Watson cunningly has stacked the deck. He swiftly explains away the Picturesque in Wordsworth’s later poetry by suggesting that this is merely the work of “his uninspired years” (92). Of course, this is much too glib, especially when we remember the voracity with which critics inform us of Wordsworth’s rejection of the planning Picturesque, stressing and re-stressing its “limitations.” Again, what seems a more reasonable explanation is that the Picturesque provided not only the foundations for romantic poetry, but that without the Picturesque there would have been no romantic poetry at all. In simple terms, one can perhaps take the poet out of the Picturesque, but you cannot take the Picturesque out of the poet. Figure 10: Kenneth Clark, Doctor Syntax sketching a lake, from Bicknell. Figure 11-12: Gilpin, Non-picturesque and picturesque mountain landscape.From Three Essays. Figure 13: Sir George Beaumont, Landscape , from Bicknell. The Foreground: Keats. This section will firstly consider particular difficulties in approaching Keats and the Picturesque, moving then to Keats’ Picturesque view, its effects and influence.
The non-faddish longevity and ultimate importance of the Picturesque is finally determined. Wordsworth, born with and nurtured on the Picturesque, could never escape its influence and sustenance. Indeed, Wordsworth without the of duty essay paper Picturesque seems himself a destitute and picturesque half-starved figure. Planning An Essay? Keats, although temporally distant from the eighteenth century Picturesque development, attempts to see with the Picturesque vision, to adopt the general philosophy, providing compelling evidence against the standard cultist and ubc doctoral faddish judgements offered by faddish modern literary scholars and on writing serves as testimony not only to the Picturesque’s diuturnity, but also its fundamental value. An examination of example Keats in terms of the Picturesque, however, involves a number of initial problems. The Problem With Keats. Firstly, Keats (1795-1821) published his first solitary poem—“O Solitude,” in The Examiner —in 1816. Planning An Essay On Writing? In simple terms, Keats came of age with landscape firmly entrenched as an aesthetic concept that required no further exploration. The Picturesque, initially the only means of discovering landscape, now stood like an old well-travelled train puffing steam on some siding. Landscape was omnipresent, on main lines and branch lines, an aesthetic form no longer solely the stuff of agriculture and ownership.
This is not to imply that exploration could no longer take place, only that the imperative was now only an implication. Secondly, the title of Keats’ first penned poem—“Imitations of sodium coursework Spenser” (1814)—suggests Keats’ propensity to look backwards, not particularly to on writing, the neo-classicist’s Golden Age—though his use of myth glances in and juliet that direction—but most particularly to planning, a Golden Age of in my English poetry: Spencer, Shakespeare, Milton. Not surprisingly, poetic drama and epic seemed the fairest genres. Thirdly, as Keats claims, his interest was in people not pictures: “Scenery is planning an essay, fine, but human nature is finer” ( Letters , I, 242). However, as with Wordsworth, autotelic acceptance of such claims overlooks the example need to mine more valid resources in other areas and risk faulty and perhaps fatal conclusions. Finally, Keat’s interest in language itself, in imagery and metaphor—in addition to the “felicity and variety” ( Letters , xxxi)—leads him towards the adoption of diction born of those same grand masters; as well as to planning, the inevitable effect of the unexpected: his singular phraseology. Standard Picturesque idiom, by now somewhat hackneyed, is unable to convey this effect and Keats’ early poetry provides the lion’s share of colloquialisms.
Further, it becomes quite clear quite soon that Keats’ goal was to depart from stylistic norms, particularly those of the eighteenth century and achieve some degree of sodium and acid originality. All this notwithstanding, the sustaining power of the planning an essay on writing Picturesque—and so its importance—can still be discovered in both the life and apush example works of Keats. “O Solitude,” reveals a vision of landscape which is particularly picturesque: O SOLITUDE! if I must with thee dwell, Let it not be among the jumbled heap. Of murky buildings; climb with me the planning an essay steep,— Nature's observatory—whence the dell, Its flowery slopes, its river's crystal swell,
May seem a span; let me thy vigils keep. ’Mongst boughs pavillion’d, where the deer’s swift leap. Startles the wild bee from the fox-glove bell. But though I'll gladly trace these scenes with thee, Yet the sweet converse of an innocent mind, Whose words are images of thoughts refin’d, Is my soul's pleasure; and it sure must be. Almost the custom writings highest bliss of planning human-kind, When to thy haunts two kindred spirits flee. Here, Keats paints no landscape with his words; rather, he adopts an attitude to nature which stems not from the southern regions close to call essay paper, home, but from the heartland of planning an essay quintessential Picturesque scenery.
It is here, amongst the steep windswept hills, the spilling streams, the dells and thesis lonely haunts, that a true sense of sublime solitude is experienced. Rather than suggest unsupported influence, merely compare “O Solitude” with Wordsworth’s sonnet on the sonnet, “Nuns Fret Not At Their Convents’ Narrow Rooms,” clearly contextualised in the Lakelands: “. . . bees that soar for bloom, / High as the highest Peak of Furness-fells, / Will murmur by an essay, the hour in custom discount foxglove bells” (5-7). In “Sleep and Poetry” (1816), Keats demonstrates a simple gratification in simple Nature descriptions, beginning his description of Poesy—the highest calling—entirely in planning naturalistic terms: Should I rather kneel. Upon some mountain-top until I feel. A glowing splendour round about in my, me hung, And echo back the voice of thine own tongue? (49-52)
Here the an essay mountain top serves as altar to the poet-priest: both the thesis material manifestation and the token picturesque echo of poetry’s voice, the situation and inspiration. This soon progresses to a unclouded analogy between literature and planning an essay on writing landscape: Will be elysium—an eternal book. Whence I may copy many a lovely saying. About the leaves, and flowers—about the playing. Of nymphs in woods, and fountains; and the shade. Keeping a silence round a sleeping maid. (63-68) The opening, “What is thiosulphate, more gentle than a wind in summer” (1), “More healthful than the leafiness of dales?” (7) sets the initial tone: composed of a sappy repetition of feminine rhymes that describes entirely the an essay on writing sappy nature Keats first has in mind.
The centre weight of “Sleep and Poetry” is ubc doctoral thesis, sweetness (the word sweet occurs ten times) rather than picturesqueness. Interestingly, Poetry—the answer to this famous string of planning an essay rhetorical interrogations—is described in terms familiar to the Picturesque. There is the beautiful: “beautiful,” “smooth,” “wings of a swan”; intermixed with the sublime: “awful,” “fearful claps of thunder,” “low rumblings,” and “sounds which will reach the Framer of all things.” Keats then once again rambles in his southern fields of “joy,” to “woo sweet kisses,” amongst fanciful “Flora”; all in all, “A lovely tale of human life.” Briefly, Poesy is itself a kind of Edenesque landscape, where the school gentle white dove wafts its wings in cooling wind for the resting poet. And yet Keats knew such joys he must “. . An Essay? . School? pass . . . for a nobler life,” and there “find the planning an essay agonies, the strife / Of human hearts. . . . (122-124). This re-introduces Poetry, this time in terms of “calling,” and again Keats offers images drawn from the picturesque landscape, eloquent as allegory for and juliet love, the solitude, agonies and planning an essay transience of the human experience: “cragginess”; “winds with glorious fear”; the sky is no longer filled with fluffy white, but “ a huge cloud's ridge”; there are now “mountains” filled with “Shapes of ubc doctoral delight, of mystery, and fear.” Keats, aspires to become the powerful “charioteer,” understanding “the agonies, the planning strife” of “thousands” of different men.
Clearly and undeniably—and here we can be thankful that the and juliet love essay literary jury who generally overlook Keats and the Picturesque are not only planning out to ubc doctoral thesis, lunch but almost completely out of the picture—Picturesque allusions best express those agonies, that strife. The final verse paragraphs provide an extra dimension, an inventory of the art decoration in his friend Hunt’s house situated within the larger context of poetic fancy. Landscape is reframed as landscape painting, providing an early indication of Keats’ frame of mind: his leanings toward art. It seems clear from all this that Keats already understands the symbolic value of the picturesque scene: its ability to conjure up the essence of man’s existence: the beauty of youth coupled with the awful of age, that dialogue which utters mutual pity and planning ultimate evanescence. At the same time there can be little doubt that Keat’s cheerful disposition at this time makes the Picturesque an romeo and juliet uncertain subject. “I Stood Tip-Toe” (1816) offers another early effort at on writing landscape poetry. Almost at once the of duty essay view from the “little hill” becomes an exercise. To peer about upon variety;
Far round the horizon's crystal air to skim, And trace the dwindled edgings of its brim; To picture out the quaint, and curious bending. Of a fresh woodland alley, never ending; Or by the bowery clefts, and leafy shelves, Guess where the jaunty streams refresh themselves. (16-22) Unfortunately, there is an essay, no unity in Keats’ picture—despite the superlative editorial annotation of “pure nature-painting”—only a variegated catalogue of nature confused by ubc doctoral, occasional legends of planning on writing Hellas and compounded by relentless rhyming couplets. If the ubc doctoral thesis landscape speaks to Keats, the voice again has sappily sweet tendencies, as with the feminine rhyme, “Nature's gentle doings” which are “softer than ring-dove's cooings.” Even quintessential picturesque elements become, like “the quaint mossiness of aged roots,” quaint rather than symbolic or expressive. If Keats found any authentic feeling in an essay on writing this landscape, the poem offers barely a sigh. Romeo And Juliet Essay? This becomes clear when we compare:
My spirit is on writing, too weak—mortality. Weighs heavily on essay school me like unwilling sleep, And each imagined pinnacle and steep. Of godlike hardship tells me I must die. Like a sick eagle looking at the sky. (1-5) This contemplation comes not from the vision of landscape but “On First Seeing the Elgin Marbles,” written the planning an essay following year. During this early period, then, Keats is more often touched in a vague spiritual sense not by landscape nor nature but by art. As Maureen B. Roberts explains in her somewhat chimerical The Diamond Path: Individuation as Soul-Making in the Works of essay in my John Keats : Within these few lines are themes and symbols which come to feature prominently in Keats’ mature poetry: the eagle as the an essay transcendent victory of beauty—the vision of unity—over the “dizzy pain” of the “undesirable feud” of opposites; the motif of heaviness representing the Gnostic “sleep” as imprisonment in the world, and sickness as the self-division which must be transcended in order to attain the ascent. (Roberts) Whatever the ubc doctoral extent of Gnostic influence, the fact remains that the Elgin Marbles lead Keats inwards, towards fundamentals, while the planning an essay tip-toe view results in little more than a dance through the tulips; indeed by the end of the poem we can only imagine Keats tired of his tip-toe prance. And yet, in “To Haydon,” written concomitantly with the Elgin Marble sonnet, Keats composed another in essay which he speaks of men who stare at sculptures “with browless idiotism.” The sonnet also includes: . . . forgive me that I cannot speak.
Definitively of planning an essay on writing these mighty things; Forgive me that I have not eagle’s wings, That what I want I know not where to seek. Ubc Doctoral? (“To Haydon,” 3-6) Keats then is still searching, rambling, as we shall see, between the vicarious and the actual. There is some certitude: the unbreakable link between landscape and poetry: “Some flowery spot, sequester'd, wild, romantic, / That often must have seen a poet frantic” (“Epistle to George Felton Mathew,” 37-8)  ; and the particularly evocative effects of picturesque scenery which speak to Keats of Poetry as vocation. Yet still the searching, which eventually will lead him towards the Picturesque. People not Pictures. March 13, 1818, Keats writes to his friend Bailey: “Give me a barren mould so I may meet with some shadowing of Alfred in on writing the shape of ubc doctoral thesis a Gipsey, a Huntsman or as Shepherd.
Scenery is fine, but human nature is planning on writing, finer” ( Letters , I, 242). Custom Writings Discount? As an addendum to this, Keats felt that the principal use of poetry was to sharpen “one’s vision into planning an essay on writing the heart and nature of man” (qtd. Bate, 337). Although this seems to exclude any exploration of the custom discount Picturesque, Keats’ catalogue of characters are, perhaps inadvertently, certainly importantly, all of the Picturesque scene. An Essay? Further, Turner’s series of Picturesque landscapes of England and Wales, which beyond doubt are Picturesque studies, nevertheless express the idea that “man is as much a phenomenon of the natural world as are mountains, fields and oceans” (Shanes, 8). It seems clear that Keats, familiar with the beauty of southern landscape, still lacked in any actual experience of the Picturesque sublime.
An exhibition of the American painter, Benjamin West, where “. Essay School? . . Keats was altogether receptive to any effort to attain the ‘sublime’”(Bate, 243), featured one particular painting, “Death on the Pale Horse,” known for on writing, stirring such feelings. Ubc Doctoral? Keats was ultimately disappointed: . . An Essay On Writing? . there is apush example, nothing to be intense upon; no women one feels mad to kiss; no face swelling into reality. . . An Essay On Writing? . The excellence of every Art is its intensity, capable of making all disagreeable evaporate, from ubc doctoral thesis, their being in close relationship with Beauty and Truth—Examine King Lear you will find this exemplified throughout. (qtd. Bate, 243) Although this does underscore the focus of Keats’ main interest, his dissatisfaction with this painting seems singular. A letter to Reynolds (25 March, 1818), for example, contains the following: You know the Enchanted Castel, it doth stand.
Upon a rock, on the border of a Lake, Nested in an essay on writing trees, A mossy place, a Merlin’s Hall, a dream. You know the clear lake, and the little Isles. The Mounts blue, See what is thesis, coming from the distance dim!
A golden galley all in silken trim. O that our dreamings all, of sleep or wake, Would all the colours from the sunset take. . . . ( Letters , 260-261) Keats explains in an endnote to planning an essay on writing, this poem that his inspiration was Claude’s “Enchanted Castle” in “ Sacrifice to Apollo ” ( Letters , 263) . Further, Manwaring suggests that the discount same canvas was transmuted into certain lines of on writing “Ode on a Grecian Urn”—itself formed of pictures; and perhaps a sense of Claude is still heard in “. . . magic casements, opening on the foam / Of perilous seas, in faery lands forlorn” (“Ode to a Nightingale, 69-70). Although Keats will discover a sense of sublimity in landscape during his 1818 Picturesque tour, art provided the source from which he would most often and essay paper most naturally drink. Planning An Essay? The sense of sublimity through the subjective contemplation of of duty objects is common to the romantics, but Keats’ “Ode on a Grecian Urn” demonstrates his variance with Wordsworth: for Keats it is the Urn rather than Nature which provides lessons of truth. And yet there is planning an essay, a striking similarity, for the main theme is ubc doctoral thesis, not the figures on planning on writing the Urn but the poet’s own response. The “Scenery is sodium thiosulphate coursework, fine, but human nature is finer” notion requires further definition: Keats, by his own confession, states: “. . . my head is sometimes in such a whirl in considering the million likings and antipathies of our Moments” ( Letters , 324); “I carry all matters to planning an essay, an extreme—so that when I have any little vexation it grows in five minutes into a theme for Sophocles” ( Letters , 340). Apush Essay? In other words, his youthful mind changes with the frequency of English weather. His comment here is in particular reference to landscape scenes seen in real life: the letter was written during a prolonged stay in Devonshire, during a period described as, “splashy, rainy, misty snowy, foggy haily floody, muddy. . . .” ( Letters , 241).
Even if we willingly expand his scenery/human nature comment to on writing, all landscapes and all sunny days—the effect, for example, of offering the quotation without the context in order to prove a point—as ridiculous as this might seem, there still remains, as suggested by the “Gipsey,” “Huntsman” and “Shepherd,” the Picturesque character . The Picturesque Tour  We have so far seen reasons why a Picturesque Tour was long on ubc doctoral the books, not least of which is the fact that literature cannot be writ from an planning on writing exploration only of literature.  Keats’ keen literary vision and his initial rural blindness are unwittingly confessed in “To one who has been long in city pent”: To one who has been long in city pent, ’Tis very sweet to call essay paper, look into the fair. And open face of heaven,—to breathe a prayer. Full in the smile of the planning on writing blue firmament. Who is sodium coursework, more happy, when, with heart’s content, Fatigued he sinks into some pleasant lair.
Of wavy grass, and reads a debonair. And gentle tale of love and languishment. (1-8) Certainly there is pleasure in this dulcet southern domain, though finally, typically, Keats turns his full attention to a book. Sidney K. Robinson, Inquiry into an essay the Picturesque , repudiating the absurdity of comparing landscapes with paintings, states: For the Picturesque, of course, studying paintings and books was the sodium and acid clearest recognition that designing the landscape was a complex amalgam of raw sensory patterns supplied by nature with the patterns of arrangement and selection inherent in the operation of the an essay human mind. (Robinson 103) Although the connection might seem somewhat tenuous, designing poetry is equally “an amalgam of essay raw sensory patterns supplied by nature with the patterns of arrangement and selection inherent in the operation of the human mind.” Keats had studied literature and now the necessity of experiencing raw nature at first hand could no longer be denied. By mid 1818, Keats realised “there is something else wanting to one who passes his life among Books and thoughts on Books” (qtd.
Bate, 340). In April, Keats proposed. within a Month to put my knapsack at my back and planning make a pedestrian tour through the North of England, and part of Scotland—to make a sort of sodium and acid Prologue to the Life I intend to pursue. An Essay? . . . ( Letters , 264) As a citizen of the romantic province, experiencing nature at length and up-close was a moral imperative, not only writings because other poets had trod that path, but because nature, especially the grander and awful, are essential for imaginative energy. Keats knew this and Keats went a-wandering. In late June, his travelling companion, Charles Brown, wrote in his journal: The country was wild and romantic, the weather fine, though not sunny, while the fresh mountain air, and many larks about us, gave us unbounded delight. As we approached the lake, the scenery became more grand and beautiful; and from time to time we stayed our steps, gazing intently on it. Hitherto, Keats had witness nothing superior to Devonshire; but, beautiful as that is, he was now tempted to speak with indifference. Planning? At the first turn from the road, before descending to the hamlet of Bowness, we both simultaneously came to a full stop. The lake [Windermere] lay before us.
His bright eyes darted on a mountain-peak, beneath which was gently floating a silver cloud; thence to a very small island, adorned with the foliage of sodium trees, that lay beneath us, and surrounded by water of a glorious hue, when he exclaimed: “How can I believe in that?—surely it cannot be!” He warmly asserted that no view in planning an essay the world could equal this—that it must beat all Italy. ( Letters , 425-426) (See figure 14. ) It is perhaps difficult for the sensorially saturated modern to imagine the provocativity and, yes, the sublimity, of such landscape; this lengthy extract, however, makes clear the power of the Picturesque, temporally contextualised, when such scenes were relatively unfamiliar. In a sense, we have here the call of duty paper spectacular importance of the Picturesque, an indication of why a revolution it caused in aesthetics and art; and the comparison with Italy—the fountain-head from which swelled the planning an essay Picturesque—is beyond doubt no chancy happening. Keats’ own record of the tour, his correspondence, is essay in my, equally mottled with superlatives: What astonishes me more than anything is the tone, the colouring, the an essay slate, the stone, the moss, the rock-weed; or, if I may so say, the intellect, the countenance of such places. The space, the essay example magnitude of mountains and on writing waterfalls are well imagined before one sees them; but this countenance or intellectual tone must surpass every imagination and defy any remembrance. ( Letters , 301) (See figure 15.)  Here then Keats finally discovers the Picturesque (note the catalogue) as well as its associational value. Paraphrasing Archibold Alison, Hipple states: “An object is picturesque if it is thiosulphate coursework, such as to awaken a train of associations additional to planning, what the in my school scene as a whole is calculated to excite” (164). Again, the picturesque then is planning an essay, a term whether in landscape, painting or literature which has everything to do with associationism; and we see that Price’s attempt to divorce the term from its reference to pictorial representation is by no means peculiar.  Keats, clearly, has imagined such scenes, imagines them as he hikes, and yet the intellect seems suddenly insignificant once confronted with the actual.
Keats goes on to tell Tom: I shall learn poetry here and shall henceforth write more than ever, for the abstract endeavour of being able to add a mite to that mass of beauty which is harvested from call of duty essay, these grand materials, by an essay, the finest spirits, and put into etherial existence for the relish of one’s fellows. I cannot think with Hazlitt that these scenes make man appear little. I never forgot my stature so completely—I live in ubc doctoral the eye; and my imagination, surpassed, is at rest. (301) There is too much for coincidence in these two passages: to an essay, “defy remembrance,” to “live in the eye,” to “forget my stature,” besides an echoing of sodium thiosulphate and acid coursework negative capability, is on writing, clearly to defy Wordsworth—an assertion that though perhaps he follows in the old poet’s footsteps, he will find his own way in the Picturesque. Indeed, Keats himself admits this point:
As to the poetical Character itself, (I mean that sort of which, if I am anything, I am a Member; that sort distinguished from the essay school wordsworthian or egotistical sublime; which is a thing per se and stands alone) it is on writing, not itself—it has no self—it is everything and nothing. ( Letters , 386-7) In a similar vein, Keats comments on Windermere, which makes. . . . one forget the divisions of life; age, youth, poverty and riches; and and juliet love refine ones sensual vision into a sort of north star which can never cease to be open lidded and steadfast over the wonders of the great Power. ( Letters , 299)  At the end of on writing June, Keats visits the “Druids’ Circle.” Gilpin, in his tour of the Lakes, discovered this same temple, which he admits is not particularly picturesque, though conjured up pictures of Druid priests and ritual sacrifice. A romantic fancy? Surely not! The pit-falls, obstacles and ubc doctoral thesis hardships of the tour increasingly insinuate themselves into his correspondence. Brown was a veteran hiker. For Keats—by no means weak-kneed nor namby-pamby—the going becomes too tough. The Picturesque of northern Britain is a landscape of antagonistic elements, gentleness is anathema, where the only comfort can come from on writing, discomfort.
All this, compounded with climactic and essay school topographical alienness, becomes apparent in planning on writing “On Visiting the sodium coursework Tomb of planning an essay on writing Burns,” written during the tour: The town, the romeo essay churchyard, and the setting sun, The clouds, the planning on writing trees, the rounded hills all seem, Though beautiful, cold—strange—as in a dream, I dreamed long ago, now new begun. The short-liv’d, paly Summer is but won. From Winter’s ague, for one hour’s gleam;
Though sapphire-warm, their stars do never beam: All is in my school, cold Beauty, pain is never done: For who has mind to relish, Minos-wise, The Real of Beauty, free from an essay on writing, that dead hue. Sickly imagination and sick pride. Cast wan upon it? Burns! with honour due. I oft have honour’d thee. Great shadow, hide. Thy face; I sin against the native skies. ( Letters , 308)
Although largely a fault finding mission, a remonstrance, penned by a southerner spoiled by languid southern summer sunshine and summer warmth, there is here, as there is custom writings discount, not in “I Stood Tiptoe” and other early poems, an authentic sense of feeling, a sense of planning an essay on writing being touched by landscape and nature, a genuineness that foreshadows “Ode to essay, Melancholy.” There is also an important associational element, translating to the problem of judging beauty when both our judgement and beauty itself are tinged with the on writing omnipresence of brevity and death. If the northern summer is only a brief delivery from thiosulphate and acid coursework, winter, then what of an essay on writing our lives? The headiness of the first fine weather days are followed by an account of a country dance, which Keats concludes with what is becoming a familiar refrain: “This is what I like better than scenery” ( Letters , 307). In Scotland he writes: “I know not how it is, the Clouds, the sky, the Houses, all seem anti Grecian anti Charlemagnish—I will endeavour to get rid of my prejudices, tell you fairly about the Scotch” ( Letters , 309). At the same time, there is a clue to Keats’ understanding of picturesqueness: “The barefooted Girls look very much in sodium thiosulphate and acid keeping—I mean with the Scenery about them. . Planning On Writing? . . They are very pleasant because they are very primitive” ( Letters , 318-19). Steeped in literature, with much of thesis his experience experienced vicariously, Keats can never entirely lose his prejudice. As hinted above, Keats takes great delight in picturesque characters: Imagine the worst dog kennel you ever saw placed upon an essay, two poles from a mouldy fencing—In such a wretched thing sat a squalid old woman squat like an ape half starved from a scarcity of Biscuit in apush essay example its passage from Madagascar to the cape,—with a pipe in her mouth and looking out with a round eyed skinny lidded, inanity—with a sort of horizontal idiotic movement of her head—squat and lean she sat and puffed out the smoke while two ragged tattered Girls carried her along. On Writing? ( Letters , 321-2) Notice the skill with which Keats intensifies the picturesque effect: the mixed dog/ape metaphor, the alliteration and repetition. This, certainly, is of duty essay, a different Picturesque, though nonetheless Picturesque. The detachment we witnessed in Wordsworth—that frequent remoteness from the real trials and tribulations of planning on writing country life—is also manifest in Keats.
John Clare, Keats’ contemporary, similarly notes: . . . his descriptions of scenery are often very fine but as it is the case with other inhabitants of great cities he often described nature as she appeared in his fancies not as he would have described her had he witnessed the things he describes—Thus it is he has often undergone the stigma of sodium Cockneyism what appears as beautys in the eyes of a pent-up citizen are looked upon as conceits by those who live in the country—these are merely errors but even here they are merely the errors of poetry—he is often mystical but such poetical licences have been looked on as beauties in Wordsworth Shelley and in Keats they may be forgiven. (qtd. Watson, 23) The idea that such romanticisms are “merely errors of poetry” is indicative of the times, a kind of Claudian perspective where both the Picturesque and poetic vision could often turn a blind eye to social reality and see instead a dislocated ideal. On Writing? The subject then is not merely inaccuracy in “descriptions of scenery” but the general anti-utilitarianism of romantic poetry. This, it seems, is much more “comic and faddish” (Brownlow, 43) than learning to appreciate landscape through painting. It is also entirely common to all the romantic poets.
Again, to quote Clare: And een the fallow fields appear so fair. The very weeds make sweetest gardens there. And summer there puts garments on so gay. I hate the plow that comes to love essay, dissaray. And man the only object that disdains. Earths garden into deserts for his grains. Leave him his schemes of planning an essay gain—tis wealth to me. Wild heaths to trace—and not their broken tree. Which lightening shivered—and which nature tries.
To keep alive for poesy to prize. Call Essay Paper? (Clare, 80) Interestingly, however, such romanticism of country life is often omitted during the tour, where Keats comes face to face with the squalor—and a foreign squalor to on writing, such a southerner—of poverty and often describes it in empathetic or political terms: On our walk in Ireland we had too much opportunity to see the worse than nakedness, the custom discount rags, the dirt and misery of the poor common Irish—A Scotch cottage, though in that some times the Smoke has no exit but at the door, is a palace to an Irish one. ( Letters , 321) There is perhaps some implication that a philosophical shift occurs in moving from poetry to prose, as if the picturesque vanishes with the replacement of smock for Wellington boots and overalls, a justification for the might of “modern” prose. On Writing? The subject of Keats’ complaint was also the subject of a Picturesque sub-category: the Gainsboroughesque “cottage Picturesque,” where sublimity is replaced by romantic rusticity, where such squalor is sodium, marked by its absence: in essence, a gentle Picturesque (see figure 16 ).
In a gasping effort at brevity, much has been overlooked. In summary, Keats’ correspondence during the tour is an essay, overgrown with the Picturesque, from poems such as “Ailsa Rock” (see figure 17) and “Ben Nevis,”—which, in its stumbling uncertainty, seem neither a Ben nor a Nevis—to comments such as “evey [sic] ten steps creating a new and beautiful picture—sometimes through little woods—there are two islands on the Lake each with a beautiful ruin—one of them rich in ivy ( Letters , 338).  In early August, after covering 642 horizontal and vertical miles in sometimes cold wet conditions with sometimes poor food and essay indifferent accommodation, after suffering a fortnight from a cold and sore throat, Keats abandoned the tour and left his friend to continue alone.  Watson—in his singular modern study of Keats and the Picturesque, which continues the standard criticism instituted with Wordsworth—provides a succinct panorama of the refracted light of influence the Picturesque tour radiates over Hyperion , and there is no need therefore to planning on writing, offer excessive focus.  In summary, Watson points out that the power of the poem stems from Keats’ “mythologising imagination” and the sublime “terrifying landscapes which form the background for the colossal figures” (155). But the picturesque, in addition to school, background, also serves as a form of characterisation, externalising the internal: . . . where their own groans. They felt, but heard not, for an essay on writing, the solid roar. Of thunderous waterfalls and torrents hoarse. Pouring a constant bulk, uncertain where. Crag jutting forth to crag, and thiosulphate coursework rocks that seem’d. Ever as if just rising from a sleep,
Forehead to forehead held their monstrous horns; And thus in a thousand hugest phantasies. Made a fir roofing to this nest of woe. (II,6-14) On similar lines, “The quiet sublime imbues the sorrow-worn face of Moneta within the temple of Western memory built by Keats in The Fall of Hyperion ” (Woodring, 40). There are, however, a few additional points which Watson fails to note. Planning? Firstly, the poem opens with Saturn and Thea postured “. . Thiosulphate And Acid Coursework? . motionless / Like natural sculpture in planning on writing cathedral cavern” (I.85-86). The scene is represented through copious visual images at the expense the auditory.
Recollecting, “I live in the eye” from his picturesque tour, there is some hint of the visual memories which form the scenery of Hyperion’s stage. The “fallen divinity” of Saturn exists in ubc doctoral a mythico-historical landscape formed of the transcendental imagination and nature experienced during the tour: the “thousand hugest phantasies.” Watson’s closing comment—“ Ode to Autumn originated in the Hampshire harvest-time, not on planning an essay a Lakeland mountain; and the nightingale, like Keats, sings only in love essay the south of England” (157)—scores high marks for rhetorical tune and poetic twang; unfortunately, it is falsely based upon the premise that the Picturesque is heterogeneous to Hampshire as well as drawing attention to his ornithological dullness. Following the Picturesque Tour, Watson states: “. Planning On Writing? . Ubc Doctoral? . and there, apart from Canto I of The Fall of planning Hyperion , Keats turned his back upon the picturesque for ever” (157). Although, again, rhetorically right and conforming to the standard ignominiously moulded analysis of the Picturesque, this is not, in actual fact, the case. The influence of Claude’s Sacrifice to Apollo on “Grecian Urn” and “Ode to a Nightingale” has already been mentioned. In more general terms, and as Bate mentions: “It is interesting to note the number of spontaneous phrases and images in his letters now that are later echoed in love essay the poetry, especially in the Odes“ (358). Planning An Essay? Although instances are numerous, a couple will prove the point. In terms of diction, compare: “There is no great body of water, but the accompaniment is delightful; for writings discount, it ooses out from a cleft in perpendicular Rocks, all fledged with Ash. . Planning? .” ( Letters , 306) with, “ Fledge the wild-ridged mountains steep by steep” (“Ode to Psyche,” 55). In terms of apush essay example a specific memory, compare the an essay excursion to Ambleside waterfall: “. . . it is buried in trees, in the bottom of the ubc doctoral thesis valley—the stream itself is interesting” ( Letters , 300), with, “. . . over an essay, the still stream, / Up the hill-side; and now 'tis buried deep / In the essay in my school next valley” (“Ode to a Nightingale,” 76-8). The Picturesque continued to work through Keats’ poetry: not always clearly; but the lines still are drawn.
Recalling Keats’ comments on an essay first seeing Windermere, which included “refine ones sensual vision into a sort of north star,” we move easily to its later transmutation: Bright star, would I were stedfast as thou art- Not in lone splendour hung aloft the night, And watching, with eternal lids apart, Like nature’s patient, sleepless Eremite, The moving waters at their priestlike task. Of pure ablution round earth’s human shores, Or gazing on the new soft-fallen mask.
Of snow upon essay example, the mountains and planning an essay on writing the moors; No-yet still stedfast, still unchangeable, Pillow’d upon my fair love’s ripening breast, To feel for ever its soft fall and swell, Awake for ever in a sweet unrest, Still, still to hear her tender-taken breath, And so live ever-or else swoon to death. ( Complete Poems , 329) One of the problems of thiosulphate coursework looking at Keats in a Picturesque context, as mentioned above, is his unwillingness to an essay on writing, adopt standard phraseologies, choosing instead to create fresh imagery. Although this is indeed a “problem,” it is also a solution. Knight was perhaps the most adamant proponent of “novelty” in Picturesque scenes. A vast expanse of lawn is boring not simply for its smoothness, but for its lack of surprise.
Abrupt variation produces mixture through novelty. Richard Payne Knight recognised the salutary effect of “irritation” as an interruption of sensations that had become “stale and vapid” through repetition. (Robinson, 7) It seems fair therefore to suggest that poetic coinings—“large dome curtains,” ( Hyperion ) and thiosulphate and acid “massy range” ( Fall of Hyperion ), for example—are a form of such abrupt variation producing mixture through novelty. In a sense, Keats’ poetical methodology stems directly from the lessons of the Picturesque, at least in terms of “the noble metaphor, when it is placed to Advantage, casts a kind of Glory round it, and darts a Lustre through the whole sentence” (qtd. Robinson, 9).
That dart of lustre provides the interruption, the irritation, the unexpected that is planning an essay on writing, “novelty.” This is key not only to the Picturesque but to example, much of Keats’ better poetry. Although perhaps out on strechified limb, in danger of barking up the on writing wrong tree, the suggestion merely provides some indication of the less obvious influence of the Picturesque. Hipple points out that the term “picturesque” can and is used solely as a literary term: “Blaire,” he says as a case in point, “repeatedly praises epithets, figures and descriptions as ‘picturesque’ as conjuring up distinct and forcible images.” (186) Indeed, compared with Robinson’s analogy between the complexity and mixture of the Picturesque and identical constituents of the 18th century Whig party, (“Compositions of Politics and apush essay Money”)—the picturesque here seems more associated with the wig than the an essay party—the claim seems modest enough. The Liberty of the Picturesque. The difficulty of defining romanticism, which we have deliberately over-looked, stems of course from the diversity of essay school poetry, of planning styles, of influences and of diction of romantic poets. Of Duty Paper? That variety is itself a product of the times and an essay the liberty that the Picturesque supported—liberty both in the political and personal sense. Thesis? Knight, in Progress of planning an essay a Civil Society , points out the connection between the picturesque landscape garden—and by of duty, extension, the Picturesque in general—and the composition of society: As when in planning an essay on writing formal lines, exact and true, The pruner’s scissors shear the ductile yew, Amused, its shape and symmetry we see, But seek in vain the ubc doctoral likeness of an essay on writing a tree;
And while the artist’s pleasing skill we trace, Lament the and juliet essay loss of every native grace: So when too strictly social habits bind, The native vigour of the an essay roving mind, Pleased, the well-ordered system we behold.
Its justly regulated parts unfold, But search in vain its complicated plan. To find the native semblance of a man, And, ’midst the charms of equal rule, deplore. The loss of graces art can ne’er restore. (qtd. Robinson, 134) In a sense, an examination of the Picturesque in the context of call of duty essay paper its influence on romanticism—even when fairness, as here, is the ultimate goal—does a certain injustice to the subject and filters out much of the important material. Thus, for example, the liberating effect seems somewhat arbitrary. Hipple, in The Beautiful, the Sublime and on writing the Picturesque , occupies a unique position in modern Picturesque analysis, going beyond the love essay positivism of art historians and suggesting that the Picturesque is consequential in and of itself. Although Hipple rarely ventures beyond summary and conflation of individual Picturesque theories, his treatise is comprehensive, detailed and offers an an essay on writing important concluding point:
The aestheticians of this period [eighteenth century] all found their subject to be psychological: the essay school central problem for them was not some aspect of the cosmos or of an essay particular substances, nor was it found among the characteristics of human activity or of the sodium thiosulphate modes of symbolic representation; one and all, they found their problem to planning, be the specification and discrimination of certain kinds of feelings, the writings discount determination of the mental powers and susceptibilities which yielded those feelings, and of the impressions and ideas which excited them. (305) Although the an essay on writing Picturesque, despite Hipple’s unqualified assertion, does indeed concern itself with particular substances: the elemental material of a scene; and sodium thiosulphate and acid with human activity: the hiking and picturesque tours, the picturesque guide books and planning on writing plain and call simple painting and poetry; and with modes of symbolic representation: the Picturesque itself is a mode of symbolic representation; Hipple’s stress upon the psychological basis is nevertheless an important point, especially when we look forward to planning an essay, the psychological aspect of in my school romantic poetry. One of the planning difficulties with the Picturesque is that it never became a unified system; the saving grace of the Picturesque is writings, that it never became a unified system. It is fundamentally concerned with the native vigour of the planning an essay roving mind, allowing for nature and art to example, stroll arm in arm, allowing and even insisting upon the liberty of variety and change: the planning an essay liberty then of Wordsworth and Keats. Keats, for all his youth and gentle disposition, found the Picturesque health threatening to walk through and ubc doctoral thesis almost anomalistic to incorporate in his verse; as a serious poet with ambitions of immortality,  he nevertheless realised its essentiality to his artistic development. As Robinson explains: “Picturesque colors are not fresh, delicate ones of spring, but those of autumn whose age and decay bespeak fullness and repose tinged with memory and the sharpness of abrupt terminations” (101). Keats then is seeking, not for something to save his life, but his immortality. Keats never reached an age when these colours could clearly be seen and so we find glimpses here and there and the constant desire to “bid these joys farewell”: those bright colours of planning on writing youth.
Figure 14: Joseph Farington, Windermere, from Watson. Figure 15: Joseph Farington, The Waterfall at Rydal , from Watson (visited by Keats) Figure 16: Francis Wheatly (1747-1801), Girls washing in a stream, from Bicknell. Figure 17: Ailsa rock, from Bate. Four years after the death of Keats, engraver and publisher Charles Heath and Turner came “to an essay agreement that Turner would produce a large quantity of water-colours over a number of years, from planning an essay, which Charles Heath would choose 120 to be line-engraved and subsequently published under the title of “Picturesque Views in England and Wales.”(Shanes, 5) The Picturesque, even at romeo love this date, remains a vital force that warrants the attention of England’s finest artist. Indeed, “Turner was undoubtedly at the height of his mature creative powers during the years of an essay on writing this series”(Shanes, 17)
The implied perception of the romantic movement as a reaction against eighteenth century neo-classicism or, at the other extreme, as spontaneous literary combustion torched by Wordsworth’s egotistical sublime is prescriptivism unleashed, offering barely the apush example bare bones of a story. On Writing? It is neither immaterial nor coincidental that the example 1770s—the decade of Wordsworth’s birth—also saw the beginnings of English landscape painting as a major genre, signifying not only a general artistic reaction but also attraction . The eighteenth century saw landscape modified from planning on writing, traditional perceptions of ownership, agriculture and trial and trouble to aesthetic material. This then is the general Picturesque canvass. Of Duty Essay Paper? The Picturesque movement, in providing the initial way of seeing landscape actually encouraged the viewing of landscape, opening the scenery of England to enthusiastic travellers in search of the Picturesque and finally revealing what had always been there though never before seen. This suddenly seen landscape was no longer lit by the golden light of planning on writing a fanciful Golden Age; no longer mottled with classical sylvan shadows, where Pope’s “Fair Thames, flow gently from thy sacred spring, / While on thy banks Sicilian Muses sing”; no longer a continuation of the Works and sodium and acid coursework Days of Hesiod nor theories of Theocritus: now the Island’s landscape might be seen in an essay common light, casting its own shadow, peopled by common people born and bred, the works and days of a new age. In addition to this aesthetic revolution, the heightened status of landscape provided an environment in which nature, the individual elements of landscape—already of increasing importance by virtue of writings developments in on writing the natural sciences—might find its aesthetic value enlarged. Thesis? The Picturesque movement proved its importance and an essay on writing viability by call of duty essay, its very popularity and success. Picturesque theory intellectualised landscape, transforming it into something that could only be truly appreciated through learning, just as neo-classicism had done previously, though now it was no longer classical learning but aesthetic learning that was sought; and the focus was decidedly the landscape itself rather than a superimposed classicism. Planning An Essay On Writing? It this manner, it was increasingly intellectually acceptable to study landscape, in custom writings painting, in poetry, and in pastime. As Christopher Hussey suggests in The Picturesque : The picturesque view of planning on writing nature was the new, the only, way of deriving aesthetic satisfaction from landscape.
Previously, Englishmen had simply failed to connect scenery and painting in their minds. They had liked certain views and discount certain lights, just as all men like sunshine and verdure, for their own sakes. But landscape as such gave them no aesthetic satisfaction. (2) The notion of complete detachment from an an essay on writing aesthetic appreciation of scenery—essentially the unfamiliarity of the essay in my familiar—seems, at least at first glance, rooted in a certain outlandishness. An Essay? Additional proof comes from Wordsworth himself, who lodged for essay paper, a time near Derwentwater. under the roof of an essay a shrewd and sensible woman, who more than once exclaimed in my hearing, “Bless me! folk [picturesque tourists] are always talking about prospects: when I was young there never was sic a thing neamed.” (qtd. Andrews, 153-4) On a hike through Wales, Uvedale Price came upon a series of natural cascades and thiosulphate expressed his delight to the landowner: He was quite uneasy at the pleasure I felt, and seemed afraid I should waste my admiration. “Don’t stop at these things,” said he, “I will shew you by and by one worth seeing.” At last we came to a part where the brook was conducted down three long steps of hewn stone: “There,” said he, with great triumph, “that was made by Edwards, who built Pont y pridd, and it is reckoned as neat a piece of mason-work as any in the country.” (qtd. Robinson, 11)
Neither is this detachment merely a fact of by-gone days: During a recent journey to England, crossing the North Yorkshire Moors in the company of planning an essay on writing a local retired farmer, I was struck immediately by and acid, the picturesque landscape: a region of sudden chasms, blasted trees and weathered rocky outcrops, of bumbling uncertain stone cottages and barns and planning on writing shaggy sheep. My companion was indifferent to its charms. Suddenly, all about the meandering road, we came upon an area quite changed, unusually verdant, with thick hedge-rows and trees full grown and full leafed--and decidedly less picturesque. The farmer suddenly came to life. “I did all this,” he began, with an all embracing wave of school his hand. “It used to be like all the rest, now’t bar rocks. Look at it now though.” For the planning on writing next several miles he lectured on custom his “improvements,” singing praise of planning an essay its cultivated nature and even claiming to coursework, have caused changes in local climate! Soon we re-entered the an essay picturesque and protected national park. “Now, just look at that,” he scoffed with a disdainful shake of his head. “It’s bloody awful.”
The Picturesque was, further, a ubiquitous movement which sought to understand the nature of aesthetic perception and to provide prescriptions which essentially affected an entirely new appreciation for the wild wilderness of custom discount places such as the Cumbrian Lake District. Finally, we should not discount the political and social overtones: the license it provided for liberalism, for variety, for change, for originality. For all its seriousness, Picturesque musings were wont to wander into planning on writing regions of absurdity, sometimes finding their way into the real world, as with Charles Hamilton’s hiring of a hermit to sit in his back garden hermitage; or the estate village of Old Warden in Bedforshire where, in apush the early nineteenth century, the residents were cajoled into wearing red cloaks and planning tall hats to harmonise with the red paint work and charming dormers of their cottages. In the fictional world, this absurdity was also made apparent: A lecture on the picturesque immediately followed, in which his instruction were so clear the she soon began to see beauty admired by him, and her attention was so earnest, that he became perfectly satisfied of her having a great deal of natural taste. He talked of fore-grounds, distances, and ubc doctoral thesis second distances--side-screens and perspectives--lights and shades;--and Catherine was so hopeful a scholar that when they gained the top of Beechen Cliff, she voluntarily rejected the whole city of Bath, as unworthy to make part of an essay a landscape. (Austen 138) Indeed, the very pith of Picturesque theory might, to the cynical—and especially literary minded—modern, seems daubed with inanity, for it sought to mix landscape and painting, allowing the appreciation of custom discount a real scene for its likeness to art, rather than art for its likeness to an essay on writing, a real scene—a notion which Hugh Sykes Davies, Wordsworth and the Worth of Words , finds particularly “unnatural.” The important thing to remember here, however, is that this was, plain and simple, the sodium thiosulphate coursework only way into planning an essay on writing landscape, the only way to see the invisibly visible. Such satire stemmed from the excesses of the ubc doctoral Picturesque movement and the jocularity sometimes manifest in on writing the debate, and is not a suggestion of ignis-fatuus . Further, as Hussey explains, “the picturesque interregnum between classical and romantic art was necessary in writings order to enable the imagination to form the habit of feeling through the eyes” (4). It is an essay on writing, unfortunate the modern reading of the Picturesque has turned a blind eye to the real meaning of Picturesque and adopted the discount more authoritative expression of Wordsworth himself as well as satirical expression by writers such as Austin and William Combe. And yet the ridiculous that some have found in the Picturesque is found equally in those that find it. J. R. Watson, for example, provides a fitting conclusion: after a quotation in which Coleridge writes of a rocky climbing episode, he writes: “In both Wordsworth and Coleridge there is an exhalation at the danger and on writing excitement . . . the danger was there. . . Custom Writings? . Gilpin penetrated into planning the valley beyond Rosthwaite, but did not consider it practicable to go further” (186).
So there we have it: the romantic poets were much braver than those mere writers on the Picturesque! And this is good. Watson admits, however, that Coleridge “exaggerated the dangers in his letter” (187)! Equally, the idea that the Picturesque had already run its course well before Wordsworth offered the final denunciating blow is patently absurd. We have already seen how Keats required some close experience of the Picturesque in order to further develop his poetic potential. We can remove further, both temporarily and geographically: Blake Nevius, in his slim volume, Cooper’s Landscapes , argues convincingly that the romeo love essay Picturesque strongly influenced his pictorial sense and description subsequent to planning an essay on writing, his 1826-1833 stay in Europe: What Cooper as a visual artist learned from essay example, his travels on the continent is apparent in the later romances. His sharper awareness of pictorial values to planning on writing, be sought in the natural landscape and of the romeo and juliet love essay means by planning, which these values could be introduced into example imagined landscape is most evident . . . in the forest romances written after his return. (89) We move forward in time, we cross the Atlantic, we leap from poetry to planning an essay on writing, prose, yet still the Picturesque remains, exerting its influence. The Picturesque, popularised by the illustrated guides, general debate, fashionable sketching tours, the national fealty of thiosulphate and acid Gainsborough’s work and so on, portrayed a populist and planning on writing recognisable landscape. Moving away from seventeenth and early eighteenth century depictions of myth-laden Italian scenes, the Picturesque embraced rustic England and adopted a visual idiom from common life.
Bermingham’s suggestion that the concomitant “. . . improvement in romeo and juliet essay real landscape, increasing its agricultural yield, raised its commercial and monetary worth” (1), provides a pragmatic exegesis for the new picturesque fashion and planning an essay on writing underscores changing cultural values. If agricultural developments—enclosure, consolidation of small holdings and so on—endowed land with new nummary worth, they also caused the love essay physical transformation of large tracts of countryside, working at odds with the increasing sense of cultural and aesthetic worth. As a result, remote rustic regions such as Cumbria’s Lake District, were discovered as “ . . . the image of the homely, the stable, the ahistorical” (Birmingham 9). If at the last of the century—beginning with Cowper—there came poets and painters who . . . found beauty in planning an essay hedge-rows and corn-fields, and in Hampstead and Mousehold Heaths, it was because of custom discount a long training in seeing landscape pictorially,—a training which of necessity began with the planning most elaborate and heightened forms of landscape, with the richest and most obvious appeal, and on the most vast and impressive scale. Sodium Thiosulphate Coursework? (Manwaring, 232) The importance of the Picturesque stems from the fostering of an intellectual approach to an essay on writing, the appreciation of apush example architecture, gardening and an essay scenery which in turn opened up new vistas of artistic subjects.
The emphasis upon feeling and custom writings associational values which grew from analysis of the sublime and beautiful and blossomed in on writing the Picturesque finally allowed those new vistas to be expressed in subjective and romantic terms. Romanticism, then, was, to a large degree, the natural development of Picturesque aesthetics. Of course, the essay story continues: Ted Hughes, (1930-) born in West Yorkshire and appointed poet laureate in 1984, has written several volumes which testify to the renewed interest in topographical poetry. And all my holiday snapshots are Picturesque. Andrews, Malcolm. The Search for the Picturesque: landscape aesthetics and tourism in Britain, 1760-1800 . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1989. Austen, Jane. Northanger Abbey . New York: Dell, 1962.
Bate, Walter Jackson. John Keats . Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1963. Benedict, Barbara M. Making the Modern Reader: cultural mediation in early modern literary anthologies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996. Bermingham, Ann. Landscape and Ideology: the English rustic tradition, 1740-1860 . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. Bicknell, Peter. Planning? Beauty, Horror and Immensity: Picturesque Landscape in Britain , 1750-1850.
Cambridge: The Museum, 1981. Brownlow, Timothy. John Clare and Picturesque Landscape . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983. Combe, William. Romeo And Juliet Love Essay? Doctor Syntax his three tours: in search of the planning an essay picturesque, of consolation, of a wife . London: F. Warne, 1890. Davies, Hugh Sykes. W ordsworth and the Worth of Words. And Acid? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
Dayes, Edward, A Picturesque Tour in Yorkshire and Debyshire . London: J. Nichols Son, 1825. Denham, John, Sir. On Writing? The Poetical Works . Hamden, Conn: Archon Books, 1969. Dyer, John. Poems . Ed. Edward Thomas.
Lampeter: Llanerch Enterprises, 1989. Gilpin, William. Essay In My? Essay on Prints. London: 1781. ---. Planning An Essay? Three Essays: On Picturesque Beauty, On Picturesque Travel, and On Sketching Landscape. London: Printed for custom writings discount, R. Planning An Essay On Writing? Blamire, 1792. ---. Observations, relative chiefly to picturesque beauty; made in.
the year 1772, on several parts of apush example England; particularly the mountains, and lakes of Cumberland, and Westmoreland . London, Printed for R. Blamire, 1792. ---. A dialogue upon the gardens of the Right Honourable Lord Viscount Cobham at Stow in Buckinghamshire . Los Angeles: Williams Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, 1976. --- . Observations on the River Wye . Richmond: The Richmond Publishing Co. An Essay On Writing? Ltd, 1973. Greenshields, E.B.
Landscape Painting and ubc doctoral thesis Modern Dutch Artists . Toronto: Copp, Clark, 1906. Gray, Thomas. Complete Poems of Thomas Gray. Oxford: Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1966. Handy Guide to the English Lakes . Kendal: T. Wilson, undated. Hipple, Walter John. The Beautiful, the Sublime, and the Picturesque in Eighteenth-Century British Aesthetic Theory.
Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1957. Hughes, John. The Poetical Works of John Hughes . Edinburgh: At the Apollo Press, 1779. Hussey, Christopher. Planning An Essay On Writing? The Picturesque: studies in a point of view . London: Cass, 1967. Johnson, Ben. “To Penshurst” The Norton Anthology of English Literature . Ed. Abrams, M.H.
London: W. W. Norton Company, 1975. Keats, John. Complete Poems and Selected Letters . New York: Odyssey Press, 1935. ---. Thiosulphate And Acid Coursework? The Letters of John Keats 1814-1821, Volume One. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1958. Knight, Richard Payne. On Writing? The Landscape: a Didactic Poem in Three Books Addressed to Uvedale Price . London: Printed by W. Bulmer and Co., Shakespeare Printing, 1794.
Nevius, Blake. Essay In My School? Cooper's Landscapes: an essay on the picturesque vision. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976. Pope, Alexander. The Poems of Alexander Pope. Ed. John Butt. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1963. Price, Uvedale.
On the Picturesque . Planning An Essay? Edinburgh: Caldwell, Lloyd, 1842. Roberts, Maureen B., The Diamond Path: Individuation as Soul-Making in the Works of John Keats . 1997. http://www.cgjung.com/articles/keats1.html. Robinson, Eric , ed. Selected Poems and Prose of John Clare . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967. Robinson, Sidney K. Inquiry into the Picturesque . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991. Ruskin, John. (www.stg.brown.edu/projects/hypertext/landow/ruskin)
Serle, John. A Plan of sodium thiosulphate and acid coursework Mr. Pope's Garden . Los Angeles: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, 1982. Turner, J. M. W. (Joseph Mallord William), Turner's Picturesque Views in England and Wales, 1825-1838 . Ed. Eric Shanes. London: Chatto Windus, 1983.
Thomson, James. The Seasons and planning an essay on writing The Castel of Indolence . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972. Watson J. R. Picturesque Landscape and English Romantic Poetry . London: Hutchinson Educational, 1970. Watkin, David. The English Vision: the picturesque in architecture, landscape, and garden design . New York: Harper Row, 1982. West, Thomas. A guide to the lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland, and sodium Lancashire . 4th ed.
London : W. Richardson, 1789. Williams, Ralph M. Poet, Painter and Parson the Life of John Dyer. New York: Bookman Associates, 1956. Woodring, Carl. Nature into Art : cultural transformations in nineteenth-century Britain . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989. Wordsworth, William. Guide Through the District of the Lakes in the North of planning on writing England . London: Oxford University Press, 1970.
---. Poems. The poetical works of Wordsworth . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982. As the title suggests, this is a cross disciplinary study. What might seem, initially, a grand tour—with hefty baggage—into remote realms outside literature proper is, in fact, a survey of the foundations of romanticism. Up until the 19th century, French Salon duries in state-run competitions adhered to call of duty essay, a strict hierarchy of subjects determined in 18th century Rococo and planning Neo-Classical art: history and religious subjects, portraiture, still life and, lastly and in my leastly, landscape. Planning An Essay On Writing? Even the French Academy's coveted Prix de Rome for art students had no landscape category until 1817, when historic landscapes with some narrative event were reluctantly allowed. As David Watkin, The English Vision , points out, a similar state existed in the area of architectural paintings: . . . the celebrated architectural competitions for the Grand Prix awarded by the French Academy and later by the Ecole des Beaux-Arts: from the first competition held in 1702 up until 1962 no site was ever specified. Custom? In England, however, the simple outline elevation in the form of a diagram on an otherwise blank background gradually gave way to on writing, drawings which show the building in its setting and eventually, as in the work of Blore for example, to fully developed water-colours of call paper landscape in which the house appears as an incident. (x) When eighteenth century Britons referred to “Poussin” it was normally to Gaspard Dughet and not his now more famous brother-in-law, Nicolas Poussin.
Other influential artists, though less important to Picturesque developments, were Tintoretto, Ruisdael and Hobbema. One such example, as E. L. Manwaring notes, is Jonathan Richardson’s An Account of the Statues, Bas-Reliefs, Drawings, and Pictures in Italy, France, c. (1722) which became, for some time, a standard guide. An Essay On Writing? The section on landscape pictures, tellingly, features a prefatory note explaining precisely what landscape pictures are! cite - Manwaring 62 63. Watkin essentially makes the ubc doctoral same point, though contextualised within the standard literary bias: The history of amateur sketching in an essay on writing the nineteenth century in the manner of De Wint and in my school Cox affords another example of the way in planning on writing which a particular mode of vision became established as a thing so “natural” that its artificiality and its debt to the theories of example Sir Uvedale Price were generally forgotten. Planning? (xi) Roundhay Park—its central stately mansion now a noble pub—in my own home town of Leeds, still features a mock ruin. Over-grown with bramble, nettles, grass and dandelion, it is generally understood—by locals and visitors alike—to be as ancient as it is picturesque. See Manwaring, (8).
Johnson’s dictionary, although avoiding the difficulty of writings discount defining Picturesque , actually employed it to define other words. Strange then that Burke’s Inquiry is as familiar to an essay, academics as the of duty essay paper Gospel, whereas Gilpin ideas have become the Apocryphia. The very success of this codification played a prominent role in making banal the very theory it sought to sanctify. The importance of the planning an essay on writing imagination and subjective vision in landscape painting goes back at least as far as Claude. Essay Example? Samuel Palmer wrote: “When I was setting out for planning an essay, Italy I expected to see Claude’s magical combinations; miles apart I found the disjointed members, which he had “suited to the desires of his mind”; these were the beauties, but the beautiful ideal Helen was his own” (qtd. Greenshields, 16). Gainsborough’s rustic figures were influenced by custom discount, those of Wynant. Planning An Essay? (1620-1684) . Amongst the sagging shelves of sodium coursework picturesque guide-books were those by Thomas Gray, James Clark and Thomas West. Besides Landscape and An Analytical Enquiry into the Principles of an essay Taste , Knight published books ranging in subject from sexual symbolism to Greek philology. This note by Knight is essay school, reprinted as a preface to an essay, Price’s The Landscape . Importantly, the dominance of the ocular sense which, in reference to discount, the Picturesque, so bothered Wordsworth and is often adopted in literary analysis in reference to Gilpin was most singular to Knight; and was, in fact, a cornerstone of the planning an essay on writing debate between Knight and Price.
For a detailed historical analysis of enquiries into and acid coursework the sublime and the beautiful, as well as the on writing debt owed by romeo, Blake to Joseph Addison, see Walter John Hipple’s The Beautiful, the Sublime and the Picturesque . Somewhat ironically, Wordsworth once rebuked his friend Beaumont for painting-in an imaginary ruined castle in planning an essay on writing one of his favourite views. Constable was born in Suffolk, and though he found the Lake District too solitary a place, it was there, in 1806, that he met Wordsworth and Coleridge. See Bermingham for reproduced illustrations. C. Meeks, The Railroad Station, An Architectural History. Early pastoral romances—Sidney’s Arcadia (1580-1582) , for example—were resplendent in essay romance, requiring their courtly readers to possess a familiarity not with nature but classical texts and the conventions of courtly behaviour and are thus excluded from this study. Besides the forced confinement of the heroic couplet, Abraham Cowley in planning on writing Pindarique Odes (1665) set the example for deliberate irregularity, breaking the coursework chords of the standard Pindaric precedent in an effort to stimulate more intense feeling. This is typical Pope: compare, for an essay on writing, example, The Temple of Fame : Here naked Rocks, and empty Wastes were seen,
There Tow’ry Cities, and the Forests green: Here sailing Ships delight the wond’ring Eyes. There trees . . . (15-18) Only myopic—perhaps: Lines 79-80 of ubc doctoral thesis Pastorals: Summer : “Your praise the tuneful birds to heaven shall bear,/And list’ning wolves grow milder as they hear.” In a footnote, Pope explains: So the verses were originally written. An Essay? But the author, young as he was, soon found the absurdity which Spenser himself overlooked, of introducing Wolves into England. (131) Pope’s modesty here, of course, is overshadowed by the impressive achievement of discovering something even Spenser missed. A fortunate discovery too, for romeo love, the absurdity of the wolves was noticed by the “ Naiads ,” “Jove,” and “Satyrs” to name only a few native English characters included in the poem.
Notwithstanding Wordsworth’s recognition of planning an essay on writing Thomson as the first poet since Milton to offer new images of romeo “external nature.” Gilpin, in planning particular, was fond of quoting Thomson in his various tours. The quotation in Section One, from The Castel of Indolence , Canto I, XXXVIII, sufficiently demonstrates Thomson’s familiarity with the great European painters of landscape which, as we have seen, played a crucial role in the development of the English Picturesque school. Constable, for example, quoted several lines from “Summer” for his Salisbury Cathedral from the sodium coursework Meadows . Topographical poems from as early as John Denham’s Cooper’s Hill , published in 1642, which provides a very early example of a genre that was to win increasing popularity, invariably involve the planning an essay poet ascending a peak, surveying the and acid coursework whole and then painting a word picture of interesting prospects. After Wordsworth’s death, a volume of Keat’s poems was discovered amongst his possession, a gift, the pages still uncut. Read an unwillingness to use the word source . Of course, between the lines we discover the implication that Gilpin developed nothing.
My own parents, as Yorkshire as Yorkshire Pudding, received, as children of the 1930s, the rare gift of a rare orange for on writing, Christmas, finding it to be the ultimate in exotic luxury! Davies’ enclosing imagination within the and acid confines of quotation marks subtly suggests that Knight meddles with something that was not, in planning an essay actual fact, imagination, but some pale imitation, a phantasmagoric and fraudulent imagination, an imagined imagination. Watson’s discomfort is palpable, etched in every repetition of the problem: “Yet the pugnacity of the call of duty note needs some explaining” (72); “Yet the poem also contains a direct attack on the picturesque in its footnote” (74); “Yet, as we have seen, the poem also contains an explicit rejection of the habits of picturesque viewing” (77). Turning to planning an essay, The Prelude , Watson offers the standard glib solution: another “yet”: “Yet the energy and power of the love experience seen in planning an essay on writing the light of memory transforms the picturesque scene into something much more powerful” (76). Even Wordsworth’s initial premise, that the “jagged outline . . . has a mean effect, transferred to writings discount, canvas,” is perhaps a sentiment more nationalistic than artistic. Indeed, the influence of this book extends beyond Wordsworth into other critical examinations of the Picturesque and literature, forming the general thesis, for example, of Brownlow’s study of Clare, who rides the contemporary critical aversion to the Picturesque like a hobby-horse in the Grand National to planning on writing, the point where either the beast dies a sudden death or the race is cancelled: “The Romantics . . . inherited the picturesque way of looking at nature, but realised that it, in turn, had become a tyranny, so they invented new ways of writings seeing which were new ways of feeling” (16). On a personal note, I would mention that the Yorkshire Dales are in fact much more picturesque than the Lake District—as are its native inhabitants. It is typical of Davies’ double-dealing study that these particular pictures are excluded from his pages. Compare this to Wordsworth’s complaint, quoted above, that the picturesque eye sees “Less spiritual, with microscopic view.” Davies also draws attention to Wordsworth’s familiarity with other Picturesque guides, including those of Thomas Gray, Dr.
John Brown, Thomas West and planning James Clark. In addition: John Harris [“English Country House Guides, 1740-1840,” Concerning Architecture, ed. J. Summerson, 1968.] has catalogued as many as ninety guides . Call Of Duty Paper? . Planning An Essay On Writing? . including no less than thirty-one editions of guides to a single house, Stowe. We can thus see how far the Picturesque had helped to foster a literary and intellectual approach to the appreciation of architecture, gardening and scenery. And Acid? (vii) Wordworth’s almost exclusive employment of his own poems, however, might be considered—by some—as egotistically sublime.
Although the edition is undated, an planning advertisement section features a blurb from a Kendal photographer citing an award won at the Edinburgh International Photographic Exhibition in 1890-91. Such is the longevity of this “faddish cult.” This picturesque apperception took place in apush essay 1803. The Prelude was begun in 1799, and completed in the summer of 1805. The conclusion is as obvious as it is planning, unavoidable. Love? We might even waggishly hazard that this superlative picturesque experience took place during the very period of Book XII’s composition.
Although Watson provides the fairest literary based analysis of the Picturesque, it is nevertheless incredible that he includes such evidence yet still endorses conventional assumptions. Keats, as a schoolboy, began a translation of the Aeneid . Alternatively, as Walter Jackson Bate informs us in his minute biography, Keats felt that Pope was “no poet, only a versifier” (49). The notion of originality is itself a legacy of the planning romantic ethos: originality becomes vital in love art and in life; experimentation with new experiences, diction, systems of planning on writing thought all become the hallmark of the true romantic genius. Indeed, critics’ unwillingness to give the Picturesque the importance it deserves as both the essay inaugurator of a new aesthetic vision and as a factor of lasting literary influence stems, perhaps, from the romantic desire to planning, see originality rather than acknowledge the temporal continuity of artistic development. Wordsworth’s preface to Lyrical Ballads disdains overworked poetical diction, though his adoption of Picturesque terminology speaks of romeo and juliet following rather than leading. Thomas Gray, in “The Progress of Poesy” (1754), expresses a similar bond between poetry and landscape: Awake, Aeolian lyre, awake, And give to rapture all thy trembling strings. From Helicon's harmonious springs.
A thousand rills their mazy progress take: The laughing flowers, that round them blow, Drink life and fragrance as they flow. Now the rich stream of planning an essay music winds along. Deep, majestic, smooth, and strong.
Thro' verdant vales, and Ceres' golden reign: Now rolling down the custom writings steep amain, Headlong, impetuous, see it pour; The rocks and nodding groves rebellow to the roar. On Writing? (I.i.1-12) The central image here is Poetry in general global expansion, finding echo in both the objects of nature and poets of various ages.
Interestingly, even though Keats himself occasionally uses the word Picturesque in his correspondence; even though his companion Brown, in Walks in the North , offers the clear sign-post: “Here are the beautiful and sublime in unison,” ( Letters , 428), Bate, in essay school his tomeish biography, avoids such inkish sully. Keats’ early literary life was marked by constant frustrations: “. . . I have not an Idea to put to paper—my hand feels like lead . An Essay? . . I don’t know what to write” (qtd. Apush Example? Bate, 342). Indeed, Keats shortly hereafter saw the first waterfall of his entire life. Perhaps suffering still from a mind “in such a whirl in considering the million likings and antipathies of our Moments,” Keats, in planning an essay a letter filled with similar portrayal, ironically concludes: “. . . descriptions are bad at all times” ( Letters , 301).
Compared to John Hughes’ comment (Section Two), this represents by no means a development in the poetic continuum as Keats’ leanings towards the dramatic. Supporting this, and in the context of the picturesque: “Turner undoubtedly had what John Gage has perceptively called ‘an almost obsessive readiness to associate ideas’” (Shanes, 21). Indeed, Keats’ “negative capability,” unless we suspect that he, like Coleridge, was—to quote Edgar Allen Poe—”buried in metaphysics” seems a direct challenge to Wordsworth. The notion itself germinated from custom, a lecture on Shakespeare given by planning on writing, Keats’ friend, Hazlitt, who stated that Shakespeare. was the least of an romeo and juliet essay egotist that it was possible to on writing, be. He was nothing in himself; but he was all that others were, or that they could become. He had in himself not only the germs of every faculty and romeo love essay feeling, but he could follow them by anticipation, intuitively, into planning an essay on writing all their conceivable ramification . . Writings? . He had only to think of anything in order to become that thing, with all the circumstances belonging to it. (qtd. Bate, 260)
It is no surprise that Keats should whole-heartedly adopt the idea, not only planning an essay since there is no superior poet to emulate, but because it was so oppositional to essay in my, the crowned King of romantic poetry: Wordsworth. Perhaps in revolt against an essay on writing the popular, Keats, as in ubc doctoral this instance, makes a studious, though far from successful, effort to avoid the word picturesque , even when the description itself spells out the word. Also, ruins are the single most common scenic feature of the tour. In 1739, on a tour of the Alps, Thomas Gray cunningly wrote: Mont Cenis, I confess, carries the permission mountains have of planning on writing being frightful rather too far; and its horrors were accompanied with too much danger to give one time to reflect upon their beauties. (qtd Woodring, 34) In 1803, Coleridge, overwhelmed and over-tired, abandoned a tour with William and Dorothy Wordsworth. Proof, perhaps, that the sublime can get the custom discount better of the egotistical. A continuation, perhaps, of the question, “How is it they did not [various picturesque and sublime scenes] beckon Burns to some grand attempt at Epic” ( Letters , 331). The reappearance of the Druid Circle is taken as a given.
“. Planning? . . to one whom you understand intends to be immortal” ( Letters , 305).
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Example Fo a Descriptive Essay Eng 101. Week 4 Assignment: Descriptive Essay John Barkle IV ENG 121 English Composition I Instructor: Antoinette Oesterlein 11/24/12 It is romeo love a very merry Christmas. It's my favorite time of year. For some people, Christmas lasts one day. For me it starts the week before Thanksgiving and last the whole. The Rainy Season In Bangladesh 68 rate or flag this pageTweet By Moktadir Muddy Road Flood Dirty water The Rainy season is one of the planning on writing six seasons . It comes after the summer. Ashar and Shrabon are the months of the rainy seasons . In fact rain sets in our country in the middle of june. I'll be back later. SEASON Season is one of the in my divisions of a year according to weather. Planning An Essay. Its number and features vary from country to country. In the desert regions . There is summer all the ubc doctoral year round.
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The wet season , monsoon season or rainy season is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfalloccurs. It usually lasts one or more months.The term green season is also sometimes used as aeuphemism by tourist authorities. Areas with wet seasons are dispersed across portions. Through the Eyes of a Researcher Interested in Cultural Impacts an Evaluation of the Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Season One. Head: THE FRESH PRINCE OF BEL-AIR Through The Eyes of a Researcher Interested in Cultural Impacts An Evaluation of The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Season One Table of Contents Abstract . . . Paper. . . . . . . On Writing. . . Sodium And Acid. . . . . . . Planning On Writing. . . . . . And Acid Coursework. . . . . . . . On Writing. . . . . Essay Example. . . An Essay On Writing. . . . . . . Thesis. . . . . . . . Planning An Essay On Writing. . Essay In My. . . On Writing. 4 . SL Level 6 writes “Cultural Differences” essay , comparing and contrasting their native culture with American culture. Essay In My School. There are many differences between Mexico and the United States. On Writing. In Mexico, Catholicism is the predominant faith, but in school the United States of on writing America, there are many religions.
Another. serve as counselors in situations with helping children with emotional problems. The reason I have chosen this career is because I love kids . Of Duty Paper. Throughout this essay you will find out more about me and planning an essay, my goals I plan to of duty, achieve. Pediatricians deal with children all day long. Planning An Essay. Taking care of children. Narrative Essays : To Tell a Story There are four types of essays : Exposition - gives information about various topics to the reader. Description - describes in detail characteristics and traits.
Argument - convinces the reader by demonstrating the truth or falsity of a topic. Ubc Doctoral Thesis. Narrative -. Phillips English Comp I Mr. McCormick Theme of Life In Its Regeneration In Diane Ackerman’s “Why leaves turn color in the fall”, she describes how the seasons give way to planning, fall and how the essay in my leaves began to an essay on writing, change color. She goes into detail on the chemical and scientific process of this change as well as. CITY OF MY DREAMS (short essay ) Every one of us likes to have good dreams, as good dreams are a good source of pleasure and pleasantness.
Dreaming good dreams is not bad, as they not only delight us but also become a good cause to motivate us so that we can pave the ways to fulfill the objectives. changing and adapting to everything. Ten years before..almost..there was this banyan tree near our home..I used to notice how it changes every season ..sometimes no leaves atall,then those tender green leaves will come,then those dark green leaves which son turn brow n finally the tree stays there. If I am asked which season of the year I like Best, I would immediately burst out: SPRING. Spring is the Queen of all seasons of the year, unsurpassable in beauty and grandeur in color and freshness. But it does not mean that obstinately I hug this season to my breast or that I am per in my attitude. grasslands, hilly mountains, dense forests, and semi-desert areas.
The weather in savannah depends on the season . Thiosulphate And Acid. During the dry season it is 70 degrees and rains about four inches, compared to the rainy season were it is hot and humid, and rains about 25 inches. In the an essay grasslands they have cold winters, average. Essay on Elliott Erwitt Elliott Erwitt is a street photographer born in thesis Paris from Russian immigrant parents (Erwitt, 2011). This essay will not focus on his biography but rather put emphasis on his work. Elliott Erwitt is known for planning, his spontaneity when taking snapshot and passion for the human condition. tall as Michael Jordan today (6-6). At age 14, he tried out for a very competitive team, the essay Shanghai Sharks. Yao made the final cut. During that season , Yao saw his first NBA basketball game. It was Game 1 of the 1994 NBA Finals between the Houston Rockets and the New York Knicks.
That's when basketball. telling their story. One being based on a true story and the other being fictional. These movies share many of the same qualities. The purpose of an essay this essay is to compare how both teams are underdogs and not expected to produce any type of results, overcoming all the controversy faced, and successfully conquering. Daniel Kim English 101 Prof.
Buscemi Essay #3 Rough Draft An essay is a creative written piece in which the author uses different styles such as diction, tone, pathos, ethos or logos to communicate a message to the reader using either a personal experience, filled with morals and parables, or. to the top and exited the and juliet lift safely. Initially, we decided to begin snowboarding on the bunny slope where everyone was learning, including little kids as young as 3 years old. Carefully, we strapped our other boot into the bindings and made our way down the slope. We started out slow because most. ? Email Writing Essay Writing Professional Email Writing Effective Professional Emails are the result of good thinking and careful planning”. Steps: o Planning o Typing o Revising o Editing Important features Rules of an essay Effective Professional Email Writing *Direct-The reader should be able.
? English 101 3/17/15 Professor St. Clair Synthesis essay Don’t Judge Books By The Cover Through everyday life stereotypes exist wither we want them to or not and there’s not much anyone can do about it. In part, from the piece “Paper Tigers”, by Wesley yang and “Ghetto. THE SEASON YOU LIKE MOST Every season has something good and and juliet love, bad in it. But the rainy season , in my opinion, is the worst season . Planning An Essay On Writing. Of course, it is very s useful for farmers. The drought causes deaths because of hunger. We have to face a number of custom problem s if the monsoon fails. In spite of all. details.
Planning is planning on writing also the step that enables you to develop your thesis statement; the “cornerstone of your essay .” Drafting is when you set out your prewriting and planning information in essay form. The key is to get all your ideas down on paper without trying to make them perfect; that step comes. Summer is the warmest of the four temperate seasons , falling between spring and autumn. At the summer solstice, the days are longest and the nights are shortest, with day-length decreasing as the season progresses after the solstice. The date of the beginning of summer varies according to climate, tradition. ever-rising population, they could not afford a spacious house for four generations even with a steady income. Essay In My School. During the dry season , their home was stifflingly hot, and in the rainy season bitterly cold. Welcome to Ho Chi Minh, the planning an essay most developed city in Vietnam.
Corridors, neon lights, tiny streets jampacked. Teacher: Year-round School and Argumentative Essay Topic. If a student knows he wants to custom, write an argumentative essay about a topic related to planning an essay on writing, school in some way, here are some potential ideas. Should School Uniforms be Mandatory? Communities across America continue to debate this topic. Ubc Doctoral. There are plenty of reasons on both sides of the an essay debate, so a student. nutrients to different parts of the plant based on necessity. For example, during the spring growing season , the storage areas of the plants send nutrients out the regions of primary growth.
When the growing season has completed the apush essay storage areas become the sinks as sugar is sent in the opposite direction for. Sample College Essay #1 I never imagined that by swimming, a Vision Center in India would be built. And I certainly never thought so many people could be cured of blindness there. For the past twelve years of planning my life, my passion has been competitive swimming. Mile after mile I train almost every single. This essay will analyze six different geographical themes of Cambodia. Romeo Love. The themes will be as follows: water and planning an essay on writing, land issues, political struggles, situation of cultural minorities, population settlement/urbanization, and industry. On a lighter note, we will study some of the unique cuisine that the country. Argumentative Essay Have you got a mobile telephone? The utilization of mobile telephones is so prevalent in Hong Kong that numerous people possess one or even more of them. Most people think that it is useful, convenient and timesaving.
However, do we realize that mobile telephone is the and juliet most annoying. September 15, 2016 Narrative Essay In life there is more to achieve than receive. By this I mean, to planning an essay, go out and help others will do far more for yourself than to actually have everything self-centered towards you. I can say this from thesis, personal experience: I was that kid who wanted all the attention. Anthology Project Essay My favorite season ever is spring. I like spring because its never too hot and never too cold. I choose spring as my topic, because it is my favorite and because I love the things about this season . Planning An Essay On Writing. I love how one day it can be warm and beautiful and the next it can be rainy and cool. be successful in both. The seasons are technically different, but the thesis weather they bare feels the same.
Football is played in the fall. The fall weather for the most part is hot, dry, and feels a little like summer. As it goes on however, it gets a little colder or rainy . On Writing. It’s one of example those sports that. These memories have driven me in all my studies that I have taken and will ever take. Me watching my Mom working hard and pushing through with to kids and a third on the way. My Mom has always been my inspiration so you can know that no matter what happens to me I will push through and make me a better. In Dave Barry's essay , “Lost in the Kitchen”, we are shown both an entertaining and eye opening tale about two men's incompetence with helping to on writing, prepare Thanksgiving dinner for their friends and families. Writings Discount. Barry tries to put the point across to an essay, the reader to the that men are “basically scum” when. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing giving the author's own argument, but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, the romeo love essay definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, a pamphlet and planning an essay, a short story.
Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary. Essay on the autobiography of a river Introduction I am a river. I like to love essay, give you an account of my life. An Essay. You may laugh to think what is the value of the autobiography of a river. You may laugh if you like. Men write their autobiographies. They have importance in their own way. I have importance.
The Importance of essay Fantasy in an essay on writing The Cat in the Hat. anthropomorphic cat that comes in to the house of two children while the apush example adults are away, attempting to entertain them while they are stuck at home on a rainy day. The element of fantasy that was implemented throughout the an essay on writing story, which includes a talking pet goldfish and call essay paper, a talking cat that performs all sorts. observational essay . Its Monday a rainy evening, I am sitting in the library waiting for my friend to come, so we could study for our sociology test. The library is humongous; it reminds me of my high school library. This place is silent. In the kids section I hear a little boy crying for a book he. Descriptive Analysis Paper Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900) Rainy Season in the Tropics, 1866. Church (1826-1900) Rainy Season in the Tropics, 1866 Oil on Canvas, 213.8 x 142.9 cm Frederic Edwin Church is one of the most significant painters of the Hudson River School whose greatest works inspire awe about on writing natural wonders. One of thesis his famous works “ Rainy Season in on writing the Tropics” (1886). ion s r e V For More inForMation Visit ttMs.org Collected by Steve Peha The best way to teach is the way that makes sense to you, your kids , and your community. www.ttms.org 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Table of Contents Kindergarten Writing 5 A set of authentic writing samples.
Salt Essay In its mineral form sodium chloride, NaCl is known as common salt. It is important because it is essential to the health of human beings and of animals. For domestic use it is romeo and juliet essay fined down to what is known as table-salt and small quantities of other chemicals are added to it to keep it free-flowing. municipalities generally get their supply of water from rivers. Planning An Essay. Bathing in the river improves our health.
Yet rivers sometimes do us great harm. During the essay in my rainy season , some rivers wash away their banks. Many people are thereby rendered homeless and helpless. This causes a great loss to the country. Planning On Writing. It is true. “On the Rainy River”, Characterization Essay Do you ever get the feeling that you are stuck between a rock and a hard place? Tim O’Brien wrote “On the Rainy River” a personal narrative, about call paper his embarrassing days after being drafted into the Vietnam War.
This short story tells about his feelings and. purchase. Such happy company made gatherings so much more enjoyable. In December however, that part of on writing Uganda would get quite cold and this rainy season limited all our outdoor activities. Thesis. To keep us from escaping into the pouring rain, my grandmother would say that fooling around in the rain would. between the planning on writing two texts, and they both depict very different versions of teenage life. My essay will reflect the changing characteristics of the antihero, and how the need for a teenage antihero is ever present. My essay will include reference to the different values prized in contemporary antiheroes, in. Kobe Bean Bryant. Everyone would remember this name.
Kobe Bryant was born on August 23, 1978 in example Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was born a average kid with a dream. He spent his early years growing up in Italy were his father played basketball. Kobe came from a very athletic family were his two sister. “Infant's flesh will be in season throughout the year, but more plentiful in March, and planning an essay, a little before and after; for we are told by a grave author, an eminent French physician, that fish being a prolific diet, there are more children born in Roman Catholic countries about nine months after Lent than. Charlie Andrews was one of the fastest kids on the Arlington High School football team his freshman year. He ran a 4.89 in his 40 yard dash. There was only one kid on the team that was faster than him.
He was the senior starting running back, Terri Lewis. Lewis was the best running back in the state. | |X |X |X |It is a big breakfast during the holiday seasons where arts and crafts are set up | | | | | | |for kids . Also, we have a big buffet of pancakes! | |Volunteering. the ever-increasing major problems. This essay has been divided into three parts. The first part deals with the overpopulation in and juliet Jakarta.
The second part looks at the traffic jam and flooding that are the major problems of planning on writing Jakarta. The third part of this essay considers the positive things that are developing. The Art of the apush essay Essay It is the on writing fall of 2008, and a 14 year old kid is sitting in essay his Freshman Introductory English class. Classes essentially just started and like always, the new freshmen are still giddy in planning an essay on writing the excitement of a new school with new classes. Kids walk around with their class schedules. Kirtland High School National Honor Society Essay A member of the National Honor Society must exhibit traits such as scholarship, leadership, service, and example, character.
That is an essay why members of National Honor Society are among the best and the brightest students in their school. They represent their. climate and seasons are very odd during the time of the year. The Philippines is not like America, it does not have 4 different seasons throughout the whole year. The country is known to be a tropical island that only composes 2 distinct seasons : dry/hot season and rainy season . The cool dry season extends.
Guadalupe Church as the benchmark. Valladolid has two pronounced seasons , wet and dry. The rainy season starts from May to January of the following year with heavy rains occurring during the months of August and September. Dry season starts from the month of and juliet February until the last week of April. History . An Essay on the Diwali Festival for School and College Students Essay Diwali is planning on writing one of the most important festivals of custom discount India. Planning On Writing. The word Diwali is an incorrect from in my, of the word Dipawali which means rows of light. Planning An Essay. The festival of Diwali takes place on the fifteenth day in the month of sodium thiosulphate Kartik when. Wilson 1st period Cheating is a Problem. Children everywhere are cheating every day. Sending pictures of on writing homework, tests, and giving away old essays or projects.
According to Donald C. Mc.Cadle 33% of students learn from others what is on love their test. A lot of people are cheating their way through. Ancelloti this season and the departure of planning on writing Christano Ronaldo has up the challenge for the rivals. Every weekend is spent at the soccer field where we conduct soccer lessons for ubc doctoral, children under ten. Planning An Essay On Writing. He is essay paper my coach while I am his manager and planning on writing, together we managed to keep soccer alive for these kids who showed. Trade wind moderates the tropical climate of the Republic of Cuba. This country experiences two different seasons throughout a year.
There is writings discount a dry season from planning an essay, November to April and a rainy season from May to October. Essay In My School. Preservation of planning an essay on writing wildlife and and acid coursework, deforestation is a big environmental problem in the Republic.